40,672 results match your criteria mood anxiety


Depressive and stress symptoms in insomnia patients predict group cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia long-term effectiveness: A data-driven analysis.

J Affect Disord 2021 Apr 24;289:117-124. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Sleep Disorder Center, San Raffaele Hospital Milan, Italy.

Background: Insomnia Disorder is characterized by high degree of phenotypic heterogeneity, that might influence treatment response.

Methods: 123 of 294 insomnia patients initially recruited (66.7% females, age=40. Read More

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It's trust or risk? Chemosensory anxiety signals affect bargaining in women.

Biol Psychol 2021 May 9:108114. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany. Electronic address:

It is well documented how chemosensory anxiety signals affect the perceiver's physiology, however, much less is known about effects on overt social behavior. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of chemosensory anxiety signals on trust and risk behavior in men and women. Axillary sweat samples were collected from 22 men during the experience of social anxiety, and during a sport control condition. Read More

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Anxiety and Alzheimer's disease: Behavioral Analysis and Neural Basis in Rodent Models of Alzheimer's-Related Neuropathology.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, 87109, Mexico. Electronic address:

Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology is commonly associated with cognitive decline but is also composed of neuropsychiatric symptoms including psychological distress and alterations in mood, including anxiety and depression. Emotional dysfunction in AD is frequently modeled using tests of anxiety-like behavior in transgenic rodents. These tests often include the elevated plus-maze, light/dark test and open field test. Read More

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Patient-reported recovery in upper abdominal cancer surgery care: A prospective study.

Sci Prog 2021 Apr-Jun;104(2):368504211016938

Department of Surgery and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, County Council of Östergötland, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

The study aimed to describe and analyse patient-reported recovery in patients after upper abdominal cancer surgery. This study had a quantitative design and patients were consecutively included in a university hospital in southern Sweden. Twenty-four patients answered the Postoperative Recovery Profile (PRP) questionnaire at three measurement points. Read More

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Universal and Selective Interventions to Prevent Poor Mental Health Outcomes in Young People: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Harv Rev Psychiatry 2021 May-Jun 01;29(3):196-215

From the Early Psychosis: Interventions and Clinical-Detection (EPIC) Laboratory, Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London (Drs. Salazar de Pablo, De Micheli, Catalan, Verdino, Di Maggio, Radua, Provenzani, Montealegre, Signorini, and Fusar-Poli, and Mr. Oliver); Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (Dr. Salazar de Pablo) and of Psychosis Studies (Drs. Bonoldi and Baccaredda Boy), Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London; Institute of Psychiatry and Mental Health. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón School of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM), CIBERSAM, Madrid (Drs. Salazar de Pablo and Arango); National Institute for Health Research, Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London (Drs. De Micheli and Fusar-Poli); Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia (Drs. Di Maggio, Provenzani, Ruzzi, Calorio, Nosari, Di Marco, Famularo, Molteni, Filosi, Mensi, Balottin, Politi, and Fusar-Poli); Neurosciences Department, University of Padova (Dr. Solmi); Mental Health Department, Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, Basurto University Hospital, Facultad de Medicina y Odontología, Campus de Leioa, University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHU, Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain (Dr. Catalan); Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, Division of Psychiatry, University of Siena (Dr. Verdino); Imaging of Mood- and Anxiety-Related Disorders (IMARD) group, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), CIBERSAM, Barcelona (Dr. Radua); Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatric Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Dr. Radua); Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS) Mondino Foundation, Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatric Unit (Dr. Mensi); Department of Paediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Dr. Shin); Zucker Hillside Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Northwell Health, Glen Oaks, NY (Dr. Correll); Department of Psychiatry and Molecular Medicine, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, NY (Dr. Correll); Center for Psychiatric Neuroscience, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, NY (Dr. Correll); Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Dr. Correll); OASIS service, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London (Dr. Fusar-Poli).

Background: Much is not known about the efficacy of interventions to prevent poor mental health outcomes in young people by targeting either the general population (universal prevention) or asymptomatic individuals with high risk of developing a mental disorder (selective prevention).

Methods: We conducted a PRISMA/MOOSE-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis of Web of Science to identify studies comparing post-test efficacy (effect size [ES]; Hedges' g) of universal or selective interventions for poor mental health outcomes versus control groups, in samples with mean age <35 years (PROSPERO: CRD42018102143). Measurements included random-effects models, I2 statistics, publication bias, meta-regression, sensitivity analyses, quality assessments, number needed to treat, and population impact number. Read More

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Costunolide ameliorates intestinal dysfunction and depressive behaviour in mice with stress-induced irritable bowel syndrome colonic mast cell activation and central 5-hydroxytryptamine metabolism.

Food Funct 2021 May;12(9):4142-4151

Precision Pharmacy & Drug Development Center, Department of Pharmacy, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, Xi'an 710038, China.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic functional bowel disease, associated with a high risk of depression and anxiety. The brain-gut axis plays an important role in the pathophysiological changes involved in IBS; however, an effective treatment for the same is lacking. The natural compound costunolide (COS) has been shown to exert gastroprotective, enteroprotective, and neuroprotective effects, but its therapeutic effects in IBS are unclear. Read More

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Associations between beta-blocker use and psychological distress in bereaved adults with cardiovascular conditions.

Stress Health 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Center for Research on End-of-Life Care, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, US.

The death of a close other is a major life stressor that disrupts mental and physical health. Beta-blocker medications are indicated treatments for cardiovascular conditions that may also mitigate psychological distress in the context of stressors by reducing adrenergic activity. We sought to examine observational links between beta-blocker medication use and psychological distress during bereavement. Read More

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Serotonin-related rodent models of early-life exposure relevant for neurodevelopmental vulnerability to psychiatric disorders.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 May 11;11(1):280. Epub 2021 May 11.

Instituto de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Neurociencias (IFIBYNE), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Mental disorders including depression and anxiety are continuously rising their prevalence across the globe. Early-life experience of individuals emerges as a main risk factor contributing to the developmental vulnerability to psychiatric disorders. That is, perturbing environmental conditions during neurodevelopmental stages can have detrimental effects on adult mood and emotional responses. Read More

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Overview of sleep management during COVID-19.

Authors:
Philip M Becker

Sleep Med 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Sleep Medicine Associates of Texas, Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Medical Center at Dallas, 12327 Brittany Circle, Dallas, TX 75230 USA. Electronic address:

The sleep of millions has suffered during the global COVID-19 pandemic. Prevalence rates of 20-45% are reported globally for insomnia symptoms during the pandemic. Affected populations include the public and health care workers. Read More

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Pharmacotherapy for Management of 'Kratom Use Disorder': A Systematic Literature Review With Survey of Experts.

WMJ 2021 Apr;120(1):54-61

Ascension All Saints Hospital, Racine, Wisconsin,

Objectives: An increasing number of Americans are turning to kratom for self-management of various pain, anxiety, and mood states and as an opioid substitute. Addiction to this unique botanical develops and carries a high relapse risk and, to date, there are no guidelines on how to maintain long-term abstinence. The aim of this article is to compile all available information on management of "kratom use disorder" (KUD)-as coined here-from the literature, with evidence from the clinical practice of expert addictionologists in an attempt to develop a standard of care consensus. Read More

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Subjective cognition and mood in persistent chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment.

J Cancer Surviv 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Center for Cognitive Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, 1601 23rd Ave. South, Nashville, TN, 37212, USA.

Purpose: Persistent chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) is commonly reported following cancer treatment and negatively affects quality of life. While past research has focused on potential pathophysiological mechanisms underlying this relationship, the role of psychological factors, such as mood, stress, and anxiety, in the development of persistent CRCI has received less attention. As an additional analysis of data from a trial investigating the effects of transdermal nicotine patches on cognitive performance in patients with persistent CRCI, we examined whether change in mood was associated with changes in subjective and objective cognitive functioning. Read More

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Disordered eating and self-harm as risk factors for poorer mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: A population-based cohort study.

medRxiv 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Background: Young adults and especially those with pre-existing mental health conditions, such as disordered eating and self-harm, appear to be at greater risk of developing metal health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, it is unclear whether this increased risk is affected by any changes in lockdown restrictions, and whether any lifestyle changes could moderate this increased risk.

Methods: In a longitudinal UK population-based cohort (The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC) we assessed the relationship between pre-pandemic measures of disordered eating and self-harm and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2,657 young adults. Read More

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Computational phenotyping of brain-behavior dynamics underlying approach-avoidance conflict in major depressive disorder.

PLoS Comput Biol 2021 May 10;17(5):e1008955. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Cognitive, Linguistic & Psychological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America.

Adaptive behavior requires balancing approach and avoidance based on the rewarding and aversive consequences of actions. Imbalances in this evaluation are thought to characterize mood disorders such as major depressive disorder (MDD). We present a novel application of the drift diffusion model (DDM) suited to quantify how offers of reward and aversiveness, and neural correlates thereof, are dynamically integrated to form decisions, and how such processes are altered in MDD. Read More

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The effect of cocoa-rich products on depression, anxiety, and mood: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2021 May 10:1-13. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Psychiatry Unit, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

In the popular imaginary, cocoa-derived products, like chocolate, represent a panacea for mood and affectivity. However, whether this is a myth or a fact has yet to be clarified. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines to investigate the effect of cocoa-derived food on depressive and anxiety symptoms, positive and negative affect. Read More

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Multistage Adolescent Depression Screening: A Comparison of 11-Year-Olds to 12-Year-Olds.

Perm J 2021 May;25

Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Introduction: Adolescent depression screening is recommended starting at age 12 years, but younger children experience depression as well. Our objective was to determine whether screening for depression at age 11 years yields similar results to screening at age 12 years.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 1000 11- and 12-year-olds in multiple pediatric offices of a large-group practice associated with a health maintenance organization in Southern California. Read More

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Mild hyperbaric oxygen for the early improvement of mood disturbance induced by high-intensity exercise.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Sports Research, Japan Institute of Sport Sciences, Kita-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Excessive training stress can result in decreased performance and deep fatigue due to hormonal changes. There are few available data on recovery methods for mood disturbance, especially fatigue, after high-intensity training. This study, therefore, aimed to examine the effects of mild hyperbaric oxygen at 1. Read More

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Caffeine Intake and Mental Health in College Students.

Cureus 2021 Apr 5;13(4):e14313. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Family Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, USA.

Background The effect of caffeine on the human body, both short-term and long-term, has been studied in great depth, particularly its association with psychiatric disorders. This study aims to investigate whether there is a correlation between caffeine intake and anxiety and depression among college students. Methodology A survey was administered to college students at Florida State University. Read More

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The Role of Illness-Related Beliefs in Depressive, Anxiety, and Anger Symptoms: An On-line Survey in Women With Hypothyroidism.

Front Psychiatry 2021 22;12:614361. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Internal Diseases, Endocrinology, and Diabetology, Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of the Interior and Administration in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.

Hypothyroidism may affect 3-8.5% of the population and is a growing global health problem. The aim of the current study was to assess the relationships between cognitive representations of this illness and the severity of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and anger in women who suffer from hypothyroidism. Read More

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Influence of Context and Setting on the Mental Health and Wellbeing Outcomes of Ayahuasca Drinkers: Results of a Large International Survey.

Front Pharmacol 2021 21;12:623979. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Westmead, NSW, Australia.

Ayahuasca is a traditional plant decoction containing N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and various β-carbolines including harmine, harmaline, and tetrahydroharmine, which has been used ceremonially by Amazonian Indigenous groups for healing and spiritual purposes. Use of the brew has now spread far beyond its original context of consumption to North America, Europe, and Australia in neo-shamanic settings as well as Christian syncretic churches. While these groups have established their own rituals and protocols to guide use, it remains unknown the extent to which the use of traditional or non-traditional practices may affect drinkers' acute experiences, and longer term wellbeing and mental health outcomes. Read More

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Being the Family Caregiver of a Patient With Dementia During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Lockdown.

Front Aging Neurosci 2021 20;13:653533. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Primary Care, Regional Neurogenetic Centre, Catanzaro, Italy.

Family caregivers of patients with dementia are at high risk of stress and burden, and quarantine due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may have increased the risk of psychological disturbances in this population. The current study was carried out during the national lockdown declared in March 2020 by the Italian government as a containment measure of the first wave of the coronavirus pandemic and is the first nationwide survey on the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on the mental health of dementia informal caregivers. Eighty-seven dementia centers evenly distributed on the Italian territory enrolled 4,710 caregiver-patient pairs. Read More

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Effects of iTBS-rTMS on the Behavioral Phenotype of a Rat Model of Maternal Immune Activation.

Front Behav Neurosci 2021 21;15:670699. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Neurophysiology, Medical Faculty, Ruhr-University, Bochum, Germany.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is considered a promising therapeutic tool for treating neuropsychiatric diseases. Previously, we found intermittent theta-burst stimulation (iTBS) rTMS to be most effective in modulating cortical excitation-inhibition balance in rats, accompanied by improved cortical sensory processing and sensory learning performance. Using an animal schizophrenia model based on maternal immune activation (MIA) we tested if iTBS applied to either adult or juvenile rats can affect the behavioral phenotype in a therapeutic or preventive manner, respectively. Read More

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Characterization of Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Idiopathic REM Sleep Behavior Disorder.

J Parkinsons Dis 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Neurology, McGill University, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, 7 QC, Canada.

Background: Depression and anxiety are common in synucleinopathies and often present during prodromal stages, including idiopathic/isolated REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). However, the specific profiles of depression/anxiety and their predictive values for phenoconversion remain unclear.

Objective: To assess the predominant manifestations, predictive value, and changes over time in depressive and anxiety symptoms in iRBD. Read More

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"Camouflaging" by adolescent autistic girls who attend both mainstream and specialist resource classes: Perspectives of girls, their mothers and their educators.

Autism 2021 May 9:13623613211012819. Epub 2021 May 9.

UCL Institute of Education, UK.

Lay Abstract: There are a range of different types of schools that support children diagnosed with autism, including mainstream schools (where pupils are taught in general classrooms) and specialist schools (where pupils are exclusively taught alongside other children with special educational needs). An intermediary option involves resource bases attached to mainstream schools, which enable children to transition between mainstream and specialist educational settings. Autistic girls use a variety of strategies to negotiate the expectations and demands of school life. Read More

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Application effect of the hospital-community integrated service model in home rehabilitation of stroke in disabled elderly: a randomised trial.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr;10(4):4670-4677

Department of Neurology, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China.

Background: Disabled elderly with stroke usually have difficulty in obtaining professional rehabilitation intervention after being discharged from the hospital, and their self-health management ability is low, so their illness is prone to relapse. The hospital community-integrated service model (HCISM) is a scientific model designed to meet the needs of home care after discharge from the hospital, improve the quality of life of patients after discharge from the hospital, ease the burden on the family, and improve the service capabilities of community medical staff. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of HCISM in home rehabilitation of stroke disabled elderly. Read More

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Event-Related NIRS and EEG Analysis for Mental Stress Monitoring.

Adv Exp Med Biol 2021 ;1269:9-13

Department of Human and Engineered Environmental Studies, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Mental disorders caused by chronic stress are difficult to identify, and colleagues in the work environment may suddenly report symptoms. Social barriers exist including the financial cost of medical services and the lack of a perceived need for treatment even if potential patients have a desire to receive mental healthcare. Self-report inventories such as the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) can assess the emotional valence for mental health assessment, but medical expertise may be required for interpretation of the results. Read More

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Validation of the McIntyre And Rosenblat Rapid Response Scale (MARRRS) in Adults with Treatment-Resistant Depression Receiving Intravenous Ketamine Treatment.

J Affect Disord 2021 Mar 26;288:210-216. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Mood Disorders Psychopharmacology Unit, University Health Network; University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; Canadian Rapid Treatment Center of Excellence, Mississauga, ON, Canada; Brain and Cognition Discovery Foundation, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Background: Depression severity and efficacy measurement scales employed for rapid-acting treatments (e.g., ketamine) were initially validated in adults receiving conventional monoamine-based antidepressants. Read More

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The effects of self-disclaimer Instagram captions on young women's mood and body image: The moderating effect of participants' own photo manipulation practices.

Body Image 2021 May 5;38:251-261. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele St, Toronto, ON, M3J 1P3, Canada. Electronic address:

The current experiment investigated the impact of attaching self-disclaimer captions (i.e., captions about whether photos had been edited) to thin-ideal Instagram photos on young women's body image and mood. Read More

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Anxiety Biases Audiovisual Processing of Social Signals.

Behav Brain Res 2021 May 5:113346. Epub 2021 May 5.

University of Bath, Department of Psychology, United Kingdom.

In everyday life, information from multiple senses is integrated for a holistic understanding of emotion. Despite evidence of atypical multisensory perception in populations with socio-emotional difficulties (e.g. Read More

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Loss of liver X receptor β in astrocytes leads to anxiety-like behaviors via regulating synaptic transmission in the medial prefrontal cortex in mice.

Mol Psychiatry 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Developmental Neuropsychology, School of Psychology, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, PR China.

Astrocytes are integral components of synaptic transmission, and their dysfunction leads to neuropsychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Liver X receptor β (LXRβ) is expressed in astrocytes, and LXRβ global knockout mice shows impaired synaptic formation. In order to define the role of LXRβ in astrocytes, we used a conditional Cre-loxP system to specifically remove LXRβ from astrocytes. Read More

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Association of depression, anxiety and menopausal-related symptoms with demographic, anthropometric and body composition indices in healthy postmenopausal women.

BMC Womens Health 2021 May 7;21(1):192. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Biology, School of Art and Science, Utica College, Utica, NY, USA.

Background: The termination of the menstrual cycle is correlated with a number of physiological alterations and symptoms that can negatively impact emotion and mood. We aimed to investigate the association of anxiety, depression, and menopausal related symptoms with demographic, anthropometric, and body composition indices in healthy postmenopausal women.

Methods: A total of 320 menopausal women were selected randomly from referrals of health centers between January and June 2018 in Tabriz/Iran. Read More

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