152 results match your criteria moose body

The Association between Mortality and Male Infertility: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Urology 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Urology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: To summarize the current body of evidence on the relationship between impaired male fertility and the risk of early death through a systematic review and meta-analysis of population-based retrospective cohort studies.

Methods: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus databases were searched from inception to August 2020 according to the Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines. Pooled Risk Ratio (RR), Risk Difference (Δr), Hazard Ratio (HR) and Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR) differences among male factor infertility cohorts were compared to fertile/normospermic control populations or to national mortality data. Read More

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Association of Obesity With Survival Outcomes in Patients With Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Mar 1;4(3):e213520. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Oncology Unit, Fondazione Poliambulanza, Brescia, Italy.

Importance: Obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30, is associated with a significant increase in the risk of many cancers and in overall mortality. However, various studies have suggested that patients with cancer and no obesity (ie, BMI 20-25) have worse outcomes than patients with obesity.

Objective: To assess the association between obesity and outcomes after a diagnosis of cancer. Read More

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Body weight and its influence on hepcidin levels in patients with type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical studies.

Heliyon 2021 Mar 11;7(3):e06429. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Applied Sciences, Namibia University of Science and Technology, Windhoek 9000, Namibia.

Introduction: Iron profiles in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are inconsistent. In this study, we assessed the levels of hepcidin, a regulatory protein involved in iron homoeostasis, in patients with T2D. We further evaluated the surrogate markers of hepcidin action, particularly those associated with erythropoiesis. Read More

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J Wildl Dis 2021 Jan;57(1):40-50

Department of Biology and Environment, Grand Portage Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, 27 Store Rd., Grand Portage, Minnesota 55605, USA.

Moose (Alces alces americanus) populations in many areas along the southern extent of the North American moose range, including Minnesota, have experienced decline. Ascertaining neonate health and cause-specific mortality is critical where calf survival is low and understanding underlying causes of population dynamics is important. To investigate moose neonate health and causes of mortality, we studied 43 calves shortly after parturition during 2013-15 and 2018. Read More

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January 2021

Dyslipidemia Increases the Risk of Severe COVID-19: A Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, and Meta-regression.

J Clin Exp Hepatol 2021 Feb 8. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Objective: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate whether dyslipidemia affects the mortality and severity of COVID-19, we also aimed to evaluate whether other comorbidities influence the association.

Methods: A systematic literature search using PubMed, Embase, and EuropePMC was performed on 8 October 2020. This study's main outcome is a poor composite outcome, comprising of mortality and severe COVID-19. Read More

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February 2021

Behaviour influences thermoregulation of boreal moose during the warm season.

Conserv Physiol 2021 8;9(1):coaa130. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Department of Geography, Texas A&M University, Eller Oceanography and Meteorology Building, TAMU Bldg. 0443, 797 Lamar St, College Station, TX 77843, USA.

Management of large herbivores depends on providing habitats for forage supply and refuge from risks of temperature, predation and disease. Moose () accumulate body energy and nutrient stores during summer, while reducing the impact of warm temperatures through physiological and behavioural thermoregulation. Building on the animal indicator concept, we used rumen temperature sensors and GPS collars on captive moose ( = 6) kept in large natural enclosures to evaluate how behaviour and habitat selection influence the rate of change in rumen temperature during the growing season on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, USA. Read More

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January 2021

Life-history theory provides a framework for detecting resource limitation: a test of the Nutritional Buffer Hypothesis.

Ecol Appl 2021 Jan 11:e02299. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Program in Ecology, Department of Zoology and Physiology, University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, 82071, USA.

For ungulates and other long-lived species, life-history theory predicts that nutritional reserves are allocated to reproduction in a state-dependent manner because survival is highly conserved. Further, as per capita food abundance and nutritional reserves decline (i.e. Read More

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January 2021

Physiological and behavioural responses of moose to hunting with dogs.

Conserv Physiol 2020 30;8(1):coaa122. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Applied Ecology and Agricultural Sciences, Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Koppang, Norway.

Optimal management of hunted species requires an understanding of the impacts of hunting on both individual animal and population levels. Recent technological advancements in biologging enable us to obtain increasingly detailed information from free-ranging animals, covering longer periods of time, and providing the data needed to assess such impacts. In Sweden, more than 80 000 moose are harvested annually, mostly hunted with the use of baying dogs. Read More

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December 2020

Circulating Irisin Level and Thyroid Dysfunction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Biomed Res Int 2020 28;2020:2182735. Epub 2020 Oct 28.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Both thyroid hormones and irisin have profound influences on the metabolism of the human body. Based on their similarities, several studies have been conducted to explore changes in irisin levels in patients with hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. This study was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA statement and the MOOSE reporting guideline. Read More

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October 2020

Durability of glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis for its association with body weight changes.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2021 Jan 25;23(1):208-217. Epub 2020 Oct 25.

Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Aims: To analyse quantitatively the association between the durability of glycaemic control and body weight changes during treatment.

Materials And Methods: This study adhered to an appropriate methodology according to Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines. Studies with follow-ups >12 months, and final and intermediate assessments of haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and body weight were included. Read More

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January 2021

Pre-pregnancy body mass index in mothers, birth weight and the risk of type I diabetes in their offspring: A dose-response meta-analysis of cohort studies.

J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod 2021 Feb 28;50(2):101921. Epub 2020 Sep 28.

Obstetrics Department, Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College, Chengde City, 067100, China. Electronic address:

Background: The incidence of type I diabetes among children has increased significantly and the relationship between maternal pre-pregnancy Body Mass Index (BMI), Birth weight and risk of Type 1 diabetes in children (T1DMC) is controversial.

Objective: This dose-response meta-analysis was performed to investigate the association between maternal Pre-Pregnancy Body-Mass Index, Birth Weight and the Risk of Childhood Type I Diabetes.

Search Strategy: A comprehensive systematic search was conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed, SCOPUS, Cochrane, and Web of Science databases from inception to April 2019. Read More

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February 2021

An overview of ghrelin -acyltransferase inhibitors: a literature and patent review for 2010-2019.

Expert Opin Ther Pat 2020 Aug 21;30(8):581-593. Epub 2020 Jun 21.

Department of Chemistry and BioInspired Syracuse, Syracuse University , Syracuse, NY, USA.

Introduction: The peptide hormone ghrelin regulates physiological processes associated with energy homeostasis such as appetite, insulin signaling, glucose metabolism, and adiposity. Ghrelin has also been implicated in a growing number of neurological pathways involved in stress response and addiction behavior. For ghrelin to bind the growth hormone secretagogue receptor 1a (GHS-R1a) and activate signaling, the hormone must first be octanoylated on a specific serine side chain. Read More

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Preoperative opioid use and complications following total joint replacement: a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2020 06 16;10(6):e035377. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Department of Surgery, The University of Melbourne, St Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Introduction: Mounting evidence now indicates that preoperative opioid use is associated with an array of complications following total joint replacement (TJR). However, evidence of these risks remains fragmented. A comprehensive and well-integrated understanding of this body of evidence is necessary to appropriately inform treatment decisions, the allocation of limited healthcare resources, and the direction of future clinical research. Read More

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Body composition differences by age and playing standard in male rugby union and rugby league: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Sports Sci 2020 Oct 16;38(19):2161-2176. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

Carnegie Applied Rugby Research (CARR) Centre, Institute for Sport, Physical Activity and Leisure, Leeds Beckett University , Leeds, UK.

This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine differences in body compositionn between playing standard and age in male rugby union and rugby league athletes. The MOOSE (Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) guidelines for design, implementation, and reporting were followed. Studies were required to be in male rugby union or league and have body composition as the primary or secondary outcome. Read More

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October 2020

Ultrahypofractionated versus hypofractionated and conventionally fractionated radiation therapy for localized prostate cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of phase III randomized trials.

Radiother Oncol 2020 07 28;148:235-242. Epub 2020 Apr 28.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Penn State Cancer Institute, Hershey, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: To characterize the efficacy (5-year disease-free survival [DFS]) and safety (incidence of grade 2+ late gastrointestinal or genitourinary toxicity) of ultrahypofractionated radiation therapy (UHRT) versus hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT) and conventionally fractionated radiation therapy (CFRT) by comparing patients treated on phase III protocols.

Methods: A PICOS/PRISMA/MOOSE protocol was used to identify eligible studies. Weighted random effects meta-analyses were conducted using the DerSimonian and Laird method. Read More

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Redefining physiological responses of moose (Alces alces) to warm environmental conditions.

J Therm Biol 2020 May 5;90:102581. Epub 2020 Apr 5.

Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, TAMU, 2258 Bldg. 1537, 534 John Kimbrough Blvd., College Station, TX 77843, USA.

We tested the concept that moose (Alces alces) begin to show signs of thermal stress at ambient air temperatures as low as 14 °C. We determined the response of Alaskan female moose to environmental conditions from May through September by measuring core body temperature, heart rate, respiration rate, rate of heat loss from exhaled air, skin temperature, and fecal and salivary glucocorticoids. Seasonal and daily patterns in moose body temperature did not passively follow the same patterns as environmental variables. Read More

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Hair Cortisol Concentration and Body Mass in Moose () Infested with Deer Keds ().

J Wildl Dis 2020 07 20;56(3):687-692. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

RGL Recovery Wildlife Health & Veterinary Services, 415 Mount Allison Crescent, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7H 4A6, Canada.

The deer ked (), a hematophagous ectoparasite of cervids, is currently spreading in Scandinavia, and the moose () is its main host. However, little is known about the impact of deer keds on moose. We analyzed the hair cortisol concentration (HCC) from 262 moose harvested in the fall in relation to age class, sex, body mass (BM), and deer ked infestation intensity, and BM in relation to age class, sex, and infestation intensity. Read More

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Conventionally fractionated radiation therapy versus stereotactic body radiation therapy for locally advanced pancreatic cancer (CRiSP): An international systematic review and meta-analysis.

Cancer 2020 05 3;126(10):2120-2131. Epub 2020 Mar 3.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Penn State Cancer Institute, Hershey, Pennsylvania.

Background: The goal of this study was to characterize the efficacy and safety of stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) versus conventionally fractionated radiation therapy with concurrent chemotherapy (CFRT) for the definitive treatment of locally advanced pancreatic cancer. The primary outcome measure was efficacy, defined by 2-year overall survival (OS). Secondary outcomes were incidence of any grade 3/4 toxicity and 1-year OS. Read More

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When does weather synchronize life-history traits? Spatiotemporal patterns in juvenile body mass of two ungulates.

J Anim Ecol 2020 06 27;89(6):1419-1432. Epub 2020 Mar 27.

Centre for Biodiversity Dynamics, Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Theory predicts that animal populations will be synchronized over large distances by weather and climatic conditions with high spatial synchrony. However, local variation in population responses to weather, and low synchrony in key weather variables or in other ecological processes may reduce the population synchrony. We investigated to what extent temperature and precipitation during different periods of the year synchronized juvenile body mass of moose and reindeer in Norway. Read More

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Varied diets, including broadleaved forage, are important for a large herbivore species inhabiting highly modified landscapes.

Sci Rep 2020 02 5;10(1):1904. Epub 2020 Feb 5.

Division of Forestry and Forest Resources, NIBIO, PO Box 115, Ås, NO-1431, Norway.

Diet quality is an important determinant of animal survival and reproduction, and can be described as the combination of different food items ingested, and their nutritional composition. For large herbivores, human landscape modifications to vegetation can limit such diet-mixing opportunities. Here we use southern Sweden's modified landscapes to assess winter diet mixtures (as an indicator of quality) and food availability as drivers of body mass (BM) variation in wild moose (Alces alces). Read More

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February 2020

Large-scale spatial variation of chronic stress signals in moose.

PLoS One 2020 13;15(1):e0225990. Epub 2020 Jan 13.

Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources, Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology Program, Raleigh, NC, United States of America.

The physiological effects of short-term stress responses typically lead to increased individual survival as it prepares the body for fight or flight through catabolic reactions in the body. These physiological effects trade off against growth, immunocompetence, reproduction, and even long-term survival. Chronic stress may thus reduce individual and population performance, with direct implications for the management and conservation of wildlife populations. Read More

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A systematic review and meta-analysis of baseline risk factors for the development of postoperative ileus in patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery.

Ann R Coll Surg Engl 2020 Mar 20;102(3):194-203. Epub 2019 Dec 20.

Countess of Chester Hospital, Chester, UK.

Introduction: Postoperative ileus occurs frequently following abdominal surgery. Identification of groups at high risk of developing ileus before surgery may allow targeted interventions. This review aimed to identify baseline risk factors for ileus. Read More

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Microbial associations and spatial proximity predict North American moose (Alces alces) gastrointestinal community composition.

J Anim Ecol 2020 03 26;89(3):817-828. Epub 2020 Jan 26.

Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN, USA.

Microbial communities are increasingly recognized as crucial for animal health. However, our understanding of how microbial communities are structured across wildlife populations is poor. Mechanisms such as interspecific associations are important in structuring free-living communities, but we still lack an understanding of how important interspecific associations are in structuring gut microbial communities in comparison with other factors such as host characteristics or spatial proximity of hosts. Read More

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Is summer food intake a limiting factor for boreal browsers? Diet, temperature, and reproduction as drivers of consumption in female moose.

PLoS One 2019 9;14(10):e0223617. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America.

Food intake may limit the ability of browsing mammals to gain body mass during the growing season when the leaves and stems of woody plants are most abundant. Moose are highly productive browsers with high demands for energy and nutrients, particularly during lactation. Using an indigestible marker, we estimated dry matter intake of free ranging adult female moose with and without calves over three growing seasons. Read More

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Effect of Sleeve Gastrectomy on Ghrelin, GLP-1, PYY, and GIP Gut Hormones: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Ann Surg 2020 07;272(1):72-80

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endoscopy, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA.

Objective: To perform a structured systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate changes in ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), peptide YY (PYY), and gastric inhibitory peptide (GIP) gut hormone levels in patients after sleeve gastrectomy.

Background: Despite sleeve gastrectomy becoming the most common surgical weight loss procedure, weight loss mechanisms remain less clear.

Methods: Searches of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were performed through April 1, 2019, in accordance with PRISMA and MOOSE guidelines. Read More

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Chronic stress and body condition of wolf-killed prey in Prince Albert National Park, Saskatchewan.

Conserv Physiol 2019 10;7(1):coz037. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Chronic stress and poor body condition can cause adverse physiological and behavioural responses and may make animals more vulnerable to predation. We examined hair cortisol concentration (HCC) and marrow lipid content, as bioindicators of chronic stress and body condition, respectively, of bison (), moose () and white-tailed deer () killed by wolves () in Prince Albert National Park (PANP), Saskatchewan, Canada. The Sturgeon River plains bison population in PANP is one of only a few wild populations of plains bison in their historical range in Canada and has experienced a decline of around 50% since 2005. Read More

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Stereotactic ablative radiation therapy for oligometastatic renal cell carcinoma (SABR ORCA): a meta-analysis of 28 studies.

Eur Urol Oncol 2019 09 11;2(5):515-523. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: http://www.twitter.com/_ShankarSiva.

Context: The use of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy for recurrent and metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is not yet standard treatment due to uncertainties regarding its efficacy and safety.

Objective: The objective of the systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy and safety of stereotactic radiotherapy for metastatic RCC.

Evidence Acquisition: A Population, Intervention, Control, Outcome, Study Design (PICOS)/Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)/Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) protocol was utilized to select studies published during 1998-2019. Read More

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September 2019

Diagnostic Accuracy of Clinical Biomarkers for Preoperative Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Endometrial Carcinoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Oncologist 2019 09 11;24(9):e880-e890. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Background: In endometrial carcinoma (EC), preoperative classification is based on histopathological criteria, with only moderate diagnostic performance for the risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM). So far, existing molecular classification systems have not been evaluated for prediction of LNM. Optimized use of clinical biomarkers as recommended by international guidelines might be a first step to improve tailored treatment, awaiting future molecular biomarkers. Read More

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September 2019

Pouch Versus No Pouch Following Total Gastrectomy: Meta-analysis of Randomized and Non-randomized Studies.

Ann Surg 2019 06;269(6):1041-1053

Department of Surgery, University Surgical Cluster, National University Health System, Singapore.

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the impact of pouch reconstruction on perioperative outcomes, postprandial symptoms, nutritional and anthropometric parameters, and overall quality of life after total gastrectomy for gastric malignancy.

Summary Background Data: The short-term perioperative risks and longer term functional value of creating a small-bowel reservoir after total gastrectomy are contended.

Methods: A search for randomized and non-randomized studies comparing reconstruction with or without a pouch was conducted. Read More

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Unleaded hunting: Are copper bullets and lead-based bullets equally effective for killing big game?

Ambio 2019 Sep 27;48(9):1044-1055. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Division of Wildlife Conservation, Alaska Department of Fish and Game, 1300 College Road, Fairbanks, AK, 99701, USA.

Semi-jacketed lead-cored or copper-based homogenous rifle bullets are commonly used for hunting big game. Ever since their introduction in the 1990's, copper-based bullets have not been widely accepted by hunters due to limited supply, higher expense, and the perception that they exhibit inferior killing efficiency and correspondingly higher wounding rates. Here, we present data showing that animal flight distances for roe deer, red deer, brown bear, and moose dispatched with lead- or copper-based hunting bullets did not significantly differ from an animal welfare standardized animal flight distance based on body mass. Read More

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September 2019