5,165 results match your criteria moisture protein


Effect of cranberry pomace on the physicochemical properties and inactivation of during the manufacture of dry fermented sausages.

Curr Res Food Sci 2021 7;4:636-645. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Guelph Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Guelph, ON, Canada.

The effect of cranberry pomace (CP) incorporation on serovars inactivation, starter culture population, and physicochemical properties of sausages during the manufacture of dry fermented sausages (DFS) was studied. Sausages containing a five-strain cocktail of serovars at 7-log CFU/g, with different levels of CP (control, 0%; low, 0.55%; medium, 1. Read More

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September 2021

Protective effect of oligosaccharides isolated from Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer against UVB-induced skin barrier damage in BALB/c hairless mice and human keratinocytes.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Sep 22:114677. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Jilin Ginseng Academy, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, Jilin Province, China; Key Laboratory of Active Substances and Biological Mechanisms of Ginseng Efficacy, Ministry of Education, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun, Jilin Province, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Skin barrier dysfunction can lead to water and electrolyte loss, triggering homeostatic imbalances that can trigger atopic dermatitis and anaphylaxis. Panax ginseng C.A. Read More

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September 2021

Optimization of wheat flour by product films: A technological and sustainable approach for bio-based packaging material.

J Food Sci 2021 Sep 25. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Post-Graduation Program in Food Engineering, Chemical Engineering Department, Technology Sector, Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil.

This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of the production of sustainable and biodegradable packages made from a little-explored by product of wheat-milling, the glue flour (GF). Films were produced by the casting method and the effect of the incorporation of glycerol, sorbitol, and GF in the properties of the films was investigated following the central composite rotational design (CCRD) approach. The results have been statistically analyzed by the response surface methodology and the desirability function. Read More

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September 2021

Transcriptome analysis reveals the molecular mechanism of yield increases in maize under stable soil water supply.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(9):e0257756. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Agronomy College, Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University, Daqing, Heilongjiang Province, P. R. China.

This study explored the physiological and molecular mechanisms of yield increase in maize under stable soil water content (SW) conditions. Results of the study showed that under SW conditions, corn yield increased by 38.72 and 44. Read More

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September 2021

Characterization of Pectin-Based Gels: A H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Relaxometry Study.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Center of Physics and Engineering of Advanced Materials, Departamento de Física, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal.

Rare sugars are monosaccharides and their derivatives that are not commonly found in nature. d-Allulose is a rare sugar that is C-3 epimer of fructose and presents an alternative to sucrose with potential health benefits. In this study, different amounts of sucrose, d-allulose, and soy protein isolate (SPI) were used to prepare a set of pectin gels. Read More

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September 2021

Antifungal mechanism of 1-nonanol against Aspergillus flavus growth revealed by metabolomic analyses.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

College of Biological Engineering, Henan University of Technology, 100 Lianhua Street, Zhengzhou, 450001, People's Republic of China.

Chemical control of fungal spoilage of postharvest cereal grains is an important strategy for the management of grain storage. Here, the potential antifungal activity of 1-nonanol, a main component of cereal volatiles, against Aspergillus flavus was studied. The growth of A. Read More

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September 2021

Modeling relationship between protein oxidation and denaturation and texture, moisture loss of bighead carp (Aristichthys Nobilis) during frozen storage.

J Food Sci 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, PR China.

To evaluate the effects of protein oxidation and denaturation on the fish texture and moisture loss during frozen storage, we measured the changes of protein oxidation and denaturation (salt-soluble protein (SSP), total sulfhydryl (SH), disulfide (SS), carbonyl contents and Ca -ATPase activity), texture (hardness), and moisture loss (drip loss) of bighead carp fillets stored at -12, -20 and -28°C during 16 weeks. These data were employed to develop partial least squares regression (PLSR) model, radial basis function neural network (RBFNN) model, PLSR-RBFNN (PR) model and RBFNN-PLSR (RP) model. The results showed that the RP model provided no enhancement to RBFNN model because it had the exactly same root mean square error (RMSE) and R . Read More

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September 2021

Evaluation of chemical and microbial quality of food in northern Iran.

J Health Popul Nutr 2021 Sep 20;40(1):40. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Deputy of Food and Drug, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Background: Iran is one of the developing countries and foodborne diseases commonly impose problems for public health, the health care system and the economy. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the chemical and microbial quality of food in northern Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2019. Read More

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September 2021

Rejuvenated Vintage Tissue Sections Highlight Individual Antigen Fate During Processing and Long-term Storage.

J Histochem Cytochem 2021 Sep 19:221554211047287. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Pathology, Department of Medicine and Surgery, Università di Milano-Bicocca, Monza, Italy.

Antigen-bearing proteins become progressively unavailable to immunodetection after prolonged storage of routine sections, exposed to a variety of agents, such as moisture, oxygen, and temperature. By proteomic analysis, the antigens are retained in the sections and definitely in the tissue block, pointing to fixation-independent, storage time-dependent protein modifications. Based on previous experience, we hypothesized that a combined exposure to a reducing agent and to chemicals favoring protein conformation changes would reverse the masking in aged sections. Read More

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September 2021

Prediction of top round beef meat tenderness as a function of marinating time based on commonly evaluated parameters and regression equations.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Sep 7;9(9):5006-5015. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Food Science and Technology Damghan Branch Islamic Azad University Damghan Iran.

This study investigates the influence of 24-hr marination (with different plant extracts and vinegar) at refrigerated conditions on commonly evaluated physicochemical and textural attributes, including pH, water-holding capacity (WHC), collagen solubility, moisture, drip loss, and shear force values of beef meat. The results reflected the appropriate correlation between each pair and indicated the efficiency of the household marination procedure to acquire more palatability and tender beef meat. Therefore, to predict beef meat tenderness by applying the Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), a strong positive correlation with the drip loss ( < . Read More

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September 2021

Effect of lactic acid bacteria and yeast supplementation on anti-nutritional factors and chemical composition of fermented total mixed ration containing cottonseed meal or rapeseed meal.

Anim Biosci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Institute of Feed Research of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Feed Biotechnology of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, 100193 Beijing, China.

Objective: This study aimed to determine the appropriate supplementation level of lactic acid bacteria (LAB; Lactobacillus plantarum and Bacillus clausii), yeast (Saccharomyces cariocanus and Wickerhamomyces anomalus) for degrading free gossypol and glucosinolate in the fermented total mixed ration (TMR) containing cottonseed meal (CSM) or rapeseed meal (RSM), to improve the utilization efficiency of these protein sources.

Methods: For LAB, Lactobacillus plantarum or Bacillus clausii was inoculated at 1.0 × 108, 1. Read More

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September 2021

Performance Analysis and Quality Evaluation of Wheat Storage in Horizontal Silo Bags.

Int J Food Sci 2021 6;2021:1248391. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Agricultural Engineering Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt.

Wheat still suffers from the problem of traditional storage methods, limited storage capacity, and a high percentage of losses in terms of quantity and quality. Hermetic silo bags are economical and alternative technique to the traditional storage methods. Ten horizontal plastic silos with the capacity of 200 tons/silo were tested and evaluated for eight months of wheat storage. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of vacuum frying and atmospheric frying on the quality and protein oxidation of squid (Loligo chinensis).

J Food Sci 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Hainan Provincial Engineering Research Center of Aquatic Resources Efficient Utilization in the South China Sea, Key Laboratory of Food Nutrition and Functional Food of Hainan Province, School of Food Science and Engineering, Hainan University, Haikou, P. R. China.

Squid are commercial marine species that have high nutritional value. This study aimed to compare the influences of vacuum frying and atmospheric frying on the physicochemical properties and protein oxidation of three main parts (ring, tentacle, and fin) of the squid Loligo chinensis. The results showed that the vacuum-fried (VF) group had lower moisture and total fat contents and looser microstructures than the atmospheric-fried (AF) group. Read More

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September 2021

Nanocomplexes based on egg white protein nanoparticles and bioactive compounds as antifungal edible coatings to extend bread shelf life.

Food Res Int 2021 Oct 10;148:110597. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Área de Biocoloides y Nanotecnología, Instituto de Tecnología de Alimentos, Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, 1 de Mayo 3250, 3000 Santa Fe, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas de la República Argentina (CONICET), Argentina. Electronic address:

This work is aimed to obtain nanocomplexes based on egg white protein nanoparticles (EWPn) and bioactive compounds (BC), carvacrol (CAR), thymol (THY) and trans-cinnamaldehyde (CIN), and evaluate their application as antifungal edible coatings on preservative-free breads. The nanocomplex formation was studied through stoichiometry, affinity, colloidal behavior, morphology, and encapsulation efficiency (EE, %). Rounded-shape nanocomplexes with particle sizes < 100 nm were obtained. Read More

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October 2021

Data on assessment of flours from advanced genotypes and improved cassava varieties for industrial applications.

Data Brief 2021 Oct 28;38:107332. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Chemistry, Chancellor College, University of Malawi, P.O Box 280, Zomba, Malawi.

The data presented in this article are related to the research paper "Physicochemical parameters and functional properties of flours from advanced genotypes and improved cassava varieties for industrial applications" [1]. The genotypes were collected from a multi-location (Uniform yield Trial) trial of the IITA breeding program in Malawi. The data were obtained using multiple analytical techniques and methodology such as oven-drying, sieving, colorimetry, titration, acid hydrolysis method, the Kjeldahl procedure, UV/VIS spectrophotometry, and centrifugation. Read More

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October 2021

Enhanced Functionality and Food Application of Encapsulated in a Whey Protein Isolate and (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate Conjugate.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Sep 9;69(37):11074-11084. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Food College, Northeast Agricultural University, No.600 Changjiang Street, Xiangfang Dist, 150030 Harbin, China.

The present study investigated the potential of free radical grafting conjugation of whey protein isolate (WPI) and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), followed by freeze-drying, for the safe delivery of probiotic (LA) upon digestion and in food systems. WPI-EGCG-LA microspheres presented higher encapsulation efficiency (97%) than native WPI-LA (70%) and maltodextrin (MD-LA 75%). The physicochemical characteristics of all microspheres, including moisture content, water activity, and hygroscopicity, were within the acceptable range for the stability of industrial powders. Read More

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September 2021

Comparison of Grain Processing Techniques on Saponin Content and Nutritional Value of Quinoa ( Cv. Yellow Pang-da) Grain.

Pak J Biol Sci 2021 Jan;24(7):821-829

<b>Background and Objective:</b> Quinoa grain contained saponin in pericarp, which causes bitter flavor. After harvesting, quinoa grain is required to remove saponin before being consumed. Thus, this study aimed to study post harvest management of grain processing on the saponin and nutrition value of quinoa grain. Read More

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January 2021

Changes in the proximate and elemental composition of (Crustacea: Flabellifera: Aegidae) exposed to lethal dose of bacterial consortium.

J Parasit Dis 2021 Sep 17;45(3):859-868. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Aquatic Animal Health Management, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangad, Cochin, Kerala 682 506 India.

is a crustacean parasite, which is increasingly becoming a menace to aquafarmers. In our previous study, a novel microbial consortium comprising of three exoskeleton degrading bacterial strains (, and ) had shown promising results as a biocontrol agent for . The present investigation reports the changes in proximate and elemental composition associated with the application of microbial consortium on the isopod . Read More

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September 2021

Comparing Freeze Drying and Spray Drying of Interleukins using Model Protein CXCL8 and its Variants.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2021 Aug 30. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

University of Graz, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Pharmaceutical Technology & Biopharmacy & Research Center Pharmaceutical Engineering GmbH, Inffeldgasse 13, 8010 Graz. Electronic address:

Spray-dried products, such as synthetic peptides and hormones, have already been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Agency and the European Medicines Agency, while spray-dried antibodies or interleukins, are not yet available on the market. Read More

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A novel angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory peptide derived from the trypsin hydrolysates of salmon bone proteins.

PLoS One 2021 2;16(9):e0256595. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Research Unit in Bioconversion/Bioseparation for Value-Added Chemical Production, Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand.

When fish are processed, fish bone becomes a key component of the waste, but to date very few researchers have sought to use fish bone to prepare protein hydrolysates as a means of adding value to the final product. This study, therefore, examines the potential of salmon bone, through an analysis of the benefits of its constituent components, namely fat, moisture, protein, and ash. In particular, the study seeks to optimize the process of enzymatic hydrolysis of salmon bone with trypsin in order to produce angiotensin-I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides making use of response surface methodology in combination with central composite design (CCD). Read More

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September 2021

Method of Using Raman Spectroscopy to Understand the Conformation of Fibrous Proteins.

Methods Mol Biol 2021 ;2347:229-239

Key Lab of State Forest and Grassland Administration on Wood Quality Improvement & High Efficient Utilization, School of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, Anhui, China.

Raman spectroscopy has been widely used in the research of fibrous proteins because of the insensitivity to moisture, less amount of sample, and better signal-to-noise ratio. In recent years, Raman spectroscopy is adopted to investigate the secondary structures of solid or aqueous protein, the conformation transition under different conditions (concentration, temperature, pressure, pH, chemical modification, external force, etc.), the orientation of the molecular chains, and some important chemical bonds. Read More

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January 2021

Physicochemical, reconstitution, and morphological properties of red pepper juice ( L.) powder.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Oct 27;58(10):4011-4023. Epub 2020 Oct 27.

Food Engineering Department, Ege University, Bornova, İzmir, Turkey.

Abstract: The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of the encapsulating agents (maltodextrin (MD), whey protein isolate (WP), and gum arabic (GA)) and their blends (MD + WP, MD + GA, WP + GA, and MD + WP + GA) on the powder yield, drying ratio, productivity, drying rate, physicochemical, bulk, reconstitution, and morphological properties of the red pepper juice powders (RPJP) and to calculate the energy efficiency of the spray dryer. A pilot-scale spray dryer (180/80 °C inlet/outlet air temperature, 392 kPa atomization pressure, 1.54 m/min air flow rate, and a 12. Read More

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October 2021

Near- and mid-infrared determination of some quality parameters of cheese manufactured from the mixture of different milk species.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Oct 19;58(10):3981-3992. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Food Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, 17020 Canakkale, Turkey.

This study aimed to evaluate the performance of both near-infrared (NIR) diffuse reflectance and mid-infrared-attenuated total reflectance (MIR-ATR) in determining some quality parameters of a commercial white cheese made of unknown ratios of various milk species. For this purpose, 81 commercial Ezine cheese samples, a special ripened cheese produced in Turkey, containing unknown ratios of bovine, caprine, and ovine milk, were used. Reference analyses, including textural properties, protein content, nitrogen fractions, ripening index coefficients, fat, salt, dry matter-moisture, and ash contents as well as pH and titratable acidity levels, were conducted in the samples following the traditional gold standards. Read More

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October 2021

Effect of chia oil and pea protein content on stability of emulsions obtained by ultrasound and powder production by spray drying.

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Oct 10;58(10):3765-3779. Epub 2020 Oct 10.

Department of Food Engineering, School of Food Engineering, University of Campinas, Rua Monteiro Lobato, 80, Campinas, SP 13083-862 Brazil.

Chia oil is susceptible to oxidation and to make this oil application into foodstuffs possible, chia-oil based microparticles were produced. Oil-in-water emulsions were produced by ultrasound and their stability was maximized using a central composite rotational design (X: pea protein X: oil concentration). Hi-Cap 100 (HC) or maltodextrin (MD) were used as carrier agents in spray drying. Read More

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October 2021

Freeze-Dried Mesenchymal Stem Cell-Secretome Pharmaceuticalization: Optimization of Formulation and Manufacturing Process Robustness.

Pharmaceutics 2021 Jul 23;13(8). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Piemonte Orientale, Largo Donegani 2/3, I-28100 Novara, Italy.

Producing mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-secretome for dose escalation studies and clinical practice requires scalable and good manufacturing practice (GMP)-compliant production procedures and formulation into a standardized medicinal product. Starting from a method that combines ultrafiltration and freeze-drying to transform MSC-secretome into a pharmaceutical product, the lyosecretome, this work aims to: (i) optimize the lyosecretome formulation; (ii) investigate sources of variability that can affect the robustness of the manufacturing process; (iii) modify the ultrafiltration step to obtain a more standardized final product. Design of experiments and principal component analysis of the data were used to study the influence of batch production, lyophilization, mannitol (M)/sucrose (S) binary mixture, selected as cryoprotectant excipients, and the total amount of excipients on the extracellular vesicles (EV) particle size, the protein and lipid content and the in vitro anti-elastase. Read More

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Characterization of the chemical composition (mineral, lead and centesimal) in pine nut (Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze) using exploratory data analysis.

Food Chem 2021 Jul 29;369:130672. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Universidade Federal da Bahia, Instituto de Química, Campus de Ondina, 40170-290 Salvador, BA, Brazil. Electronic address:

In this study, mineral composition, centesimal composition and lead were evaluated in pine nut seeds (raw and cooked) from five Brazilian states. Mineral composition was determined by ICP OES and lead by GF AAS. The results for minerals were evaluated by Boxplot, PCA and HCA, using the R software. Read More

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Moisture modulates soil reservoirs of active DNA and RNA viruses.

Commun Biol 2021 08 26;4(1):992. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA, USA.

Soil is known to harbor viruses, but the majority are uncharacterized and their responses to environmental changes are unknown. Here, we used a multi-omics approach (metagenomics, metatranscriptomics and metaproteomics) to detect active DNA viruses and RNA viruses in a native prairie soil and to determine their responses to extremes in soil moisture. The majority of transcribed DNA viruses were bacteriophage, but some were assigned to eukaryotic hosts, mainly insects. Read More

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Quality of Soybean Products in Terms of Essential Amino Acids Composition.

Molecules 2021 Aug 21;26(16). Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Quality Food Products, Cracov University of Economics, 31-510 Cracow, Poland.

The content of protein, moisture content and essential amino acids in conventional and genetically modified soybean grain and selected soybean products (soybean pâté, soybean drink, soybean dessert, tofu) was analyzed in this paper. The following comparative analysis of these products has not yet been carried out. No differences were observed in the amino acid profiles of soybeans and soybean products. Read More

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Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant Capacity, Prebiotic Activity and Anticancer Potential in Human Cells of Jackfruit () Seed Flour.

Molecules 2021 Aug 11;26(16). Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Faculty of Chemical Sciences, Autonomous University of San Luis Potosí, Universitaria, San Luis Potosí 78210, Mexico.

The general aim of this study was to evaluate physicochemical properties, prebiotic activity and anticancer potential of jackfruit () seed flour. The drying processes of jackfruit seeds were performed at 50, 60 and 70 °C in order to choose the optimal temperature for obtaining the flour based on drying time, polyphenol content and antioxidant capacity. The experimental values of the moisture ratio during jackfruit seed drying at different temperatures were obtained using Page's equation to establish the drying time for the required moisture between 5 and 7% in the flour. Read More

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Effect of Tempering Conditions on White Sorghum Milling, Flour, and Bread Properties.

Foods 2021 Aug 21;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Grain Science & Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.

The effects of room temperature water, hot water, and steam tempering methods were investigated on sorghum kernel physical properties, milling, flour, and bread-making properties. Overall tempering condition and tempering moisture content were found to have a significant effect on the physical properties. Milling properties were evaluated using a laboratory-scale roller milling flowsheet consisting of four break rolls and eight reduction rolls. Read More

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