460,108 results match your criteria mental health

Tracking the Impact of Weather on Equine Activity While Pastured.

J Equine Vet Sci 2022 Jun 22:104052. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Department of Animal Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA. Electronic address:

Keeping horses outdoors on pasture full-time with free access to shelter holds numerous advantages over housing in stalls, promoting both better mental and physical health. One reason for these benefits is the potential for increased physical activity in horses outdoors on pasture versus those confined to stalls. However, it is not guaranteed the horse will take advantage of this opportunity for greater movement. Read More

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Frequency of unscheduled visits to the Obstetrical Triage Assessment unit by pregnant adolescents in an urban Canadian Center compared to a matched cohort of pregnant women.

J Obstet Gynaecol Can 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Division of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario; University of Ottawa, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ottawa, Canada; Clinical Research Unit, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada.

Objectives: People from marginalized and vulnerable populations present more frequently for unscheduled, emergency obstetrical services at labour and delivery triage units. Based on our clinical experience, pregnant adolescents visit the obstetrical triage assessment units (OTAU) more often than adults do. This study was designed to assess this phenomenon by quantifying and describing the frequency of unscheduled visits to the OTAU by pregnant adolescents (age <20 y) compared with a matched cohort of adult pregnant patients (age ≥20 y). Read More

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The relationship between adverse childhood experiences and common mental disorders among pregnant women living with HIV in Malawi.

J Affect Disord 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Baylor College of Medicine Children's Foundation Malawi, Tingathe Outreach Community Program, Lilongwe, Malawi; Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative at Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Introduction: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been linked to common mental disorders (CMDs) such as anxiety and depressive thoughts. We examined the prevalence of ACEs and their association with CMDs among pregnant women living with HIV (PWLHIV) in Malawi-an HIV endemic resource-limited setting.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study of 798 PWLHIV enrolled in the VITAL Start trial in Malawi (10/2018 to 06/2021) (NCT03654898). Read More

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Effect of intervention delivered by lay maternal care providers to improve outcome and parenting skills among adolescents with perinatal depression in Nigeria (the RAPiD study): A cluster randomized controlled trial.

J Affect Disord 2022 Jun 22. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

Lady Davis Institute, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, Canada.

Background: Perinatal depression is more common and is associated with greater negative consequences among adolescents than adults. Psychosocial interventions designed for adults may be inadequate at addressing the unique features of adolescent perinatal depression.

Methods: In a two-arm parallel cluster randomized trial conducted in thirty primary maternal care clinics in Ibadan, Nigeria (15-intervention and 15-control) we compared age-appropriate intervention consisting of problem-solving therapy, behavioral activation, parenting skills training, and parenting support from a self-identified adult to care as usual. Read More

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The association between tobacco retailer outlet density and prevalence of cigarette smoking in Virginia.

Nicotine Tob Res 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Health Administration and Policy, College of Health and Human Services, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA.

Objective: We examine the association between tobacco retail outlet density and adult smoking prevalence at the county level in Virginia, controlling for spatial autocorrelations.

Methods: Pooling data from 2020 County Health Rankings (compiled data from various sources including, but not limited to, the National Center for Health Statistics - Mortality Files, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), and the American Community Survey) and Counter Tools, we conducted regression analyses that accounted for spatial autocorrelation (spatial lag models , LMlag) and adjusted for county-level access to healthcare, demographics, SES, environmental factors, risk conditions or behaviors, and population health measures.

Results: Our estimates provide evidence that every increase of one tobacco retail outlet per 1000 persons was associated with 1. Read More

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The Impact of a Virtual Art Tour Intervention on the Emotional Well-Being of Older Adults.

Gerontologist 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Background And Objectives: Based on empirical support for the public health value of art-viewing, the present study examines the impact of a novel virtual art tour intervention on the emotional well-being of older adults.

Research Design And Methods: We used a pre-post quantitative survey design to evaluate an art tour intervention delivered to older adults (N=155) directly in their homes and community centers. Emotion was measured using the modified Differential Emotions Scale, and life satisfaction was measured with the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Read More

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Monte Carlo study of metabolite correlations originating from spectral overlap.

J Magn Reson 2022 Jun 15;341:107257. Epub 2022 Jun 15.

National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address:

Monte Carlo simulations and a mathematical model of spectral fitting were used to study the correlations between metabolites with overlapping resonances. The dependence of the polarity and the magnitude of cross-correlation coefficients between overlapping metabolites on the spectral patterns of MRS signals was investigated. The results demonstrate the importance of quantifying metabolite correlations originating from spectral overlap as they may confound determination of correlations of biological origin. Read More

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Parent-infant interaction in the NICU: Challenges in measurement.

Early Hum Dev 2022 Jun 14;170:105609. Epub 2022 Jun 14.

University of Southern California, Chan Division of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, 1540 Alcazar St, Los Angeles, CA 90089, United States of America; Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, United States of America; Gehr Family Center for Health Systems Science and Innovation, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America; Center for the Changing Family, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America. Electronic address:

Background: Parent-infant interaction is poorly understood among high-risk dyads in NICU settings. No parent-infant interaction measures are specifically designed for preterm infants within the NICU nor account for the education NICU parents receive to tailor their interactions based on the infant's cues.

Aim: To improve our understanding of a measure of parent-infant interaction in the NICU, we investigated relationships between parent-infant interaction scores on the Nursing Child Assessment Feeding Scale (NCAFS) and 1) socio-demographic and medical factors, 2) parent mental health and confidence, and 3) enhanced parental education (delivered as part of the Supporting and Enhancing NICU Sensory Experiences program) on tailoring interactions based on the infant's cues. Read More

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Childhood maltreatment, traumatic experiences, and posttraumatic stress disorder in pathological skin picking: An online case-control study.

Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2022 Jun 16;78:9-13. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Center for Psychotherapy Research, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Objective: Although traumatic stress including childhood maltreatment (CM) has a profound impact on mental health, its relation to pathological skin picking (PSP) has been understudied and results remain inconclusive. Likewise, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as the most typical sequelae of traumatic stress has hardly been investigated in those with PSP. The objective of our online case-control study was to shed further light on this issue. Read More

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Interoceptive anxiety-related processes: Importance for understanding COVID-19 and future pandemic mental health and addictive behaviors and their comorbidity.

Behav Res Ther 2022 Jun 18;156:104141. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Department of Psychology, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic is associated with an increased prevalence of mental health problems and addictive behaviors. There is a growing theoretical and empirical evidence that individual differences in interoceptive anxiety-related processes are a one set of vulnerability factors that are important in understanding the impact of pandemic-related mental health problems and addictive behavior. However, there has not been a comprehensive effort to explore this rapidly growing body of research and its implications for public health. Read More

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Assessing adherence to and usability of Experience Sampling Method (ESM) and actigraph in patients with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder: A mixed-method study.

Psychiatry Res 2022 Jun 11;314:114675. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Unit of Epidemiological and Evaluation Psychiatry, IRCCS Istituto Centro San Giovanni di Dio Fatebenefratelli, Brescia, Italy.

The application of innovative technologies in psychiatry is promising, but the debate about its feasibility is not settled. Our aim was to investigate and compare adherence to and usability of 7-day monitoring with an Experience Sampling Method (ESM) and Actigraphy among a sample of individuals with a diagnosis of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders (SSD) and paired healthy controls. Twenty-two patients living in residential facilities (RFs), 20 outpatients and 26 controls were enrolled in this study as part of the DiAPAson project. Read More

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A meta-analytic study of the effects of early maternal separation on cognitive flexibility in rodent offspring.

Dev Cogn Neurosci 2022 Jun 16;56:101126. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China. Electronic address:

Adverse early life experiences, such as maternal separation, are associated with an increased risk for several mental health problems. Symptoms induced by maternal separation that mirror clinically relevant aspects of mental problems, such as cognitive inflexibility, open the possibility of testing putative therapeutics prior to clinical development. Although several animal (e. Read More

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Using the interRAI brief mental health screener to identify persons with mental disorders having repeat contact with police.

Int J Law Psychiatry 2022 Jun 22;83:101816. Epub 2022 Jun 22.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada.

Repeat contacts between persons with serious mental disorder (PSMD) and police officers are costly to both police services and hospitals in terms of service utilization and can be viewed as a direct indicator of unmet needs and gaps in service provision. The intent of the current study was to examine the demographic and clinical characteristics of PSMD who had repeat contact with police officers in London, Ontario from 2016 to 2019 using data collected using the interRAI Brief Mental Health Screener (BMHS). Negative binomial regression was used on a sample of 4143 cases to develop a model predictive of repeat police contacts. Read More

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Rural older adults' resilience in the context of COVID-19.

Soc Sci Med 2022 Jun 16;306:115153. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Centre for Critical Studies of Rural Mental Health, Canada.

Public health and media discourses have often portrayed older adults as a vulnerable group during the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, some emerging research is showing that older adults are faring better in terms of their mental health when compared to their younger counterparts. Understanding older adults' mental well-being during the pandemic requires in-depth exploration of the different place-based resources and systems around them. Read More

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The cultural sensitivity continuum of mental health interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review.

Soc Sci Med 2022 Jun 11;306:115124. Epub 2022 Jun 11.

Fordham University, Department of Psychology, 441 East Fordham Road, Bronx, NY, 10458, United States. Electronic address:

Although there is a small but growing literature examining mental health interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), there are very few systematic reviews of mental health interventions in the region. Those that exist primarily examine interventions for specific ailments (e.g. Read More

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Protecting mental health during periods of financial stress: Evidence from the Australian Coronavirus Supplement income support payment.

Soc Sci Med 2022 Jun 18;306:115158. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Melbourne Institute: Applied Economic & Social Research, The University of Melbourne, Australia; Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), Bonn, Germany.

This paper investigates whether the Australian government's Coronavirus Supplement, a temporary income support payment for unemployed jobseekers during the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, protected mental health (frequency of feeling anxious or depressed during the past week) by lowering financial stress (how comfortable people are in paying for essential services). We use unique nationally representative repeated cross-sectional data on 3843 unemployed Australian adults over the period April 6, 2020 to May 10, 2021. We find that the Coronavirus Supplement payment significantly reduced reported financial stress, and lower financial stress was associated with lower mental distress. Read More

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Stuttering interventions for children, adolescents, and adults: a systematic review as a part of clinical guidelines.

J Commun Disord 2022 Jun 16;99:106242. Epub 2022 Jun 16.

Finnish Association of Speech and Language Therapists; Private Practice. Electronic address:

Introduction: Stuttering may have a holistic effect on the quality of life of a person who stutters by limiting participation in social situations, resulting in feelings of isolation and frustration, leading to difficulties in education and employment and increasing the likelihood of mental health problems. Even young children who stutter may have negative experiences of speaking. Therefore, it is important to treat stuttering behavior effectively in both children and adults. Read More

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Metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk between clozapine and non-clozapine antipsychotic users with schizophrenia.

Asian J Psychiatr 2022 Jun 18;74:103192. Epub 2022 Jun 18.

Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore; Department of Psychosis, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore; Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Electronic address:

Introduction: Clozapine use is associated with higher risks of metabolic side effects and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Thus, this study aims to establish and compare the cardiometabolic profiles between non-clozapine antipsychotic and clozapine users with schizophrenia.

Methods: Data from 88 non-clozapine and 166 clozapine users were extracted from existing databases - demographics, medications, smoking and medical histories, anthropometric parameters, serum lipid and fasting glucose levels. Read More

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Community support, family resilience, and mental health among caregivers of youth with autism spectrum disorder.

Child Care Health Dev 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

University of South Alabama, Department of Psychology, Mobile, AL, U.S.

Background: Caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been shown to have unique mental health vulnerabilities that community support may buffer. Positive caregiver mental health can stimulate family resilience behaviors, such as strong communication and problem-solving. Further, community support has been found to be related to caregiver mental health, as well as improved child functioning. Read More

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Nurses' experiences of workplace violence in the emergency department.

Int Nurs Rev 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Jordan University of Science and Technology Faculty of Medicine, Irbid, Jordan.

The Aim: To describe nurses' perceptions about predisposing factors, nurses' roles and effective strategies to combat workplace violence (WPV) in the emergency department (ED).

Background: Various forms of WPV against nurses is highly prevelent in EDs in Jordan and elsewhere. There is a dearth of information about predisposing factors for WPV and what strategies nurses use to counter this. Read More

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Health-related quality of life among adults with haemophilia in China: A comparison with age-matched general population.

Haemophilia 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, National Clinical Research Center for Blood Diseases, Haihe Laboratory of Cell Ecosystem, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Gene Therapy for Blood Diseases, CAMS Key Laboratory of Gene Therapy for Blood Diseases, Tianjin, China.

Introduction: Evaluating health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is vital for informing the improvement of the overall health of people with haemophilia (PwH). While there is lacking such data in China and comparisons with the general population.

Aim: To evaluate the HRQoL and its associated factors among adults with haemophilia, and compare it with a sample of the general population in China. Read More

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Spouse bereavement and brain pathologies: a propensity score matching study.

Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Neuropsychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, 03080, Republic of Korea.

Aim: Spouse bereavement is one of life's greatest stresses and has been suggested to trigger or accelerate cognitive decline and dementia. However, little information is available about potential brain pathologies underlying the association between spouse bereavement and cognitive decline. We aimed to investigate that lifetime spouse bereavement is associated with in vivo human brain pathologies underlying cognitive decline. Read More

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Equal but different! Improving care for older LGBT+ adults.

Age Ageing 2022 Jun;51(6)

Gerontology Program, San Francisco State University, San Francisco, CA, USA.

International human rights movements have improved the visibility and equality of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender+ (LGBT+) communities and their members. Health outcomes for LGBT+ people remain, however, worse than for their non-LGBT+ peers. Older LGBT+ people have experienced fewer positive changes, in part due to their lived experience of discrimination and their ongoing, unintentional invisibility in medical and social care. Read More

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Caring for a child with an eating disorder: Understanding differences among mothers and fathers of adolescent and adult children.

Eur Eat Disord Rev 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: This study investigated treatment-engagement fears, self-efficacy, and accommodating and enabling in mothers and fathers of adolescent and adult children with eating disorders.

Methods: This study involved a secondary analysis of pre-treatment data from a subsample of 143 parents (95 mothers; 48 fathers) from a Canada-wide multi-site study. Parents completed the Caregiver Traps Scale, Parents Versus Anorexia Scale, and the Accommodation and Enabling Scale for Eating Disorders. Read More

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An Integrative Review of Community-Based Mental Health Interventions Among Resettled Refugees from Muslim-Majority Countries.

Community Ment Health J 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Jane and Terry Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles, 10920 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 300, Los Angeles, CA, 90024, USA.

Resettled refugees from Muslim-majority countries are underrepresented in research and meeting their mental health needs remains a challenge for countries of resettlement. In this integrative review, we synthesize community-based mental health interventions using an ecological framework. Eleven relevant studies were identified using PubMed and PsychInfo database. Read More

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Measurement properties of the Dutch PROMIS-29 v2.1 profile in people with and without chronic conditions.

Qual Life Res 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Epidemiology and Data Science, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, de Boelelaan 1089a, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Purpose: To investigate the structural validity, internal consistency, measurement invariance, and construct validity of the Dutch PROMIS-29 v2.1 profile, including seven physical (e.g. Read More

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Facial emotion perception abilities are related to grey matter volume in the culmen of cerebellum anterior lobe in drug-naïve patients with first-episode schizophrenia.

Brain Imaging Behav 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Nanjing Brain Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China.

Impaired capability for understanding and interpreting the expressions on other people's faces manifests itself as a core feature of schizophrenia, contributing to social dysfunction. With the purpose of better understanding of the neurobiological basis of facial emotion perception deficits in schizophrenia, we investigated facial emotion perception abilities and regional structural brain abnormalities in drug-naïve patients with first-episode schizophrenia, and then examined the correlation between them. Fifty-two drug-naive patients with first-episode schizophrenia and 29 group-matched healthy controls were examined for facial emotion perception abilities assessed with the Facial Emotion Categorization and performed magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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Investigation of the Relationship Between the Spiritual Orientation and Psychological Well-Being Levels of Inpatients with a Diagnosis of COVID-19 In Turkey: A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Relig Health 2022 Jun 25. Epub 2022 Jun 25.

Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Mus Alparslan University, Muş, Turkey.

This study was carried out to determine the relationship between the spiritual orientation and psychological well-being levels of inpatients diagnosed with COVID-19 and the factors affecting the psychological well-being of patients. This cross-sectional study was conducted with 136 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 who were hospitalized in the COVID-19 clinics of a state hospital between May and July 2021 and volunteered to participate in the study. To collect the study data, the Personal Information Form, Spiritual Orientation Scale (SOS) and Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWBS) were used. Read More

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