76 results match your criteria microemulsion-based gel

Design and evaluation of microemulsion-based efinaconazole formulations for targeted treatment of onychomycosis through transungual route: Ex vivo and nail clipping studies.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 May 19;201:111652. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Amneal Pharmaceutical Pvt Ltd., Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.

The onychomycosis treatment remains a big challenge for onychologist due to the shorter nail residence time of topical formulations and the lack of availability of novel formulations in markets for new generation antifungal drugs. The objective of this work was to design, develop, optimize, and evaluate microemulsion formulations for effective delivery of efinaconazole through transungual route in onychomycosis treatment. Capmul® MCM (Glyceryl Caprylate/Caprate) as oil, Labrasol® (caprylocaproyl polyoxyl-8 glycerides) as a surfactant, and Transcutol® P (diethylene glycol monoethyl ether) as co-surfactant exhibited higher solubility of efinaconazole and surfactant-cosurfactant mixture (Smix) in a ratio of 1:1 rendered higher microemulsion region in the pseudo-ternary phase diagram. Read More

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Structural Study of (Hydroxypropyl)Methyl Cellulose Microemulsion-Based Gels Used for Biocompatible Encapsulations.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2020 Nov 5;10(11). Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Institute of Chemical Biology, National Hellenic Research Foundation, 48, Vassileos Constantinou Ave., 11635 Athens, Greece.

(Hydroxypropyl)methyl cellulose (HPMC) can be used to form gels integrating a w/o microemulsion. The formulation in which a microemulsion is mixed with a hydrated HPMC matrix has been successfully used as a carrier of biocompatible ingredients. However, little is known about the structure of these systems. Read More

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November 2020

Sucrose-mediated heat-stiffening microemulsion-based gel for enzyme entrapment and catalysis.

Chem Commun (Camb) 2020 Sep;56(73):10698-10701

Department of Chemical Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Mohali, Knowledge City, Manauli 140306, India.

Formation of a thermally stiffening microemulsion-based gel showing a nanoconfinement effect of carbohydrates in terms of microviscosity and hydrodynamic diameter of the reverse micelle (specifically with sucrose) is reported. The advantage of this gel as an efficient batch bioreactor for entrapped enzymes (horseradish peroxidase and thermophilic α-glucosidase) was shown, and illustrated its potential biocatalytic application at high temperatures. Read More

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September 2020

Microemulsion Based Gel of Sulconazole Nitrate for Topical Application.

Turk J Pharm Sci 2020 Jun 22;17(3):259-264. Epub 2020 Jun 22.

Nitte Gulabi Shetty Memorial Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nitte (Deemed to be University), Department of Pharmaceutics, Mangaluru, Karnataka, India.

Objectives: Sulconazole is a broad spectrum antifungal agent of the imidazole class used against dermatophytes and other fungi to treat skin infections. The aim of the present work was to formulate and evaluate a microemulsion-based topical sulconazole gel.

Materials And Methods: Microemulsion formulation of sulconazole nitrate was prepared by using oil, surfactant, cosurfactant and water at different ratios. Read More

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Microemulsion composed of combination of skin beneficial oils as vehicle: Development of resveratrol-loaded microemulsion based formulations for skin care applications.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2020 Oct 30;194:111161. Epub 2020 May 30.

Formulated Products, Institute of Chemical and Engineering Sciences, A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), 1 Pesek Road, Jurong Island, 627833, Singapore.

Microemulsion can be a potential delivery vehicle to deliver skin care actives to deep skin layer for chronic skin care benefits. On top of skin care active, microemulsion vehicle composed of multiple skin beneficial oils can deliver additional skin care efficacies. In this study, microemulsions were developed using combinations of two skin beneficial oils, tea tree oil and medium chain triglyceride instead of single oil. Read More

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October 2020

Evaluation of burn wound healing activity of novel fusidic acid loaded microemulsion based gel in male Wistar albino rats.

Saudi Pharm J 2020 Mar 3;28(3):338-348. Epub 2020 Feb 3.

University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Istanbul, Turkey.

The objective of the present research was to examine the possible usage of microemulsion based gel for fusidic acid (FA) dermal application as burn wound treatment. During the preparation of microemulsion, ethyl oleate as oil phase, tween 80 as a surfactant, ethanol as co-surfactant, water as aqueous phase were used. The prepared microemulsions were evaluated for clarity, pH, viscosity and FA content. Read More

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Development of microemulsion based topical ivermectin formulations: Pre-formulation and formulation studies.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2020 May 23;189:110823. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Abbott Laboratories GmbH, Freundallee 9A, 30173, Hannover, Germany.

The aim of this work was to develop microemulsions and microemulsion gels which can be used as vehicles for the topical delivery of ivermectin. Tea tree oil and ethyl butanoate were found to be suitable for ivermectin-loaded microemulsion formulations due to the higher solubility of ivermectin in these two oils than other tested oils. The pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were constructed based on these selected oils and combination of different surfactant/co-surfactant at different ratios. Read More

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Cyclosporine laden tailored microemulsion-gel depot for effective treatment of psoriasis: In vitro and in vivo studies.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2020 Feb 28;186:110681. Epub 2019 Nov 28.

Department of Chemical Engineering and Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611, USA.

Psoriasis is a widespread chronic disease affecting 1-3 % of total population. In major cases (>80 %), it is treated by topical application of corticosteroids. However, the topical route is very challenging due to physico-chemical nature of diseased stratum corneum and so no single treatment works for every patient. Read More

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February 2020

Formulation, clinical and histopathological assessment of microemulsion based hydrogel for UV protection of skin.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2019 Jul 8;179:393-404. Epub 2019 Apr 8.

Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, P.O. Box: 91388-13944, Islamic Republic of Iran.

The aim of this study was to prepare a microemulsion based hydrogel containing sesame oil and evaluate its topical application in preventing the harmful effects of UV radiation on the guinea pig's skin using histopathologic and clinical findings. Sesame oil with high antioxidant content and unique chemical and physiological properties is a suitable candidate for the evolution of UV protection on skin. Applying this natural oil in microemulsion formulation containing particles with nanometer size can enhance its efficacy. Read More

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Optimization of Microemulgel for Tizanidine Hydrochloride.

Antiinflamm Antiallergy Agents Med Chem 2020 ;19(2):158-179

Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Dr. Vishwanath Karad MIT World Peace University, Survey No. 124, MIT College Campus, Paud Rd, Kothrud, Pune, Maharashtra 411038, India.

Background: Tizanidine hydrochloride acts centrally as a muscle relaxant. It is used for the treatment of painful muscle spasm, spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis or spinal cord injury and treatment of muscle spasticity in spinal cord disease. Tizanidine hydrochloride belongs to BCS class II. Read More

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January 2021

Self-assembled organogelators as artificial stratum corneum models: Key-role parameters for skin permeation prediction.

Int J Pharm 2019 Feb 30;557:314-328. Epub 2018 Dec 30.

Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via G. Campi 103, 41125 Modena, Italy. Electronic address:

Self-assembled organogelators were explored as artificial stratum corneum (SC) models for the in vitro skin permeation assessment. Four SC models consisting of binary (organogels) or ternary (microemulsion-based organogels) mixtures were developed using stearic acid, tristearin, or sorbitan tristearate, at two different concentrations, gelled in squalene. The permeation of lipophilic butyl-methoxydibenzoylmethane and hydrophilic methylene blue as the permeant compounds across the SC models was compared with ex vivo experiments using excised porcine ear skin. Read More

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February 2019

Topical delivery of 3,5,4'-trimethoxy-trans-stilbene-loaded microemulsion-based hydrogel for the treatment of osteoarthritis in a rabbit model.

Drug Deliv Transl Res 2019 02;9(1):357-365

Department of Pharmacy, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, 410011, Hunan, China.

The aim of this study was to develop a microemulsion-based hydrogel (MBH) formulation of 3,5,4'-trimethoxy-trans-stilbene (BTM) as topical delivery system for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA). The pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were constructed to optimize the microemulsion (ME) formulation. The ME formulation containing 18. Read More

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February 2019

Antidermatophytic Activity and Skin Retention of Clotrimazole Microemulsion and Microemulsion-Based Gel in Comparison to Conventional Cream.

Skin Pharmacol Physiol 2018 21;31(6):292-297. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand.

Aim: Antifungal activity, skin permeation and skin retention of water-in-oil microemulsion (ME) and microemulsion-based gel (MBG) containing clotrimazole (CTZ) were evaluated in comparison to a conventional CTZ cream.

Methods: CTZ-ME and CTZ-MBG containing 1% w/w of CTZ were produced. Antifungal activity against Trichophyton mentagrophytes was assessed by the agar diffusion method. Read More

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November 2018

Development of Microemulsion Based Nabumetone Transdermal Delivery for Treatment of Arthritis.

Recent Pat Drug Deliv Formul 2018 ;12(2):130-149

Department of Pharmaceutics, MAEER`s Maharashtra Institute of Pharmacy, MIT Campus, Kothrud, Pune, (MS), 411038, India.

Background: Nabumetone is biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) class II drug, widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The most frequently reported adverse reactions for the drug involve disturbance in gastrointestinal tract, diarrhea, dyspepsia and abdominal pain. Microemulgel has advantages of microemulsion for improving solubility for hydrophobic drug. Read More

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November 2018


Acta Pol Pharm 2017 Jan;74(1):249-266

Microemulsion was prepared using several concentrations of selected oil (pine oil), surfactant (cre- mophor RH40), co-surfactant (isopropanol) and water to improve bioavailability by increasing solubility and permeability of lomoxicam, which was then incorporated to carbomer 940 gel base to fabricate microemulsion based gel (MEBG) to sustained permeability for transdermal delivery. Initially, the formulations were investi- gated for physicochemical characteristics, i.e. Read More

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January 2017

Assessment of improved buccal permeation and bioavailability of felodipine microemulsion-based cross-linked polycarbophil gel.

Drug Deliv Transl Res 2018 06;8(3):591-601

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University (A Central University), VidyaVihar, Raebareli Road, Lucknow, UP, 226025, India.

The oral bioavailability of felodipine (FEL) is very low, i.e., about 15%. Read More

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Clotrimazole microemulsion and microemulsion-based gel: evaluation of buccal drug delivery and irritancy using chick chorioallantoic membrane as the model.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2017 Dec 24;69(12):1716-1723. Epub 2017 Aug 24.

Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Nanotec-PSU Center of Excellence on Drug Delivery System, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand.

Objectives: To investigate the efficacy of clotrimazole microemulsion (CTZ-ME) and its gel form, clotrimazole microemulsion-based gel (CTZ-MBG), for the treatment of oral candidiasis.

Methods: CTZ-ME and CTZ-MBG were characterized for droplet size and texture, respectively. The ex-vivo permeation study and irritancy assessment of CTZ-ME and CTZ-MBG were performed using chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) as the model. Read More

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December 2017

Novel microemulsion-based gels for topical delivery of indomethacin: Formulation, physicochemical properties and in vitro drug release studies.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2017 Dec 4;507:323-336. Epub 2017 Aug 4.

Poznan University of Life Sciences, Department of Biotechnology and Food Microbiology, ul. Wojska Polskiego 48, 60-627 Poznań, Poland.

Hypothesis: Microemulsion-based semisolid systems may be considered as an interesting alternative to the traditional dosage forms applied in topical drug delivery. Mechanical properties of topical products are important both in terms of application and dosage form effectiveness. In this study we designed and evaluated novel microemulsion-based gels with indomethacin and analyzed the factors affecting their mechanical characteristics and drug release. Read More

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December 2017

Design and Development of Repaglinide Microemulsion Gel for Transdermal Delivery.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2018 Jan 17;19(1):315-325. Epub 2017 Jul 17.

SPP School of Pharmacy and Technology Management, NMIMS University, Mumbai, 400056, India.

Microemulsion formulation of repaglinide, a BCS class II hypoglycemic agent with limited oral bioavailability, was developed considering its solubility in various oils, surfactants, and cosurfactants. The pseudo-ternary phase diagrams for microemulsion regions were constructed by water titration method at K 1:1 and characterized for optical birefringence, percentage transmittance, pH, refractive index, globule size, zeta potential, viscosity, drug content, and thermodynamic stability. To enhance the drug permeation and residence time, the optimized microemulsions having mean globule size of 36. Read More

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January 2018

Co-delivery of evodiamine and rutaecarpine in a microemulsion-based hyaluronic acid hydrogel for enhanced analgesic effects on mouse pain models.

Int J Pharm 2017 Aug 30;528(1-2):100-106. Epub 2017 May 30.

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai 201203, China. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to improve the analgesic effect of evodiamine and rutaecarpine, using a microemulsion-based hydrogel (ME-Gel) as the transdermal co-delivery vehicle, and to assess hyaluronic acid as a hydrogel matrix for microemulsion entrapment. A microemulsion was formulated with ethyl oleate as the oil core to improve the solubility of the alkaloids and was loaded into a hyaluronic acid-structured hydrogel. Permeation-enhancing effects of the microemulsion enabled evodiamine and rutaecarpine in ME-Gel to achieve 2. Read More

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Optimization of Microemulsion Based Transdermal Gel of Triamcinolone.

Recent Pat Antiinfect Drug Discov 2017 ;12(1):61-78

Department of Pharmaceutics, MAEER's Maharashtra Institute of Pharmacy, MIT Campus, S. No. 124, Kothrud, Pune 411038, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune. India.

Background: Triamcinolone is a long acting corticosteroid used in the treatment of arthritis, eczema, psoriasis and similar conditions which cause inflammation. Triamcinolone has half-life of 88min. Prolonged oral use is associated with gastrointestinal adverse effects as peptic ulcer, abdominal distention and ulcerative esophagitis as described in various patents. Read More

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Efficacy of nano- and microemulsion-based topical gels in delivery of ibuprofen: an in vivo study.

J Microencapsul 2017 Mar 8;34(2):195-202. Epub 2017 May 8.

a Department of Medical Nanotechnology, School of Advanced Technologies in Medicine , Tehran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , Iran.

Aim: Nanoemulsion has shown many advantages in drug delivery systems. In this study, for the first time, analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of a nanomelusion of almond oil with and without ibuprofen was compared with corresponding microemulsion and commercial topical gel of the drug using formalin and carrageenan tests, respectively.

Method: Almond oil (oil phase) was mixed with Tween 80 and Span 80 (surfactants), and ethanol (co-surfactant) and them distilled water (aqueous phase) was then added to the mixture at once. Read More

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Transungual Gel of Terbinafine Hydrochloride for the Management of Onychomycosis: Formulation, Optimization, and Evaluation.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2017 Aug 23;18(6):2316-2328. Epub 2017 Jan 23.

Pharmaceutics Division, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Punjabi University, Patiala, India.

The present study was aimed to optimize, develop, and evaluate microemulsion and microemulsion-based gel as a vehicle for transungual drug delivery of terbinafine hydrochloride for the treatment of onychomycosis. D-optimal mixture experimental design was adopted to optimize the composition of microemulsion having amount of oil (X ), Smix (mixture of surfactant and cosurfactant; X ), and water (X ) as the independent variables. The formulations were assessed for permeation (micrograms per square centimeter per hour; Y ), particle size (nanometer; Y ), and solubility of the drug in the formulation (milligrams per milliliter; Y ). Read More

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Formulation Optimization and Ex Vivo and In Vivo Evaluation of Celecoxib Microemulsion-Based Gel for Transdermal Delivery.

AAPS PharmSciTech 2017 Aug 2;18(6):1960-1971. Epub 2016 Dec 2.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Nanjing University of Technology, 5th Mofan Road, Nanjing, 210009, China.

Celecoxib (CXB) is a poorly aqueous solubility sulfonamide non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Hence, the formulation of CXB was selected for solubilization and bioavailability. To find out suitable formulation for microemulsion, the solubility of CXB in triacetin (oil phase), Tween 80 (surfactant), and Transcutol-P (co-surfactant) was screened respectively and optimized by using orthogonal experimental design. Read More

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Single-Step Partial Purification of Intracellular β-Galactosidase from Kluyveromyces lactis Using Microemulsion Droplets.

Appl Biochem Biotechnol 2016 Nov 2;180(5):1000-1015. Epub 2016 Jun 2.

Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, CA, 95616, USA.

Partial purification of β-galactosidase from the crude extract of Kluyveromyces lactis was carried out using water-in-isooctane microemulsions formed by the anionic surfactant, sodium di-ethylhexyl sulfosuccinate (Aerosol OT). In order to obtain the crude extract, yeast cells of K. lactis were disrupted by a cell disrupter and separated. Read More

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November 2016

Microemulsions based on paeonol-menthol eutectic mixture for enhanced transdermal delivery: formulation development and in vitro evaluation.

Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol 2017 Sep 7;45(6):1-6. Epub 2016 Sep 7.

c General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University , Yinchuan , Ningxia , China.

In this work, microemulsion-based gels were prepared for transdermal delivery of paeonol. Microemulsions containing eutectic mixtures of paeonol and menthol were developed. The obtained microemulsions were evaluated for particle size, viscosity and physical stability. Read More

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September 2017

Preparation, optimization, and evaluation of Zaltoprofen-loaded microemulsion and microemulsion-based gel for transdermal delivery.

J Liposome Res 2016 Dec 19;26(4):297-306. Epub 2016 Jan 19.

b Department of Pharmacology , SVKM's Dr. Bhanuben Nanavati College of Pharmacy , Mumbai , Maharashtra , India.

Context: Zaltoprofen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, has potent inhibitory action against nociceptive responses. However, gastrointestinal ulcer accompanied with anemia due to the bleeding are most cited side effects associated with it. Due to this, administration of Zaltoprofen is not suitable for individuals with gastric ulcer. Read More

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December 2016

Preparation and evaluation of novel microemulsion-based hydrogels for dermal delivery of benzocaine.

Pharm Dev Technol 2017 Jun 7;22(4):500-510. Epub 2016 Jan 7.

b Department of Pharmaceutical Technology , Ege University , Bornova , Izmir , Turkey.

The purpose of the current research was to prepare and evaluate the potential use of microemulsion-based hydrogel (MBH) formulations for dermal delivery of benzocaine (BZN). The pseudoternary-phase diagrams were constructed for various microemulsions composed of isopropyl myristate (IPM) as oil phase, Span 20, Tween 20, Tween 80, cremophor EL and cremophor RH40 as surfactants, ethanol as cosurfactant and distilled water as aqueous phase. Finally, concentration of BZN in microemulsions was 2% (w/w). Read More

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Novel microemulsion-based gel formulation of tazarotene for therapy of acne.

Pharm Dev Technol 2016 Dec 31;21(8):921-932. Epub 2015 Aug 31.

d Department of Pharmacology , Charotar University of Science and Technology , Changa , Gujarat , India.

The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a novel microemulsion based gel formulation containing tazarotene for targeted topical therapy of acne. Psudoternary phase diagrams were constructed to obtain the concentration range of oil, surfactant, and co-surfactant for microemulsion formation. The optimized microemulsion formulation containing 0. Read More

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December 2016

Microemulsion based gel for topical dermal delivery of pseudolaric acid B: In vitro and in vivo evaluation.

Int J Pharm 2015 Sep 26;493(1-2):111-20. Epub 2015 Jul 26.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China. Electronic address:

Pseudolaric acid B (PAB) possesses comparable fungicidal activity against Candida albicans to amphotericin B and antifungal activity against azole-resistant Candida species. However, its poor water solubility makes the formulation a considerable challenge for dermal permeation of PAB. The aim of this project was to improve the solubility and eventually the dermal permeability and bioavailability by developing a microemulsion based gel for PAB (PAB ME-gel). Read More

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September 2015