2,602 results match your criteria moderate passive

High-intensity interval running impairs subsequent upper limb strength performance.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2021 Jun;61(6):803-809

Physical Education School, Neuromuscular Assessment Laboratory, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Brazil.

Background: This study compared the effect of treadmill running on subsequent upper limb exercise performance in young men.

Methods: Seventeen young men (24.8±5. Read More

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In-Bed Sensorimotor Rehabilitation in Early and Late Subacute Stroke Using a Wearable Elbow Robot: A Pilot Study.

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 24;15:669059. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Science, School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, United States.

: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of in-bed wearable elbow robot training for motor recovery in patients with early and late subacute stroke. : Eleven in-patient stroke survivors (male/female: 7/4, age: 50.7 ± 10. Read More

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On the efficacy of the unified protocol for transdiagnostic treatment of emotional disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Clin Psychol Rev 2021 Jul 9;87:101999. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

School of Medicine and Health Sciences, G. d'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy.

In recent years a large array of treatment protocols conceptualized as transdiagnostic have been developed with clinical and practical advantages compared to traditional single-disorder protocols. Within this panorama, the Transdiagnostic Unified Protocol (UP) of Emotional Disorders was developed aimed at treating the negative affective processes underlying several diagnostic categories, and accounting for the covariance of different emotional disorders. The UP has been found to efficiently target the roots of these disorders leading to a reduction in symptoms of co-occurring disorders. Read More

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Convalescent plasma as a treatment modality for Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Indonesia: A case reports.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Jun 31;66:102444. Epub 2021 May 31.

Dr. Soeradji Tirtonegoro General Hospital, Klaten, Indonesia.

Introduction And Importance: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a pandemic since the beginning of 2020. COVID-19 is also spreading very rapidly in Indonesia and so far, no definitive therapy has been found.

Case Presentation: We report two cases of confirmed COVID-19 with moderate pneumonia, who received 400 ml of convalescent plasma and showed improvements in clinical, laboratory and radiological examinations. Read More

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An image quality review programme in a population-based mammography screening service.

J Med Radiat Sci 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Romagna Cancer Registry, Romagna Cancer Institute (Istituto Romagnolo per lo Studio dei Tumori "Dino Amadori", IRST, IRCCS), Meldola, Forlì, Italy.

Introduction: Mammography is one of the most technically demanding radiographic processes, and mammography quality assurance initiatives are priorities in the implementation of public health screening services. In the optimisation of image quality (IQ), radiographers play a major role. Between 1998 and 2009, the steering committee for mammography of a large population-based screening service in northern Italy undertook several audit checks of the imaging facilities. Read More

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Discrimination and Leukocyte Telomere Length by Depressive Symptomatology: The Jackson Heart Study.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 May 28;9(6). Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS 39216, USA.

Background: Psychosocial stressors, such as perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms, may shorten telomeres and exacerbate aging-related illnesses.

Methods: Participants from the Jackson Heart Study at visit 1 (2000-2004) with LTL data and Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scores ( = 580 men, = 910 women) were utilized. The dimensions of discrimination scores (everyday, lifetime, burden of lifetime, and stress from lifetime discrimination) were standardized and categorized as low, moderate, and high. Read More

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Effects of Caffeine on Exercise Duration, Critical Velocity, and Ratings of Perceived Exertion During Repeated-Sprint Exercise in Physically Active Men.

Int J Exerc Sci 2021 1;14(2):435-445. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Kinesiology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA.

Caffeine improves short-to-moderate distance running performance, but the effect of caffeine on repeated sprints are equivocal. This research determined if caffeine improved exercise tolerance during repeated-sprint exercise. iCV is a running velocity that distinguishes intermittent running velocities (velocities ≤ iCV) that are sustainable from those resulting in a predictable time to exhaustion (velocities > iCV). Read More

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Sleep Problems in Narcolepsy and the Role of Hypocretin/Orexin Deficiency.

Front Neurol Neurosci 2021 28;45:103-116. Epub 2021 May 28.

IRCCS Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

Since its description in the 19th century, narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) has been considered as a model sleep disorder, and after the discovery of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep onset in the disorder, a gateway to understanding REM sleep. The discovery that NT1 is caused by hypocretin/orexin deficiency, together with neurochemical studies of this system, has helped to establish how this neuropeptide regulates the organization of sleep and wake in humans. Current analyses suggest that the main functions of the hypocretin/orexin system are (1) maintenance of wakefulness in the face of moderate sleep deprivation; (2) passive wake promotion, especially in the evening, driven by the circadian clock; (3) inhibition of REM sleep, with possible differential modulating effects on various subcomponents of the sleep-stage, explaining REM sleep dissociation events in NT1. Read More

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Assessment of a standardized EEG reactivity protocol after cardiac arrest.

Clin Neurophysiol 2021 Jul 6;132(7):1687-1693. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Neurology, Université Libre de Bruxelles-Hôpital Erasme, Brussels, Belgium; Yale University Comprehensive Epilepsy Center and Computational Neurophysiology Laboratory New Haven, CT, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Reactivity assessment during EEG might provide important prognostic information in post-anoxic coma. It is still unclear how best to perform reactivity testing and how it might be affected by hypothermia. Our primary aim was to determine and compare the effectiveness, inter-rater reliability and prognostic value of different types of stimulus for EEG reactivity testing, using a standardized stimulation protocol and standardized definitions. Read More

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Effects of Small-Sided Game Interventions on the Technical Execution and Tactical Behaviors of Young and Youth Team Sports Players: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Psychol 2021 7;12:667041. Epub 2021 May 7.

Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Small-sided games (SSGs) are an adjusted form of official games that are often used in training scenarios to introduce a specific tactical issue to team sports players. Besides the acute effects of SSGs on players' performance, it is expectable that the consistent use of these drill-based games induces adaptations in the technical execution and tactical behaviors of youth team sports players. This systematic review with meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effects of SSG programs on the technical execution and tactical behaviors of young and youth team sports players. Read More

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Convalescent plasma or hyperimmune immunoglobulin for people with COVID-19: a living systematic review.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 05 20;5:CD013600. Epub 2021 May 20.

Cochrane Cancer, Department I of Internal Medicine, Center for Integrated Oncology Aachen Bonn Cologne Duesseldorf, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Convalescent plasma and hyperimmune immunoglobulin may reduce mortality in patients with viral respiratory diseases, and are being investigated as potential therapies for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). A thorough understanding of the current body of evidence regarding benefits and risks of these interventions is required.  OBJECTIVES: Using a living systematic review approach, to assess whether convalescent plasma or hyperimmune immunoglobulin transfusion is effective and safe in the treatment of people with COVID-19; and to maintain the currency of the evidence. Read More

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Comparative study of polymer looping kinetics in passive and active environments.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2021 Jun;23(21):12171-12190

College of Chemistry, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China.

Intra-chain looping in complex environments is significant in advancing our understanding of biological processes in life. We adopt Langevin dynamics simulations to perform a comparative study of polymer looping kinetics in passive and active environments. From the analysis of looping quantities, including looping-unlooping times and looping probabilities, we unraveled the intriguing effects of active crowder size, activity and crowding. Read More

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Positive psychological profiles based on perceived health clustering in patients with cardiovascular disease: a longitudinal study.

BMJ Open 2021 05 18;11(5):e050818. Epub 2021 May 18.

Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC), Córdoba, Spain.

Objectives: Psychological well-being and sociodemographic factors have been associated with cardiovascular health. Positive psychological well-being research is limited in the literature; as such, this study aimed to investigate how patients with cardiovascular disease could be classified according to their perceived mental and physical health, and to identify positive psychological profiles based on this classification and test their stability over time.

Design And Setting: Longitudinal study with patients from a public hospital located in Córdoba (Spain). Read More

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Contexts of sedentary time and physical activity among ageing workers and recent retirees: cross-sectional GPS and accelerometer study.

BMJ Open 2021 05 18;11(5):e042600. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Public Health, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Objectives: We examined sedentary time and physical activity in different contexts among ageing workers, between their workdays and days off, and recent retirees, between their weekdays and weekend days.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Finnish Retirement and Aging study and Enhancing physical activity and healthy ageing among recent retirees-Randomised controlled in-home physical activity trial. Read More

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Reconvalescent plasma/camostat mesylate in early SARS-CoV-2 Q-PCR positive high-risk individuals (RES-Q-HR): a structured summary of a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Trials 2021 May 17;22(1):343. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious Diseases, University Hospital Duesseldorf, Medical Faculty Heinrich-Heine-University Duesseldorf, Moorenstr. 5, D-40225, Duesseldorf, Germany.

Objectives: Currently, there are no approved treatments for early disease stages of COVID-19 and few strategies to prevent disease progression after infection with SARS-CoV-2. The objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of convalescent plasma (CP) or camostat mesylate administered within 72 h of diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection in adult individuals with pre-existing risk factors at higher risk of getting seriously ill with COVID-19. Camostat mesylate acts as an inhibitor of the host cell serine protease TMPRSS2 and prevents the virus from entering the cell. Read More

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High Levels of Common Cold Coronavirus Antibodies in Convalescent Plasma Are Associated With Improved Survival in COVID-19 Patients.

Front Immunol 2021 28;12:675679. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Stem Cell Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, United States.

Background: COVID-19 Convalescent plasma (CCP) is safe and effective, particularly if given at an early stage of the disease. Our study aimed to identify an association between survival and specific antibodies found in CCP.

Patients And Methods: Patients ≥18 years of age who were hospitalized with moderate to severe COVID-19 infection and received CCP at the MD Anderson Cancer Center between 4/30/2020 and 8/20/2020 were included in the study. Read More

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Antigen-specific antibody and polyfunctional T cells generated by respiratory immunization with protective Burkholderia ΔtonB Δhcp1 live attenuated vaccines.

NPJ Vaccines 2021 May 13;6(1):72. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA.

Melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bpm), lacks a vaccine. We identify the immune correlates of protection induced by B. mallei ΔtonB Δhcp1 (CLH001) and Bpm ΔtonB Δhcp1 (PBK001) vaccines against inhalational melioidosis. Read More

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Critical Determinants of Cytokine Storm and Type I Interferon Response in COVID-19 Pathogenesis.

Clin Microbiol Rev 2021 06 12;34(3). Epub 2021 May 12.

Public Health Research Institute (PHRI) at New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers University, Newark, New Jersey, USA

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a rapidly evolving pandemic worldwide with at least 68 million COVID-19-positive cases and a mortality rate of about 2.2%, as of 10 December 2020. About 20% of COVID-19 patients exhibit moderate to severe symptoms. Read More

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Exploration of shear wave elastography measures of the iliotibial band during different tasks in pain-free runners.

Phys Ther Sport 2021 Apr 30;50:121-129. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

The University of Queensland, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Brisbane, Qld, 4072, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: To determine whether shear wave velocity (SWV) of the iliotibial band (ITB): i) increases with active and passive static tasks, and a dynamic task, ii) differs between ITB regions, iii) changes after exposure to running. Additionally, it aimed to determine the between-day reliability.

Design: Case series & test-retest. Read More

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Impact of interval training with probiotic (L. plantarum / Bifidobacterium bifidum) on passive avoidance test, ChAT and BDNF in the hippocampus of rats with Alzheimer's disease.

Neurosci Lett 2021 Jun 8;756:135949. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.

It has been suggested that gut microbiota dysbiosis can lead to Alzheimer's disease (AD), inducing the production of many AD-related pre-inflammatory cytokines. On the other hand, daily probiotic administration and regular exercise training are assumed to improve clinical AD-related symptoms. To take this line of research further, this study was aimed at investigating the impact of moderate-intensity interval training (MIIT) with a combined administration of Lactobacillus plantarum and Bifidobacterium bifidum (probiotic, BROB) on the passive avoidance test (Shuttle Box), choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and the brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus of a rat model of AD. Read More

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Passive and active immunity in infants born to mothers with SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy: Prospective cohort study.

medRxiv 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Objective: To investigate maternal immunoglobulins' (IgM, IgG) response to SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy and IgG transplacental transfer, to characterize neonatal antibody response to SARS-CoV-2 infection, and to longitudinally follow actively- and passively-acquired SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in infants.

Design: A prospective observational study.

Setting: A public healthcare system in Santa Clara County (CA, USA). Read More

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Social functioning in schizophrenia: Comparing laboratory-based assessment with real-world measures.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Jun 30;138:500-506. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Psychology, Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis, LD 124, 402 N Blackford St, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.

Researchers have measured social functioning in schizophrenia using many different strategies. Recent technological advances have made it possible to passively measure behaviors in real-world social situations-allowing for more objective, ecologically valid assessments. Yet, research testing the convergent validity among real-world and laboratory-based social functioning assessment is sparse. Read More

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The Psychological Status of General Population in Hubei Province During the COVID-19 Outbreak: A Cross-Sectional Survey Study.

Front Public Health 2021 22;9:622762. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Medical Imaging Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.

The current outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), originating from Wuhan (Hubei, China), has rapidly spread across China and several other countries. During the outbreak of COVID-19, mental health of the general population in Hubei province may be affected. This study aimed to assess the psychological status and associated risk factors of the general population in Hubei province during the COVID-19 outbreak. Read More

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Safety and Antibody Kinetics of COVID-19 Convalescent Plasma for the Treatment of Moderate to Severe Cases of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Pediatric Patients.

Pediatr Infect Dis J 2021 07;40(7):606-611

Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Irvine, California.

Background: Therapies against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) and its life-threatening respiratory infection coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been evaluated, including COVID-19 convalescent plasma (CCP). Multiple large reports of CCP treatment in adults exist. Pediatric data on CCP safety and efficacy are limited. Read More

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Explorations of avoidance and approach coping and perceived stress with a computer-based avatar task: detrimental effects of resignation and withdrawal.

M Todd Allen

PeerJ 2021 15;9:e11265. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Northern Colorado, Greeley, CO, United States of America.

Background: Individuals differ in how they react to stress or trauma through different coping styles in which they may deal directly with a stressor by adopting approach coping styles or disengage with a stressor by utilizing avoidant coping styles. Avoidant coping styles have been linked to adverse outcomes including psychological distress, anxiety disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Recently, avoidance coping styles as measured by a subset of items on the Brief COPE were found to have a weak positive relationship with performance on a computer-based avatar task which is related to avoidant personality temperaments. Read More

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Moderate intensity cycling is better than running on recovery of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage.

Phys Ther Sport 2021 Apr 21;50:65-73. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil.

Objective: To compare the effects of moderate intensity running and cycling on markers of exercise-induced muscle damage in men.

Study Design: Randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Laboratory. Read More

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Inclinometer Reliability for Shoulder Ranges of Motion in Individuals With Subacromial Impingement Syndrome.

J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2021 03 27;44(3):236-243. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Health Sciences, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: This study aimed to determine the intra- and interrater reliability of active and passive range of motion in the shoulders of individuals with subacromial impingement syndrome using a digital inclinometer.

Methods: The raters evaluated active and passive range of motion in the shoulder of 50 individuals with unilateral subacromial impingement syndrome in movements including flexion, abduction, extension, external rotation in a neutral position, external rotation with the arm at 90° of abduction, and internal rotation with the arm at 90° of abduction. The tests were performed by 2 examiners on the same day, with a 10-minute interval, and were repeated by 1 examiner after a 2- to 4-day interval. Read More

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Association of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status With Outcomes in Patients Surviving Stroke.

Neurology 2021 05 28;96(21):e2599-e2610. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

From the Department of Neurology (E.L.S.), University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City; and Departments of Epidemiology (E.L.S., E.T., C.-W.H., P.C., L.B.M., L.D.L.) and Biostatistics (S.K., Y.X.), School of Public Health, School of Kinesiology (E.T.), Institute for Social Research (P.C.), and Department of Neurology (L.B.M., L.D.L.), Michigan Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Objective: To examine associations between neighborhood socioeconomic status (nSES) and 90-day poststroke outcomes.

Methods: The Brain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi Project is a population-based surveillance study in Nueces County, Texas. Patients with strokes were identified between 2010 and 2016 via active and passive surveillance and enrolled in the study. Read More

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Modelling to Quantify the Likelihood that Local Elimination of Transmission has Occurred Using Routine Gambiense Human African Trypanosomiasis Surveillance Data.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Jun;72(Supplement_3):S146-S151

Mathematics Institute, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom.

Background: The gambiense human African trypanosomiasis (gHAT) elimination programme in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) routinely collects case data through passive surveillance and active screening, with several regions reporting no cases for several years, despite being endemic in the early 2000s.

Methods: We use mathematical models fitted to longitudinal data to estimate the probability that selected administrative regions have already achieved elimination of transmission (EOT) of gHAT. We examine the impact of active screening coverage on the certainty of model estimates for transmission and therefore the role of screening in the measurement of EOT. Read More

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