7,926 results match your criteria morphologically identified

Magnetoencephalography to confirm epileptiform discharges mimicking small sharp spikes in temporal lobe epilepsy.

Clin Neurophysiol 2021 May 8;132(8):1785-1789. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Epileptology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan; Department of Collaborative Laboratory of Electromagnetic Neurophysiology, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Miyagi, Japan.

Objective: To determine whether magnetoencephalography (MEG) can identify epileptiform discharges mimicking small sharp spikes (SSSs) on scalp electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed simultaneous scalp EEG and MEG recordings of 83 consecutive patients with TLE and 49 with extra-TLE (ETLE).

Results: SSSs in scalp EEG were detected in 15 (18. Read More

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Diversity of , Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) Larval Habitats in Urban Areas and Malaria Transmission in Bouaké, Côte d'Ivoire.

Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs, Ecologie, Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle, IRD, CNRS, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Malaria vectors are supposedly uncommon in urban areas owing to the lack of suitable breeding sites for their development. However, the maintenance in urban areas of traditional rural practices along with humanitarian crisis can create favorable conditions for malaria transmission. This study aimed to provide relevant entomological data on the risk of malaria transmission in the city of Bouaké, after the military-political crisis from 2002 to 2011 in Côte d'Ivoire. Read More

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Microscopic Detection, Hematological Evaluation and Molecular Characterization of Piroplasms from Naturally Infected Dogs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Acta Parasitol 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Instituto Biomédico, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Professor Hernani Mello, São Domingos, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, 24210-130, Brasil.

Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the frequency of piroplasmids in the blood of dogs in Rio de Janeiro, compare the performance of microscopic techniques, assess the risk factors associated with infections and also molecularly and morphologically characterize the piroplasmids identified.

Methods: In all, 407 blood samples were collected from dogs between 2018 and 2019. These were subjected to microscopic parasitological techniques for thin and thick smears, stained with Giemsa and using a rapid staining kit. Read More

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Increased complexity of t(11;14) rearrangements in plasma cell neoplasms compared to mantle cell lymphoma.

Genes Chromosomes Cancer 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Hematopathology, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.

Plasma cell neoplasms (PCN) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) can both harbor t(11;14)(q13;q32) (CCND1/IGH), usually resulting in cyclin D1 overexpression. In some cases, particularly at low levels of disease, it can be morphologically challenging to distinguish between these entities in the bone marrow (BM) since PCN with t(11;14) are often CD20-positive with lymphoplasmacytic cytology, while MCL can rarely have plasmacytic differentiation. We compared the difference in CCND1/IGH by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in PCN and MCL to evaluate for possible differentiating characteristics. Read More

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Characteristics for phage-encoded cell wall hydrolase of LysSAP27 to reduce staphylococcal food poisoning.

Food Sci Biotechnol 2021 May 11;30(5):745-753. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, College of Bionano Technology, Gachon University, Seongnam, 13120 Republic of Korea.

To reduce staphylococcal food poisoning (SFP), a phage-encoded cell wall hydrolase called endolysin has emerged as an attractive antibacterial agent. In this study, the infecting phage vB_SauS-SAP27 (ϕSAP27) was isolated from sewage and characterized morphologically and genetically. ϕSAP27 was identified as temperate phage, with a genome of 43 kbp. Read More

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Description of the Metacercaria of Cardiocephaloides sp. (Digenea, Diplostomoidea), Newly Recorded from the Brain of Gangetic Leaffish (Nandus nandus) and Its Genetic Characterization in India.

Acta Parasitol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Molecular Taxonomy Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, 250004, UP, India.

Purpose: Cardiocephaloides comprises strigeid trematodes that represent a small genus. In this study, metacercaria identified as Cardiocephaloides sp. was collected from the Gangetic leaffish Nandus nandus from the Ganga River at Bairaj, Bijnor (29º01'N, 77º45'E) in the state of Uttar Pradesh (U. Read More

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Remote and Anesthetic-Induced Myocardial Preconditioning Is Preserved in Atherosclerotic LDL Receptor-/- Mice In Vivo.

Cardiovasc Ther 2021 24;2021:5596590. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Anesthesiology, Amberg Hospital, Mariahilfbergweg 7, 92224 Amberg, Germany.

Introduction: In the animal model, preconditioning is a powerful weapon against ischemic damage. The reason why the human heart cannot be protected from ischemic damage by preconditioning remains unclear. There are assumptions that the lack of preconditioning in humans is caused by concomitant diseases such as dyslipoproteinemia and arteriosclerosis. Read More

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A new cyanobacterial genus Altericista, and three species A. lacusladogae sp. nov., A. violacea sp. nov., and A. variichlora sp. nov. described using a polyphasic approach.

J Phycol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Microbiology, Petersburg State University, 199178, Russia.

Several strains of unicellular cyanobacteria from the culture collection of St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia (CALU), which were preliminary identified as Synechocystis sp. Read More

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Biosystematic studies of some Egyptian species of Cestrum (Solanaceae).

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Cestrum is the second largest genus of family Solanaceae, after Solanum, distributed in warm to subtropical regions. Species of genus Cestrum are one of the most ethnopharmacological relevant plants, for their broad biological and pharmacological properties. There is a scarcity to taxonomical studies and identification of these plants in Egypt, thus, the objective of this study was to implement various morphological features, chemical markers and molecular tools to emphasize the taxonomical features of the different Cestrum species. Read More

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Leukodepletion Filters-Derived CD34+ Cells As a Cell Source to Study Megakaryocyte Differentiation and Platelet Formation.

J Vis Exp 2021 May 20(171). Epub 2021 May 20.

BPPS UMR-S 1255, FMTS, Université de Strasbourg, INSERM, EFS Grand Est;

The in vitro expansion and differentiation of human hematopoietic progenitors into megakaryocytes capable of elongating proplatelets and releasing platelets allows an in-depth study of the mechanisms underlying platelet biogenesis. Available culture protocols are mostly based on hematopoietic progenitors derived from bone marrow or cord blood raising a number of ethical, technical, and economic concerns. If there are already available protocols for obtaining CD34 cells from peripheral blood, this manuscript proposes a straightforward and optimized protocol for obtaining CD34+ cells from leukodepletion filters readily available in blood centers. Read More

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Morphological and molecular characterization of Neopestalotiopsis vitis associated with leaf blight disease of Manilkara zapota - A new record from India.

Lett Appl Microbiol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Studies in Microbiology, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri Mysore, 570 006, Karnataka, India.

Sapota is an important horticultural crop grown in India and Karnataka is a major producer of sapota. A characteristic leaf blight disease was observed in Southern Karnataka during field surveys conducted in 2019 with an incidence of 13-22 % in approximately 45 hectares of sapota field. The leaf blight associated pathogen was isolated on the PDA medium. Read More

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A comparative assessment of morphological and molecular characterization among three species.

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2021 May 4;27(5):1007-1025. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, 715 State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907 USA.

Genetic variability of 84 accessions of three species including Z. , and were analyzed using a combination of morphological traits and translation initiation codon (ATG) polymorphism. Both morphological and molecular data revealed a high level of inter and intra specific variations among the accessions. Read More

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Fibroma of tendon sheath is defined by a USP6 gene fusion-morphologic and molecular reappraisal of the entity.

Mod Pathol 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Institute of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Korytkova 2, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Fibroma of tendon sheath (FTS) is an uncommon benign myofibroblastic neoplasm that arises in association with tenosynovial tissue. Fusions of the USP6 gene have been recently documented in a proportion of so-called "cellular FTS" but not in "classic FTS". It remains unknown whether FTS can be defined by a USP6 fusion, regardless of cellularity, and what are USP6 fusion-negative "cellular FTS". Read More

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Biting behaviour and infectivity of Simulium damnosum complex with Onchocerca parasite in Alabameta, Osun State, Southwestern, Nigeria.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(6):e0252652. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomosho, Oyo State, Nigeria.

A longitudinal study was carried out to investigate species composition, seasonal abundance, parity and transmission potential of Simulium damnosum complex in Alabameta community in Osun State, Southwestern, Nigeria. Adult Simulium damnosum complex were collected along Owena River, Alabameta, by two dark complexioned vector collectors from 07:00hr to 18:00hr weekly using collecting tubes from November 2014 to April 2015. The flies were morphologically identified and dissected for the purpose of detecting Onchocerca parasite using dissecting microscope. Read More

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First Report of Anthracnose on Hymenocallis littoralis Caused by Colletotrichum siamense in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Biotechnology, College of Coastal Agricultural Sciences of Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, China;

Spider lily (Hymenocallis littoralis (Jacq.) Salisb.) is a widely cultivated horticultural plant worldwide and has ornamental and medicinal value. Read More

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Endoparasites of European Wildcats () in Greece.

Pathogens 2021 May 13;10(5). Epub 2021 May 13.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Teaching Veterinary Hospital, University of Teramo, 64100 Teramo, Italy.

The European wildcat () is the only wild felid living in Greece. Wildcat populations are declining due to anthropogenic and phenological unfavourable conditions, and parasites may have an additional negative impact. In the present study, the occurrence of endoparasites in wildcats in Greece and the potential threats posed to wildcats, domestic animals, and humans in the study areas has been investigated. Read More

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Species composition and risk of transmission of some Aedes-borne arboviruses in some sites in Northern Ghana.

PLoS One 2021 1;16(6):e0234675. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Parasitology, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.

Aedes-borne viral diseases mainly Yellow Fever (YF), Dengue (DEN), Zika (ZIK) and Chikungunya (CHK) have contributed to many deaths' in the world especially in Africa. There have been major outbreaks of these diseases in West Africa. Although, YF outbreaks have occurred in Ghana over the years, no outbreak of DEN, ZIK and CHK has been recorded. Read More

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SEPTIN12 c.474 G > A polymorphism as a risk factor in teratozoospermic patients.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Molecular Biology Genetics, İstanbul Medeniyet University, İstanbul, Turkey.

Teratozoospermia is a condition related to poor morphologically normal sperm count below the lower reference limit, which could hinder natural conception. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the genes involved in sperm production and testicular function are proved to be risk factors, resulting in decreased sperm parameters and defects in sperm morphology. c. Read More

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Molecular Diversity of Aspergilli in Two Iranian Hospitals.

Mycopathologia 2021 May 30. Epub 2021 May 30.

Westerdijk Fungal Biodiversity Institute, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

The Aspergillus species are main causative agents of various infections such as invasive aspergillosis (IA) in immunocompromised patients and these infections have high mortality rates. In this study, we provide insight in the species causing aspergillosis in Iran based on morphology and sequence data. Clinical (n = 117) and environmental isolates (n = 54) collected during 2010-2016 from University hospitals in Mashhad and Tehran (Iran) were identified both morphologically and molecularly using partial calmodulin (CaM) gene sequences. Read More

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A new nairo-like virus associated with human febrile illness in China.

Emerg Microbes Infect 2021 Dec;10(1):1200-1208

Department of Emerging Infectious Diseases, The First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, People's Republic of China.

Several nairo-like viruses have been discovered in ticks in recent years, but their relevance to public health remains unknown. Here, we found a patient who had a history of tick bite and suffered from a febrile illness was infected with a previously discovered RNA virus, Beiji nairovirus (BJNV), in the nairo-like virus group of the order . We isolated the virus by cell culture assay. Read More

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December 2021

[Role of interleukin-6 in human umbilical vein endothelial cell to mesenchymal cell transformation].

Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi 2021 May;37(5):420-428

State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Department of Surgical Research, the Army Medical Center, Chongqing 400042, China.

To observe the effect of interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the phenotype and function of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and explore the role of IL-6 in the process of endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT). The experimental research method was used. Fresh umbilical cord discarded after normal maternal delivery was collected. Read More

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Morphomolecular and pathological study of Scaphanocephalus sp. in new host Siganus argenteus in the Arabian Gulf.

Dis Aquat Organ 2021 May 27;144:221-230. Epub 2021 May 27.

Biology Department, College of Science, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, PO Box 1982, 31441 Dammam City, Saudi Arabia.

In this study, Scaphanocephalus parasite (Platyhelminthes: Heterophyidae) metacercariae were found in Siganus argenteus (forktail rabbitfish or streamlined spinefoot) in the Arabian Gulf of Jubail province, Saudi Arabia. The findings may constitute new host and locality records for this parasite. Based on the number of black spots containing parasite cysts per fish, our study indicated that Siganus argenteus had high infection intensities of encysted metacercariae belonging to the genus Scaphanocephalus. Read More

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Chemical profiling of Ulva species for food applications: What is in a name?

Food Chem 2021 Nov 12;361:130084. Epub 2021 May 12.

Applied Ecology and Phycology, Institute for Biosciences, University of Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Strasse 3, 18059 Rostock, Germany. Electronic address:

Seaweeds are increasingly used in European cuisine. Until the recent use of molecular techniques, species identification was solely based on morphology which cannot easily discriminate morphologically simple but phenotypically plastic taxa such as the green algal genus Ulva. For example, current taxonomic protocol effectively reassigned the previously known European 'Ulva lactuca L. Read More

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November 2021

Morphological and genetic identification of fungal genus/species in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens obtained from patients with histologically proven fungal infection.

Mycoses 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Pathology, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Although fungi are found relatively easily by microscopic examination of pathological samples, identification of fungal genus and species in pathological samples is not easy because the morphological features of fungi are similar among genera and species.

Objectives: A multiple real-time PCR was developed for identification of fungal genus/species, and morphological characterizations of fungi were analysed in pathological samples.

Patients/methods: Seventy-five formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples morphologically proven to contain any fungus were examined. Read More

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gen. nov. (Leotiomycetes, Chlorociboriaceae).

MycoKeys 2021 7;80:19-43. Epub 2021 May 7.

Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria, Melbourne, Victoria 3004, Australia Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria Melbourne Australia.

A second genus in Chlorociboriaceae is described here as Macroscopically distinctive, all species have bright yellow apothecia with several apothecial cups held on short branches at the tip of a long stipe. The genus is widely distributed across the Southern Hemisphere; the four new species described here include two from Chile (, ) and one each from New Zealand () and Australia (). They differ from species referred to , the only other genus in Chlorociboriaceae, in their terrestrial habitat and ascomata that are noticeably more hairy than the known species, most of which have apothecia with short, macroscopically indistinct hair-like elements. Read More

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Against growing synonymy: Identification pitfalls of Hepatozoon and Schellackia demonstrated on North Iranian reptiles.

Eur J Protistol 2021 Jun 10;79:125780. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Biology and Wildlife Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Hygiene and Ecology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackého 1946/1, Brno 612 42, Czech Republic; CEITEC-Central European Institute of Technology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackého 1946/1, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address:

The analyses of molecular data represent an effective tool for increasing the credibility of taxonomy and facilitate the description of species. Nevertheless, in haemoprotozoa, the growing amount of available sequential data is not matched by the still limited number of well-defined species. We identified four protistan haemoparasites in North Iranian reptiles: two Hepatozoon and two Schellackia species. Read More

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First Report of Postharvest Blue Mold decay caused by Penicillium expansum on Lemon (Citrus limon) fruit in China.

Plant Dis 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Minjiang University, 26465, Institute of Oceanography, Fuzhou, Fujian, China;

Lemon (Citrus limon) is one of the most important commercial (both dried and fresh) citrus fruits in China. In the spring of 2019, postharvest blue mold decay was observed at an incidence of 3-5% on lemon fruit at the local markets in Beijing, China. Fruit lesions were circular, brown, soft, and watery, and rapidly expanded at 25°C. Read More

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Molecular investigation of bacterial and protozoal pathogens in ticks collected from different hosts in Turkey.

Parasit Vectors 2021 May 20;14(1):270. Epub 2021 May 20.

Molecular Biology Section, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: The emergence of tick-borne disease is increasing because of the effects of the temperature rise driven by global warming. In Turkey, 19 pathogens transmitted by ticks to humans and animals have been reported. Based on this, this study aimed to investigate tick-borne pathogens including Hepatozoon spp. Read More

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Xeno- and Feeder-Free Differentiation of Human iPSCs to Trabecular Meshwork-Like Cells by Recombinant Cytokines.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2021 May;10(6):27

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Qingdao University, Qingdao, China.

Purpose: Stem cell-based therapy has the potential to become one approach to regenerate the damaged trabecular meshwork (TM) in glaucoma. Co-culture of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) with human TM cells has been a successful approach to generate autologous TM resembling cells. However, the differentiated cells generated using this approach are still problematic for clinical usage. Read More

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An assessment of the postcranial skeleton of the Paracolobus mutiwa (Primates: Colobinae) specimen KNM-WT 16827 from Lomekwi, West Turkana, Kenya.

Monya Anderson

J Hum Evol 2021 Jul 15;156:103012. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, Anthropology 225, TAMU 4352, College Station, TX, 77843, USA. Electronic address:

The postcranium of a large-bodied colobine monkey attributed to Paracolobus mutiwa from the site of Lomekwi, West Turkana, Kenya, is described. The partial skeleton (KNM-WT 16827) was recovered from locality LO 1, dated to 2.58-2. Read More

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