3,659 results match your criteria midface


Objective evaluation of orbito-zygomatic reconstruction with scapular tip free flaps to restore facial projection and orbital volume.

Oral Oncol 2021 Apr 10;117:105268. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery/Surgical Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre/University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Restoring anatomical contour and position of the malar eminence and orbital rim following ablative mid-face procedures is critical in maintaining facial contour and orbit position.

Objective: To report our reconstructive approach using the scapular tip free-flap (STFF) for orbito-zygomatic defects, evaluating contour and overall shape restoration.

Methods: The study included 2 series: a clinical cohort of 15 consecutive patients who underwent an orbito-zygomatic reconstruction with a STFF and a cohort of 10 patients who had CT scan imaging but did not have orbito-zygomatic surgical resection or reconstruction. Read More

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Septal chondrocyte hypertrophy contributes to midface deformity in a mouse model of Apert syndrome.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 12;11(1):7979. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Molecular Genetics and Dental Pharmacology, School of Dentistry and Dental Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.

Midface hypoplasia is a major manifestation of Apert syndrome. However, the tissue component responsible for midface hypoplasia has not been elucidated. We studied mice with a chondrocyte-specific Fgfr2 mutation (Col2a1-cre; Fgfr2) to investigate the effect of cartilaginous components in midface hypoplasia of Apert syndrome. Read More

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Cephalometric measures correlate with polysomnography parameters in individuals with midface deficiency.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 12;11(1):7949. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Postgraduate Program in Translational Surgery, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Rua Botucatu 740, 2nd floor, Vila Clementino, São Paulo, SP, CEP 04023-900, Brazil.

To determine the association between cephalometric measurements and polysomnographic parameters in Brazilian patients with midface deficiency. This was a primary, clinical, observational, longitudinal, retrospective, analytical, and single-center study. Forty-eight patients with midface deficiency were divided into two groups as follows: those who underwent surgically assisted rapid palatal expansion (SARME) and those who received maxillary advancement (MA). Read More

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Thread lifting of the midface: a pilot study for quantitative evaluation.

Dermatol Ther 2021 Apr 11:e14958. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Introduction: Volume restoration then remains the principal target to be addressed when approaching midface rejuvenation, and absorbable sutures can create a suspension system that addresses ptotic skin located primarily in the midface. This observational study has been carried out to determine the outcome of thread lifting procedures of the midface.

Materials And Methods: six participants were enrolled and treated with suspension threads to correct mild to moderate ptosis of the flabby tissues of the midface. Read More

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Achondroplasia from the viewpoint of orthodontics

Orv Hetil 2021 04 10;162(17):683-688. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

3 Heim Pál Országos Gyermekgyógyászati Intézet, Alvásdiagnosztikai és Terápiás Labor, Budapest.

Összefoglaló. Az achondroplasia kialakulásáért az FGFR3-gén mutációja tehető felelőssé, mely a porc növekedési lemezében található chondrocyták érésében okoz zavart. Az esetbemutatásban szereplő lánygyermeknél a születést követő első hónapban a klinikai, laboratóriumi és röntgenvizsgálatok alapján achondroplasia igazolódott. Read More

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The Association of Zygomaticomaxillary Complex Fractures with Naso-Orbitoethmoid Fractures in Pediatric Populations.

Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Johns Hopkins Hospital; the Department of Biostatistics, Boston University School of Public Health; and the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Rush Medical College.

Background: Naso-orbitoethmoid fractures associated with ipsilateral zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures are more challenging injuries than zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures alone. However, there is a paucity of information on this complex fracture pattern in the pediatric population. This study investigated the cause, treatment, and outcomes of combined zygomaticomaxillary complex and naso-orbitoethmoid fractures versus isolated zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures in pediatric patients. Read More

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The Rhino-Lip-Lifting: A Novel Proposal for Midface Profileplasty Performed as a Single Surgical Procedure.

Facial Plast Surg 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Facial Plastic Surgery, Rigeneralab Center for Regenerative Medicine, Torino, Italy.

As facial aging occurs, aesthetic changes of the nasal tip and the senile upper lip include tip ptosis, increase in skin length, loss of vermillion height and Cupid's bow, and vertical wrinkles.Regardless of the rejuvenation procedure, the lips are not to be considered as a single anatomical entity, instead they should be placed in a strong correlation with the nose. The aim of this study is therefore to demonstrate the effectiveness of the association of primary closed rhinoplasty together with indirect subnasal lip-lifting technique. Read More

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Bilateral Orbital Reconstruction With Autologous Bone Graft After Gunshot Wound to Upper Midface.

Cureus 2021 Feb 28;13(2):e13611. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Plastic Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, USA.

Ballistic maxillofacial injuries are highly destructive, producing significant morbidity and mortality. Survivors' defects pose unique reconstructive challenges, such as loss of periorbital bone stock in upper midface injuries. While orbital reconstruction has transitioned from primarily autologous grafts to alloplastic implants, ballistic trauma remains a niche that warrants the use of autologous bone equally with alloplastic materials. Read More

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February 2021

Accuracy of Computer-Assisted Surgery in Maxillary Reconstruction: A Systematic Review.

J Clin Med 2021 Mar 16;10(6). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery/Pathology, Amsterdam UMC and Academic Center for Dentistry Amsterdam (ACTA), Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1117, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Computer-assisted surgery (CAS) in maxillary reconstruction has proven its value regarding more predictable postoperative results. However, the accuracy evaluation methods differ between studies, and no meta-analysis has been performed yet. A systematic review was performed in the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases, using a Patient, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome (PICO) method: (P) patients in need of maxillary reconstruction using free osteocutaneous tissue transfer, (I) reconstructed according to a virtual plan in CAS software, (C) compared to the actual postoperative result, and (O) postoperatively measured by a quantitative accuracy assessment) search strategy, and was reported according to the PRISMA statement. Read More

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Facial Rejuvenation with Concentrated Lipograft-A 12 Month Follow-Up Study.

Cells 2021 Mar 8;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauss-Allee 11, D-93053 Regensburg, Germany.

Lipofilling is a popular technique to treat volume loss in aging patients. The isolated adipose tissue is composed of adipocytes and stromal vascular fraction cells, which include adipose-derived stem cells (ASC). We hypothesize that the patient's wrinkle severity scale (WSS) and patient's satisfaction on the global aesthetic improvement scale (GAIS) can be improved after using concentrated lipoaspirate. Read More

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Repair of Lower Eyelid Cicatricial Entropion With Midface Lift, Spacer Graft, and Drill-Hole Canthoplasty.

Aesthet Surg J Open Forum 2021 Jan 11;3(1):ojaa045. Epub 2020 Nov 11.

McGaw Medical Center, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.

Postoperative cicatricial lower lid retraction is a challenging surgical problem that often disfigures the shape of the eye and has functional consequences. Depending on the severity, more than one surgical procedure may be needed to achieve the desired lower lid shape and position given the recurrent nature of scarring. Concepts of scar release, establishing lower lid vertical height, soft tissue replacement, and midcheek support are discussed in this video. Read More

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January 2021

[A Newborn Suffering from Arhinia: Neonatologic Challenges During Primary Care of the Newborn With Bosma Arhinia Microphthalmia Syndrome (BAMS)].

Laryngorhinootologie 2021 04 30;100(4):294-296. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Klinik für Neonatologie und Pädiatrische Intensivmedizin, Bürgerhospital Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main.

The rare clinical picture of nasal agenesis is to be presented on the basis of a female newborn. Intrauterine growth restriction with polyhydramnios and midface hypoplasia were noted during pregnancy. Primary cesarean section at 38 + 4 weeks' gestation was done. Read More

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The Difference in Facial Movement Between the Medial and the Lateral Midface: A 3D Skin Surface Vector Analysis.

Aesthet Surg J 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Clinical Anatomy, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Rochester, MN.

Background: Our understanding of the functional anatomy of the face is constantly improving. To date, it is unclear whether the anatomic location of the line of ligaments has any functional importance during normal facial movements such as smiling.

Objectives: It is the objective of the present study to identify differences in facial movements between the medial and lateral midface by means of skin vector displacement analyses derived from 3D imaging and to further ascertain whether the line of ligaments has both a structural and functional significance in these movements. Read More

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Ophthalmic Presentation and Outcomes for Malignant Sinonasal Tumors.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2021 Mar 24. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Adnexal Service, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom.

Purpose: To evaluate the ophthalmic clinical features and functional outcomes for patients with malignant sinonasal tumors who initially presented with orbital symptoms.

Patients And Methods: Retrospective chart review for patients seen at Moorfields Eye Hospital between 1997 and 2020. Patient demographics and clinical features, radiology, histology, and treatment outcomes were reviewed. Read More

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Does angulation of osteotome during pterygomaxillary dysjunction for a Le Fort I osteotomy influence stress transmission to the orbit? A finite element simulation in normal and cleft maxillae.

Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020 Aug 19. Epub 2020 Aug 19.

Section of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Division of Maxillofacial Diagnostic and Surgical Science, Faculty of Dental Science, Kyushu University, Japan.

Pterygomaxillary (PTM) dysjunction is a technique-sensitive step in Le Fort I osteotomy. Various studies implicate improper osteotomy techniques and anatomical variations of the midface in ophthalmic/orbital complications. The aim of this study was to assess the stress distribution and its transmission to the orbit during PTM dysjunction while using different angulations of the osteotome. Read More

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Survival Following Self-Inflicted Gunshot Injuries to the Face Using the National Trauma Data Bank.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Introduction: Self-inflicted gunshot wounds to the face frequently result in devastating injuries; however, there is a paucity of large experiences describing determinants of mortality and outcomes.

Methods: Using the National Trauma Databank from 2007 to 2015, patients suffering self-inflicted firearm facial injuries were included.

Results: Over 9 years 7869 patients were included: 87. Read More

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Biomechanical Impact of a Zygoma Complex Fracture Using Human Cadaver.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 22. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Graduate Program in Biomedical Engineering, The University of Western Ontario Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, The University of Western Ontario Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The University of Western Ontario Mechanical and Materials Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract: Zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures are common in midface trauma, with treatment often involving repair using titanium mini plates. However, the need for plate fixation along the zygomaticomaxillary suture on the infraorbital rim remains controversial. This study utilized a previously reported bite force simulator to investigate craniofacial strain patterns following zygomaticomaxillary complex fracture repairs with and without plating of the infraorbital rim. Read More

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Congenital Nasal Pyriform Aperture Stenosis: Evidence of Premature Fusion of the Midline Palatal Suture.

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Children's Hospital Colorado (T.M.W., J.D.P., D.M.M.), Aurora, Colorado.

Background And Purpose: Various etiologies have been theorized for the development of congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis (CNPAS). Imaging possibly implicates abnormal fusion of the midline palatal suture and deficient lateral growth of the midface in affected neonates.

Materials And Methods: A single-center, retrospective study was performed at a tertiary care pediatric hospital involving neonates and infants between 0 and 90 days of life. Read More

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Image processing and machine learning for telehealth craniosynostosis screening in newborns.

J Neurosurg Pediatr 2021 Mar 19:1-8. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

1Division of Neurosurgery, Connecticut Children's, Hartford.

Objective: The authors sought to evaluate the accuracy of a novel telehealth-compatible diagnostic software system for identifying craniosynostosis within a newborn (< 1 year old) population. Agreement with gold standard craniometric diagnostics was also assessed.

Methods: Cranial shape classification software accuracy was compared to that of blinded craniofacial specialists using a data set of open-source (n = 40) and retrospectively collected newborn orthogonal top-down cranial images, with or without additional facial views (n = 339), culled between April 1, 2008, and February 29, 2020. Read More

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An Anatomical Guide to the Terminal Facial Artery: Lumen Diameter and Associated Anatomy Relevant to Dermatologic Procedures.

Dermatol Surg 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia; Department of Dermatology, Cellular Biology and Anatomy, Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia.

Background: Dermal filler injection in the vicinity of the terminal facial artery (FA) can lead to vascular compromise with devastating consequences, including tissue necrosis, blindness, and stroke.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine lumen diameter and other anatomical features of the terminal FA relevant to dermal filler injection.

Materials And Methods: Eighteen embalmed adult cadavers were dissected along the distribution of the terminal FA. Read More

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An epidemiological analysis of maxillofacial fractures: a 10-year cross-sectional cohort retrospective study of 1007 patients.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Mar 17;21(1):128. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Discipline of Oral Surgery, 2nd Department of Dental Medicine, "Victor Babeş" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 2 Eftimie Murgu Sq., 300041, Timisoara, Romania.

Background: Epidemiological data is providing vital indicators for organizing the financial resources related to a particular type of trauma, estimating expenses and training of dental practioners and ambulatory medical staff for collaboration with a certain pattern of patients. Knowing the etiology and epidemiology of a certain pathology is significant for approaching its means of prevention.

Methods: A 10-year retrospective statistical analysis of 1007 patients with maxillofacial fractures treated in a University Clinic of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in Romania was performed. Read More

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Alloplastic Facial Implants.

Facial Plast Surg 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Division of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.

As the face ages, there is thinning of the epidermis, volume loss and rearrangement of the soft tissues, and malabsorption of the skeletal framework. It is essential to have a thorough understanding of the aging process for successful facial augmentation and rejuvenation. Alloplastic implants can be used to provide a long-lasting solution for augmentation of skeletal deficiencies, restoration of facial irregularities, and rejuvenation of the face. Read More

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Physical features of newborns exposed during pregnancy to anticonvulsant medication and developmental monitoring.

Birth Defects Res 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Medical Genetics and Metabolism Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: Antiepileptic drug (AED) use during pregnancy can affect the physical features, intelligence, and behavior in the exposed infants and children. Identifying these AED-related effects early makes intervention in childhood possible. To examine the accuracy of the identification of AED effects on the physical features of newborn infants, the written findings in routine physical examinations in medical records can be evaluated. Read More

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Was facial width-to-height ratio subject to sexual selection pressures? A life course approach.

PLoS One 2021 12;16(3):e0240284. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, United States of America.

Sexual selection researchers have traditionally focused on adult sex differences; however, the schedule and pattern of sex-specific ontogeny can provide insights unobtainable from an exclusive focus on adults. Recently, it has been debated whether facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR; bi-zygomatic breadth divided by midface height) is a human secondary sexual characteristic (SSC). Here, we review current evidence, then address this debate using ontogenetic evidence, which has been under-explored in fWHR research. Read More

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The first adolescent case of Fraser syndrome 3, with a novel nonsense variant in GRIP1.

Am J Med Genet A 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, MOBGAM, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Fraser syndrome is characterized by cryptophthalmos, syndactyly and other autopod defects, and abnormalities of the respiratory and urogenital tracts. Biallelic variants in GRIP1 can cause Fraser syndrome 3 (FRASRS3), and five unrelated FRASRS3 cases have been reported to date. Four cases are fetuses with homozygous truncating variants. Read More

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