J Craniofac Surg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.
Department of Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, Medical College of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science (SBUM), 15 Khordad Hospital Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Mofid Children's Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Pharmacology Department, Tehran, Iran Brain Imaging Center, Douglas Hospital Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.
Background: Craniosynostosis, a malformation caused by premature closure of one or more cranial sutures, is a rare congenital disability usually of unknown cause; however, it is often associated with assisted reproductive technology. Given the increasing prevalence of craniosynostosis and the use of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) method, the authors evaluated the association between IVF and the prevalence of craniosynostosis.
Methods: This retrospective study reviewed records of patients with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis who underwent surgery in Mofid Hospital, a tertiary children's hospital affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, between 2010 and 2019. Read More