159 results match your criteria meta-analysis swim

The impact of nurse staffing methodologies on nurse and patient outcomes: A systematic review.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Perth, WA, Australia.

Aim: Aim of this study is to systematically review and synthesize available evidence to identify the association between nurse staffing methodologies and nurse and patient outcomes.

Design: Systematic review and narrative synthesis.

Data Sources: A search of MEDLINE (EBSCO), CINAHL (EBSCO) and Web of Science was conducted for studies published in English between January 2000 and January 2020. Read More

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A systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of swimming on lung function and asthma control in children with asthma.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 Apr 25;120:103953. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Level 2, Clinical Research Centre, Block MD 11,10 Medical Drive, Singapore 117597, Singapore. Electronic address:

Background: Swimming has been considered the most appropriate activity for children with asthma for its lower asthmogenicity compared to land-based activities. However, the benefits of swimming have been hampered by reports of increased asthma risks, airway inflammation and bronchial hyper-responsiveness from exposure to chlorine by-products in swimming pools. Thus, the role of swimming for children with asthma remains unclear. Read More

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The effect of ginsenosides on depression in preclinical studies: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Ginseng Res 2021 May 4;45(3):420-432. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Many ginsenosides have been shown to be efficacious for major depressive disorder (MDD), which is a highly recurrent disorder, through several preclinical studies. We aimed to review the literature assessing the antidepressant effects of ginsenosides on MDD animal models, to establish systematic scientific evidence in a rigorous manner.

Methods: We performed a systematic review on the antidepressant effects of ginsenoside evaluated in studies. Read More

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Effects of Physical Therapist Intervention on the Pulmonary Function in Children With Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Phys Ther 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, Poland, Institute of Physiotherapy and Health Sciences, Musculoskeletal Elastography and Ultrasonography.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of physical therapy on pulmonary function and respiratory muscle strength in children with cerebral palsy (CP).

Methods: A search of 10 databases was conducted for this systematic review. Initially, there were no language, study design, or time frame restrictions. Read More

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Fibroblast growth factor in the treatment of burns: A systematic review.

Burns 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Discipline of Plastic Surgery, Surgery Department, (UNIFESP/EPM), Brazil.

Introduction: A burn is a trauma that breaks the skin barrier, causing local and systemic responses. Treatment is complex, multiprofessional and expensive. In addition to surgical treatment, topical dressings can be used to keep the wound moist, reduce the risk of infection and stimulate healing. Read More

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Human mesenchymal stem cells for the management of systemic sclerosis. Systematic review.

Autoimmun Rev 2021 Jun 18;20(6):102831. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Research Institute, Fundación Universitaria De Ciencias De La Salud, University of Health Sciences, Bogota, Colombia.

Introduction: Sistemic Sclerosis (SSc) is a heterogeneous autoimmune disease with a high rate of progression and therapeutic failure, and treatment is a challenge, new therapeutic proposals being needed, being mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) considered as alternative therapy for SSc for its immunomodulatory capacity. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of human MSC (hMSC) in patients with SSc through a systematic literature review (SLR).

Methods: SLR (PRISMA guideline) on MEDLINE/OVID, LILACS, EMBASE, and Cochrane/OVID bases (until July 2020, without limits). Read More

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Nonshoulder Injuries in Swimming: A Systematic Review.

Clin J Sport Med 2021 Mar 1. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Department of Paediatrics, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada; Department of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Federation International de Natation (aquatics) (FINA) Sports Medicine, Lausanne, Switzerland; and Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada.

Objective: The shoulder is the most common injury in swimming, followed by the knee and spine. The repetitive nature of swimming training may predispose a swimmer to injury. Several risk factors have been previously identified, but the level of evidence and level of certainty that these risk factors predispose a swimmer to injury risk has yet to be evaluated critically in a systematic review. Read More

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Kinetics, Moderators and Reference Limits of Exercise-Induced Elevation of Cardiac Troponin T in Athletes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Front Physiol 2021 26;12:651851. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

China Institute of Sport and Health Science, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China.

Kinetics, moderators and reference limits for exercise-induced cardiac troponin T (cTnT) elevations are still unclear. A systematic review of published literature was conducted adhering to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Studies reporting high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) concentrations before and after a bout of exercise in athletes were included and analyzed. Read More

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Recruitment enhancement varies by taxonomic group and oyster reef habitat characteristics.

Ecol Appl 2021 Apr 4:e02340. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Marine Science Center, Northeastern University, 430 Nahant Road, Nahant, Massachusetts, 01908, USA.

The rapid loss of coastal and estuarine biogenic habitats has reduced the delivery of valuable ecosystem services, resulting in calls for increased habitat restoration. Yet, a lack of information on how key habitat characteristics (e.g. Read More

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Comparative efficacy of various preventive methods for exposure keratopathy among critically ill patients: A network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 Mar 10;118:103926. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Nursing, The Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, No. 28 GuiyiRoad, Yunyan District, Guiyang 550000, China. Electronic address:

Background: There is a wide variety of preventive methods currently available for the treatment of exposure keratopathy. Because of a lack of evidence from head-to-head randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the relative effects of these preventive methods in exposure keratopathy patients remain unclear. The purpose of our study is to carry out a network meta-analysis comparing the efficacy of different methods for the prevention of exposure keratopathy and rank these nursing methods for practical consideration. Read More

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Beneficial intergenerational effects of exercise on brain and cognition: a multilevel meta-analysis of mean and variance.

Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Evolution & Ecology Research Centre and School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.

Physical exercise not only helps to improve physical health but can also enhance brain development and cognition. Recent reports on parental (both maternal and paternal) effects raise the possibility that parental exercise may provide benefits to offspring through intergenerational inheritance. However, the general magnitude and consistency of parental exercise effects on offspring is still controversial. Read More

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Effectiveness of Breastfeeding Support Packages in Low- and Middle-Income Countries for Infants under Six Months: A Systematic Review.

Nutrients 2021 Feb 20;13(2). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London WC1E 7HT, UK.

Small and nutritionally at-risk infants under six months, defined as those with wasting, underweight, or other forms of growth failure, are at high-risk of mortality and morbidity. The World Health Organisation 2013 guidelines on severe acute malnutrition highlight the need to effectively manage this vulnerable group, but programmatic challenges are widely reported. This review aims to inform future management strategies for small and nutritionally at-risk infants under six months in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) by synthesising evidence on existing breastfeeding support packages for all infants under six months. Read More

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February 2021

Effectiveness of self-management programmes for adolescents with a chronic illness: A systematic review.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Discipline of Child & Adolescent Health, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Aim: To assess what is known about the effectiveness of face-to-face self-management programmes designed specifically for adolescents (10-19 years) with a chronic illness.

Design: A systematic review and synthesis without meta-analysis (SWiM).

Data Sources: Six international web-based reference libraries were searched with a date range of 1946 to July 2020. Read More

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February 2021

Paravertebral anaesthesia with or without sedation versus general anaesthesia for women undergoing breast cancer surgery.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2021 Feb 25;2:CD012968. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Background: Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among women. Surgical removal of the cancer is the mainstay of treatment; however, tumour handling during surgery can cause microscopic dissemination of tumour cells and disease recurrence. The body's hormonal response to surgery (stress response) and general anaesthesia may suppress immunity, promoting tumour dissemination. Read More

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February 2021

The global summit on the efficacy and effectiveness of spinal manipulative therapy for the prevention and treatment of non-musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review of the literature.

Chiropr Man Therap 2021 Feb 17;29(1). Epub 2021 Feb 17.

RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia.

Background: A small proportion of chiropractors, osteopaths, and other manual medicine providers use spinal manipulative therapy (SMT) to manage non-musculoskeletal disorders. However, the efficacy and effectiveness of these interventions to prevent or treat non-musculoskeletal disorders remain controversial.

Objectives: We convened a Global Summit of international scientists to conduct a systematic review of the literature to determine the efficacy and effectiveness of SMT for the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of non-musculoskeletal disorders. Read More

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February 2021

Nursing interventions for pressure injury prevention among critically ill patients: A systematic review.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

School of Nursing, Faculty of Science, Medicine & Health, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.

Aim: To systemically synthesise the evidence on the most effective nursing interventions to prevent pressure injuries among critical care patients.

Background: Although pressure injury (PI) prevention is a focus of nursing care in critical care units, hospital-acquired pressure injuries continue to occur in these settings.

Design: A systematic review of literature guided by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) and Synthesis without meta-analysis (SWiM) guidelines. Read More

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February 2021

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Relationship Between Social Dominance Status and Common Behavioral Phenotypes in Male Laboratory Mice.

Front Behav Neurosci 2020 20;14:624036. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Division of Animal Welfare, Veterinary Public Health Institute, Universität Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Social dominance status (e.g., dominant or subordinate) is often associated with individual differences in behavior and physiology but is largely neglected in experimental designs and statistical analysis plans in biomedical animal research. Read More

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January 2021

Long-term inflammatory pain does not impact exploratory behavior and stress coping strategies in mice.

Pain 2021 06;162(6):1705-1721

Departments of Anesthesiology and.

Abstract: Pain puts patients at risk for developing psychiatric conditions such as anxiety and depression. Preclinical mouse models of pain-induced affective behavior vary widely in methodology and results, impairing progress towards improved therapeutics. To systematically investigate the effect of long-term inflammatory pain on exploratory behavior and stress coping strategy, we assessed male C57BL/6J mice in the forced swim test (FST), elevated zero maze, and open field test at 4 and 6 weeks postinjection of Complete Freund's Adjuvant, while controlling for testing order and combination. Read More

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A Literature Review of GP Knowledge and Understanding of ME/CFS: A Report from the Socioeconomic Working Group of the European Network on ME/CFS (EUROMENE).

Medicina (Kaunas) 2020 Dec 24;57(1). Epub 2020 Dec 24.

Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL, UK.

The socioeconomic working group of the European myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) Research Network (EUROMENE) has conducted a review of the literature pertaining to GPs' knowledge and understanding of ME/CFS; A MEDLINE search was carried out. The papers identified were reviewed following the synthesis without meta-analysis (SWiM) methodology, and were classified according to the focus of the enquiry (patients, GPs, database and medical record studies, evaluation of a training programme, and overview papers), and whether they were quantitative or qualitative in nature; Thirty-three papers were identified in the MEDLINE search. The quantitative surveys of GPs demonstrated that a third to a half of all GPs did not accept ME/CFS as a genuine clinical entity and, even when they did, they lacked confidence in diagnosing or managing it. Read More

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December 2020

Meta-analysis of cognitive and behavioral tests in leptin- and leptin receptor-deficient mice.

Neurosci Res 2020 Dec 13. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Department of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 1-15-1 Fukumuro, Miyagino-ku, Sendai 983-8536, Japan; Department of Physiology, Tohoku University School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-cho, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8575, Japan. Electronic address:

Leptin is a hormone produced by adipocytes that regulates food intake and metabolism. Leptin-related gene-deficient mice, such as db/db and ob/ob mice, are widely used to study diabetes and its related diseases. However, broad effects of leptin appear to cause variability in behavioral test results. Read More

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December 2020

The impact of health information technology on prescribing errors in hospitals: a systematic review and behaviour change technique analysis.

Syst Rev 2020 12 3;9(1):275. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

RCSI School of Pharmacy and Biomolecular Sciences, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Dublin 2, Ireland.

Background: Health information technology (HIT) is known to reduce prescribing errors but may also cause new types of technology-generated errors (TGE) related to data entry, duplicate prescribing, and prescriber alert fatigue. It is unclear which component behaviour change techniques (BCTs) contribute to the effectiveness of prescribing HIT implementations and optimisation. This study aimed to (i) quantitatively assess the HIT that reduces prescribing errors in hospitals and (ii) identify the BCTs associated with effective interventions. Read More

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December 2020

A rapid review of home-based activities that can promote mental wellness during the COVID-19 pandemic.

PLoS One 2020 3;15(12):e0243125. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Providence Health Care, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic, public health measures such as isolation, quarantine, and social distancing are needed. Some of these measures can adversely affect mental health. Activities that can be performed at home may mitigate these consequences and improve overall mental well-being. Read More

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December 2020

Managing outbreaks of highly contagious diseases in prisons: a systematic review.

BMJ Glob Health 2020 Nov;5(11)

Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, Oxfordshire, UK

Background: There are reports of outbreaks of COVID-19 in prisons in many countries. Responses to date have been highly variable and it is not clear whether public health guidance has been informed by the best available evidence. We conducted a systematic review to synthesise the evidence on outbreaks of highly contagious diseases in prison. Read More

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November 2020

Efficacy of Intermittent Phototherapy versus Continuous Phototherapy for Treatment of Neonatal Hyperbilirubinaemia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Jan 4;77(1):12-22. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Nursing, Shandong University, Qianfoshan Hospital, Jinan, China.

Aims: We review the current literatures to determine whether intermittent phototherapy is more effective than continuous phototherapy in treating neonatal hyperbilirubinaemia.

Design: The systematic review is a systematic review and meta-analysis. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used for reporting methods and results of synthesis with meta-analysis. Read More

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January 2021

Prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. in water: a global systematic review and meta-analysis.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Feb 4;28(8):9498-9507. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Cryptosporidium spp., as a genus of protozoan intestinal parasites, is recognized as responsible for cryptosporidiosis. The present study was conducted to provide an overview of the prevalence of Cryptosporidium based on water. Read More

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February 2021

Effects of continuous aerobic exercise on lung function and quality of life with asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Thorac Dis 2020 Sep;12(9):4781-4795

Department of Respiration Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Background: Despite the obvious benefits of aerobic exercise for asthmatic patients, controversies persist. The current study evaluated the effectiveness of continuous aerobic exercise on lung function and quality of life of asthmatic patients.

Methods: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases up to May 2019 and included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of asthmatic patients intervened with whole body continuous aerobic exercise (moderate intensity, at least 20 minutes and two times a week, over a minimum period of four weeks), in which the endpoint measures were lung function and asthma-related quality of life. Read More

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September 2020

Aquatic therapy in stroke rehabilitation: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Acta Neurol Scand 2021 Mar 22;143(3):221-241. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

The main object of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to collect the available evidence of aquatic therapy in stroke rehabilitation and to investigate the effect of this intervention in supporting stroke recovery. The PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the PEDro databases were searched from their inception through to 31/05/2020 on randomized controlled trials evaluating the effect of aquatic therapy on stroke recovery. Subjects´ characteristics, methodological aspects, intervention description, and outcomes were extracted. Read More

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Benefits of Physiotherapy on Urinary Incontinence in High-Performance Female Athletes. Meta-Analysis.

J Clin Med 2020 Oct 10;9(10). Epub 2020 Oct 10.

Section of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.

High performance female athletes may be a risk group for the development of urinary incontinence due to the imbalance of forces between the abdomen and the pelvis. Pelvic floor physiotherapy may be a useful treatment in these patients. (1) To identify the scientific evidence for pelvic floor (PF) dysfunctions that are associated with urinary incontinence (UI) in high-performance sportswomen. Read More

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October 2020

Genome-Wide Association Meta-Analysis of Individuals of European Ancestry Identifies Suggestive Loci for Sodium Intake, Potassium Intake, and Their Ratio Measured from 24-Hour or Half-Day Urine Samples.

J Nutr 2020 10;150(10):2635-2645

Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: Excess sodium intake and insufficient potassium intake are risk factors for hypertension, but there is limited knowledge regarding genetic factors that influence intake. Twenty-hour or half-day urine samples provide robust estimates of sodium and potassium intake, outperforming other measures such as spot urine samples and dietary self-reporting.

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate genomic regions associated with sodium intake, potassium intake, and sodium-to-potassium ratio measured from 24-h or half-day urine samples. Read More

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October 2020

Educational initiatives and implementation of electroencephalography into the acute care environment: a protocol of a systematic review.

Syst Rev 2020 08 10;9(1):175. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

Interdepartmental Division of Critical Care, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, 204 Victoria Street, 4th Floor, Room 411, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1T8, Canada.

Background: Use of electroencephalography (EEG) is currently recommended by the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society for a wide range of indications, including diagnosis of nonconvulsive status epilepticus and evaluation of unexplained disorders of consciousness. Data interpretation usually occurs by expert personnel (e.g. Read More

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