40,609 results match your criteria months birth


Feelings about pregnancy and mother-infant bonding as predictors of persistent psychological distress in the perinatal period: The Japan Environment and Children's Study.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 May 30;140:132-140. Epub 2021 May 30.

Hyogo Regional Center for the Japan Environment and Children's Study, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan; Department of Public Health, Hyogo College of Medicine, Nishinomiya, Japan. Electronic address:

Feelings about pregnancy and mother-infant bonding are associated with maternal mental health before and after childbirth. The current study examined factors associated with persistent distress at 12 months after childbirth among mothers with psychological distress in the first trimester, using data from the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS). Feelings about pregnancy were assessed using a questionnaire in the first trimester, and maternal mental health was assessed using the Kessler 6 (K6) in the first trimester and at 12 months after childbirth. Read More

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Infant neurodevelopmental outcomes of prenatal opioid exposure and polysubstance use.

Neurotoxicol Teratol 2021 Jun 8:107000. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, University of Delaware, 108 Wolf Hall, Newark, DE 19716, United States.

Background: Prenatal opioid exposure has been linked to adverse birth outcomes and delays in infant development. Existing literature is limited by a simple group-differences approach as well as inadequate controls for sociodemographic factors and polysubstance exposure co-occurring with prenatal opioid use.

Method: The current study assessed cumulative opioid exposure (duration of prescribed and illicit opioid use) as a predictor of infant birth outcomes and mother-reported developmental status at three and six months of age, controlling for polysubstance exposure. Read More

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The Effects of At-Birth Adoption on Atypical Behavior and Anxiety: A Nonhuman Primate Model.

J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Objective: Adopted children tend to show an increased risk for a variety of psychopathological outcomes, even when adoption occurs at birth, which some suggest is a result of non-random assignment of adoptees and parents. This study utilizes a nonhuman primate model, in which adoptions were randomly assigned, to investigate the behavioral and physiological outcomes associated with at-birth adoption.

Method: Immediately following birth, rhesus monkey infants were randomly assigned to be reared by either their biological mother (n=113) or by an unrelated, lactating, adoptive mother (n=34). Read More

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Patterns of regulatory behavior in the still-face paradigm at 3 months: A comparison of Brazilian and Portuguese infants.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(6):e0252562. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Departamento de Fonoaudiologia da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Three infant regulatory behavior patterns have been identified during the Face-to-Face Still-Face paradigm (FFSF) in prior research samples: a Social-Positive Oriented pattern (i.e., infants exhibit predominantly positive social engagement), a Distressed-Inconsolable pattern (i. Read More

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The fetal outcomes after neoadjuvant platinum and paclitaxel chemotherapy during pregnancy: analysis of three cases and review of the literature.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Capital Medical University, 17 Qihelou St, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100006, China.

Objective: Data on the outcomes of fetus who are exposed to neoadjuvant platinum and paclitaxel chemotherapy during pregnancy are lacking.

Methods: Relevant data were abstracted from patients in our institution, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Library databases. The primary assessment was the frequency of fetal death and congenital abnormalities. Read More

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Impact of a targeted volume increase nutrition guideline on growth and body mass index (BMI) in premature infants: A retrospective review.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

University of Massachusetts Medical School, Department of Neonatology, Worcester, Massachusetts.

Background: The negative impact of disproportionate growth in premature infants is well documented, but optimal nutrition practices needed to prevent unhealthy body mass indices remains unclear.

Methods: An evidence-based volume increase guideline advanced feeding volumes from 150-160 to 170-180 milliliters per kilogram per day (ml/kg/d), between the post menstrual age (PMA) of 31 0/7 and 34 0/7 weeks was implemented in October 2017 for infants born ≤ 32 0/7 weeks GA. Data was collected on 262 infants' weight and length at birth and at discharge for 20 months before and 21 months after guideline implementation and retrospective analysis was conducted to determined disproportionate growth by comparing body mass indices [BMI (in g/cm )] at birth and at discharge. Read More

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A Giant Arteriovenous Malformation and Fistula in a Newborn with Parkes Weber Syndrome. Case Report.

Acta Med Litu 2020 23;27(2):90-99. Epub 2020 Dec 23.

Riga Stadins University, Riga, LatviaChildren's Clinical University hospital, Riga, Latvia.

Parkes Weber syndrome (PWS) is a rare congenital condition characterized by capillary cutaneous malformation, limb hypertrophy and multiple arteriovenous fistulas of the affected extremity. Another feature is a port-wine stain on the affected area. PWS is caused by genetic variations in the RAS p21 protein activator () gene which affects the development of the vascular system. Read More

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December 2020

The One-Bone Forearm in Children: Surgical Technique and a Retrospective Review of Outcomes.

J Hand Surg Am 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Shriners Hospitals for Children, Philadelphia, PA.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe a technique of end-to-end rigid fixation of the distal radius to the proximal ulna. The shortening and radioulnar overlap in this technique yield a high union rate, large corrections, and few complications.

Methods: This retrospective chart review from 2 centers was undertaken in 39 patients (40 forearms) who underwent one-bone forearm operations between 2005 and 2019. Read More

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Isolated CHDs and neurodevelopmental follow-up using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development and the Ages and Stages Questionnaire at 18 and 36 months.

Cardiol Young 2021 Jun 11:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Institute for Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Objectives: To compare early neurocognitive development in children born with and without isolated CHD using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development (3rd edition) and the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (3rd edition).

Methods: Recruitment took place before birth. Women expecting fetuses with and without CHD causing disturbances in the flow of oxygenated blood to the fetal brain were included in a prospective cohort study comprising fetal MRI (previously published) and neurodevelopmental follow-up. Read More

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Congenital self-healing reticulohistiocytosis in a newborn: unusual oral and cutaneous manifestations.

Ital J Pediatr 2021 Jun 10;47(1):135. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Dermatology Unit, Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, IRCCS, Piazza S. Onofrio, 4, 00165, Rome, Italy.

Background: Congenital self-healing reticulohistiocytosis (CSHRH), also called Hashimoto-Pritzker disease, is a rare and benign variant of Langerhans cell histiocytosis, characterized by cutaneous lesions without extracutaneous involvement.

Case Presentation: We present a case of CSHRH with diffuse skin lesions and erosions in the oral mucosa, present since birth and lasting for 2 months, and we perform a review of the literature on Pubmed in the last 10 years.

Conclusions: Our case confirm that lesions on oral mucosa, actually underestimated, may be present in patients with CSHRH. Read More

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Inequities in childhood immunisation coverage associated with socioeconomic, geographic, maternal, child, and place of birth characteristics in Kenya.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Jun 11;21(1):553. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Background: The global Immunisation Agenda 2030 highlights coverage and equity as a strategic priority goal to reach high equitable immunisation coverage at national levels and in all districts. We estimated inequities in full immunisation coverage associated with socioeconomic, geographic, maternal, child, and place of birth characteristics among children aged 12-23 months in Kenya.

Methods: We analysed full immunisation coverage (1-dose BCG, 3-dose DTP-HepB-Hib (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae type B), 3-dose polio, 1-dose measles, and 3-dose pneumococcal vaccines) of 3943 children aged 12-23 months from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey. Read More

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Evidence of Zika virus circulation in asymptomatic pregnant women in Northeast, Brazil.

PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2021 Jun 10;15(6):e0009412. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Post-Graduate Program in Adult Health, Federal University of Maranhão, São Luís, Maranhão, Brazil.

Background: Zika virus (ZIKV) is a flavivirus associated with microcephaly and other fetal anormalities. However, evidence of asymptomatic ZIKV infection in pregnant women is still scarce. This study investigated the prevalence of Zika infection in asymptomatic pregnant women attending two public maternities in Maranhão state, Northeast Brazil. Read More

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Assessing evidence for seasonality of hospital admissions for schizophrenia in Queensland, Australia: a time series observational study.

Int J Biometeorol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

School of Public Health and Social Work, Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology, Victoria Park Rd, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, 4059, Australia.

Most evidence on seasonal admission patterns for schizophrenia derives from the Northern Hemisphere with results from the Southern Hemisphere less documented. This study examines seasonal patterns in hospital admissions due to schizophrenia in Queensland, Australia, a large area that has a range of different climatic features. Daily hospital admissions data for people with the primary diagnosis of schizophrenia were collected from Queensland Health Department for the period from January 1996 to December 2015. Read More

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Rare Fetus-in-Fetu: Experience From a Large Tertiary Pediatric Referral Center.

Front Pediatr 2021 24;9:678479. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Fetus-in-fetu (FIF) is an extremely rare disease, and most prior publications are single case reports. Here, we describe the clinical characteristics, imaging manifestations, and the treatment and related complications of FIF from a large tertiary pediatric referral center. After institutional review board approval, patients with a diagnosis of FIF between January 2010 and November 2019 were further selected and reexamined. Read More

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A randomized controlled trial of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine, artesunate-mefloquine and extended artemether-lumefantrine treatments for malaria in pregnancy on the Thailand-Myanmar border.

BMC Med 2021 Jun 10;19(1):132. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Mae Sot, Thailand.

Background: Artemisinin and artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) partner drug resistance in Plasmodium falciparum have spread across the Greater Mekong Subregion compromising antimalarial treatment. The current 3-day artemether-lumefantrine regimen has been associated with high treatment failure rates in pregnant women. Although ACTs are recommended for treating Plasmodium vivax malaria, no clinical trials in pregnancy have been reported. Read More

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The association of breastfeeding self-efficacy with breastfeeding duration and exclusivity: longitudinal assessment of the predictive validity of the Greek version of the BSES-SF tool.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jun 9;21(1):421. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Cyprus University of Technology, Limassol, Cyprus.

Introduction: While breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSES) is an important modifiable determinant of breastfeeding, a structured assessment is not standard practice in Cyprus. We assessed the Greek version of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES-SF), including its predictive validity in terms of Breastfeeding (BF) and Exclusive Breastfeeding (EBF) up to the sixth month.

Methods: A methodological study with longitudinal design among 586 mother-infant dyads, as part of the "BrEaST Start in Life" project. Read More

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Intra-arterial chemotherapy for treatment of very low birthweight infants with retinoblastoma: Two case reports.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(19):e25870

Department of Interventional Radiology, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Introduction: Intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) has been used successfully for unilateral and bilateral eye disease with advanced or less advanced intraocular disease and of children as young as 3 months of age. In this study, we expanded the use of IAC to eyes of two infants with very low birthweight (birth weight of 1000-1500 g) and retinoblastoma.

Patient Concerns: The ophthalmologists refused to give patients intravenous chemotherapy (IVC), considering the risk of IVC because of the low body weight. Read More

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Randomized Trial of Fetal Surgery for Severe Left Diaphragmatic Hernia.

N Engl J Med 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, KU Leuven (J.A.D., F.M.R.) and Academic Department of Development and Regeneration, Biomedical Sciences, University Hospitals KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (J.A.D., B.V.C., F.M.R.); King's College Hospital (K.H.N.) and the Institute for Women's Health, University College London Hospital (J.A.D.) - both in London; Hospital Antoine-Béclère, Université Paris-Saclay, Clamart, France (A.B.); Hospital Clinic and Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona (E.G.); Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto (G.R.); Hospital Maggiore Policlinico, Milan (N.P.); the National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo (H.S.); Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital, Houston (A.J.); the Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland (M.W.); and University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany (C.B.).

Background: Observational studies have shown that fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) has been associated with increased survival among infants with severe pulmonary hypoplasia due to isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia on the left side, but data from randomized trials are lacking.

Methods: In this open-label trial conducted at centers with experience in FETO and other types of prenatal surgery, we randomly assigned, in a 1:1 ratio, women carrying singleton fetuses with severe isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia on the left side to FETO at 27 to 29 weeks of gestation or expectant care. Both treatments were followed by standardized postnatal care. Read More

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Randomized Trial of Fetal Surgery for Moderate Left Diaphragmatic Hernia.

N Engl J Med 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospitals KU Leuven (J.A.D., P.L.J.D.) and Academic Department of Development and Regeneration, Biomedical Sciences, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium (J.A.D., B.V.C., P.L.J.D.); Hospital Antoine-Béclère, Université Paris-Saclay, Clamart (A.B.), and Necker-Enfants Malades Hospital, Paris (Y.V.) - both in France; Hospital Clinic and Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona (E.G.); Institute for Women's Health, University College London Hospital (J.A.D.) and King's College Hospital(K.H.N.) - both in London; the University Hospital Bonn, Bonn, Germany (C.B.); Hospital Maggiore Policlinico, Milan (N.P.), and Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital, Rome (F.M.) - both in Italy; Baylor College of Medicine and Texas Children's Hospital (M.B.) and Children's Memorial Hermann Hospital (A.J.) - all in Houston; Mater Mothers' Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia (G.J.G.); the Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland (M.W.); and Erasmus MC-University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands (P.L.J.D.).

Background: Fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) has been associated with increased postnatal survival among infants with severe pulmonary hypoplasia due to isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia on the left side, but data are lacking to inform its effects in infants with moderate disease.

Methods: In this open-label trial conducted at many centers with experience in FETO and other types of prenatal surgery, we randomly assigned, in a 1:1 ratio, women carrying singleton fetuses with a moderate isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia on the left side to FETO at 30 to 32 weeks of gestation or expectant care. Both treatments were followed by standardized postnatal care. Read More

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Exposure to alirocumab during the first trimester of pregnancy: A case report.

Birth Defects Res 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Service of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital & University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia can be efficiently treated with combined lipid-lowering drugs. Lipid-lowering drugs are usually withdrawn for pregnancy and breastfeeding, ideally preconception, followed by lipid apheresis, however, careful plans can be precipitated due to unexpected pregnancy.

Case: A 28-year old woman with familial hypercholesterolemia due to heterozygous LDLR mutations had an LDL-cholesterol level at 14. Read More

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Clinical course of pediatric large vascular anomalies located in the extremities.

Turk Arch Pediatr 2021 1;56(3):213-218. Epub 2021 May 1.

Division of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Difficulties encountered in the diagnosis and treatment of vascular anomalies located in the extremities of the children. The most common vascular lesions are hemangiomas and venous malformations. The complex malformations, such as, Klippel-Trenaunay Syndrome are much less commonly encountered lesions. Read More

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Community Based Essential Newborn Care Practices and Associated Factors among Women Who Gave Birth at Home in Last 12 Months in Amaro Woreda, Southern Ethiopia, 2019.

Glob Pediatr Health 2021 24;8:2333794X211016151. Epub 2021 May 24.

Federal Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Community based newborn care is a means of bringing life-saving care to mothers and newborns at the community level. However, the practice is challenging within the Ethiopian health system. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of community based newborn care practices and associated factors among women who gave birth at home in Amaro Woreda, southern Ethiopia, 2019. Read More

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Is arterial switch operation possible with neonatology-focused intensive care unit modality.

Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg 2021 Apr 26;29(2):136-142. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Health Sciences University, Gazi Yaşargil Training and Research Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Background: In this study, we aimed to examine the feasibility of arterial switch operation and its perioperative management with neonatology-focused intensive care modality in a region of Turkey where the birth rate and the number of asylum seekers who had to leave their country due to regional conflicts are high.

Methods: Between December 2017 and June 2020, a total of 57 patients (48 males, 9 females; median age: 12.2 days; range, 2 to 50 days) who were diagnosed with transposition of the great arteries in our clinic and underwent arterial switch operation were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Factors Associated with Delayed Initiation and Cessation of Breastfeeding Among Working Mothers in Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates.

Int J Womens Health 2021 2;13:539-548. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Health Sciences, College of Natural and Health Sciences, Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, U.A.E.

Introduction: Despite the enormous benefits of breastfeeding, working mothers face more challenges to meet the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations regarding successful breastfeeding practices. Little research has been done to understand the breastfeeding practices among working mothers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with delayed initiation and cessation of breastfeeding among working mothers with children under the age of two years in Abu Dhabi, the UAE. Read More

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Iron status of full-term infants in early infancy is not associated with maternal ferritin levels nor infant feeding practice.

Br J Nutr 2021 Jun 9:1-20. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Iron deficiency (ID) in early life is associated with morbidities. Most fetal iron required for infant growth is acquired in the third trimester from maternal iron store. However, how prenatal iron level affects ferritin level in early infancy remains controversial. Read More

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Effects of joining at 7 months, and ewe genotype, on the performance of ewes to 19 months of age and that of their progeny to slaughter.

Animal 2021 Jun 4;15(6):100232. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

School of Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Two ways of reducing the cost of replacements are increasing litter size and number of litters produced; thus, the total weight of lamb carcass output per ewe lifetime. The effects of ewe genotype on the performance of ewes lambing at 1 year and of their progeny to slaughter, and the effect of age at first joining (7 or 19 months) on BW at ~19 months and survival to joining at 19 months were evaluated over two consecutive years, using 460 ewe lambs from three genotypes: Belclare (Bel), Suffolk × Belclare (Suf × Bel) and ≥ 75% Suffolk ancestry (Suf75). Lambs from the three genotypes were at a similar proportion of mature BW and half of the lambs, within genotype, were allocated to be joined for the first time at 7 or 19 months. Read More

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How reliable are self-reported estimates of birth registration completeness? Comparison with vital statistics systems.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(6):e0252140. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States of America.

Background: The widely-used estimates of completeness of birth registration collected by Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and published by UNICEF primarily rely on registration status of children as reported by respondents. However, these self-reported estimates may be inaccurate when compared with completeness as assessed from nationally-reported official birth registration statistics, for several reasons, including over-reporting of registration due to concern about penalties for non-registration. This study assesses the concordance of self-reported birth registration and certification completeness with completeness calculated from civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems data for 57 countries. Read More

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Early postnatal discharge from hospital for healthy mothers and term infants.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Jun 8;6:CD002958. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, Australia.

Background: Length of postnatal hospital stay has declined dramatically in the past 50 years. There is ongoing controversy about whether staying less time in hospital is harmful or beneficial. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2009. Read More

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