1,804 results match your criteria mixture soybean


From Biogas and Hydrogen to Microbial Protein Through Co-Cultivation of Methane and Hydrogen Oxidizing Bacteria.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 30;9:733753. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Center for Microbial Ecology and Technology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium.

Increasing efforts are directed towards the development of sustainable alternative protein sources among which microbial protein (MP) is one of the most promising. Especially when waste streams are used as substrates, the case for MP could become environmentally favorable. The risks of using organic waste streams for MP production-the presence of pathogens or toxicants-can be mitigated by their anaerobic digestion and subsequent aerobic assimilation of the (filter-sterilized) biogas. Read More

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Variations of Soybean Meal and Corn Mixed Substrates in Physicochemical Characteristics and Microbiota During Two-Stage Solid-State Fermentation.

Front Microbiol 2021 17;12:688839. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

National Engineering Laboratory of Biological Feed Safety and Pollution Prevention and Control, Key Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition, Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed, Ministry of Agriculture, Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science of Zhejiang Province, Institute of Feed Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Corn germ meal (CGM) and corn gluten feed (CGF) are the two main corn byproducts (CBs) obtained from corn starch extraction. Due to their high fiber content, low protein content, and severe imbalance of amino acid, CBs are unable to be fully utilized by animals. In this study, the effect of microorganism, proteases, temperature, solid-liquid ratio, and time on nutritional properties of CB mixture feed (CMF) was investigated with the single-factor method and the response surface method to improve the nutritional quality and utilization of CBs. Read More

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Performance of xylose-fermenting yeasts in oat and soybean hulls hydrolysate and improvement of ethanol production using immobilized cell systems.

Biotechnol Lett 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Biotechnology & Biochemical Engineering Laboratory (BiotecLab), Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500, PO Box 15090, Porto Alegre, RS, 91501-970, Brazil.

We investigated the fermentation of a mixture of oat and soybean hulls (1:1) subjected to acid (AH) or enzymatic (EH) hydrolyses, with both showing high osmotic pressures (> 1200 Osm kg) for the production of ethanol. Yeasts of genera Spathaspora, Scheffersomyces, Sugiymaella, and Candida, most of them biodiverse Brazilian isolates and previously untested in bioprocesses, were cultivated in these hydrolysates. Spathaspora passalidarum UFMG-CM-469 showed the best ethanol production kinetics in suspended cells cultures in acid hydrolysate, under microaerobic and anaerobic conditions. Read More

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September 2021

Patterns of Genetic Variation in a Soybean Germplasm Collection as Characterized with Genotyping-by-Sequencing.

Plants (Basel) 2021 Aug 5;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Plant Gene Resources of Canada, Saskatoon Research and Development Centre, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 107 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0X2, Canada.

Genomic characterization is playing an increasing role in plant germplasm conservation and utilization, as it can provide higher resolution with genome-wide SNP markers than before to identify and analyze genetic variation. A genotyping-by-sequencing technique was applied to genotype 541 soybean accessions conserved at Plant Gene Resources of Canada and 30 soybean cultivars and breeding lines developed by the Ottawa soybean breeding program of Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. The sequencing generated an average of 952,074 raw sequence reads per sample. Read More

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Electrochemical Immunosensor for the Simultaneous Determination of Two Main Peanut Allergenic Proteins (Ara h 1 and Ara h 6) in Food Matrices.

Foods 2021 Jul 25;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 25.

REQUIMTE/LAQV, Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto, Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida 431, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal.

Efficiently detecting peanut traces in food products can prevent severe allergic reactions and serious health implications. This work presents the development of an electrochemical dual immunosensor for the simultaneous analysis of two major peanut allergens, Ara h 1 and Ara h 6, in food matrices. A sandwich immunoassay was performed on a dual working screen-printed carbon electrode using monoclonal antibodies. Read More

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Identification of   Salivary Proteins and Their Roles in Inducing Plant Defenses.

Biology (Basel) 2021 Aug 5;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 5.

State Key Laboratory for Managing Biotic and Chemical Threats to the Quality and Safety of Agro-Products, Key Laboratory of Biotechnology in Plant Protection of MOA of China and Zhejiang Province, Institute of Plant Virology, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China.

The bean bug, (Fabricius), is one of the most important soybean pests. It damages soybean leaves and pods with its piercing-sucking mouthparts, causing staygreen-like syndromes in the infested crops. During the feeding process, secretes a mixture of salivary proteins, which play critical roles in the insect-plant interactions and may be responsible for staygreen-like syndromes. Read More

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Replacing Soybean Meal with Distillers Dried Grains with Solubles plus Rumen-Protected Lysine and Methionine: Effects on Growth Performance, Nutrients Digestion, Rumen Fermentation, and Serum Parameters in Sheep.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Aug 18;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 18.

State Key Laboratory of Grassland Agro-Ecosystem, Lanzhou 730020, China.

(1) Background: we investigated the influence of dietary soybean meal (SBM) replaced with distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) plus rumen-protected (RP) lysine and methionine on the growth performance, nutrients digestion, rumen fermentation, and serum parameters of sheep. (2) Methods: ninety sheep were allocated to five groups: the control group (CON) which received the SBM diet, the DDGS group (NSM), the DDGS diet with RP lysine group (DRPL), the DDGS diet with RP methionine group (DRPM), and the DDGS diet with a mixture of RP lysine and methionine group (DRPLM). (3) Results: Final BW and carcass weight of the DRPLM and CON groups were greater ( ≤ 0. Read More

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Effects of Processing Conditions and Plasticizing-Reinforcing Modification on the Crystallization and Physical Properties of PLA Films.

Membranes (Basel) 2021 Aug 20;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 20.

School of Light Industry Science and Engineering, Qilu University of Technology, Jinan 250353, China.

The polylactic acid (PLA) resin Ingeo 4032D was selected as the research object. Epoxy soybean oil (ESO) and zeolite (3A molecular sieve) were used as plasticizer and reinforcing filler, respectively, for PLA blend modification. The mixture was granulated in an extruder and then blown to obtain films under different conditions to determine the optimum processing temperatures and screw rotation. Read More

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First Report of Botryosphaeria dothidea Causing Gray Mold on Tartary Buckwheat in Southwest China.

Plant Dis 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 12661, Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No.12 Zhongguancun South St., Haidian District, Beijing, China, 100081;

Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum, Polygonaceae) is an annual plant originating in Southwest China. It has a short growth cycle, barren soil tolerance, and strong stress resistance (Zhang et al. 2021). Read More

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Impact of feeding cover crop forage containing brassicas to steers during backgrounding on live animal performance, carcass characteristics, and meat color.

Transl Anim Sci 2021 Jul 23;5(3):txab124. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Animal Science, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA.

Brassica cover crops are an option for producers to incorporate into their cropping system to improve soil health and also provide a feed resource for cattle. While brassica cover crops have been widely used for grazing cows, their use as a backgrounding feedstuff is relatively unknown. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of feeding a brassica cover crop mixture during backgrounding on live animal performance and carcass characteristics. Read More

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Effects of enzyme-assisted extraction on the profile and bioaccessibility of isoflavones from soybean flour.

Food Res Int 2021 09 31;147:110474. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, United States; Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, United States. Electronic address:

The effects of enzymatic extraction strategies on extractability, bioconversion, and bioaccessibility of biologically active isoflavone aglycones, total phenolic content, and antioxidant activity of aqueous extracts from full-fat soy flour were evaluated. Protease, tannase, and cellulase enzymes were used individually or in combination. Except for the protease treatment, all enzymatic treatments increased the extraction of biologically active isoflavones (daidzein and genistein) compared with the control. Read More

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September 2021

Selenium and Natural Zeolite Clinoptilolite Supplementation Increases Antioxidative Status and Immune Response in Growing Pigs.

Front Vet Sci 2021 30;8:688915. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Faculty of Agrobiotechnical Science in Osijek, J. J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia.

Selenium (Se), an essential trace element for human and animal health, is covalently incorporated into amino acids, acts as a cofactor for antioxidant enzymes, and is involved in the maintenance of the immune system. The main goal of this investigation was to show the effect of Se supplementation, at levels slightly higher than the recommended values, combined with natural zeolite clinoptilolite on Se deposition in tissues (muscle and liver) and on the immune and antioxidative status of supplemented growing pigs. The experiment was carried out during a 98 d period on 60 pigs. Read More

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Five Surfactin Isomers Produced during Fermentation by   HY1 and Their Properties.

Molecules 2021 Jul 24;26(15). Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Food Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52725, Korea.

The cyclic lipopeptide produced from strain HY1 was isolated from Korean soybean sauce . The chemical structures of the surfactin isomers were analyzed using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). The five potential surfactin isoforms were detected with protonated masses of 994. Read More

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Effects of dietary inclusion of leaf meal on nutrient digestibility, rumen fermentation, ruminal enzyme activities and growth performance of buffalo calves.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Aug 21;28(8):4430-4436. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Assiut, Egypt.

This study was conducted to investigate the impact of dietary inclusion of leaf meal (MLM) as a substitution for soybean meal on nutrient digestibility, rumen fermentation, rumen enzyme activity, blood metabolites, growth-related hormones, and growth performance of buffalo calves. Thirty buffalo calves eight to nine months of age with an average body weight of approximately 153.7 ± 0. Read More

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Novel mannosylerythritol lipid biosurfactant structures from castor oil revealed by advanced structure analysis.

J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Aug;48(7-8)

Institute of Interfacial Process Engineering and Plasma Technology IGVP, University of Stuttgart, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany.

Mannosylerythritol lipids (MELs) are glycolipid biosurfactants produced by fungi of the Ustilaginaceae family in the presence of hydrophobic carbon sources like plant oils. In the present study, we investigated the structural composition of MELs produced from castor oil using seven different microorganisms and compared them to MEL structures resulting from other plant oils. Castor oil is an industrially relevant plant oil that presents as an alternative to currently employed edible plant oils like rapeseed or soybean oil. Read More

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Stepwise strategy based on H-NMR fingerprinting in combination with chemometrics to determine the content of vegetable oils in olive oil mixtures.

Food Chem 2022 Jan 14;366:130588. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Departamento de Química Analítica, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV/EHU), P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao, Spain.

H NMR fingerprinting of edible oils and a set of multivariate classification and regression models organised in a decision tree is proposed as a stepwise strategy to assure the authenticity and traceability of olive oils and their declared blends with other vegetable oils (VOs). Oils of the 'virgin olive oil' and 'olive oil' categories and their mixtures with the most common VOs, i.e. Read More

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January 2022

Nutritive value of guar and copra meal after fermentation with yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the diet of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Jul 27;53(4):416. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Centre of Excellence in Sustainable Aquaculture and Aquatic Animal Health Management, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangad, Kochi, 682506, India.

Solid-state fermentation increases nutritional bioavailability of plant ingredients by reducing the antinutritional factors and complexity of the nutrients. The present experiment was conducted to replace fish meal (FM) with a mixture (3:1) of yeast fermented guar and copra meal (FGCM) in the diet of Nile tilapia. Five iso-nitrogenous (30% CP) and iso-lipidic (6% CL) diets were formulated replacing FM at 0% (FGCM0), 25% (FGCM 1), 50% (FGCM 2), 75% (FGCM 3), and 100% (FGCM 4) with FGCM mixture. Read More

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The effects of Curcuma longa L. leaf extracts on the prevention of oxidation in soybean oil.

Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment 2021 Jul-Sep;20(3):325-336

Food Technology Department, School of Agronomy, Federal University of Goiás - UFG, Goiânia-Goiás, Brazil.

Background: The use of natural plant antioxidants has been an alternative approach to synthetic antioxidants for food applications. This study investigated the antioxidant properties of the leaves of Curcuma longa L. against the oxidation of soybean oil using leaf extracts obtained from seven different types of organic solvents and compared to the action of efficient synthetic antioxidants which are widely used and low cost but with toxicity risk. Read More

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Development of triplex PCR for simultaneous detection of soybean and wheat.

Food Sci Biotechnol 2021 Jun 6;30(6):801-806. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Institute of Life Sciences and Resources, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, 17104 Republic of Korea.

There is a constant demand for an effective detection method of major allergens, such as soybean () and wheat (). In this study, a triplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was developed for rapid detection of soybean and wheat in processed food products. This triplex PCR contains soybean- and wheat-specific primer pairs and universal primer pair for plant species. Read More

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Effects of Dietary Fatty Acid Composition on Lipid Metabolism and Body Fat Accumulation in Ovariectomized Rats.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 11;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan.

Background: Obesity is a state of excess energy storage resulting in body fat accumulation, and postmenopausal obesity is a rising issue. In this study using ovariectomized (OVX) rats, we mimicked low estrogen levels in a postmenopausal state in order to investigate the effects of different amounts and types of dietary fatty acids on body fat accumulation and body lipid metabolism.

Methods: At 9 weeks of age, rats ( = 40) were given an ovariectomy, eight of which were sham-operated to serve as a control group (S). Read More

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Impact of dietary Chlorella vulgaris and carbohydrate-active enzymes incorporation on plasma metabolites and liver lipid composition of broilers.

BMC Vet Res 2021 Jun 29;17(1):229. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

CIISA - Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Lisboa, 1300-477, Lisboa, Portugal.

Background: Chlorella vulgaris has been proposed as a sustainable green feedstock in poultry nutrition due to its ease of cultivation, minimal environmental impact and balanced nutritional composition. However, the majority of studies documents the use of C. vulgaris as a dietary supplement in broilers instead of a feed ingredient. Read More

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Effects of guanidinoacetic acid supplementation on nitrogen retention and methionine flux in cattle.

J Anim Sci 2021 Jun;99(6)

Department of Animal Sciences and Industry, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506, USA.

Creatine stores high-energy phosphate bonds in muscle and is synthesized in the liver through methylation of guanidinoacetic acid (GAA). Supplementation of GAA may therefore increase methyl group requirements, and this may affect methyl group utilization. Our experiment evaluated the metabolic responses of growing cattle to postruminal supplementation of GAA, in a model where methionine (Met) was deficient, with and without Met supplementation. Read More

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Preparations and application of dust suppressants from biomass-based materials.

J Air Waste Manag Assoc 2021 Jul 19:1-11. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, South Korea.

Both natural and anthropogenic fugitive dust can cause serious hazards to the environment and human health. In this study, the development of biodegradable dust suppressants and their environmental impacts were evaluated. Biodegradable dust suppressants were prepared using various biomass-based polymeric materials such as crude glycerol (a by-product of biodiesel manufacturing), biodiesel, palm oil, cooking oil, seaweed mixtures, wakame (a), and red algae. Read More

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Effect of dietary hempseed cake on milk performance and haemato-chemicals in lactating Alpine dairy goats.

Animal 2021 Jul 9;15(7):100255. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department for Animal Production and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agrobiotechnical Sciences Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, V. Preloga 1, 31000 Osijek, Croatia.

Owing to the high concentrations of crude protein and beneficial fatty acids, hempseed cake could be a high-quality feedstuff for ruminants. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of hempseed cake on milk production and quality, as well as haemato-chemical parameters in Alpine goats. In total, 28 French Alpine dairy goats were evaluated over 45 days. Read More

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Effect of protein concentrate mixtures and dietary addition of exogenous phytase on major milk minerals and proteins, including casein phosphorylation.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 5;104(9):9801-9812. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Food Science, Aarhus University, Agro Food Park 48, DK-8200 Aarhus N, Denmark.

Variations in major milk minerals, proteins, and their posttranslational modifications are largely under genetic influence, whereas the effect of nongenetic factors is less studied. Through a controlled feeding experiment (incomplete balanced Latin square design), the effect of concentrate mixtures, based on fava beans, rapeseed meal, or soybean meal as main P and protein sources, on milk composition was examined under typical Danish management conditions. Concentrations of P, Ca, and Mg, together with proteomics for relative quantification of major milk proteins and their isoforms, were analyzed in milk samples from 24 cows sampled in 4 periods. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of a Diet Supplemented with Nettle ( L.) or Fenugreek ( L.) on the Post-Slaughter Traits and Meat Quality Parameters of Termond White Rabbits.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 27;11(6). Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Genetics, Animal Breeding and Ethology, University of Agriculture in Krakow, al. Mickiewicza 24/28, 30-059 Krakow, Poland.

The purpose of the study was to analyse the effect of nettle ( L.) leaves and fenugreek ( L.) seeds as additives to fodder in order to improve post-slaughter traits and quality parameters of Termond White rabbit meat (n = 60; 30♂, 30♀). Read More

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Effects of as a Feed Ingredient on the Quality and Nutritional Value of Weaned Piglets' Meat.

Foods 2021 May 21;10(6). Epub 2021 May 21.

CIISA-Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Animal Health, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade de Lisboa, 1300-477 Lisbon, Portugal.

(CH) is usually considered a feed supplement in pig nutrition, and its use as an ingredient is poorly studied. Among many interesting characteristics, this microalga has high protein levels and can be a putative alternative for soybean meal. Our aim was to study the effect of a 5% CH incorporation in the diet, individually or combined with two carbohydrases, on meat quality traits and nutritional value. Read More

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Ensiled biomass of Solaris tobacco variety used as forage: chemical characteristics and effects on growth, welfare, and follow-up of Holstein heifers.

Animal 2021 Jul 29;15(7):100235. Epub 2021 May 29.

Dipartimento Agricoltura, Ambiente, Alimenti, Università degli Studi del Molise, via Francesco De Sanctis, 1, Campobasso 86100, Italy.

This study examined the use of an innovative tobacco variety, Nicotiana tabacum L., cv. Solaris, as forage. Read More

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Sensitivity of Proton NMR Relaxation and Proton NMR Diffusion Measurements to Olive Oil Adulterations with Vegetable Oils.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Università di Pisa, via Moruzzi, 3, 56124 Pisa, Italy.

Olive oils and, in particular, extra-virgin olive oils (EVOOs) are one of the most frauded food. Among the different adulterations of EVOOs, the mixture of high-quality olive oils with vegetable oils is one of the most common in the market. The need for fast and cheap techniques able to detect extra-virgin olive oil adulterations was the main motivation for the present research work based on H NMR relaxation and diffusion measurements. Read More

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Increased β-glucosidase production and its application in agroindustrial residue hydrolysis: A research based on experimental designs.

Biotechnol Rep (Amst) 2021 Jun 18;30:e00618. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Bandeirantes Av., 3.900, 14049-900, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

β-Glucosidases are a limiting factor in the conversion of cellulose to glucose for the subsequent ethanol production. Here, β-glucosidase production by was optimized using Composite Central Designs and Response Surface Methodologies from a medium designed. The coefficient of determination ( ) was 0. Read More

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