70 results match your criteria mothers n=94

No hard feelings: maternal emotion socialization and callous-unemotional traits in children.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 28. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Parents' identification and discussion of their own and their children's emotions are important emotion socialization behaviors (ESBs) that may mitigate child conduct problems (CPs). However, if parents perceive their child to be relatively unemotional, which may be the case for children with conduct problems and high callous-unemotional traits (CP + CU), these parents may be limited in their capacity to use ESBs effectively. This study tested these questions by looking at ESBs in mothers (N = 145) of children aged 2-8 years with CP + CU (n = 24), CPs and low CU traits (CP-CU; n = 94) and a non-clinical community sample (n = 27). Read More

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RSV Specific Antibodies in Pregnant Women and Subsequent Risk of RSV Hospitalization in Young Infants.

J Infect Dis 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Helsinki University Hospital and University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: The fusion (F) glycoprotein of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) represents the major neutralizing antigen, and antibodies against the pre-F conformation have the most potent neutralizing activity. This study aimed to assess the correlation between maternal antibody (Ab) titers against the pre-F, post-F and G glycoproteins and the child's risk of developing severe RSV bronchiolitis early in infancy.

Methods: We identified previously healthy term infants less than 3 months of age hospitalized with RSV bronchiolitis from December 2015 to March 2016. Read More

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Complex patterns of circulating fatty acid levels in gestational diabetes mellitus subclasses across pregnancy.

Clin Nutr 2021 06 6;40(6):4140-4148. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

College of Medicine, Biological Sciences and Psychology, University of Leicester, UK.

Background & Aims: To investigate the relationship between maternal serum fatty acid levels and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) subtypes across pregnancy.

Methods: A total of 680 singleton mothers enrolled in the Complex Lipids in Mothers and Babies (CLIMB) study in Chongqing, China were included. Clinical information and serum samples were collected at gestational weeks (GWs) 11-14, 22-28, and 32-34. Read More

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Sleep and stress in mother-toddler dyads living in low-income homes.

Dev Psychobiol 2021 Jul 25;63(5):1635-1643. Epub 2020 Dec 25.

Crane Center for Early Childhood Research and Policy, The Ohio State University, Columbus, USA.

Optimal sleeping behaviors are critical for overall development, yet some evidence suggests stress and living in a low-income environment are associated with disruptions of sleeping behaviors early in life. In this study, we investigated the association of toddler sleeping behaviors, particularly difficulties initiating and/or maintaining sleep (DIMS), and maternal and toddler prolonged stress using hair cortisol from dyads living in low-income homes. Hair cortisol was mainly sampled at the posterior vertex of mothers and toddlers (age 20-24 months) and analyzed with immunoassay (n = 94). Read More

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Prenatal antidepressant exposure and child development at kindergarten age: a population-based study.

Pediatr Res 2021 05 9;89(6):1515-1522. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Background: Though prenatal antidepressant exposure has been associated with adverse developmental outcomes, the extent to which the effects are due to prenatal drug exposure or underlying maternal mood disturbances is unclear.

Methods: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative data from British Columbia, Canada (n = 94,712). Analyses were designed to remove confounding effects of prenatal antidepressant exposure from maternal mood. Read More

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Pre-operative carbohydrate loading prior to elective caesarean delivery: a randomised controlled trial.

Int J Obstet Anesth 2021 02 18;45:21-27. Epub 2020 Oct 18.

Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, UK.

Introduction: Women undergoing elective caesarean deliveries are fasted for long periods prior to surgery and can become catabolic. The use of pre-operative carbohydrate drinks to optimise patients ahead of major surgery is now well established. However, evidence to support this in women undergoing elective caesarean delivery is limited. Read More

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February 2021

Randomized controlled trial of a brief online self-compassion intervention for mothers of infants: Effects on mental health outcomes.

J Clin Psychol 2021 03 15;77(3):473-487. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

Queensland Cerebral Palsy and Rehabilitation Research Centre, Child Health Research Centre, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Objective: To test the effectiveness of a brief self-compassion intervention in improving mental health outcomes for mothers of infants.

Method: A randomized controlled trial study design was used. A community sample of mothers of infants (<2 years) completed measures of self-compassion, fears of compassion, psychological flexibility, depression, anxiety, stress, symptoms of posttraumatic stress, and infant feeding experiences. Read More

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Maternal adiposity alters the human milk metabolome: associations between nonglucose monosaccharides and infant adiposity.

Am J Clin Nutr 2020 11;112(5):1228-1239

Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center, Little Rock, AR, USA.

Background: Human milk composition is altered by maternal obesity. The association between milk metabolites and infant outcomes has not been thoroughly investigated.

Objectives: This study aimed to quantify maternal adiposity-related differences in the human milk metabolome and to identify metabolites associated with infant adiposity during the first 6 mo postpartum using untargeted metabolomics. Read More

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November 2020

Consequences of Iodine Deficiency and Excess in Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes: A Prospective Cohort Study in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Thyroid 2020 12 1;30(12):1792-1801. Epub 2020 Jul 1.

Endocrinology Post-graduation Program, Medical School, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Insufficient or excessive iodine intake during gestation may compromise adaptive mechanisms in maternal thyroid function and lead to adverse pregnancy outcomes. In this context, we aimed to study the effects of maternal iodine status in the first and third trimesters of gestation on obstetric and neonatal outcomes in an iodine-sufficient population in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. A total of 214 pregnant women in the first trimester of gestation were enrolled and prospectively followed until delivery between 2014 and 2017. Read More

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December 2020

Infants of mothers with higher physiological stress show alterations in brain function.

Dev Sci 2020 11 13;23(6):e12976. Epub 2020 May 13.

Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.

Chronic stress has been increasingly linked with aberrations in children's behavioral, cognitive, and social development, yet the effect of chronic physiological stress on neural development during the first year of life is largely unknown. The present study aims to link a physiological index of chronic stress (maternal hair cortisol concentration) to maturational differences in infant functional brain development during the first year of life. Participants were 94 mother-infant dyads. Read More

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November 2020

Evaluation of anthropometric measures for assessment of cardiometabolic risk in early childhood.

Public Health Nutr 2020 08 17;23(12):2100-2108. Epub 2020 Apr 17.

Division of Endocrinology, The Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Objective: Waist-to-height ratio has been shown to be an important indicator of cardiometabolic risk. There are few studies evaluating this measure against existing measures of adiposity and cardiometabolic markers in early childhood. The objectives were: (i) to determine in young children the ability of waist-to-height ratio, BMI z-score, weight for length, and sum of skin fold thickness to predict cardiometabolic risk and (ii) to examine this association at ages 1, 3 and 5 years. Read More

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The role of maternal anxiety disorder subtype, parenting and infant stable temperamental inhibition in child anxiety: a prospective longitudinal study.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2020 07 8;61(7):779-788. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, UK.

Background: Social anxiety disorder (SAD) aggregates in families. To elucidate intergenerational transmission of risk, we examined whether childhood SAD and symptoms of anxiety were prospectively predicted by stable infant temperamental inhibition, maternal SAD, maternal generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and maternal parenting behaviours.

Methods: We conducted a longitudinal study beginning prenatally with follow-up at 4, 10, 14 and 58 months postnatally. Read More

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We still don't know that our children need vitamin D daily: a study of parents' understanding of vitamin D requirements in children aged 0-2 years.

BMC Public Health 2019 Aug 15;19(1):1119. Epub 2019 Aug 15.

School of Clinical and Applied Sciences, Leeds Beckett University, CL615A, City Campus, Leeds, LS1 3HE, UK.

Background: Vitamin D deficiency has been highlighted as a serious public health problem in the United Kingdom. One in four toddlers are not achieving the recommended intake for their healthy development. This study uses quantitative and qualitative methods to explore parents' perceptions, awareness and behaviours around vitamin D intake, and the acceptability of and factors affecting purchasing of food and drink fortified with Vitamin D in children aged 0-2 years old. Read More

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The Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in An American Indian Community.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2019 06 20;16(12). Epub 2019 Jun 20.

Department of Pediatrics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0828, USA.

The prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) differs among populations and is largely unknown among minority populations. Prevalence and characterization of FASD is necessary for prevention efforts and allocation of resources for treatment and support. However, prevalence data are lacking, including among many minority populations. Read More

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Behavioural and psychiatric phenotypes in female carriers of genetic mutations associated with X-linked ichthyosis.

PLoS One 2019 15;14(2):e0212330. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics and Division of Psychological Medicine and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom.

X-linked ichthyosis (XLI) is a rare X-linked dermatological condition arising from deficiency for the enzyme steroid sulfatase (STS). STS is normally expressed in the brain, and males with XLI exhibit personality differences from males in the general population, and are at increased risk of developmental and mood disorders. As the STS gene escapes X-inactivation, female carriers of XLI-associated genetic mutations have reduced STS expression/activity relative to non-carrier females, and could manifest similar behavioural phenotypes to males with XLI. Read More

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November 2019

Effectiveness of a 2-year post-natal nurse home-visiting programme when children are aged 5 years: Results from a natural experiment.

J Paediatr Child Health 2019 Sep 21;55(9):1091-1098. Epub 2018 Dec 21.

School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Aim: To evaluate the effect of a 2-year post-natal nurse home visiting (NHV) programme delivered in routine clinical practice to socially disadvantaged mothers on children's development at 5 years.

Methods: The study was a natural experiment resulting from progressive rollout of NHV (2008-2012). Children of three groups of mothers, all eligible for NHV, were compared: (i) mothers receiving NHV in a metropolitan region (n = 197); (ii) mothers in a rural region prior to NHV being available (n = 94); and (iii) mothers receiving NHV in the rural region after it became available (n = 84). Read More

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September 2019

The Burden of Caring for a Child or Adolescent With Pediatric Acute-Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome (PANS): An Observational Longitudinal Study.

J Clin Psychiatry 2018 12 11;80(1). Epub 2018 Dec 11.

Pediatric Divisions of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California, USA.

Objective: To describe the longitudinal association between disease severity, time established in clinical treatment, and caregiver burden in a community-based patient population diagnosed with pediatric acute-onset neuropsychiatric syndrome (PANS).

Methods: The study included an observational longitudinal cohort design, with Caregiver Burden Inventories (CBIs) collected between April 2013 and November 2016 at the Stanford PANS multidisciplinary clinic. Inclusion criteria for this study were as follows: pediatric patients meeting strict PANS/pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) diagnostic criteria (n = 187), having a caregiver fill out at least 1 complete CBI during a disease flare (n = 114); and having family who lives locally (n = 97). Read More

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December 2018

Modeled exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water and the occurrence of birth defects: a case-control study from Massachusetts and Rhode Island.

Environ Health 2018 11 6;17(1):75. Epub 2018 Nov 6.

University of California, Irvine, Program in Public Health, 653 East Peltason Drive, Irvine, CA, 92697, USA.

Background: Residents of Massachusetts and Rhode Island were exposed to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water from 1968 through the early 1990s when it leached from the vinyl lining of asbestos cement water distribution pipes. While occupational exposure to solvents during pregnancy has consistently been linked to an increased risk of certain birth defects, mixed results have been observed for environmental sources of exposure, including contaminated drinking water. The present case-control study was undertaken to examine further the association between prenatal exposure to tetrachloroethylene-contaminated drinking water and the risk of central nervous system defects, oral clefts and hypospadias. Read More

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November 2018

Is the risk of small for gestational age influenced by maternal body composition in young Japanese women?

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 May 3;33(9):1628-1630. Epub 2018 Oct 3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kawasaki Municipal Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.

We aimed to investigate whether there was a high incidence of young Japanese mothers being underweight (pregravid body mass index [BMI] < 18.5 kg/m) and if they delivered infants who were small for gestational age (SGA). Our study was carried out from 2013 to 2017 and included adolescent women (maternal age at delivery: <20 years old;  = 94), women in their early twenties (maternal age at delivery: 20-24 years;  = 479), and controls (maternal age at delivery: 25-34 years;  = 2061). Read More

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Vitamin A and retinoic acid combined have a more potent effect compared to vitamin A alone on the uptake of retinol into extrahepatic tissues of neonatal rats raised under vitamin A-marginal conditions.

Curr Dev Nutr 2017 Dec 6;1(12). Epub 2017 Sep 6.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, 16802 USA.

Background: Vitamin A (VA, retinol) supplementation is widely used to reduce child mortality in low-income countries. However, existing research suggests that supplementation with VA alone may not be optimal for infants.

Objective: We compared the effect of VA vs. Read More

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December 2017

Adverse childhood experiences and intimate partner violence during pregnancy and their association to postpartum depression.

J Affect Disord 2018 03 27;229:159-163. Epub 2017 Dec 27.

Institute for Public Health, Neuenheimer Feld 130.3, Ruprecht Karls University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and intimate partner violence (IPV) are recognized global health problems. Both ACEs and IPV have been linked to adverse physical and mental health problems for both mothers and infants. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of physical and/or sexual ACEs and IPV and their association to symptoms of postpartum depression among postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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Paternal Anxiety in Relation to Toddler Anxiety: The Mediating Role of Maternal Behavior.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2018 08;49(4):512-522

Department of Psychology, Miami University, 100 Psychology Building, 90 N. Patterson Ave., Oxford, OH, USA.

Despite robust investigations examining the impact of maternal anxiety and parenting behaviors and child anxiety risk, less is understood about the impact of paternal anxiety and parenting behaviors on child anxiety risk, particularly within the broader family context. An Actor Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) was used to examine whether paternal anxiety longitudinally predicted child anxiety risk indirectly through maternal and paternal parenting behaviors, while controlling for maternal anxiety. Both fathers and mothers of 12- to 30-month-olds (n = 94) provided self-report of their anxiety and parenting behaviors. Read More

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A Comparison of Sexual Function in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Whose Mothers Had PCOS During Their Pregnancy Period with Those Without PCOS.

Arch Sex Behav 2017 Oct 9;46(7):2033-2042. Epub 2017 Jan 9.

Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in women during reproductive ages. Clinical symptoms associated with PCOS, such as hirsutism, acne, alopecia, obesity, and infertility, may lead to emotional morbidity and then impaired sexual function in those affected. During intrauterine development, the fetus may program the development of diseases during adulthood. Read More

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October 2017

Careseeking for childhood diarrhoea at the primary level of care in communities in Cross River State, Nigeria.

Oluranti Ekpo

J Epidemiol Glob Health 2016 12 14;6(4):303-313. Epub 2016 Sep 14.

University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Risk factors for care-seeking choices for childhood diarrhea in Nigeria are poorly understood. They are essential to the control of childhood illnesses because diarrhea is an important cause of childhood mortality. This study explored the contributors to care-seeking choices in Cross River State, Nigeria. Read More

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December 2016

Mothers and midwives perceptions of birthing position and perineal trauma: An exploratory study.

Women Birth 2016 Dec 26;29(6):518-523. Epub 2016 May 26.

Dental and Inter-Professional Education, Faculty of Health and Social Care/Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Clinical Sciences, University of Chester, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Background: Studies have associated lithotomy position during childbirth with negative consequences and increased risk of perineal injuries.

Aims: To identify prevalence rates of different birthing position and episiotomy and to explore the differences in perspectives of mothers and midwives about birthing positions and perineal trauma.

Methods: A survey involving 110 mothers and 110 midwives at two hospitals. Read More

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December 2016

Serum Anti-Cryptosporidial gp15 Antibodies in Mothers and Children Less than 2 Years of Age in India.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2015 Nov 24;93(5):931-938. Epub 2015 Aug 24.

Little is known about the type and longevity of the humoral response to cryptosporidial infections in developing countries. We evaluated serum antibody response to Cryptosporidium gp15 in 150 sets of maternal, preweaning and postinfection/end-of-follow-up sera from children followed up to 2 years of age to determine the influence of maternal and preweaning serological status on childhood cryptosporidiosis. Fifty two percent (N = 78) of mothers and 20% (N = 30) of children were seropositive preweaning. Read More

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November 2015

Prenatal maternal stress predicts stress reactivity at 2½ years of age: the Iowa Flood Study.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2015 Jun 2;56:62-78. Epub 2015 Mar 2.

Psychosocial Research Division, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Verdun, QC, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada. Electronic address:

Prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) predicts psychosocial development in offspring. It has been hypothesized that during PNMS, glucocorticoids pass the placenta, reaching the foetus, leading to a long-term reprogramming and dysregulation of the foetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. However, results are inconsistent across PNMS studies. Read More

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Influence of H-HOPE intervention for premature infants on growth, feeding progression and length of stay during initial hospitalization.

J Perinatol 2015 Aug 5;35(8):636-41. Epub 2015 Mar 5.

Department of Women, Children and Family Health Science, College of Nursing, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: To examine whether premature infants receiving the maternally administered H-HOPE (Hospital to Home Transition-Optimizing Premature Infant's Environment) intervention had more rapid weight gain and growth, improved feeding progression and reduced length of hospital stay, compared with controls.

Study Design: Premature infants born at 29-34 weeks gestational age and their mothers with at least two social-environmental risk factors were randomly assigned to H-HOPE intervention (n=88) or an attention control (n=94) groups. H-HOPE consists of a 15-min multisensory intervention (Auditory, Tactile, Visual and Vestibular stimuli) performed twice daily prior to feeding plus maternal participatory guidance on preterm infant behavioral cues. Read More

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A two-decade perspective on mothers' experiences and feelings related to breastfeeding initiation in Sweden.

Sex Reprod Healthc 2014 Oct 18;5(3):125-30. Epub 2014 Apr 18.

Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Sweden; Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden. Electronic address:

Objective: The purpose was to examine mothers' experiences and feelings related to breastfeeding initiation from a two-decade perspective.

Methods: A repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted at a maternity ward before and after introduction of Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) and in a follow-up survey. Women participated in 1992 (n = 83), 1993 (n = 74) and 2011 (n = 94). Read More

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October 2014

Preferred health resources and use of social media to obtain health and depression information by adolescent mothers.

J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Nurs 2014 Nov 7;27(4):163-8. Epub 2014 Aug 7.

School of Nursing, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA; Nursing for Research, University of Louisville Hospital/Brown Cancer Center, Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

Problem: Little is known about how adolescent mothers use social media and the Internet, especially to access health information.

Methods: In this cross-sectional, descriptive study, adolescent mothers were recruited from an academic medical center after the birth of their child (n = 94) or from a state-funded, home visitation program during the first year after birth (n = 91). They completed the Pew Internet Survey: 37 questions related to use of social media and Internet, particularly in regard to obtaining health information. Read More

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November 2014