49,569 results match your criteria mobile study

Comparative study of HSO/SO versus HPO functionalities anchored on TiO-supported antimony oxide-vanadium oxide-cerium oxide composites for low-temperature NO activation.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Apr 6;416:125780. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Extreme Materials Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 02792, South Korea. Electronic address:

TiO-supported antimony oxide-vanadium oxide-cerium oxide (SVC) imparts Lewis acidic (L)/Brönsted acidic (B) sites, labile (O)/mobile oxygens (O), and oxygen vacancies (O) for selective catalytic NO reduction (SCR). However, these species are harmonious occasionally, readily poisoned by HO/sulfur/phosphorus/carbon, thus limiting SCR performance of SVC. Herein, a synthetic means is reported for immobilizing HSO/SO (A= 3-4) or HPO (B= 1-3) on the L sites of SVC to form SVC-S and SVC-P. Read More

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On-line speciation analysis of arsenic compounds in commercial edible seaweed by HPLC-UV-thermo-oxidation-HG-AFS.

Food Chem 2021 Apr 5;357:129725. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Instituto de Investigación e Ingeniería Ambiental-IIIA, UNSAM, CONICET, 3iA, Campus Miguelete, 25 de mayo y Francia, 1650-San Martín, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Av. Godoy Cruz 2290, C1425FQB Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Arsenic speciation analysis in dried seaweeds was carried out using an on-line HPLC-UV-thermo-oxidation-HG-AFS system. Species separated and quantified were: arsenite [As(III)], arsenate [As(V)], monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) and different arsenosugars. Extraction efficiency ranged between 38 and 83%. Read More

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Bioaerosol is an important transmission route of antibiotic resistance genes in pig farms.

Environ Int 2021 Apr 14;154:106559. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Advanced Water Management Centre, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address:

Although pig farms are hotspots of antibiotic resistance due to intensive use of antibiotics, little is known about the abundance, diversity and transmission of airborne antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). This study reports that bioaerosol is an important spread route of ARGs in pig farms. ARGs, mobile genetic elements (MGEs), and bacterial communities were investigated in both air and feces samples during winter and summer. Read More

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The effect of body mass index on the outcomes of cementless medial mobile-bearing unicompartmental knee replacements.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Oxford, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford, OX3 7LD, UK.

Purpose: Given an increasingly overweight population, unicompartmental knee replacements (UKRs) are being performed in patients with higher body mass indices (BMIs). There are concerns that cemented fixation will not last. Cementless fixation may offer a solution, but the long term results in different BMI groups has not been assessed. Read More

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A high-resolution typical pollution source emission inventory and pollution source changes during the COVID-19 lockdown in a megacity, China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

China-UK Low Carbon College, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, 200240, China.

To control the spread of COVID-19, China has imposed national lockdown policies to restrict the movement of its population since the Chinese New Year of January 2020. In this study, we quantitatively analyzed the changes of pollution sources in Shanghai during the COVID-19 lockdown; a high-resolution emission inventory of typical pollution sources including stationary source, mobile source, and oil and gas storage and transportation source was established based on pollution source data from January to February 2020. The results show that the total emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO), nitrogen oxides (NO), particulate matter (PM), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were 9520. Read More

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Evaluation of the Mawid mobile healthcare application in delivering services during the COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia.

Int Health 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

College of Business Administration, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate MAWID mobile application developed by the Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia, which is used for primary care hospitals appointments management and for tracking and tracing COVID-19.

Participants And Methods: An online questionnaire-based survey was used for collecting data related to three major factors including Ease of Use, Satisfaction, and Benefits of MAWID application among its users. Out of total 2542 participants, 345 participants completed only a part of the survey, and 204 participants did not use the application. Read More

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Codesign of a cardiovascular disease prevention text message bank for older adults.

Patient Educ Couns 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

School of Nursing, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, United States. Electronic address:

Objective: Develop and validate a text message bank to support healthier lifestyle behaviors in older adults at risk for cardiovascular disease utilizing a codesign approach.

Methods: Initially, the researchers, based on literature, developed a bank of 68 SMS text messages focusing on healthy eating (24 messages), physical activity (24 messages), and motivational feedback (20 messages), based on a scoping review of the literature on promoting behavioral change to engage in healthy lifestyle behaviors. In the next step, a panel of five experts analyzed every subset of SMS text messages. Read More

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Current progress on the effect of mobile phone radiation on sperm quality: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of human and animal studies.

Environ Pollut 2021 Mar 30;282:116952. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Urology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, China. Electronic address:

Potential suppression of fertility due to mobile phone radiation remains a focus of researchers. We conducted meta-analyses on the effects of mobile phone radiation on sperm quality using recent evidence and propose some perspectives on this issue. Using the MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, WOS, CENTRAL, and ClinicalTrials. Read More

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Can Technological Advancements Help to Alleviate COVID-19 Pandemic? A Review.

J Biomed Inform 2021 Apr 13:103787. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Dept. of Mechanical Engg., Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Maharashtra-400076, IN. Electronic address:

The COVID-19 pandemic is continuing, and the innovative and efficient contributions of the emerging modern technologies to the pandemic responses are too early and cannot be completely quantified at this moment. Digital technologies are not a final solution but are the tools that facilitate a quick and effective pandemic response. In accordance, mobile applications, robots and drones, social media platforms (such as search engines, Twitter, and Facebook), television, and associated technologies deployed in tackling the COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak are discussed adequately, emphasizing the current-state-of-art. Read More

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Comparative study of Dissolution for Cannabidiol in EU and US Hemp oil products by HPLC.

J Pharm Sci 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

School of Chemistry, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland. Electronic address:

For the first time, a simple and robust HPLC method has been developed for dissolution studies for cannabidiol (CBD) in hemp oil products. An isocratic elution of samples performed on SOLAS™ C18 150 mm x 4.6 mm, 5 μm column with a mobile phase consisting of 75:25 acetonitrile-water v/v, delivered at a flow rate 1. Read More

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Galanin and prolactin expression in relation to parental care in two sympatric cichlid species from Lake Tanganyika.

Gen Comp Endocrinol 2021 Apr 13:113785. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Konrad Lorenz Institute of Ethology, Department of Interdisciplinary Life Sciences, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Austria.

Our understanding of the hormonal mechanisms underlying parental care mainly stems from research on species with uniparental care. Far less is known about the physiological changes underlying motherhood and fatherhood in biparental caring species. Here, using two biparental caring cichlid species (Neolamprologus caudopunctatus and Neolamprologus pulcher), we explored the relative gene-expression levels of two genes implicated in the control of parental care, galanin (gal) and prolactin (prl). Read More

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Medium-term outcome with contemporary mobile-bearing implants : results from a retrospective multicentre study.

Acta Orthop Belg 2020 Dec;86(4):657-662

Previous studies report good clinical outcomes with the initial mobile-bearing implant design in TKA. Nevertheless clinical data on the subject system are scant and information is lacking to fully appraise the safety and performance of the subject device. A population of 283 consecutive patients who received 307 primary Vanguard ROCC TKAs over a 5. Read More

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December 2020

Behavioural response to the Covid-19 pandemic in South Africa.

PLoS One 2021 16;16(4):e0250269. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

School of Economics and Finance, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Background: Given the economic and social divide that exists in South Africa, it is critical to manage the health response of its residents to the Covid-19 pandemic within the different socio-economic contexts that define the lived realities of individuals.

Objective: The objective of this study is to analyse the Covid-19 preventive behaviour and the socio-economic drivers behind the health-response behaviour.

Data: The study employs data from waves 1 and 2 of South Africa's nationally representative National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS)-Coronavirus Rapid Mobile Survey (CRAM). Read More

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Results from a malaria indicator survey highlight the importance of routine data capture in high-risk forest and farm transmission sites in Vietnam to tailor location-specific malaria elimination interventions.

PLoS One 2021 16;16(4):e0250045. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

United States Naval Medical Research Unit TWO, Singapore.

In-line with the World Health Organization's (WHO) Global Technical Strategy for Malaria (2016-2030), Vietnam is striving to eliminate malaria by 2030. Targeting appropriate interventions in high-risk populations such as forest and forest-fringe communities is a critical component of malaria elimination efforts in Vietnam. In 2016, a household-level malaria indicator survey was conducted in Phu Yen Province, Vietnam with the aim of assessing the knowledge, behaviors and associated risks of malaria infection among priority mobile and migrant populations (MMPs) working and sleeping in forests and on farms. Read More

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Patient reported outcomes in a large cohort of patients receiving osteopathic care in the United Kingdom.

PLoS One 2021 16;16(4):e0249719. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Institute of Population Health Sciences, Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom.

Objective: The use of Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) to evaluate care is being advocated increasingly in clinical settings. Electronic data capture is both resource and environmentally friendly and convenient. This purpose of this study was to test and implement a nationwide system to collect routine PROM data from osteopathic patients using a web and mobile app. Read More

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Perspectives on assistive technology among older Norwegian adults receiving community health services.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2021 Apr 16:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Occupational Therapy, Prosthetics and Orthotics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.

Introduction: The western world is seeking increased implementation of assistive technology (AT) to meet the challenges of an ageing population. The objective of this study is to explore perspectives on AT use among home-dwelling older adults with or without cognitive impairment.

Methods: This study combines findings from a cross-sectional study with a questionnaire package ( = 83) and from qualitative individual interviews ( = 7) and is part of a larger study, the Assisted Living Project. Read More

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A Gamified, Social Media-Inspired, Web-Based Personalized Normative Feedback Alcohol Intervention for Lesbian, Bisexual, and Queer-Identified Women: Protocol for a Hybrid Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 16;10(4):e24647. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

HeadsUp Labs, Department of Psychology, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

Background: Sexual minority women are more likely to drink alcohol, engage in heavy drinking, and experience alcohol-related problems than heterosexual women. However, culturally tailored interventions for this population have been slow to emerge.

Objective: This type 1 effectiveness-implementation trial examines the feasibility and efficacy of a gamified, culturally tailored, personalized normative feedback (PNF) alcohol intervention for sexual minority women who psychologically identify as lesbian, bisexual, or queer (LBQ). Read More

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Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of a Community-Based Addiction Rehabilitation Electronic System in Substance Use Disorder: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Apr 16;9(4):e21087. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Drug use disorder has high potential for relapse and imposes an enormous burden on public health in China. Since the promulgation of the Anti-drug law in 2008, community-based rehabilitation has become the primary approach to treat drug addiction. However, multiple problems occurred in the implementation process, leading to a low detoxification rate in the community. Read More

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The EMERALD (Enabling Mobilization, Empowerment, Risk Reduction, and Lasting Dignity) Study: Protocol for the Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Community-Based Combination HIV Prevention Intervention for Female Sex Workers in Baltimore, Maryland.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 16;10(4):e23412. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Health, Behavior & Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States.

Background: Cisgender female sex workers (FSWs) experience high rates of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including chlamydia and gonorrhea. Community empowerment-based responses to the risk environment of FSWs have been associated with significant reductions in HIV and STI risk and associated risk behaviors; however, evaluations of US-based interventions targeting FSWs are limited.

Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the design, implementation, and planned evaluation strategy of an ongoing comprehensive community-level intervention in Baltimore City, Maryland, which aims to improve HIV and STI risk and cumulative incidence among FSWs. Read More

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Usability of a Mobile App for Real-Time Assessment of Fatigue and Related Symptoms in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis: Observational Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Apr 16;9(4):e19564. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Center for Neurological Imaging, Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: Although fatigue is one of the most debilitating symptoms in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), its pathogenesis is not well understood. Neurogenic, inflammatory, endocrine, and metabolic mechanisms have been proposed. Taking into account the temporal dynamics and comorbid mood symptoms of fatigue may help differentiate fatigue phenotypes. Read More

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Mobile Apps to Support Family Caregivers of People With Alzheimer Disease and Related Dementias in Managing Disruptive Behaviors: Qualitative Study With Users Embedded in a Scoping Review.

JMIR Aging 2021 Apr 16;4(2):e21808. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada.

Background: People with Alzheimer disease and related dementias often display disruptive behaviors (eg, aggression, wandering, and restlessness), which increase family caregivers' burden of care. However, there are few tools currently available to help these caregivers manage disruptive behaviors. Mobile apps could meet this need, but to date little is known about them. Read More

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Preparing Patients and Clinicians for Open Notes in Mental Health: Qualitative Inquiry of International Experts.

JMIR Ment Health 2021 Apr 16;8(4):e27397. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden.

Background: In a growing number of countries worldwide, clinicians are sharing mental health notes, including psychiatry and psychotherapy notes, with patients.

Objective: The aim of this study is to solicit the views of experts on provider policies and patient and clinician training or guidance in relation to open notes in mental health care.

Methods: In August 2020, we conducted a web-based survey of international experts on the practice of sharing mental health notes. Read More

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What I Say Means What I Do: Risk Concerns and Mobile Application-Selection Behaviors.

Hum Factors 2021 Apr 16:187208211004288. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

311308 Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA.

Objective: The goal of this study was to examine the relation between users' reported risk concerns and their choice behaviors in a mobile application (app) selection task.

Background: Human users are typically regarded as the weakest link in cybersecurity and privacy protection; however, it is possible to leverage the users' predilections to increase security. There have been mixed results on the relation between users' self-reported privacy concerns and their behaviors. Read More

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A mobile app that uses neurofeedback and multi-sensory learning methods improves reading abilities in dyslexia: A pilot study.

Appl Neuropsychol Child 2021 Apr 16:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA.

Reading comprehension is difficult to improve for children with dyslexia because of the continuing demands of orthographic decoding in combination with limited working memory capacity. Children with dyslexia get special education that improves spelling, phonemic and vocabulary awareness, however the latest research indicated that special education does not improve reading comprehension. With the aim of improving reading comprehension, reading speed and all other reading abilities of children with dyslexia, Auto Train Brain that is a novel mobile app using neurofeedback and multi-sensory learning methods was developed. Read More

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Reliability of the BodyGuard2 (FirstBeat) in the Detection of Heart Rate Variability.

Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, 51 East River Parkway, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.

There has been an increasing interest in using cardiac indicators of self-regulation in developmental science. Many researchers are interested in unobtrusive mobile devises that are able to collect reliable cardiac data outside of the laboratory setting. Although numerous new ambulatory devices have become available over the last decade, testing these devices on children in comparison to industry gold-standard devices is rarely conducted. Read More

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Using WhatsApp messenger for health systems research: a scoping review of available literature.

Health Policy Plan 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

The African Centre for Migration & Society (ACMS), University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), Solomon Mahlangu House, Braamfontein Campus East, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa.

Globally, the use of mobile phones for improving access to healthcare and conducting health research has gained traction in recent years as rates of ownership increase, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Mobile instant messaging applications, including WhatsApp Messenger, provide new and affordable opportunities for health research across time and place, potentially addressing the challenges of maintaining contact and participation involved in research with migrant and mobile populations, for example. However, little is known about the opportunities and challenges associated with the use of WhatsApp as a tool for health research. Read More

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User experience (re)design and evaluation of a self-guided, mobile health app for adolescents with mild Traumatic Brain Injury.

J Form Des Learn 2020 Dec 6;4(2):51-64. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI) is a significant cause of morbidity for adolescents. Currently, there is a lack of evidence-based interventions to address common sequelae of mTBI. To address this gap, we designed a program to promote recovery for adolescents following mTBI. Read More

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December 2020

Prompting a Fresh Start for Adults With Food Insecurity and Increased BMI: A Case Series of Four Patients in a Food Prescription Program.

Cureus 2021 Mar 12;13(3):e13857. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Humanities, Health, and Society/Family Medicine, Florida International University, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Miami, USA.

Estimates place low intake of fruits and vegetables, physical inactivity, and high BMI (overweight-obesity) as all in the top 12 causes of death. Food and dietary education are becoming a focus in how we approach disease prevention and management, and food prescription programs in particular are showing promise, especially in under-resourced, food-insecure communities. This paper describes a pilot food prescription program in a handful of uninsured patients enrolled in an interprofessional clinical and educational program of a medical school in South Florida. Read More

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Is Ultra-Short-Term Heart Rate Variability Valid in Non-static Conditions?

Front Physiol 2021 30;12:596060. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Chonnam National University, Yeosu-si, South Korea.

In mobile healthcare, heart rate variability (HRV) is increasingly being used in dynamic patient states. In this situation, shortening of the measurement time is required. This study aimed to validate ultra-short-term HRV in non-static conditions. Read More

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The Moderating Effects of Emotions on the Relationship Between Self-Reported Individual Traits and Actual Risky Driving Behaviors.

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2021 9;14:423-447. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

School of Transportation and Vehicle Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo, Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Researches addressing driving behaviors have not fully revealed how emotions affect risky driving behaviors and tend to focus on the effects of some negative emotions rather than those of more specific emotions. This study aimed to test the potential moderating effects of eight common driving emotions on the relationship between self-reported individual traits (sensation seeking and driving style) and actual risky driving behaviors, sequentially providing some implications for the risky driving behavior prevention.

Participants And Methods: A total of 78 licensed drivers were recruited from undergraduate students, company employees and taxi drivers in China. Read More

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