12,782 results match your criteria months fundus


Laparoscopic Revision for Gastric Clipping: a Single Center Experience and Taiwan Database Review.

Obes Surg 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Surgery, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital/Kaohsiung Medical University, No. 100, Tzyou 1st Road, Kaohsiung City, 80756, Taiwan.

Purpose: Laparoscopic gastric clipping (LGC) is a relatively novel restrictive bariatric surgery wherein a horizontal metallic clip is applied to the gastric fundus. Its intraoperative complications or the difficulties associated with the applied gastric clip (GC) during revisional procedures have seldom been mentioned. Herein, the experience of revisional procedures after initial gastric clipping is reported. Read More

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Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy associated with CN III palsy.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021 Jun 16;22:101102. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Sackler School of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Purpose: To report a case of acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) associated with cranial nerve (CN) III palsy.

Observations: A 20-year-old woman developed bilateral anterior uveitis, which resolved with topical steroids. Three weeks later she exhibited posterior pole lesions in both eyes, corresponding with a diagnosis of APMPPE, as confirmed by multimodal imaging. Read More

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Unilateral frosted branch angiitis in an human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient with concurrent COVID-19 infection: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 May 12;15(1):267. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Sabah, Malaysia.

Background: Frosted branch angiitis (FBA) is an uncommon ocular sign with multiple causes. With the recent outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), many cases of ocular manifestation in association with this disease have been reported. However, as yet we have no complete understanding of this condition. Read More

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Uterine Rescue in High-Risk Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia Treated with EMA-CO by Uterine Arteries Embolization due to Arteriovenous Malformations.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Apr 12;43(4):323-328. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Obstetrics, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) is a rare type of pregnancy, in which 15 to 20% of the cases may develop into gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). The diagnostic of GTN must be done as early as possible through weekly surveillance of serum hCG after uterine evacuation. We report the case of 23-year-old primigravida, with CHM but without surveillance of hCG after uterine evacuation. Read More

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A randomized controlled study on an integrated approach to prevent and treat re-adhesion after transcervical resection of moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2021 5;76:e1987. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nanping People's Hospital to Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanping 353000, Fujian, China.

Objectives: This study aims to compare the clinical efficacy of an integrated approach to prevent and treat the recurrence of moderate-to-severe intrauterine adhesions (IUA) after hysteroscopic transcervical resection of adhesion (TCRA).

Methods: The study included a total of 70 patients with moderate-to-severe IUAs who underwent TCRA. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: treatment group (n=35) and control group n=35). Read More

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Conjunctival Chemosis and Annular Ciliochoroidal Detachments Detected by Anterior-Segment Optical Coherence Tomography in a Case of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2021 Jan-Apr;12(1):154-158. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Ophthalmology, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo, Japan.

A 61-year-old Japanese woman presented to our hospital for treatment of systemic serositis associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). At the initial ophthalmologic examination, her best-corrected visual acuity was 1.2 and 0. Read More

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Multimodal Imaging Findings and Treatment with Dexamethasone Implant in Three Cases of Idiopathic Macular Telangiectasia Type 1.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2021 Jan-Apr;12(1):92-97. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Di.N.O.G.Mi, Clinica Oculistica, Università di Genova, Ospedale Policlinico San Martino IRCCS, Genova, Italy.

This is a report of 3 patients diagnosed with idiopathic macular telangiectasia type 1 (MacTel 1) at Medical Retina Center of the University of Eye Clinic of Genova and then prospectically followed for a mean time of 26 months between 2016 and 2019. It is the first report of patients affected by MacTel 1 treated with dexamethasone (DEX) implant as a first choice of treatment. Aim of our study is to better characterize the disease using a multimodal wide-field imaging and to determine efficacy of DEX implant on MacTel 1 in terms of central macular thickness (CMT) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Read More

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Resolution of cystoid macular edema with topical carbonic anhydrase inhibitor in a patient with retinal dystrophy associated with Cohen syndrome.

Ophthalmic Genet 2021 May 11:1-5. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

: Cohen Syndrome (CS) is an autosomal recessive multisystemic disorder characterized by various ophthalmologic findings, including retinal dystrophy and associated cystoid macular edema (CME), in which there was no known effective treatment approach. We describe a CS patient with a homozygous c.62 T > G, p. Read More

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Targeting Bruton Tyrosine Kinase With Zanubrutinib for Treatment of Vitreoretinal Lymphoma: Report of 3 Cases.

Front Oncol 2021 23;11:676792. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Vitreoretinal lymphoma (VRL) is a rare intraocular malignancy, and standard treatment approaches have not been defined yet. Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors are found to be effective in the treatment of primary central nervous system diffuse large B cell lymphoma. Herein, we retrospectively reported the efficacy and safety profiles of bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors in three consecutive patients with VRL. Read More

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Diode Laser Hysteroscopic Metroplasty for Dysmorphic Uterus: a Pilot Study.

Reprod Sci 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel.

This paper aims to study the efficacy and safety of diode laser hysteroscopic metroplasty for dysmorphic uterus and the impact on reproductive outcomes. This is a retrospective, single-center pilot study with prospective follow-up. The study was performed at a university-affiliated, tertiary hospital. Read More

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ANCA-Negative Churg-Strauss Syndrome Presenting as Bilateral Central Retinal Artery Occlusion: A Case Report

Turk J Ophthalmol 2021 04;51(2):127-130

Birjand University of Medical Sciences Valiasr Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Birjand, Iran

A 42-year-old man with undiagnosed Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) developed bilateral central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). His medical history included bronchial asthma and irregular prednisolone usage but no atherosclerotic risk factors. At presentation, visual acuity (VA) was hand motion in the right eye and counting fingers in left eye. Read More

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Fluorescein angiographic characteristic in predominantly classic and occult types of neovascular age-related macular degeneration treated with ranibizumab.

Ther Adv Ophthalmol 2021 Jan-Dec;13:25158414211005305. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, Ankara City Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.

Background And Purpose: Randomised-controlled clinical trials (the ANCHOR and MARINA) examined the intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) efficacy for eyes having fluorescein angiographic classic and occult (OCC) neovascular lesions. No significant difference in the treatment response between the lesion types was observed. Fundus fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) are complementary devices that provide information about neovascular age-related macular degeneration (n-AMD). Read More

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Implementation of the new multimodal imaging-based classification of central serous chorioretinopathy.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 May 4:11206721211013651. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Ophthalmology, Military Medical Academy, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Purpose: To study the implementation of the new multimodal imaging-based classification system of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR).

Methods: Ninety-three eyes with CSCR with available fundus autofluorescence (FAF), optical coherence tomography (OCT), and OCT angiography at presentation were included in this study. An anonymous data set was classified by two masked graders. Read More

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An insight on the anatomical and functional consequences of aflibercept therapy in age-related macular degeneration.

Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther 2021 May 1;34:102307. Epub 2021 May 1.

Agri Ibrahim Cecen University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Agri, Turkey.

Background: Evaluation of anatomical and functional recovery of the retina after aflibercept therapy in neovascular age-related macular degeneration.

Materials And Methods: This prospective study enrolled 33 eyes of 33 naive age-related macular degeneration patients with an average age of 69 (55-82) years. Following a thorough ophthalmological examination, baseline color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography and fluorescein angiography were used to assess the angiographic characteristics and classification of the lesions. Read More

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Awareness of diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Feb;71(2(B)):651-655

Foundation University Medical College, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Objective: To assess the awareness of diabetic patients about diabetic retinopathy.

Methods: The cross-sectional study was conducted at the Ophthalmology Department, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from April 2018 to April 2019, and comprised diabetic patients of either gender aged 21-80 years. A pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data on socio-demographic, diabetes and diabetic retinopathy characteristics. Read More

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February 2021

Retinal displacement following pars plana vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Eye Research Center, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin Square, Tehran, Iran.

Purpose: To evaluate the frequency of retinal displacement after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) using silicone oil tamponade in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD).

Methods: Patients with fresh RRD were enrolled in this prospective interventional case series. A standard 3-port PPV with silicone oil tamponade was performed in all cases. Read More

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Cavernous sinus thrombosis with central retinal artey occlusion in COVID-19: A case report and review of literature.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 May;69(5):1327-1329

Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bathinda, Punjab, India.

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is showing a wide spectrum of ocular manifestations. They are creeping from vision sparing to irreversible visual loss as a result of its thromboembolic events. Hypercoagulability associated with COVID-19 is also called "sepsis-induced coagulopathy" and may predispose to thromboembolic phenomenon that decides the morbidity and mortality of this pandemic. Read More

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Perforating ocular trauma due to shotgun pellet - Clinical profile and visual outcome.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 May;69(5):1224-1229

Department of Ophthalmology, Government Medical College, Karan Nager, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine visual and anatomical outcome of perforating injuries due to shotgun pellet.

Methods: This was a prospective observational study carried out between July 2016 and Jan 2019 at a tertiary care referral center in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir. A total of 172 eyes with perforating injuries of 170 patients were included in the study and were followed up for 6 months with best-corrected visual acuity, slit-lamp examination for status of anterior chamber and lens, fundus examination for status of retina and media, intraocular pressure measurements, and OCT (optical coherence tomography) and FFA (fundus fluoresceine angiography) in selected cases. Read More

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Successful Laparoscopic Myomectomy in Giant Myoma.

Int J Appl Basic Med Res 2021 Apr-Jun;11(2):108-110. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

A giant uterine fibroid is a rare tumor of the uterus. Uterine leiomyomas are the most common type of a benign tumor that arises from the female pelvis. Uterine leiomyoma is a smooth muscle tumor. Read More

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Clinical features of cases with retinal pigment epithelium aperture.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2021 Jun 1;22:101083. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Ophthalmology, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: To report the clinical findings of the patients with retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) aperture secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Methods: A retrospective data analysis was conducted of patients at the University of Tokyo Hospital eye clinic, from the year September 1st, 2012 to 2019. Review of the medical records of patients with RPE aperture accompanied by AMD was performed. Read More

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Pelvic exenteration for recurrent or advanced gynecologic malignancies - Analysis of outcome and complications.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2021 May 31;36:100757. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Gynecology, Gynecological Oncology and Gynecological Endocrinology, University Hospital of Giessen and Marburg (UKGM), Marburg, Germany.

Pelvic exenterations are known to be a last resort therapeutic option for advanced or recurrent gynecologic malignancies, which are known to have poor prognosis. All women treated with anterior (APE) or total (TPE) pelvic exenteration at our University hospital within a five-year period were identified and their data retrospectively analysed. Parameters such as demographic information, tumor type and stage, previous therapy as well as complication rate and overall survival were evaluated. Read More

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Gastric Botulinum Toxin-A Application for Weight Loss Therapy.

Turk J Gastroenterol 2021 Jan;32(1):66-69

Türkçapar Bariatrics, Obesity Center, İstanbul, Turkey.

Background/aims: The aim of this study is to share the results of gastric botulinum toxin (BTX) application in individuals who are overweight or type 1 obese without comorbidity.

Materials And Methods: In this study, 13 patients were included who were enrolled for gastric BTX application for the first time. A total of 300 U of BTX-A (Allergan Botox ®1 vial 100 U) was diluted with 8 mL of 0. Read More

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January 2021

Anatomy of the sonographic post-cesarean uterus.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 Apr 23. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Buergerhospital - Dr. Senckenberg Foundation, Nibelungenallee 37-41, 60318, Frankfurt am Main, Hessen, Germany.

Purpose: We aim to describe the sonographic uterine anatomy after a cesarean section (CS), test the reproducibility of predefined measurements from the BSUM study, and report the distribution of these measurements.

Methods: This is a descriptive observational study where 200 women with a history of only one CS were recruited 12-24 months postoperatively. A 5-13 MHz micro-convex transvaginal transducer was used for the acquisition of volumetric datasets for evaluating the CS scars. Read More

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A poor prognostic metastatic nongestational choriocarcinoma of the ovary: a case report and the literature review.

J Ovarian Res 2021 Apr 22;14(1):56. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8550, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: Pure ovarian choriocarcinoma can be gestational or nongestational in origin. Nongestational pure ovarian choriocarcinoma is extremely rare and the prognosis is thought to be worse than that of the gestational type in patients with metastatic disease. We present a case of metastatic pure ovarian choriocarcinoma with poor prognosis in which the origin was identified as nongestational by DNA short tandem repeat (STR) analysis. Read More

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Use of a Novel Fluorescent Catheter to Locate the Ureters During Total Laparoscopic Hysterectomy.

J Minim Invasive Gynecol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Park Shonan, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan.

Ureteral injury can occur during total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH). This report documents our experience in using the Near-infrared Ray Catheter (NIRC™), a newly developed fluorescent ureteral catheter made of material that contains a fluorescent dye, to improve visualization of the ureters. We have used the device in three patients between 40 and 50 years of age (mean, 46. Read More

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Modified superior oblique intrasheath tenectomy in A-pattern with superior oblique overaction.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Apr 21;21(1):184. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Nanjing South East Eye Hospital, 36 Muxuyuan Street, 210007, Nanjing, China.

Background: To evaluate the effect of modified superior oblique intrasheath tenectomy (MSOIT) on superior oblique overaction (SOOA) with A-pattern.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 66 patients (130 eyes) with SOOA and A-pattern underwent MSOIT at the nasal border of the superior rectus under an operating microscope between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2018. The superior oblique (SO) tendon fibres were resected, and the sheath was preserved in all patients. Read More

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Hysteroscopic morcellation for removal of persistent placental remnants in the uterine cornu: Two case reports.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e24097

Department of Gynecology, Guangdong Women and Children Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province.

Rationale: Hysteroscopic morcellation is an alternative approach for the removal of placental remnants, given its advantages of safety, efficiency and good reproductive outcomes. This superiority can be even more obvious for removing persistent placental remnants in the lateral angle of the uterine cavity after repeated dilation and curettage (D&C) of an angular pregnancy, which is rarely reported.

Patient Concerns: Two patients who were both initially misdiagnosed as having missed intrauterine miscarriages underwent repeated suction-assisted D&C procedures and were found to have persistent placental remnants in the lateral angles of the uterine cavity. Read More

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Neonatal Outcomes after Uterus Transplantation: Dallas Uterus Transplant Study.

Am J Perinatol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Annette C. and Harold C. Simmons Transplant Institute, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

Objective:  Limited data are available on the outcome of infants born after uterus transplantation. Our aim was to describe the hospital course and laboratory findings in the first 2 months of life of the 12 infants born in the Dallas UtErus Transplant Study (DUETS).

Study Design:  Based on the trial protocol, information about infants was collected in a prospective fashion, including infant demographics, hospital course, and laboratory values. Read More

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Obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA): Early diagnosis, treatment and outcomes.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Apr 16;261:12-16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Urology, Children's Medicine Affiliated to Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China; Paediatrics Research Institute, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, National Clinical Research Centre for Child Health and Disorders, China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, PR China; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Paediatrics, Chongqing Key Laboratory of Children Urogenital Development and Tissue Engineering, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: To describe and summarize the early diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal anomaly (OHVIRA).

Methods: Data from patients with OHVIRA treated at the study centre over the last decade were analysed retrospectively, including demographic characteristics, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and outcomes. Relevant published literature was also reviewed in this study. Read More

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Adenocarcinoma of the urethra: A rare subtype of urethral cancer.

Urol Case Rep 2021 Jul 23;37:101654. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

UWA Medical School, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia.

Urethral adenocarcinoma (UA) is a rare type of urethral cancer with a poor prognosis. We present a case of UA of intestinal subtype in a 57-year-old patient who initially had lower urinary tract symptoms and was subsequently found to have a urethral lesion in a urethral diverticulum on pelvic MRI which was confirmed on biopsy. She had neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by open anterior pelvic exenteration, complete urethrectomy and ileal conduit urinary diversion. Read More

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