5,629 results match your criteria metastasis rarely


Blocking MMP-12-modulated epithelial-mesenchymal transition by repurposing penfluridol restrains lung adenocarcinoma metastasis via uPA/uPAR/TGF-β/Akt pathway.

Cell Oncol (Dordr) 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Graduate Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, 250 Wu-Hsing Street, 11031, Taipei, Taiwan.

Purpose: Metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) is a crucial factor determining patient survival. Repurposing of the antipsychotic agent penfluridol has been found to be effective in the inhibition of growth of various cancers. As yet, however, the anti-metastatic effect of penfluridol on LADC has rarely been investigated. Read More

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Colon metastasis from recurrent gallbladder cancer: a case report.

AME Case Rep 2021 25;5:21. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Medical Oncology Unit, Belcolle Hospital, ASL Viterbo, Viterbo, Italy.

Gallbladder cancer (GBC) is associated with a poor prognosis. Colonic metastases representing approximately 1% of total colorectal cancers, are very rarely reported. According to more recent data in the literature, cases of colon metastases from GBC have not been reported. Read More

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Antimetastatic Effects of Polysaccharide Peptide on B16-F10-luc-G5 Melanoma Mice With Sleep Fragmentation.

Front Pharmacol 2021 8;12:650216. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Health Science Center, Peking University and Beijing Key Laboratory of Tumor Systems Biology, Peking University, Beijing, China.

(Lingzhi) polysaccharide peptide (GL-pp) is a component of the globally acknowledged traditional Chinese medicine ; is known for its sedative, hypnotic, immune regulatory, antitumor, and other pharmacological effects. In recent years, sleep disorders have been linked to many diseases and human body disorders, including cancer. Some experimental studies in mice found that sleep fragmentation could promote tumor development and progression. Read More

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Establishment and characterization of novel patient-derived cell lines from giant cell tumor of bone.

Hum Cell 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Division of Rare Cancer Research, National Cancer Center Research Institute, 5-1-1 Tsukiji, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, 104-0045, Japan.

Giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB) is a locally aggressive and rarely metastasizing tumor. GCTB is characterized by the presence of unique giant cells and a recurrent mutation in the histone tail of the histone variant H3.3, which is encoded by H3F3A on chromosome 1. Read More

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Rotter's Lymph Nodes-Do We Really Need to Remove During Axillary Clearance?

Indian J Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 30;12(2):397-400. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Surgical Oncology, M S Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore, Karnataka 560054 India.

Surgical management of node positive breast cancer requires axillary dissection. Interpectoral nodes (IPNs) or Rotter's nodes removal is controversial as there is hardly any tissue in this region. IPNs involvement is rarely seen among breast cancer patients. Read More

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Evolution of superficial spreading melanoma to resemble desmoplastic melanoma: case report.

Virchows Arch 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Molecular Oncology Group, Cancer Research UK Manchester Institute, University of Manchester, Wilmslow Road, Manchester, M20 4BX, UK.

Desmoplastic melanoma commonly occurs on the head and neck in a pure form, but occasionally, it occurs in a mixed tumor with another type, usually superficial spreading melanoma (SSM), and rarely as a metastasis from a primary SSM. We report here a primary SSM on the leg of a 32-year-old male which metastasised to lymph nodes, and 10 years later recurred at the primary site initially with mixed features but evolving to resemble a uniformly desmoplastic, deeply invasive melanoma. This unusual case has implications for clinical management and is additionally notable for its reversal in behavior, from metastatic to local infiltrative type, correlating with the change in morphology. Read More

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The Abscopal Effect in the Era of Checkpoint Inhibitors.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jul 4;22(13). Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Department of Dermatovenereology, First Faculty of Medicine and General University Hospital, Charles University, 128 00 Prague, Czech Republic.

Therapy targeting immune checkpoints represents an integral part of the treatment for patients suffering from advanced melanoma. However, the mechanisms of resistance are responsible for a lower therapeutic outcome than expected. Concerning melanoma, insufficient stimulation of the immune system by tumour neoantigens is a likely explanation. Read More

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Rectal Invasion by Metastatic Prostate Adenocarcinoma.

Cureus 2021 Jun 10;13(6):e15569. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Internal Medicine, Wayne State University/Detroit Medical Center, Detroit, USA.

In men, prostate cancer is the second most diagnosed cancer worldwide. Typical sites for metastasis include bone, lung, and liver. Prostate cancer with gastrointestinal involvement, particularly rectal, has been rarely reported in the literature. Read More

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Radiation Recall Dermatitis in Patients Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Cureus 2021 Jun 9;13(6):e15548. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Radiation Oncology, Hacettepe University Medical School, Ankara, TUR.

Radiation recall dermatitis (RRD) is defined as a skin reaction in the previously irradiated area triggered by a systemic agent's administration. The use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) alone and in combination with other treatments is increasing in many cancers. ICI-associated radiation recall reactions such as dermatitis, pneumonia, and myelitis have been reported so far. Read More

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Amplification of mutant in a patient with advanced metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma detected by liquid biopsy: A case report.

Mol Clin Oncol 2021 Sep 29;15(3):172. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo 060-8543, Japan.

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains one of the deadliest cancer types. Activating oncogenic mutations are commonly observed in PDAC; however, oncogenic amplification is rarely observed, and its significance in prognosis and resistance to therapy remains poorly characterized. The present report describes the case of a 52-year-old male patient diagnosed with advanced PDAC with liver metastasis. Read More

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September 2021

Extragonadal germ cell tumor, a report of two cases presenting in the gastrointestinal tract.

Rare Tumors 2021 30;13:20363613211029487. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan.

Germ cell tumors are a heterogeneous group of tumors that can present primarily as gonadal tumors in either a localized or metastatic pattern. Rarely these tumors can initially present at extra-gonadal locations, including the gastrointestinal tract. We report two young male patients who presented with nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms caused by a mass lesion involving the duodenum. Read More

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Metastatic Thyroid Osteosarcoma With Concomitant Multifocal Papillary Carcinoma Presenting as a Collision Tumor.

Cureus 2021 Jun 3;13(6):e15425. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

2nd Department of Pathology, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, "Attikon" University Hospital, Athens, GRC.

Metastatic involvement of the thyroid occurs rarely, by either hematogenous spread or direct extension from adjacent organs. The most frequent metastatic tumors are clear cell, renal cell, lung, breast, and squamous cell carcinoma. The occurrence of osteosarcoma and papillary thyroid carcinoma in the same patient is rare, with only a few reported cases in the literature. Read More

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Practice patterns about the role of palliation in veterinary surgical oncology.

Vet Comp Oncol 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Surgery, Clinique Vétérinaire Vet24, Marcq en Baroeul, France.

Whether surgical palliative therapy is appropriate for oncologic veterinary patients is an increasing concern as pet age increases because of improved care. In this study, an online survey (available for 30 days), comprising 100 questions with structured response options, was administered to 492 diplomates of the European College of Veterinary Surgeons (ECVS). The survey queried the technical, ethical, social, medical, and financial aspects of surgical palliative therapy for oncologic veterinary patients. Read More

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Successful treatment with yttrium-90 microspheres in a metastatic breast cancer patient and sclerosing cholangitis.

Future Sci OA 2021 Aug 4;7(7):FSO716. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Medical Oncology, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium.

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy occurring in women worldwide. More than 90% of patients present with localized disease are treated with curative intent; however, recurrence can occur with development of metastatic lesions. Frequently associated with extra-hepatic lesions, localized treatments (surgery or stereotaxic body radiotherapy) are rarely proposed in liver lesions. Read More

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A rare case of cardiac metastasis from uterine cervical adenocarcinoma.

J Cardiol Cases 2021 Jul 13;24(1):30-33. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Resident of Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Hazrat-e Rasool General Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Metastatic cardiac tumors are rare and are usually from lung, breast, and esophageal cancers. Although uterine cervical cancer is relatively common, its metastasis to the heart is extremely rare. Herein, we report an unusual case of metastatic cervical adenocarcinoma to the heart presenting with a huge right atrial mass and tamponade. Read More

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Novel TNC-PDGFD fusion in fibrosarcomatous dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: a case report.

Diagn Pathol 2021 Jul 13;16(1):63. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Pathology, Laboratory Medicine Center, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, People's Hospital of Hangzhou Medical College, 158 Shangtang Road, Gongshu District, Hangzhou, 310014, Zhejiang, China.

Background: Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a superficial fibroblastic tumor characterized by high rate of local recurrence and low metastatic potential. Fibrosarcomatous transformation can rarely arise in DFSP either de novo or as recurrent, which represents a form of tumor progression and carries an increased risk of metastasis over classic DFSP. Cytogenetically, DFSP is characterized by a recurrent unbalanced chromosome translocation t (17;22)(q22;q13), leading to the formation of COL1A1-PDGFB fusion transcript that is present in more than 90% of cases. Read More

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[A rare carcinoma metastasizing to the lung: Sertoli-leydig cell tumor].

Tuberk Toraks 2021 Jun;69(2):247-252

Department of Pathology, Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Izmir, Turkey.

The lung is the most common site of metastasis for many malignancies. Especially the gastrointestinal system, gynecological malignancies and osteosarcomas frequently metastasize to the lung. It accounts for less than 0. Read More

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Downregulated F-Box/LRR-Repeat Protein 7 Facilitates Pancreatic Cancer Metastasis by Regulating Snail1 for Proteasomal Degradation.

Front Genet 2021 24;12:650090. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Pancreatic-Biliary Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.

Pancreatic cancer (PCa) is one of the most aggressive lethal malignancies, and cancer metastasis is the major cause of PCa-associated death. F-box/LRR-repeat protein 7 (FBXL7) regulates cancer metastasis and the chemosensitivity of human pancreatic cancer. However, the clinical significance and biological role of FBXL7 in PCa have been rarely studied. Read More

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A Standardized Analysis of Tertiary Lymphoid Structures in Human Melanoma: Disease Progression- and Tumor Site-Associated Changes With Germinal Center Alteration.

Front Immunol 2021 24;12:675146. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Laboratory of Molecular Dermato-Oncology and Tumor Immunology, Department of Dermatology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

There is increasing evidence that tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS) control not only local adaptive B cell responses at melanoma tumor sites but also the cellular composition and function of other immune cells. In human melanoma, however, a comprehensive analysis of TLS phenotypes, density and spatial distribution at different disease stages is lacking. Here we used 7-color multiplex immunostaining of whole tissue sections from 103 human melanoma samples to characterize TLS phenotypes along the expression of established TLS-defining molecular and cellular components. Read More

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ORMDL1 is upregulated and associated with favorable outcomes in colorectal cancer.

Transl Oncol 2021 Jul 6;14(10):101171. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Guangdong Institute of Gastroenterology, 26 Yuancun Er Heng Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510655, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Colorectal and Pelvic Floor Diseases, 26 Yuancun Er Heng Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510655, China; Department of Clinical Laboratory, The Sixth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, 26 Yuancun Er Heng Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510655, China. Electronic address:

Background: The ORMDL1 gene is known as a crucial negative regulator of sphingolipid biogenesis. However, the ORMDL1 gene has rarely been studied in a tumor-related context. Therefore, its prognostic value and functional significance in colorectal cancer (CRC) remain to be explored. Read More

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Case Report of Osteopoikilosis: Sparse Cause of Bone Pain and Mimicker of Metastasis on Radiographs.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 Mar;11(3):98-101

Department of Orthopaedics, Grant Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Byculla, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Introduction: Osteopoikilosis (OPK) is an extremely rare benign condition with autosomal dominant inheritance characterized by sclerosing bony dysplasia with multiple benign enostoses. It is characterized by symmetrically distributed numerous, small, well-defined, homogenous circular or ovoid radiodensities clustered in epiphysis and metaphysis of long bones in periarticular region, and in some cases diffusely present throughout axial and appendicular skeleton. There is no age and sex predilection; age at the time of diagnosis ranges from 15 to 60 years. Read More

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Detection of Diffuse Peritoneal and Omental Metastases From Prostate Cancer With 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT.

Clin Nucl Med 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

From the Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Abstract: Diffuse peritoneal and omental infiltration of prostate cancer detected by 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT was rarely reported. We report a case of an 80-year-old man who was suspected of prostate carcinoma metastasis and underwent 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT for restaging the disease. PET/CT imaging presented intense tracer uptake in the prostate gland, multiple lymph nodes, and bones. Read More

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Are Incidental Minute Pulmonary Nodules Ultimately Determined to Be Metastatic Nodules in Esophageal Cancer Patients?

Oncology 2021 Jul 8:1-8. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan.

Purpose: Esophageal cancer patients may simultaneously have resectable esophageal cancer and undiagnosable incidental minute solid pulmonary nodules. While the latter is rarely metastatic, only a few studies have reported on the outcomes of such nodules after surgery. In this retrospective study, we assessed the incidence of such nodules, the probability that they are ultimately metastatic nodules, and the prognosis of patients after esophagectomy according to the metastatic status of the nodules. Read More

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Mixed HPV-related Neuroendocrine Carcinoma and HPV-related Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Base of Tongue in a Patient With Incidental Identification of Synchronous Metastatic Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

Anticancer Res 2021 Jul;41(7):3639-3642

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Kaiser Permanente Sacramento Medical Center, Sacramento, CA, U.S.A.

Background: While it is not uncommon in patients with head and neck cancer to present with multiple metachronous primary neoplasms, rarely do these present as a singular mass composed of intertwined, histologically distinct malignant tumors. Sometimes referred to as collision tumors, these entities are poorly understood and only appear in a handful of case studies in the literature.

Case Report: Here we present a 58-year-old male diagnosed with a human papillomavirus-related collision tumor consisting of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma and small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, as well as an incidentally discovered metastatic thyroid papillary carcinoma, despite an unremarkable thyroid gland. Read More

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Clinicopathologic features of cutaneous metastases from internal malignancies.

J Pathol Transl Med 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Pathology, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Background: Cutaneous metastasis (CM) is the spread of cancer cells from a primary site to the skin and is rarely the first sign of silent cancer. We investigated the clinicopathological characteristics of CM from internal malignancies in Korean patients treated at our institution over 20 years.

Materials And Methods: The clinicopathological findings of 112 patients (62 females, 50 males) with CM diagnosed at Yeungnam University Hospital between 2000 and 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Splenic Kaposi's sarcoma in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative patient: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Jun;9(18):4765-4771

College of Life Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, Shaanxi Province, China.

Background: Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a malignancy that usually affects the skin of the lower extremities, and may involve internal organs. It originates from the vascular endothelium. It is well known that the development of KS is associated with human herpes virus 8 (. Read More

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Malignant Phyllodes Breast Tumor: A Rare Case of Metastasis in Skeletal Muscle Detected on 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography.

Cureus 2021 May 27;13(5):e15274. Epub 2021 May 27.

Radiation Oncology, Institute of Nuclear Medicine & Oncology Lahore Cancer Hospital, Lahore, PAK.

Rapidly growing cystosarcoma phyllodes tumor (PT) of the breast are rarely encountered. Distant metastases are not uncommon in malignant PTs; however, rare sites of metastases are sometimes observed. Here, we present the case of a rapidly metastasizing malignant PT in which skeletal muscle metastasis was identified on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-based positron emission tomography-computed tomography reflecting its aggressive course and poor prognosis. Read More

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A New Rapidly Growing Dome-Shaped Choroidal Lesion in an Eye with Treated Retinoblastoma.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2021 14;2021:6678779. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Ocular Oncology Service, Farabi Eye Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: To describe an extensive untreatable choroidal metastasis by retinoblastoma in the treated patient which was clinically indistinguishable from regular tumor recurrence.

Methods: A 24-month-old girl without a family history of retinoblastoma (RB) was discovered to have group C RB in her right eye and group D in her left eye. The patient received 12 cycles of intravenous chemotherapy, intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC), and intravitreal chemotherapy for the left eye and focal adjuvant therapy (laser thermotherapy and cryotherapy) for both eyes. Read More

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Tocilizumab Controls Paraneoplastic Inflammatory Syndrome but Does Not Suppress Tumor Growth of Angiomatoid Fibrous Histiocytoma.

Case Rep Oncol Med 2021 16;2021:5532258. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka 541-8567, Japan.

Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH) is a rare soft tissue tumor that rarely metastasizes but lacks effective systemic therapy once it propagates. In some reports, high interleukin-6 (IL-6) production promotes tumor growth by autocrine stimulation and tocilizumab, an IL-6 receptor antagonist, can control AFH growth. Here, we present a case report on a patient with local recurrence and distant lymph node metastasis of AFH treated with tocilizumab. Read More

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Heterotypic clustering of circulating tumor cells and circulating cancer-associated fibroblasts facilitates breast cancer metastasis.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2021 Aug 3;189(1):63-80. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Masonic Cancer Center, University of Minnesota, 2231 6th St. SE Minneapolis, Minneapolis, MN, 55455, USA.

Background: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are recruited to the tumor microenvironment (TME) and are critical drivers of breast cancer (BC) malignancy. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) travel through hematogenous routes to establish metastases. CTCs circulate both individually and, more rarely, in clusters with other cell types. Read More

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