ACS Omega 2021 Jun 25;6(22):14621-14628. Epub 2021 May 25.
Cell Biology and Molecular Genetics, 3130 Bioscience Research Building, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742, United States.
Deoxythymidine triphosphate analogues with various 3' substituents in the sugar ring (-OH (dTTP)), -H, -N, -NH, -F, -O-CH, no group (2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxythymidine triphosphate (d4TTP)), and those retaining the 3'-OH but with 4' additions (4'--methyl, 4'--ethyl) or sugar ring modifications (d-carba dTTP) were evaluated using pre-steady-state kinetics in low (0.5 mM) and high (6 mM) Mg with HIV reverse transcriptase (RT). Analogues showed diminished observed incorporation rate constants () compared to dTTP ranging from about 2-fold (3'-H, -N, and d4TTP with high Mg) to >10-fold (3'-NH and 3'-F with low Mg), while 3'-O-CH dTTP incorporated much slower than other analogues. Read More