118 results match your criteria mountain hare

Pathology of Lagovirus europaeus GI.2/RHDV2/b (Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease Virus 2) in Native North American Lagomorphs.

J Wildl Dis 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

US Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center, 6006 Schroeder Rd., Madison, Wisconsin 53711, USA.

Rabbit hemorrhagic disease, a notifiable foreign animal disease in the US, was reported for the first time in wild native North American lagomorphs in April 2020 in the southwestern US. Affected species included the desert cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii), mountain cottontail (Sylvilagus nuttallii), black-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus californicus), and antelope jackrabbit (Lepus alleni). Desert cottontails (n=7) and black-tailed jackrabbits (n=7) collected in April and May 2020 were necropsied at the US Geological Survey National Wildlife Health Center and tested positive for Lagovirus europaeus GI. Read More

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Lack of phenological shift leads to increased camouflage mismatch in mountain hares.

Proc Biol Sci 2020 12 16;287(1941):20201786. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Wildlife Biology Program and Office of Research and Creative Scholarship, University of Montana, Missoula, MT 59812, USA.

Understanding whether organisms will be able to adapt to human-induced stressors currently endangering their existence is an urgent priority. Globally, multiple species moult from a dark summer to white winter coat to maintain camouflage against snowy landscapes. Decreasing snow cover duration owing to climate change is increasing mismatch in seasonal camouflage. Read More

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December 2020

Hare's affairs: Lessons learnt from a noninvasive genetic monitoring for tracking mountain hare individuals.

Ecol Evol 2020 Sep 4;10(18):10150-10166. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL Birmensdorf Switzerland.

Systematic monitoring of individuals and their abundance over time has become an important tool to provide information for conservation. For genetic monitoring studies, noninvasive sampling has emerged as a valuable approach, particularly so for elusive or rare animals. Here, we present the 5-year results of an ongoing noninvasive genetic monitoring of mountain hares () in a protected area in the Swiss Alps. Read More

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September 2020

Prevalence and Genotypes of Cryptosporidium in Wildlife Populations Co-Located in a Protected Watershed in the Pacific Northwest, 2013 to 2016.

Microorganisms 2020 Jun 17;8(6). Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Western Institute for Food Safety and Security, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Between October 2013 and May 2016, 506 scat samples were collected from 22 species of wildlife located in a protected watershed of a major municipal water supply in the Pacific Northwest, USA. Overall prevalence of in the wildlife scat was 13.8% (70/506), with 15 species of wildlife found positive for . Read More

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Lagovirus europeus GI.2 (rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus 2) infection in captive mountain hares (Lepus timidus) in Germany.

BMC Vet Res 2020 May 27;16(1):166. Epub 2020 May 27.

Institute of Pathology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover, Foundation, Buenteweg, 17 30559, Hannover, Germany.

Background: Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV, Lagovirus europeus GI.1) induces a contagious and highly lethal hemorrhagic disease in rabbits. In 2010 a new genotype of lagovirus (GI. Read More

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Transcriptomic regulation of seasonal coat color change in hares.

Ecol Evol 2020 Feb 15;10(3):1180-1192. Epub 2020 Jan 15.

CIBIO Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos InBIO Laboratório Associado Universidade do Porto Vairão Portugal.

Color molts from summer brown to winter white coats have evolved in several species to maintain camouflage year-round in environments with seasonal snow. Despite the eco-evolutionary relevance of this key phenological adaptation, its molecular regulation has only recently begun to be addressed. Here, we analyze skin transcription changes during the autumn molt of the mountain hare () and integrate the results with an established model of gene regulation across the spring molt of the closely related snowshoe hare (). Read More

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February 2020

An Annotated Draft Genome of the Mountain Hare (Lepus timidus).

Genome Biol Evol 2020 01;12(1):3656-3662

CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Universidade do Porto, Vairão, Portugal.

Hares (genus Lepus) provide clear examples of repeated and often massive introgressive hybridization and striking local adaptations. Genomic studies on this group have so far relied on comparisons to the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) reference genome. Here, we report the first de novo draft reference genome for a hare species, the mountain hare (Lepus timidus), and evaluate the efficacy of whole-genome re-sequencing analyses using the new reference versus using the rabbit reference genome. Read More

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January 2020

Introgression drives repeated evolution of winter coat color polymorphism in hares.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2019 11 11;116(48):24150-24156. Epub 2019 Nov 11.

CIBIO-InBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos (CIBIO), Rede de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Biologia Evolutiva (InBIO), Universidade do Porto, 4485-661 Vairão, Portugal;

Changing from summer-brown to winter-white pelage or plumage is a crucial adaptation to seasonal snow in more than 20 mammal and bird species. Many of these species maintain nonwhite winter morphs, locally adapted to less snowy conditions, which may have evolved independently. Mountain hares () from Fennoscandia were introduced into the Faroe Islands in 1855. Read More

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November 2019

Gastrointestinal parasite infestation in the alpine mountain hare (): Are abiotic environmental factors such as elevation, temperature and precipitation affecting prevalence of parasite species?

Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl 2019 Aug 29;9:202-208. Epub 2019 May 29.

Institute of Wildlife Biology and Game Management, Department of Integrative Biology and Biodiversity Research, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Gregor-Mendel-Strasse 33, 1180, Vienna, Austria.

Information concerning factors regulating Alpine mountain hare () populations such as host-parasite interactions is missing as only a few parasitological surveys exist of this subspecies. Parasites are not only dependent on their host but also on suitable environmental conditions for infestation. Abiotic environmental factors have an important regulating role on parasites in mammals. Read More

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The discovery of three new hare lagoviruses reveals unexplored viral diversity in this genus.

Virus Evol 2019 Jan 9;5(1):vez005. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, Charles Perkins Centre, School of Life and Environmental Sciences and Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Our knowledge of mammalian viruses has been strongly skewed toward those that cause disease in humans and animals. However, recent metagenomic studies indicate that most apparently healthy organisms carry viruses, and that these seemingly benign viruses may comprise the bulk of virus diversity. The bias toward studying viruses associated with overt disease is apparent in the lagoviruses (family that infect rabbits and hares: although most attention has been directed toward the highly pathogenic members of this genus-rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus and European brown hare syndrome virus-a number of benign lagoviruses have also been identified. Read More

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January 2019

Defining unmet clinical need across the pathway of brain tumor care: a patient and carer perspective.

Cancer Manag Res 2019 19;11:2189-2202. Epub 2019 Mar 19.

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK,

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the experience of patients with brain tumors and their carers across distinct parts of their treatment pathway and identify their views on potential service gaps in need of addressing.

Methods: A structured survey was administered at patient workshops across the UK and online through a charity newsletter. Answers to closed questions were analyzed using descriptive statistics, and open questions were examined using techniques of inductive content analysis. Read More

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Overcoming species barriers: an outbreak of Lagovirus europaeus GI.2/RHDV2 in an isolated population of mountain hares (Lepus timidus).

BMC Vet Res 2018 Nov 26;14(1):367. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

Department of Pathology and Wildlife Diseases, National Veterinary Institute (SVA), 751 89, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: Prior to 2010, the lagoviruses that cause rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) in European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and European brown hare syndrome (EBHS) in hares (Lepus spp.) were generally genus-specific. However, in 2010, rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2), also known as Lagovirus europaeus GI. Read More

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November 2018

The importance of wildlife in the ecology and epidemiology of the TBE virus in Sweden: incidence of human TBE correlates with abundance of deer and hares.

Parasit Vectors 2018 Aug 29;11(1):477. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI), Gothenburg, Sweden.

Background: Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is one tick-transmitted disease where the human incidence has increased in some European regions during the last two decades. We aim to find the most important factors causing the increasing incidence of human TBE in Sweden. Based on a review of published data we presume that certain temperature-related variables and the population densities of transmission hosts, i. Read More

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[Application of infrared camera technique in investigation of wild animals as infectious source of schistosomiasis].

Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi 2018 Jun;31(3):291-293

Anhui Provincial Institute of Schistosomiasis Control, Hefei 230061, China.

Objective: To investigate the species and activities of wild animals infected with schistosome in hilly and mountain areas by using an infrared camera technique, so as to provide the evidence for the surveillance of schistosomiasis in these areas.

Methods: Six infrared cameras were selected and placed in 6 environments of the risk monitoring points of schistosomiasis in Shitai County in Anhui Province. The species and activities of the wild animals in the 6 environments were observed through the photographs and videos taken by the cameras. Read More

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Alpine glacial relict species losing out to climate change: The case of the fragmented mountain hare population (Lepus timidus) in the Alps.

Glob Chang Biol 2018 07 13;24(7):3236-3253. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Forest Research Institute of Baden-Württemberg, Freiburg, Germany.

Alpine and Arctic species are considered to be particularly vulnerable to climate change, which is expected to cause habitat loss, fragmentation and-ultimately-extinction of cold-adapted species. However, the impact of climate change on glacial relict populations is not well understood, and specific recommendations for adaptive conservation management are lacking. We focused on the mountain hare (Lepus timidus) as a model species and modelled species distribution in combination with patch and landscape-based connectivity metrics. Read More

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Forest structure provides the income for reproductive success in a southern population of Canada lynx.

Ecol Appl 2018 06 7;28(4):1032-1043. Epub 2018 May 7.

Wildlife Biology Program, Department of Ecosystem and Conservation Sciences, W.A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana, 32 Campus Drive, Missoula, Montana, 59812, USA.

Understanding intrinsic and extrinsic drivers of reproductive success is central to advancing animal ecology and characterizing critical habitat. Unfortunately, much of the work examining drivers of reproductive success is biased toward particular groups of organisms (e.g. Read More

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Counting mountain hares in Scotland.


Vet Rec 2018 02;182(6):158-159

The mountain hare () is Britain's only native hare, but counting them is challenging. Here, explains how new research is helping to finally discover the numbers of this elusive species. Read More

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February 2018

Widespread introgression of mountain hare genes into Fennoscandian brown hare populations.

PLoS One 2018 25;13(1):e0191790. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

Department of Environmental and Biological Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.

In Fennoscandia, mountain hare (Lepus timidus) and brown hare (Lepus europaeus) hybridize and produce fertile offspring, resulting in gene flow across the species barrier. Analyses of maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) show that introgression occur frequently, but unavailability of appropriate nuclear DNA markers has made it difficult to evaluate the scale- and significance for the species. The extent of introgression has become important as the brown hare is continuously expanding its range northward, at the apparent expense of the mountain hare, raising concerns about possible competition. Read More

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Mountain hare transcriptome and diagnostic markers as resources to monitor hybridization with European hares.

Sci Data 2017 12 5;4:170178. Epub 2017 Dec 5.

CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Universidade do Porto, Vairão 4485-661, Portugal.

We report the first mountain hare (Lepus timidus) transcriptome, produced by de novo assembly of RNA-sequencing reads. Data were obtained from eight specimens sampled in two localities, Alps and Ireland. The mountain hare tends to be replaced by the invading European hare (Lepus europaeus) in their numerous contact zones where the species hybridize, which affects their gene pool to a yet unquantified degree. Read More

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December 2017

The effects of acaricide treatment of sheep on red grouse Lagopus lagopus scotica tick burdens and productivity in a multi-host system.

K Fletcher D Baines

Med Vet Entomol 2018 06 30;32(2):235-243. Epub 2017 Nov 30.

Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust, Eggleston, U.K.

Ixodes ricinus (Ixodida: Ixodidae) ticks are of economic and pathogenic importance across Europe. Within the uplands of the U.K. Read More

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Host-Specific Glycans Are Correlated with Susceptibility to Infection by Lagoviruses, but Not with Their Virulence.

J Virol 2018 02 30;92(4). Epub 2018 Jan 30.

CRCINA, INSERM, Université d'Angers, Université de Nantes, Nantes, France

Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) and European brown hare syndrome virus (EBHSV) are two lagoviruses from the family that cause fatal diseases in two leporid genera, and , respectively. In the last few years, several examples of host jumps of lagoviruses among leporids were recorded. In addition, a new pathogenic genotype of RHDV emerged, and many nonpathogenic strains of lagoviruses have been described. Read More

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February 2018

Impact of rewilding, species introductions and climate change on the structure and function of the Yukon boreal forest ecosystem.

Integr Zool 2018 Mar;13(2):123-138

Department of Environment, Government of Yukon, Whitehorse, Yukon, Canada.

Community and ecosystem changes are happening in the pristine boreal forest ecosystem of the Yukon for 2 reasons. First, climate change is affecting the abiotic environment (temperature, rainfall and growing season) and driving changes in plant productivity and predator-prey interactions. Second, simultaneously change is occurring because of mammal species reintroductions and rewilding. Read More

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Tularaemia in European Brown Hares (Lepus europaeus) and Mountain Hares (Lepus timidus) Characterized by Histopathology and Immunohistochemistry: Organ Lesions and Suggestions of Routes of Infection and Shedding.

J Comp Pathol 2017 Aug - Oct;157(2-3):103-114. Epub 2017 Jul 25.

Department of Pathology and Wildlife Diseases, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Tularaemia is an emerging zoonotic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Francisella tularensis. In Sweden, hares are considered to be key species in the epidemiology of tularaemia. The aim of this study was to characterize the pathology of natural tularaemia infection in European brown hares (EBHs) (Lepus europaeus) and mountain hares (MHs) (Lepus timidus) in Sweden, in order to better understand the presentation of disease and the routes of infection, body dissemination and shedding of F. Read More

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How genetic data improve the interpretation of results of faecal glucocorticoid metabolite measurements in a free-living population.

PLoS One 2017 23;12(8):e0183718. Epub 2017 Aug 23.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinärplatz 1, Vienna, Austria.

Measurement of glucocorticoid metabolites (GCM) in faeces has become a widely used and effective tool for evaluating the amount of stress experienced by animals. However, the potential sampling bias resulting from an oversampling of individuals when collecting "anonymous" (unknown sex or individual) faeces has rarely been investigated. We used non-invasive genetic sampling (NIGS) to investigate potential interpretation errors of GCM measurements in a free-living population of mountain hares during the mating and post-reproductive periods. Read More

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November 2017

Steel-Jawed Leghold Traps and Killing Neck Snares: Similar Injuries Command Change to Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards.

J Appl Anim Welf Sci 2017 Apr-Jun;20(2):198-203. Epub 2017 Feb 16.

b Retired Problem Wildlife Specialist , Alberta Agriculture, Rocky Mountain House , Alberta , Canada.

According to the Agreement on International Humane Trapping Standards (AIHTS), which was signed by the European Community, Canada, and Russia in 1997, killing devices used for the capture of canids and other fur-bearing nonhuman animals should render an animal irreversibly unconscious within 300 s. However, killing neck snares are not included in the agreement. In this commentary, a parallel is drawn between injuries caused by steel-jawed leghold traps, which have been banned by the AIHTS signatory countries, and killing neck snares to demonstrate that these snares should also be included in international humane trapping standards (i. Read More

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Multiscale habitat relationships of snowshoe hares () in the mixed conifer landscape of the Northern Rockies, USA: Cross-scale effects of horizontal cover with implications for forest management.

Ecol Evol 2017 01 14;7(1):125-144. Epub 2016 Dec 14.

Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences Montana State University Bozeman MT USA.

Snowshoe hares () are an ecologically important herbivore because they modify vegetation through browsing and serve as a prey resource for multiple predators. We implemented a multiscale approach to characterize habitat relationships for snowshoe hares across the mixed conifer landscape of the northern Rocky Mountains, USA. Our objectives were to (1) assess the relationship between horizontal cover and snowshoe hares, (2) estimate how forest metrics vary across the gradient of snowshoe hare use and horizontal cover, and (3) model and map snowshoe hare occupancy and intensity of use. Read More

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January 2017

Seasonal and Diel Activity Patterns of Eight Sympatric Mammals in Northern Japan Revealed by an Intensive Camera-Trap Survey.

PLoS One 2016 12;11(10):e0163602. Epub 2016 Oct 12.

Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.

The activity patterns of mammals are generally categorized as nocturnal, diurnal, crepuscular (active at twilight), and cathemeral (active throughout the day). These patterns are highly variable across regions and seasons even within the same species. However, quantitative data is still lacking, particularly for sympatric species. Read More

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New Records of Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) From Dogs, Cats, Humans, and Some Wild Vertebrates in Alaska: Invasion Potential.

J Med Entomol 2016 11 14;53(6):1391-1395. Epub 2016 Aug 14.

Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Wildlife Health and Disease Surveillance Program, Division of Wildlife Conservation, 1300 College Rd., Fairbanks, AK 99701

During 2010-2016, tick specimens were solicited from veterinarians, biologists, and members of the public in Alaska. Eight species of ticks were recorded from domestic dogs. Some ticks were collected from dogs with recent travel histories to other countries or other U. Read More

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November 2016

[Spatial-temporal dynamics of the pine marten (Martes martes L.), mountain hare (Lepus timidus L.) and red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris L.) trail activity in the European southern taiga].

Zh Obshch Biol 2016 Jul-Aug;77(4):262-83

Observations of trail activity of the martens, mountain hares, and red squirrels in winter along fixed routes in the Central Forest Reserve showed its high variability and synchronism in time and space. Polynomial dependence of the trail activity and correlation between spatial distribution of marten, mountain hare and squirrel are detected. The influence of weather on the trail activity is smaller, but statistically significant. Read More

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Serological Survey for Antibodies to Mosquito-Borne Bunyaviruses Among US National Park Service and US Forest Service Employees.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2016 Mar 8;16(3):191-8. Epub 2016 Feb 8.

1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Fort Collins, Colorado.

Serum samples from 295 employees of Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GRSM), Rocky Mountain National Park (ROMO), and Grand Teton National Park with adjacent Bridger-Teton National Forest (GRTE-BTNF) were subjected to serological analysis for mosquito-borne bunyaviruses. The sera were analyzed for neutralizing antibodies against six orthobunyaviruses: La Crosse virus (LACV), Jamestown Canyon virus (JCV), snowshoe hare virus (SSHV), California encephalitis virus, and Trivittatus virus (TVTV) belonging to the California serogroup and Cache Valley virus (CVV) belonging to the Bunyamwera serogroup. Sera were also tested for immunoglobulin (Ig) G antibodies against LACV and JCV by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Read More

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