94 results match your criteria minerals quails


Use of Chemical Nano-Selenium as an Antibacterial and Antifungal Agent in Quail Diets and Its Effect on Growth, Carcasses, Antioxidant, Immunity and Caecal Microbes.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Oct 21;11(11). Epub 2021 Oct 21.

Poultry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44511, Egypt.

Nano-minerals are used to enhance mineral bioavailability, which helps improve animal growth and health. The use of chemical nano-selenium (Che-SeNPs) has lately attracted great scientific interest, mainly due to its potential benefits for poultry. The current study was conducted to investigate the impact of the dietary supplementation of Che-SeNPs on the growth performance, carcass traits, blood constituents, antioxidant status, immunity, and gut microbiota of Japanese quails. Read More

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October 2021

The composition of the lipid, protein and mineral fractions of quail breast meat obtained from wild and farmed specimens of Common quail (Coturnix coturnix) and farmed Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica domestica).

Poult Sci 2021 Sep 27;101(1):101505. Epub 2021 Sep 27.

Food Technology and Safety Division, National Institute for Agricultural and Veterinary Research (INIAV, IP), Oeiras, Portugal.

The present study was intended to answer 2 scientific hypotheses: 1) the quail species has a significant influence in quail breast meat composition; 2) the wild quail's meat presents healthier composition than their farmed counterparts. An analysis of the pectoral muscles of wild and captive common quails (Coturnix coturnix) and domestic quails (Coturnix japonica domestica) was performed. The content of fatty acids (FA), amino acids, total cholesterol, and vitamin E, some basic macro- and microminerals in the pectoral muscles of the 2 species of the genus Coturnix were analyzed. Read More

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September 2021

Feeding Zinc-Biofortified Wheat Improves Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, and Concentrations of Blood and Tissue Minerals in Quails.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Firat University, Elazig, 23119, Turkey.

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of feeding zinc (Zn)-biofortified wheat on performance, digestibility, and concentrations of minerals in quails. Zinc biofortification of wheat has been realized in the field by ergonomically applying Zn to foliar two and three times, which increased grain Zn from 18 mg/kg (control) to 34 and 64 mg/kg. A total of 180 quails were divided into six groups, each containing 30 birds, and fed diets containing wheat grain with either 18, 34, or 64 mg/kg with or without zinc picolinate (ZnPic) supplementation. Read More

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October 2021

Impact of trace mineral source on beef replacement heifer growth, reproductive development, and biomarkers of maternal recognition of pregnancy and embryo survival.

J Anim Sci 2021 Jul;99(7)

Zinpro Corporation, Eden Prairie, MN 55344, USA.

Trace minerals are known to play important roles in early embryo development. The study objective was to determine effects of trace mineral source on heifer reproductive performance. Beef heifers (n = 129) were randomly assigned to one of two treatments. Read More

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The effect of sex on the quality of meat from farmed pheasants (Phasianus colchicus).

Anim Sci J 2020 Jan-Dec;91(1):e13404

Fur-Bearing Animal Breeding and Game Management, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, Poland.

The present study aimed to investigate the influence of sex on the quality of meat from farmed pheasants. Male (roosters, n = 18) and female (hens, n = 18) pheasants were slaughtered at 25 weeks of age. The breast muscles (Pectoralis major) were cut out from chilled carcasses and analyzed to determine the proximate chemical composition, fatty acid profile, and physicochemical and sensory properties of meat. Read More

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October 2020

Nano-particles of Trace Minerals in Poultry Nutrition: Potential Applications and Future Prospects.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2020 Jun 31;195(2):591-612. Epub 2019 Aug 31.

Institute of Animal and Dairy Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, 38040, Pakistan.

Nano-technology is an emerging technology with tremendous potential and diverse applications in human health, agriculture, and animal nutrition. It also offers potential advantages in supporting research in many areas of life sciences. Nano-technology has many vital biological applications as living systems depend on many nano-scale objects like proteins, DNA, and enzymes. Read More

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Biological and biochemical characteristics of male reproductive system, serum metabolites and carcass quality of Japanese quails by the supplementation of Pinus ponderosa leaves and α-tocopherol acetate.

Reprod Domest Anim 2019 Oct 12;54(10):1348-1356. Epub 2019 Sep 12.

Department of Biochemistry, Hazara University Mansehra, Mansehra, Pakistan.

The aim of the current study was to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation of Pinus ponderosa leaves (pine leaves) and α-tocopherol acetate (vitamin E) powder on male reproductive system, serum metabolites and carcass characteristics of Japanese quails. A total of 360-day-old male quails were purchased from the open market and kept at poultry shed for ninety-four days. After ten days of adaptation, all quails were randomly assigned into 4 groups, control (IC); supplemented with α-tocopherol acetate (IE) at the rate of 150 mg/L; Pinus ponderosa leaves (IP) at the rate of 150 mg/L; and 70 mg α-tocopherol acetate and 70 mg Pinus ponderosa leaves (IEP). Read More

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October 2019

Genetic parameters for bone ash and phosphorus utilization in an F2 cross of Japanese quail.

Poult Sci 2019 Oct;98(10):4369-4372

Institute of Animal Science, University of Hohenheim, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany.

The main objective of this study was to perform quantitative genetic analyses of tibia and foot ash traits, which might serve as proxy traits to improve phosphorus utilization (PU) in a breeding program. Additionally, data for ash concentration in tibia and foot were compared with data for total amount of ash. Heritabilities for bone ash traits and genetic and phenotypic correlations between bone ash traits and PU were estimated. Read More

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October 2019

Propolis alleviates the negative effects of heat stress on egg production, egg quality, physiological and immunological aspects of laying Japanese quail.

PLoS One 2019 9;14(4):e0214839. Epub 2019 Apr 9.

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

The present work was carried out to investigate the effects of dietary propolis supplementation to laying Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) on egg production, egg quality, physiological and immunological aspects under heat stress conditions. A total of 200, 21-day-old, Japanese quail females were distributed equally into standard wired cages in two identical environmentally-controlled rooms (10 cages per room, 10 birds per cage). From 29-70 d of age, the quail birds in the first room remained at a normal temperature of 24°C (C group), whereas the quail birds in the second room were kept under heat stress at 35°C (HS group). Read More

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January 2020

The role of cinnamon as a modulator of the expression of genes related to antioxidant activity and lipid metabolism of laying quails.

PLoS One 2017 21;12(12):e0189619. Epub 2017 Dec 21.

Animal Science Department, Estadual University of Maringá, Maringá, Brazil.

Since cinnamon has vitamins and minerals in addition to antioxidants compounds in its chemical composition studies have shown the potential of cinnamon supplementation on some important characteristics in the performance of birds. Thus, this study was conducted under the hypothesis that the inclusion of cinnamon in the laying quail diet could influence the performance of the birds through the expression of genes related to antioxidant activity and lipid metabolism. To test this hypothesis, 144 Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) with an initial age of 18 weeks and average weight of 133g were distributed in a completely randomized design with two treatments: no cinnamon supplementation (NCS-control group) and with supplementation of 9g/kg of cinnamon powder (CPS). Read More

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January 2018

Overview of Silica-Related Clusters in the United States: Will Fracking Operations Become the Next Cluster?

Authors:
M Thomas Quail

J Environ Health 2017 Jan-Feb;79(6):20-7

Silicosis is the oldest know occupational pulmonary disease. It is a progressive disease and any level of exposure to respirable crystalline silica particles or dust has the potential to develop into silicosis. Silicosis is caused by silica particles or dust entering the lungs and damaging healthy lung tissue. Read More

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December 2017

Semen characteristics and biochemical composition of cloacal foam of male Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix Japonica) fed diet incorporated with selenium.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2017 Apr 3;101(2):229-235. Epub 2016 Aug 3.

Avian Nutrition and Feed Technology Division, ICAR-Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar, India.

An attempt was made to investigate the effect of dietary selenium (Se) on physical and cloacal gland size, foam production, biochemical composition of foam and semen biochemical characteristics of male Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix Japonica). Two hundred twenty-five (225)-day-old male Japanese quail were randomly distributed to three dietary treatment groups for a period of 20 weeks. Each treatment comprised of three replicates, each containing 25 chicks. Read More

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Organophilic treatments of bentonite increase the adsorption of aflatoxin B1 and protect stem cells against cellular damage.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2016 Sep 24;145:555-561. Epub 2016 May 24.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

Bentonite clays exhibit high adsorptive capacity for contaminants, including aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), a mycotoxin responsible for causing severe toxicity in several species including pigs, poultry and man. Organophilic treatments is known to increase the adsorption capacity of bentonites, and the primary aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of Brazilian bentonite and two organic salts - benzalkonium chloride (BAC) and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) to adsorb AFB1. For this end, 2(2) factorial designs were used in order to analyze if BAC or CTAB was able to increase AFB1 adsorption when submitted in different temperature and concentration. Read More

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September 2016

Bovine meat and bone meal is an economically viable alternative in quail feeding in the initial phase.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2016 May;88(2):983-8

Instituto de Zootecnia, Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios/APTA, Secretaria de Agricultura e Abastecimento do Estado de São Paulo/SAA, Rua Heitor Penteado, 56, Caixa Postal 60, 13460-000 Nova Odessa, SP, Brasil, Secretaria de Agricultura e Abastecimento do Estado de São Paulo, Secretaria de Agricultura e Abastecimento do Estado de São Paulo, Nova Odessa SP , Brasil.

Quail egg production has experienced a steep rise in the last decade. Nutrition is the main factor affecting productive potential in the poultry industry, as appropriate nutritional management is necessary to ensure the maintenance of optimal physical conditions, growth and the production of high quality products. Meat and bone meal (MBM) has often been used in the poultry industry as an alternative and cost-effective source of protein in partial replacement of corn and soybean meal. Read More

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Bioaccessibility tests accurately estimate bioavailability of lead to quail.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2016 09 6;35(9):2311-9. Epub 2016 Jun 6.

US Fish and Wildlife Service, Columbia, Missouri, USA.

Hazards of soil-borne lead (Pb) to wild birds may be more accurately quantified if the bioavailability of that Pb is known. To better understand the bioavailability of Pb to birds, the authors measured blood Pb concentrations in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) fed diets containing Pb-contaminated soils. Relative bioavailabilities were expressed by comparison with blood Pb concentrations in quail fed a Pb acetate reference diet. Read More

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September 2016

Effects of selenium supplementation on the oxidative state of acute heat stress-exposed quails.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2017 Feb 5;101(1):170-179. Epub 2016 Feb 5.

Evonik Degussa of Brazil, São Paulo, Brazil.

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of heat stress (HS) and selenium supplementation on markers of stress, meat quality and gene expression. For this, meat quails of 42 days of age were fed a diet that either met [0.33 mg/kg, nutritional demand for selenium (SS)] or did not meet [0. Read More

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February 2017

The role of vitamin E or clay in growing Japanese quail fed diets polluted by cadmium at various levels.

Animal 2016 Mar 20;10(3):508-19. Epub 2015 Nov 20.

Poultry Department, Faculty of Agriculture,Zagazig University,Zagazig 44511,Egypt.

This study was conducted to verify whether vitamin (Vit) E or natural clay as feed additives has the potential to modulate the deleterious effects resulting from exposure to cadmium (Cd) in growing Japanese quail. 648 Japanese quail chicks (1 week old) were used to evaluate the effects of dietary Cd (0, 40, 80 and 120 mg/kg diet) and two levels of Vit E (0, 250 mg/kg diet) or two levels of natural clay (0 and 100 mg/kg diet) to study the influences of Cd, Vit E, clay or their different combinations on growth performance, carcass traits, some blood biochemical components and Cd residues in muscles and liver. Live BW and weight gain of quails were linearly decreased with increasing dietary Cd levels. Read More

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Thermal treatment of bentonite reduces aflatoxin b1 adsorption and affects stem cell death.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2015 Oct 30;55:530-7. Epub 2015 May 30.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil.

Bentonites are clays that highly adsorb aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and, therefore, protect human and animal cells from damage. We have recently demonstrated that bentonite protects the neural crest (NC) stem cells from the toxicity of AFB1. Its protective effects are due to the physico-chemical properties and chemical composition altered by heat treatment. Read More

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October 2015

Metabolic pathway of inorganic and organic selenocompounds labeled with stable isotope in Japanese quail.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2014 Dec 19;406(30):7959-66. Epub 2014 Oct 19.

Laboratory of Chemical Toxicology and Environmental Health, Showa Pharmaceutical University, Machida, Tokyo, 194-8543, Japan.

The distribution and metabolism of an inorganic selenium (Se) compound and a selenoamino acid in quails were evaluated by speciation with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and a stable isotope. Quails were orally administered stable isotope [(77)Se]-labeled selenite and selenomethionine (SeMet) at the nutritional dose of 10 μg Se/bird. Then, the quails were dissected 3, 9, and 24 h after the administration to examine the metabolic pathway and the time-dependent change of Se. Read More

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December 2014

Commercially available avian and mammalian whole prey diet items targeted for consumption by managed exotic and domestic pet felines: macronutrient, mineral, and long-chain fatty acid composition.

Zoo Biol 2014 Jul-Aug;33(4):327-35. Epub 2014 Jul 14.

Division of Nutritional Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois; Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois.

Whole prey diets encourage species-typical behaviors making them popular in the zoo and home setting for captive exotic and domestic felids, respectively. We evaluated macronutrient, mineral, and long-chain fatty acid composition of 20 whole prey items: mice (1-2, 10-13, 21-25, 30-40, and 150-180 days of age); rats (1-4, 10-13, 21-25, 33-42, and >60 days of age); rabbits (still born, 30-45 days, >65 days with skin, and >65 days of age with skin removed); chicken (1-3 days of age, ground adult); duck (ground adult); and quail (1-3, 21-40, and >60 days of age). Composition of whole prey was highly variable (15-40% DM, 34-75% CP, 10-60% fat, and 8-18% ash). Read More

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Effect of dietary supplementation of essential oils mixture on performance, eggshell quality, hatchability, and mineral excretion in quail breeders.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2014 Dec 11;21(23):13434-9. Epub 2014 Jul 11.

Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Selcuk University, 42075, Konya, Turkey,

The main aim of this study was to investigate the effect of six different levels (0, 50, 100, 200, 400, and 600 mg/kg) of phytogenic feed additive containing a mixture essential oils from thyme, black cumin, fennel, anise and rosemary on performance, eggshell quality, reproductive traits, and mineral excretion in quail breeders. In this trial, a total of 60 male and 120 female quails, 91 days old, were randomly distributed in six experimental groups. During the 60-day experiment period, birds were fed with six treatment diets. Read More

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December 2014

[Histogenesis of Japanese quail bone and cartilage tissues at the final stages of embryonic development in microgravity].

Aviakosm Ekolog Med 2013 Nov-Dec;47(6):24-8

The article reports the results of comparative histological studies of skeleton development in 14- and 16-day Japanese quail embryos grown in space flight and in the 1-g gravity. The investigation revealed retardation of cartilage replacement by bone in the femur and tibia in space embryos as compared with their controls. Perichondral ossification metaphysis was reached by day 14 both in the space and control embryos. Read More

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Influence of animal age on body concentrations of minerals in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica).

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2014 Dec 3;98(6):1054-9. Epub 2014 Feb 3.

Institute of Animal Science, Uhříněves, Prague, Czech Republic.

Mathematical modelling of the relationships between mineral inputs and outputs would enable the prediction of mineral requirements of poultry under a wide range of conditions. To establish the feasibility of possible modelling of mineral requirements, the current study aimed to describe the individual mineral concentrations of whole bodies of quail over the life cycle from hatching to 70 days of age. Quail were reared indoors without any restrictions that could limit growth. Read More

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December 2014

Characteristics of egg parts, chemical composition and nutritive value of Japanese quail eggs--a review.

Folia Biol (Krakow) 2014 ;62(4):287-92

All nutrients including proteins, lipids, vitamins, minerals and growth factors required by the developing embryo, as well as a number of defense factors, can be found in avian eggs. Eggs are also a source of other substances with biological functions and activities inter alia immune proteins and enzymes. Although chicken egg consumption is currently at the highest level, eggs from other species are also becoming popular. Read More

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Evolution of a developmental mechanism: Species-specific regulation of the cell cycle and the timing of events during craniofacial osteogenesis.

Dev Biol 2014 Jan 18;385(2):380-95. Epub 2013 Nov 18.

University of California at San Francisco, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 513 Parnassus Avenue, S-1161, San Francisco, CA 94143-0514, USA. Electronic address:

Neural crest mesenchyme (NCM) controls species-specific pattern in the craniofacial skeleton but how this cell population accomplishes such a complex task remains unclear. To elucidate mechanisms through which NCM directs skeletal development and evolution, we made chimeras from quail and duck embryos, which differ markedly in their craniofacial morphology and maturation rates. We show that quail NCM, when transplanted into duck, maintains its faster timetable for development and autonomously executes molecular and cellular programs for the induction, differentiation, and mineralization of bone, including premature expression of osteogenic genes such as Runx2 and Col1a1. Read More

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January 2014

Productivity and selenium concentrations in egg and tissue of laying quails fed selenium from hydroponically produced selenium-enriched kale sprout (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra L.).

Biol Trace Elem Res 2013 Dec 21;155(3):381-6. Epub 2013 Sep 21.

Animal Science Program, Department of Agricultural Technology, Faculty of Technology, Mahasarakham University, Kantarawichai, Maha Sarakham, 44150, Thailand.

This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of Se from hydroponically produced Se-enriched kale sprout (HPSeKS) on productive performance, egg quality, and Se concentrations in egg and tissue of laying quails. Two-hundred quails, 63 days of age, were divided into four groups. Each group consisted of five replicates and each replicate had ten birds, according to a completely randomized design. Read More

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December 2013

Responses of growing Japanese quails that received selenium from selenium enriched kale sprout (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra L.).

Biol Trace Elem Res 2011 Dec 17;144(1-3):760-8. Epub 2011 Jun 17.

Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, 44000, Thailand.

The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of selenium (Se) from Se-enriched kale sprout (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra L.) on the performance and Se concentrations in tissues of growing Japanese quails. Read More

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December 2011

Effects of dietary selenium source, storage time, and temperature on the quality of quail eggs.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2011 Nov 7;143(2):957-64. Epub 2010 Dec 7.

Samandag Vocational School, Mustafa Kemal University, 31780, Samandag, Hatay, Turkey.

We report the effects of time of storage, temperature, and supplementation with sodium selenite- and selenium-enriched yeast on the quality of quail eggs. For this study, 90 10-week-old female Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) with similar body size were caged individually and randomly divided into five groups of 18 quails each. One group was fed a normal diet and served as control. Read More

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November 2011

Selenium accumulation in coturnix quail fed seleno-L-methionine.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2010 Oct;29(10):2220-4

CH2M HILL, Sacramento, California 95833, USA.

The accumulation of selenium in Coturnix quail, a sensitive species to selenium toxicity, was studied. Quail were fed diets containing 0.7 µg/g (control), 12 µg/g (low-Se), and 22 µg/g (high-Se) as seleno-L-methionine for four weeks. Read More

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October 2010

The effects of selenium supplementation on the spontaneously occurring fibroid tumors of oviduct, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine levels, and heat shock protein 70 response in Japanese quail.

Nutr Cancer 2010 ;62(4):495-500

Faculty of Science, Firat University, Elazig, Turkey.

Oxidative stress is known to be an important contributing factor in many chronic diseases. Spontaneously occurring benign oviduct leiomyomas are common tumors of the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica), which makes it a good animal model for screening potential agents for testing in the prevention and treatment of human myoma uteri. Since dietary intake of selenium has been associated with a reduced risk of a variety of human cancers, we investigated the effects of selenium supplementation on the development of leiomyomas in the Japanese quail. Read More

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