168 results match your criteria mouth sneezing

Variability in expiratory trajectory angles during consonant production by one human subject and from a physical mouth model: Application to respiratory droplet emission.

Indoor Air 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the need to improve understanding of droplet transport during expiratory emissions. While historical emphasis has been placed on violent events such as coughing and sneezing, the recognition of asymptomatic and presymptomatic spread has identified the need to consider other modalities, such as speaking. Accurate prediction of infection risk produced by speaking requires knowledge of both the droplet size distributions that are produced, as well as the expiratory flow fields that transport the droplets into the surroundings. Read More

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Role of Threat and Coping Appraisal in Protection Motivation for Adoption of Preventive Behavior During COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Public Health 2021;9:678566. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

World Health Organization RNTCP Technical Support Network, Swasthya Bhawan, Kolkata, India.

With more than 100 million cases and over 2 million deaths globally, the COVID-19 pandemic continues to remain a major threat. Identifying the behavioral factors influencing preventive behaviors for COVID-19 are crucial in devising public health policies to promote essential strategies to combat the pandemic in an efficient manner. The current study was therefore conducted to estimate the prevalence of COVID-19 preventive behaviors and measure their association with behavioral constructs like threat perception, response efficacy, and self-efficacy, as per socio-demographic background. Read More

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Bioaerosols from mouth-breathing: Under-recognized transmissible mode in COVID-19?

Can Commun Dis Rep 2021 Jun 9;47(56):276-278. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College & Hospitals, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai, India.

The whole world has been affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, and many researchers are racing to understand the disease course and to undertake risk analyses to formulate effective treatment strategies. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is highly transmissible through coughing and sneezing, and through breathing and talking which may account for viral transmission from asymptomatic carriers. Bioaerosols produced during mouth-breathing, an expiratory process in habitual mouth breathers, should be considered in addition to nasal bioparticles as a potential transmissible mode in COVID-19. Read More

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Pandemic coronavirus disease (Covid-19): World effects analysis and prediction using machine-learning techniques.

Expert Syst 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Ambedkar Institute of Advanced Communication Technologies and Research, Govt of NCT of Delhi Delhi India.

Pandemic novel Coronavirus (Covid-19) is an infectious disease that primarily spreads by droplets of nose discharge when sneezing and saliva from the mouth when coughing, that had first been reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. Covid-19 became a global pandemic, which led to a harmful impact on the world. Many predictive models of Covid-19 are being proposed by academic researchers around the world to take the foremost decisions and enforce the appropriate control measures. Read More

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COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptability and Adherence to Preventive Measures in Somalia: Results of an Online Survey.

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 May 21;9(6). Epub 2021 May 21.

Global Health Institute, University of Antwerp, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium.

Most countries are currently gravitating towards vaccination as mainstay strategy to quell COVID-19 transmission. Between December 2020 and January 2021, we conducted a follow-up online survey in Somalia to monitor adherence to COVID-19 preventive measures, and COVID-19 vaccine acceptability and reasons for vaccine hesitancy. Adherence was measured via a composite adherence score based on four measures (physical distancing, face mask use, hand hygiene, and mouth covering when coughing/sneezing). Read More

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Emerging Adults' Adherence to Preventative Health Guidelines in Response to COVID-19.

J Pediatr Psychol 2021 07;46(6):635-644

Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science and.

Objective: To examine rates of emerging adults' (EA) adherence to preventative health behavior recommendations during early months of the COVID-19 pandemic and to investigate demographic (i.e., gender, years of education, socioeconomic status, school enrollment status, and living situation) and exposure and impact-related correlates of adherence. Read More

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The spread of macroscopic droplets from a simulated cough with and without the use of masks or barriers.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(5):e0250275. Epub 2021 May 5.

The Blake High School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America.

One of the main challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic is the lack of safety measures and guidelines to reduce the risk of viral spread among people during gatherings. This study was conducted to evaluate the distance of oral and nasal droplet spread in a model that simulates coughing and sneezing in a public setting, specifically a school setting, to guide faculty and staff members with safety measures and guidelines to reduce droplet spread. Several models were prepared to observe and visualize the spread of fluid simulating respiratory droplets in places such as the classroom and the cafeteria, in which a student would be more susceptible to contract a virus since individuals cannot wear masks while eating. Read More

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A numerical assessment of social distancing of preventing airborne transmission of COVID-19 during different breathing and coughing processes.

Sci Rep 2021 05 3;11(1):9412. Epub 2021 May 3.

al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan.

The spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continues to show that geographic barriers alone cannot contain the virus. Asymptomatic carriers play a critical role in the nature of this virus, which is rapidly escalating into a global pandemic. Asymptomatic carriers can inadvertently transmit the virus through the air stream. Read More

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Community knowledge, attitude and practices to SARS-CoV-2 disease 2019 (COVID-19): A cross-sectional study in Woldia town, Northeast Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(4):e0250465. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Natural and Computational Sciences Faculty, Department of Biology, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia.

SARS-CoV-2 disease 2019 (COVID-19) is pandemic and currently becomes a serious cause of death worldwide. It is caused by a SARS-CoV-2 belonging to a family known as corona virus. The aim of this study is to assess the community knowledge, attitude and practice strategy implementation on SARS-CoV-2 disease 2019 (COVID-19). Read More

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COVID-19 related knowledge and practice and barriers that hinder adherence to preventive measures among the Egyptian community. An epidemiological study in Upper Egypt.

J Public Health Res 2021 Mar 5;10(1). Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag.

Background: This study aims to assess COVID-19 related knowledge and practice among the Egyptians in Upper Egypt and to identify barriers that hinder adherence to these preventive measures.

Design And Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study using a structured questionnaire. Data was collected from 21 to 30 August 2020, via both online survey and personal interviews using a non-probability self-nominated sample. Read More

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Exploring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on pediatric surgical services: a scoping review.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.

Inevitably, along with other healthcare specializations, pediatric surgery was affected by the Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic. Children were reported to manifest mild to moderate symptoms and mortality was primarily observed in patients aged <1 year and having underlying comorbidities. The majority of the cases were asymptomatic in children, hence, posing a challenge for pediatric surgery centers to take drastic measures to reduce the virus transmission. Read More

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COVID-19 Preventive Behaviours in Cameroon: A Six-Month Online National Survey.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 03 4;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Brain Research Africa Initiative (BRAIN), Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Since March 2020, the Cameroonian government implemented nationwide measures to stall COVID-19 transmission. However, little is known about how well these unprecedented measures are being observed as the pandemic evolves. We conducted a six-month online survey to assess the preventive behaviour of Cameroonian adults during the COVID-19 outbreak. Read More

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Relationship between human exhalation diffusion and posture in face-to-face scenario with utterance.

Phys Fluids (1994) 2021 Feb 23;33(2):027101. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Yamano College of Aesthetics, 530, Yarimizu, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0396, Japan.

Because of the COVID-19, the world has been affected significantly. Not only health and medical problems but also the decline in life quality and economic activity due to the suspension of social activities cannot be disregarded. It is assumed that the virus is transmitted through coughing and sneezing; however, the possibility of airborne infection by aerosols containing viruses scattered in the air has become a popular topic recently. Read More

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February 2021

Health professionals practice and associated factors towards precautionary measures for COVID-19 pandemic in public health facilities of Gamo zone, southern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(3):e0248272. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious acute respiratory disease, which caused by a novel coronavirus. The disease disrupts health systems and resulting in social, political, and economic crises. Health professionals are in front of this pandemic and always work in a high-risk environment. Read More

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Normal breathing releases SARS-CoV-2 into the air.

J Med Microbiol 2021 Mar 25;70(3). Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Clinic of Infectious Diseases, S.S. Annunziata Hospital, Chieti, Italy.

This study tests the release of SARS-CoV-2 RNA into the air during normal breathing, without any sign of possible risk of contagion such as coughing, sneezing or talking. Five patients underwent oropharyngeal, nasopharyngeal and salivary swabs for real-time reverse transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Direct SARS-CoV-2 release during normal breathing was also investigated by RT-PCR in air samples collected using a microbiological sampler. Read More

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Anxiety among the Sudanese university students during the initial stage of COVID-19 pandemic.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 18;7(3):e06300. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Community Medicine Department, University of Khartoum, ElQasr Avenue, 11111, Khartoum, Sudan.

Since the emergence of the novel coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19), many people were facing daily life changes that could predispose them to anxiety. For the Sudanese university students, the situation is even more complicated because of the limited availability of online learning and the difficult economic situation of the country. The of this study is to assess the students' anxiety levels. Read More

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Prediction of the spread of Corona-virus carrying droplets in a bus - A computational based artificial intelligence approach.

J Hazard Mater 2021 07 9;413:125358. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

School of Engineering and Materials Science, Queen Mary University of London, London E1 4NS, United Kingdom; James Watt School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Public transport has been identified as high risk as the corona-virus carrying droplets generated by the infected passengers could be distributed to other passengers. Therefore, predicting the patterns of droplet spreading in public transport environment is of primary importance. This paper puts forward a novel computational and artificial intelligence (AI) framework for fast prediction of the spread of droplets produced by a sneezing passenger in a bus. Read More

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Prevalence of Depression and Anxiety during the COVID-19 Pandemic among the Residents of an Urban Slum in North India.

J Neurosci Rural Pract 2021 Jan 29;12(1):153-158. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

 This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of depression and anxiety, and assess the knowledge, practice, and concerns regarding coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among the residents of an urban slum in Chandigarh, India.  Participants were screened using Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 scales.  The mean (standard deviation) age of 200 enrolled participants was 33 (13) years with 83% ( = 166) being females. Read More

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January 2021

[Educating to properly close the toilet knob taps or to replace them].

Epidemiol Prev 2020 Sep-Dec;44(5-6):330-332

Scuola di specializzazione in igiene, sanità pubblica e medicina preventiva, Università degli Studi di Milano.

Systematic reviews have shown a prevalence close to 20% of gastrointestinal symptoms in COVID-19 positive patients, with nearly 40% of patients shedding viral RNA in their faeces, even if it may not be infectious, possibly because of inactivation by colonic fluid.According to current evidence, this virus is primarily transmitted by respiratory droplets and contact routes, including contaminated surfaces. The virus is quite stable on stainless steel, being detected up to 48-72 hours after application. Read More

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January 2021

Spirometry during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Guidelines and practical advice from the expert panel of Respiratory Physiopathology Assembly of Polish Respiratory Society.

Adv Respir Med 2020 ;88(6):640-650

2nd Department of Respiratory Medicine, Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases, Warsaw, Poland.

At the end of 2019, in Wuhan, the Hubei Province's capital city in China, the first cases of COVID-19 disease caused by the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, were described. The rapid spread of the infection through the world resulted in the World Health Organization announcing the COVID-19 a global pandemic in March 2020. The main routes of transmission of the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, according to current evidence, are via droplets inhalation, direct contact with contaminated surfaces, and transmission via the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, and eyes, and probably through airborne particles from the respiratory tract, generated during coughing and sneezing of infected individuals. Read More

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January 2021

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Among the General Population During COVID-19 Outbreak in Iran: A National Cross-Sectional Online Survey.

Front Public Health 2020 10;8:585302. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Emerged in December 2019, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is one of the largest pandemics ever. During the early phase, little was known about public knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) relating to coronavirus disease. This study was designed to determine KAP of Iranians toward COVID-19. Read More

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January 2021

Long-term outcome of concurrent coblator turbinoplasty with adenotonsillectomy in children with allergic rhinitis.

Acta Otolaryngol 2021 Mar 14;141(3):286-292. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Dankook University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea.

Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in children. Patients with AR tend to have more persistent symptoms after adenotonsillectomy (T&A).

Objectives: This study was aimed to evaluate the outcome of additional concurrent coblation-assisted turbinoplasty with adenotonsillectomy (T&A + T) in patients with AR. Read More

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An overview of the effect of bioaerosol size in coronavirus disease 2019 transmission.

Marcelo I Guzman

Int J Health Plann Manage 2021 Mar 8;36(2):257-266. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

The fast spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) constitutes a worldwide challenge to the public health, educational and trade systems, affecting the overall well-being of human societies. The high transmission and mortality rates of this virus, and the unavailability of a vaccine or treatment, resulted in the decision of multiple governments to enact measures of social distancing. Such measures can reduce the exposure to bioaerosols, which can result in pathogen deposition in the respiratory tract of the host causing disease and an immunological response. Read More

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COVID-19 preparedness among public and healthcare providers in the initial days of nationwide lockdown in India: A rapid electronic survey.

J Family Med Prim Care 2020 Sep 30;9(9):4756-4760. Epub 2020 Sep 30.

Department of Community and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Mangalagiri, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Background And Aims: The COVID-19 Pandemic has been raging across continents in recent months. Public health measures are crucial in preventing COVID-19. The Government of India declared a nationwide lockdown on 24 March, 2020. Read More

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September 2020

Corona virus disease bring a new challenge for the dentistry: A review.

J Family Med Prim Care 2020 Aug 25;9(8):3883-3889. Epub 2020 Aug 25.

BDS, Drs.sudha and Nageswara Rao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences, Chinnoutpalli, India.

An outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) began in the city of Wuhan in China and has widely spread worldwide. While human strains of coronavirus (CoV) are associated with about 15% of cases of the common cold, the SARS-CoV-2 may present with varying degrees of severity, from flu-like symptoms to death. It is currently believed that this deadly CoV strain originated from wild animals at the Huanan market in Wuhan, a city in Hubei province. Read More

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COVID-19 in Somalia: Adherence to Preventive Measures and Evolution of the Disease Burden.

Pathogens 2020 Sep 6;9(9). Epub 2020 Sep 6.

Global Health Institute, University of Antwerp, Doornstraat 331, 2610 Antwerp, Belgium.

Following the COVID-19 outbreak in Somalia, strict preventive measures were implemented by the government. We assessed adherence to the government recommendations via two consecutive online cross-sectional surveys between April and July 2020. A five-point adherence score was constructed based on self-reported observance of five preventive measures (physical distancing, face mask use, hand hygiene, mouth covering when coughing/sneezing, and avoidance of touching the face). Read More

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September 2020

[Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to COVID-19 pandemic among residents in Hubei and Henan Provinces].

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2020 May;40(5):733-740

School of Public Health, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Tropical Disease Research, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.

Objective: To survey the residents for their understanding of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) in two hard hit provinces of China to facilitate the governmental decisions on strategies against the disease.

Methods: We invited the participants from Hubei and Henan Provinces of China for an internetbased survey starting from 12:00 on February 21, 2020 to 12:00 on February 23. The survey included the general conditions, KAP of COVID-19, psychological status and living conditions of the residents. Read More

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An experimental framework to capture the flow dynamics of droplets expelled by a sneeze.

Exp Fluids 2020 18;61(8):176. Epub 2020 Jul 18.

School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, UNSW Sydney, Kensington, NSW 2052 Australia.

Abstract: Respiratory activities such as sneezing generate pathogen laden droplets that can deposit in the respiratory tract of a susceptible host to initiate infection. The extent of spread of these droplets determines the safe distance between a patient and health care worker. Here, we have presented a method to visualize the droplets expelled by a sneeze using light-sheet illumination. Read More

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