159,134 results match your criteria mothers


Long-term infant outcomes after hyperbaric oxygen treatment for acute carbon monoxide poisoning during pregnancy.

Diving Hyperb Med 2021 Sep;51(3):248-255

Department of Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine, Saglik Bilimleri Universitesi, Gulhane Egitim ve Arastirma Hastanesi, Ankara, Turkey.

Introduction: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning in pregnant women is linked to foetal mortality of 36-67%. This study assessed long-term fetal outcomes following hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) for acute CO poisoning in pregnant women. The effects of clinical severity parameters and pregnancy trimester were also analysed. Read More

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September 2021

Changes in PPAR-γ Expression Are Associated with microRNA Profiles during Fetal Programming due to Maternal Overweight and Obesity.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2021 Sep 21:1-12. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Biochemistry Department, University Autonomous of San Luis Potosí, San Luis Potosi, Mexico.

Background: There has been a global increase in the prevalence of obesity in pregnant women in recent years. Animal studies have shown that intrauterine environment associated with maternal obesity leads to epigenetic changes. However, the effects of epigenetic changes occurring before birth in response to maternal conditions have not been clearly characterized in humans. Read More

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September 2021

Gestational urinary tract infections and the risk of antenatal and postnatal depressive and anxiety symptoms: A longitudinal population-based study.

J Psychosom Res 2021 Sep 11;150:110600. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia; Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Objective: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections in pregnant women. This is the first longitudinal study investigating the association between gestational UTIs and the risk of maternal antenatal and postnatal depressive and anxiety symptoms.

Methods: Data were utilised from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Read More

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September 2021

Differential pre-pandemic breast milk IgA reactivity against SARS-CoV-2 and circulating human coronaviruses in Ugandan and American mothers.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Uganda has registered fewer COVID-19 cases and deaths per capita than Western countries. Lower numbers of cases and deaths might be due to pre-existing cross-immunity induced by circulating common cold human coronaviruses (HCoVs) before the COVID-19 pandemic. To investigate pre-existing mucosal antibodies against COVID-19, we compared IgA reactivity to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and HCoVs in milk of mothers collected in 2018. Read More

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September 2021

Proximity and Touch are associated with Neural but not Physiological Synchrony in Naturalistic Mother-Infant Interactions.

Neuroimage 2021 Sep 18:118599. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Vienna, Liebiggasse 5, 1010 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Caregiver touch plays a vital role in infants' growth and development, but its role as a communicative signal in human parent-infant interactions is surprisingly poorly understood. Here, we assessed whether touch and proximity in caregiver-infant dyads are related to neural and physiological synchrony. We simultaneously measured brain activity and respiratory sinus arrhythmia of 4- to 6-month-old infants and their mothers (N=69 dyads) in distal and proximal joint watching conditions as well as in an interactive face-to-face condition. Read More

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September 2021

Double trouble: prenatal immune activation in stress sensitive offspring.

Brain Behav Immun 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Molecular Biology and Adelson School of Medicine, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel.

Viral infections during pregnancy are associated with increased incidence of psychiatric disorders in offspring. The pathological outcomes of viral infection appear to be caused by the deleterious effects of innate immune response-associated factors on development of the fetus, which predispose the offspring to pathological conditions in adulthood. The negative impact of viral infections varies substantially between pregnancies. Read More

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September 2021

Male care in a free-ranging group of Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).

Primates 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Graduate School of Human Sciences, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.

Among the Macaca species, adult male Japanese macaques are the least likely to perform male care (i.e., affiliative interactions between adult males and immatures, including holding, carrying, and grooming); however, they perform male care for infants, albeit infrequently. Read More

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September 2021

The Tavistock First-Time Parent Study: a pilot randomised controlled feasibility trial of a brief couple-focused perinatal intervention to reduce inter-parental discord.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Research and Development Unit, The Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust, 120 Belsize Lane, London, NW3 5BA, UK.

Numerous studies report that some first-time parents experience a decline in relationship quality and an increase in conflict after the birth of a first baby. Inter-parental discord that is frequent, intense, and poorly resolved increases the likelihood of relationship breakdown and adversely impacts child development. We investigated the feasibility of a brief preventative couple-focused psychotherapeutic intervention in the perinatal period in a general population sample. Read More

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September 2021

Stigma Attached to Smoking Pregnant Women: A Qualitative Insight in the General French Population.

Nicotine Tob Res 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

INSERM U1219, Bordeaux University, F-33000 Bordeaux France.

Introduction: Cigarette consumption during pregnancy has major health consequences for women and unborn children. The stigma of smoking during pregnancy might hinder mothers-to-be's access to adequate healthcare and smoking cessation, especially in disadvantaged groups. This qualitative study was designed to describe extensively the public stigma associated with smoking during pregnancy. Read More

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September 2021

The Tuscan experience on the asbestos discharge process 28 years after the ban: critical issues and future perspectives.

Epidemiol Prev 2021 ;45:In press

Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin and Reference Centre for Epidemiology and Cancer Prevention in Piedmont (CPO Piemonte), Turin (Italy).

Objectives: to estimate the population prevalence of COVID-19-like symptoms in children and adults during the first SARS-CoV-2 epidemic wave hitting Italy in the spring 2020; to assess their geographical correlation with the cumulative number of COVID-19 cases by province; to analyse their clustering within families; to estimate their sensitivity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for COVID-19 diagnosis in individuals tested for SARS-CoV-2.

Design: cross-sectional study nested within a birth cohort.

Setting And Participants: mothers participating in an Italian birth cohort (NINFEA) were invited to complete an online questionnaire on COVID-19-like symptoms in their household. Read More

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January 2021

Heritable shifts in redox metabolites during mitochondrial quiescence reprogramme progeny metabolism.

Nat Metab 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Physiology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Changes in maternal diet and metabolic defects in mothers can profoundly affect health and disease in their progeny. However, the biochemical mechanisms that induce the initial reprogramming events at the cellular level have remained largely unknown owing to limitations in obtaining pure populations of quiescent oocytes. Here, we show that the precocious onset of mitochondrial respiratory quiescence causes a reprogramming of progeny metabolic state. Read More

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September 2021

Modification of the association by sex between the prenatal exposure to di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate and fat percentage in a cohort of Mexicans schoolchildren.

Int J Obes (Lond) 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Dirección de Salud Ambiental, Cuernavaca, MOR, Mexico.

Introduction: Children's overweight and obesity are global public health problems, children with obesity have grater obesity risk as adults, thus leading to develop cardiometabolic diseases. Previous studies have found positive and significant associations between the exposure to phthalates and body mass index and body composition.

Objective: To evaluate the modification of the association by sex between DEHP exposure during pregnancy and the percentage of body fat in a cohort of Mexican schoolchildren. Read More

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September 2021

Higher ultraviolet radiation during early life is associated with lower risk of childhood type 1 diabetes among boys.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 20;11(1):18597. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

University of Western Australia, Crawley, 6009, Australia.

Population-level ecological studies show type 1 diabetes incidence is inversely correlated with ambient ultraviolet radiation (UVR) levels. We conducted a nested case-control study using administrative datasets to test this association at the individual level. Cases (n = 1819) were children born in Western Australia (WA) from 1980-2014, diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at ≤ 16 years. Read More

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September 2021

The Effect of Using In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) on Increasing the Prevalence of Craniosynostosis.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, Medical College of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science (SBUM), 15 Khordad Hospital Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Mofid Children's Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Pharmacology Department, Tehran, Iran Brain Imaging Center, Douglas Hospital Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Background: Craniosynostosis, a malformation caused by premature closure of one or more cranial sutures, is a rare congenital disability usually of unknown cause; however, it is often associated with assisted reproductive technology. Given the increasing prevalence of craniosynostosis and the use of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) method, the authors evaluated the association between IVF and the prevalence of craniosynostosis.

Methods: This retrospective study reviewed records of patients with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis who underwent surgery in Mofid Hospital, a tertiary children's hospital affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, between 2010 and 2019. Read More

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September 2021

Psychological distress, dyadic adjustment and family dynamics after prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease.

An Pediatr (Engl Ed) 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i l'Esport Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is one of the most frequent congenital diseases. When expectant fathers and mothers are informed of a CHD during pregnancy, they have to confront a series of individual and interpersonal psychological changes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychological impact of a prenatal diagnosis of CHD on expectant parents. Read More

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September 2021

Effectiveness of a smartphone-based educational intervention to improve breastfeeding.

Int Breastfeed J 2021 Sep 20;16(1):70. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

School of Allied Medical Sciences, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.

Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is essential during the first six months of life and confers countless benefits to mothers and infants. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of a smartphone-based educational intervention to improve new mothers' breastfeeding for infants younger than six months of age in Urmia, Iran.

Methods: A randomized controlled trial study was conducted from January to December 2019 with 40 new mothers and their first child aged < 3 months, assigned to the intervention (mobile app education + routine care) and control groups (routine care). Read More

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September 2021

Myofunctional therapy Part 3: Tongue function and breastfeeding as precursor of oronasal functions.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 Sep;22(3):248-250

Department of Health, Life and Environmental Science, University of L'Aquila, L'Aquila, Italy.

Breastfeeding is the best practice to ensure proper nutrition, correct growth of the craniofacial complex and overall health of the baby with optimal breathing, feeding and sleeping functions. Many mothers face breastfeeding problems due to the baby's difficulty in latching, especially if the lingual frenum is restricted. Early detection and understanding of some of the root causes of those difficulties will lead to an early intervention, thus getting the babies on the right tract of their full potential of growth and development. Read More

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September 2021

Knowledge and attitudes towards oral and dental health among seventh and eighth grade students compared with their teeth examination.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 Sep;22(3):199-203

Zeynep Kamil Maternity and Children´s Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Aim: Oral and dental heath are important aspects of general health and impact the quality of life and well-being. In this study, we aimed to assess the level of knowledge and attitudes towards oral and dental health and to examine the relative effect of social-behavioural risk factors on caries and other teeth problems among seventh and eighth grade students.

Methods: Study Design: The study population consisted of all seventh and eighth graders who started the 2011 school year in Sarigol village of the Manisa city, Turkey (n = 377). Read More

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September 2021

Maternal and Child Dentistry: A fascinating new perspective!

Authors:
L Paglia

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 Sep;22(3):173

Editor in chief, European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry.

Through the pages of EJPD we wish to propose a new concept of preventive dentistry. The idea is that every little patient should begin his or her preventive and therapeutic journey when they are very, very small.. Read More

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September 2021

Food Hygiene Practices of Rural Women and Microbial Risk for Children: Formative Research in Nepal.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Formative research was conducted in a rural hill setting in Nepal during April-June 2012 to inform the design of an intervention to promote safe food hygiene practices. A variety of methods underpinned by Behavior Centered Design theory and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points was used to pinpoint key risk behaviors and their environmental and psychological determinants in 68 households with a mother having a child aged 6-59 months. These included video recordings, observation of daily routine, teach-the-researcher sessions, in-depth interviews, observations of actual behaviors, focus group discussions, motive mapping, microbiological assessment, and identification of critical control points. Read More

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September 2021

Longitudinal associations among adolescents' internalizing problems, well-being, and the quality of their relationships with their mothers, fathers, and close friends.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Sep 8;289:114387. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Socio-Medical Sciences, Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Rationale: Internalizing problems (i.e., depressive and anxiety symptoms) are known to decrease adolescents' well-being, but knowledge about potential underlying mechanisms is limited. Read More

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September 2021

The relationship between dietary elimination and maternal psychopathology in breastfeeding mothers of infants with food allergy.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Koc University, School of Medicine, Division of Pediatric Allergy, Istanbul.

Background: There has been no study evaluating the psychopathology in breastfeeding mothers of infants with food allergy (FA).

Objective: To investigate the relationship between dietary elimination and maternal psychopathology, specifically, anxiety, depression and mother-to-infant bonding in breastfeeding mothers of infants with food allergy.

Methods: Breastfeeding mothers following an elimination diet due to FA in their children aged 1-to-12 months were compared with the healthy controls. Read More

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September 2021

Diarrhea and associated factors among under five children in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from demographic and health surveys of 34 sub-Saharan countries.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257522. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Human Physiology, School of Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Diarrhea is responsible for the death of more than 90% of under-five children in low and lower-middle income countries. Regionally, South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 88% of deaths with the same age group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of diarrhea among children under-five years in sub-Saharan Africa. Read More

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September 2021

Knowledge of mothers regarding children's vaccinations in Cyprus: A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2021 20;16(9):e0257590. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Health Sciences, School of Sciences, European University Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Introduction: Vaccine hesitancy is identified as one of the top threats to global health. A significant drop of childhood vaccine coverage is reported worldwide. One of the key reasons that influenced mothers' choice to postpone, or avoid children's vaccination, is knowledge. Read More

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September 2021

Predation risk differentially affects aphid morphotypes: impacts on prey behavior, fecundity and transgenerational dispersal morphology.

Oecologia 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.

To avoid predation, prey initiate anti-predator defenses such as altered behavior, physiology and/or morphology. Prey trait changes in response to perceived predation risk can influence several aspects of prey biology that collectively contribute to individual success and thus population growth. However, studies often focus on single trait changes in a discrete life stage or morphotype. Read More

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September 2021

Higher maternal adiposity reduces offspring birthweight if associated with a metabolically favourable profile.

Diabetologia 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science, College of Medicine and Health, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

Aims/hypothesis: Higher maternal BMI during pregnancy is associated with higher offspring birthweight, but it is not known whether this is solely the result of adverse metabolic consequences of higher maternal adiposity, such as maternal insulin resistance and fetal exposure to higher glucose levels, or whether there is any effect of raised adiposity through non-metabolic (e.g. mechanical) factors. Read More

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September 2021

Characteristics of allergic proctocolitis in early infancy; accuracy of diagnostic tools and factors related to tolerance development.

Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol 2021 Sep 5. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Kyrenia, Kyrenia, Cyprus.

Objective: We aimed to overview clinical characteristics of FPIAP with the results of diagnostic tools like APT, SPT and fecal calprotectin levels and the factors associated with tolerance development.

Methods: All patients diagnosed FPIAP at the outpatient clinic between January 2015 and January 2019 were enrolled retrospectively. Data about clinical characteristics, APT or SPT results, fecal calprotectin levels, suspected triggering foods, diet and tolerance status were obtained from the hospital database program and analyzed. Read More

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September 2021

GWAS META-analysis followed by MENDELIAN randomisation revealed potential control mechanisms for circulating α-klotho levels.

Hum Mol Genet 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU), Bristol Medical School, University of Bristol, Oakfield House, Oakfield Grove, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Background: The protein α-Klotho acts as transmembrane the co-receptor for fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) and is a key regulator of phosphate homeostasis. However, α-Klotho also exists in a circulating form, with pleiotropic, but incompletely understood functions and regulation. Therefore, we undertook a GWAS meta-analysis followed by Mendelian randomisation (MR) of circulating α-Klotho levels. Read More

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September 2021

Associations between Turkish incarcerated mothers' sensitivity and their co-residing children's attachment: The moderating role of children's temperament.

Attach Hum Dev 2021 Sep 20:1-22. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Psychology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

This study investigated the associations between incarcerated mothers' sensitivity and their co-residing children's attachment security. Furthermore, the moderating role of children's temperament on the associations between maternal sensitivity and children's attachment security was examined. The study sample consisted of 84 incarcerated mothers ( = 29. Read More

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September 2021

Mothers' Functional Limitations and Relationship Quality With Adult Children: Exploring the Moderating Roles of Race and Gender.

Res Aging 2021 Sep 20:1640275211044834. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Human Development and Family Studies and a Faculty Associate of the Gerontology Program at Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA.

Theory and research on intergenerational relations emphasize the salient role that mothers and their adult children play in one another's lives. However, little is known about how mothers' health may shape mother-child relationship quality in later-life. We utilized data from the Within Family Differences Study to explore how mothers' functional limitations affect multiple dimensions of mother-child relationship quality, as reported by mothers and their offspring, with particular emphasis on whether race, child's gender, or generational position moderated these associations. Read More

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September 2021