269 results match your criteria menarcheal status


Early life adversity, pubertal timing, and epigenetic age acceleration in adulthood.

Dev Psychobiol 2021 Jan 10. Epub 2021 Jan 10.

University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Given associations linking early life adversity, pubertal timing, and biological aging, we examined the direct and indirect effects of early life trauma on adult biological aging (via age of menarche).

Methods: Participants were premenopausal women (N = 183). Path models evaluated whether early life trauma predicted early pubertal timing and thereby, adult epigenetic age acceleration (indexed via four epigenetic clocks: Horvath DNAm Age, Hannum DNAm Age, DNAm PhenoAge, and DNAm GrimAge). Read More

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January 2021

Growth and socio-economic status, influence on the age at menarche in school going girls.

J Adolesc 2021 Jan 9;86:40-53. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

Department of Finance and Economics, College of Business Administration, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates; Department of Social Sciences and Business, Roskilde University, Roskilde, Denmark.

Introduction: Onset age at menarche has been considered an important indicator of reproductive maturity in females and reflects the health status of the population. The purpose of this study was to determine the mean menarcheal age and to examine whether anthropometric and socio-economic status (SES) influences age at menarche in the girls from Punjab province of Pakistan.

Methods: In this population-based cross-sectional study, 10,050 school-going girls aged 8-16 years from 35 schools across 12 districts of Punjab were recruited. Read More

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January 2021

Menarche in adolescents from Vojvodina (the Republic of Serbia) in the period 2001-2019.

Anthropol Anz 2020 Nov;77(4):289-298

University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department for Biology and Ecology, Novi Sad, Serbia.

Menarcheal age is the starting point of reproductive life and could be a marker of health and socioeconomic status of a population.The aim of this study was to assess the temporal pattern in variability of menarcheal age from 2001 to 2019 and the relationship with biological factors and educational level of parents. : A cross-sectional anthropometric survey was conducted in three intervals: 2001-2004, 2011-2014 and in 2019. Read More

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November 2020

Knowledge and practice of cervical cancer screening and associated factors among reproductive age group women in districts of Gurage zone, Southern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study.

PLoS One 2020 18;15(9):e0238869. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.

Background: Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor of the lower-most part of the uterus and major cause of morbidity and mortality among women's in the world. Its high mortality rate in the globe can be reduced through comprehensive approaches' that include; primary prevention, early diagnosis, effective screening, and treatment packages. This study was aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of cervical cancer screening and its associated factors among reproductive age group women in districts of Gurage zone, Southern Ethiopia, 2019. Read More

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November 2020

The influence of socioeconomic status on menarcheal age among Chinese school-age girls in Tianjin, China.

Eur J Pediatr 2021 Mar 12;180(3):825-832. Epub 2020 Sep 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

The association between socioeconomic status and the onset age of menarche is still not conclusive. This cross-sectional study was conducted among primary and middle school girls aged 7 to 16 years old in Tianjin, China, to explore the distribution of menarcheal age and its association with socioeconomic status. A self-designed structured questionnaire was completed by students and their parents to collect information on socioeconomic status (i. Read More

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Influence of Changes in Soft Tissue Composition on Changes in Bone Strength in Peripubertal Girls: The STAR Longitudinal Study.

J Bone Miner Res 2021 Jan 15;36(1):123-132. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

Obesity and osteoporosis remain two major public health concerns. Soft tissue composition and bone are interrelated; however, it is still not well understood how changes in adiposity during adolescence affect bone development. The aim of this study was to assess how changes in DXA-derived total body lean mass (TBLM) and total body fat mass (TBFM) associate with 2-year changes in bone outcomes at the 20% femur, 66% tibia, 66% radius, and 4% tibia, as measured by pQCT, during the years surrounding the onset of menarche in a cohort of 9- to 12-year-old (baseline) adolescent girls (70% Hispanic). Read More

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January 2021

The levelling-off of the secular trend of age at menarche among Italian girls.

Heliyon 2020 Jun 20;6(6):e04222. Epub 2020 Jun 20.

Unit of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Public Health, Department of Cardiac, Thoracic, Vascular Sciences and Public Health, University of Padua, Italy.

Objective: The main aim of this study was to verify whether the secular trend stopped in Italy by comparing the results of a 1990-2000 birth cohort versus a 1980-1990 birth cohort of Italian young women. The results were used to speculate about age at menarche as adaptive response to non-genetic factors.

Methods: In 2016, a study was set on 413, 18-to-26 year-old women (1990-2000 birth cohort) attending two Italian Universities by web-based, self-reported questionnaires. Read More

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Iron Status of Burkinabé Adolescent Girls Predicts Malaria Risk in the Following Rainy Season.

Nutrients 2020 May 16;12(5). Epub 2020 May 16.

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and Institute of Infection and Global Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

High levels of storage iron may increase malaria susceptibility. This risk has not been investigated in semi-immune adolescents. We investigated whether baseline iron status of non-pregnant adolescent girls living in a high malaria transmission area in Burkina Faso affected malaria risk during the following rainy season. Read More

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Menarche at an Earlier Age: Results from Two National Surveys of Israeli Youth, 2003 and 2016.

J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol 2020 Oct 24;33(5):459-465. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Israel Center for Disease Control, Israel Ministry of Health, Ramat Gan, Israel; School of Public Health, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

Study Objective: To assess emergent changes in the age at menarche and investigate associated factors in Israeli adolescents in 2003 and 2016.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: Two national representative school-based surveys (first and second "Mabat Youth"). Read More

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October 2020

Factors affecting puberty gingivitis in Polish girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Ginekol Pol 2020 ;91(3):103-110

Department of General Orthopedics, Musculoskeletal Oncology and Trauma Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Objectives: Age at menarche and hormonal disturbances have been linked to the occurrence and severity of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Concomitantly, an increase in the production of sex hormones during puberty may result in steroid hormones-related gingivitis. Thus, the study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors affecting puberty gingivitis, including menarcheal status, in female patients with AIS and control subjects. Read More

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January 2020

References for Ultrasound Staging of Breast Maturation, Tanner Breast Staging, Pubic Hair, and Menarche in Norwegian Girls.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2020 05;105(5)

Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Context: Discriminating adipose and glandular tissue is challenging when clinically assessing breast development. Ultrasound facilitates staging of pubertal breast maturation (US B), but has not been systematically compared to Tanner breast (Tanner B) staging, and no normative data have been reported.

Objective: To present normative references for US B along with references for Tanner B, pubic hair (PH), and menarche. Read More

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Women With Pregnancy and Lactation-Associated Osteoporosis (PLO) Have Low Bone Remodeling Rates at the Tissue Level.

J Bone Miner Res 2019 09 26;34(9):1552-1561. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Department of Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY, USA.

Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PLO) is a rare, severe, early form of osteoporosis in which young women present with fractures, usually multiple vertebral fractures, during late pregnancy or lactation. In studies of idiopathic osteoporosis (IOP) in premenopausal women, we enrolled 78 women with low-trauma fractures and 40 healthy controls, all with normal menses and no secondary cause of bone loss. In 15 of the affected women, the PLO subgroup, fractures had occurred during late pregnancy or lactation. Read More

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September 2019

Relationship between early-life nutrition and ages at menarche and first pregnancy, and childbirth rates of young adults: Evidence from APCAPS in India.

Matern Child Nutr 2020 01 23;16(1):e12854. Epub 2019 Jun 23.

Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy, New Delhi, New Delhi, India.

India's Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) provides daily supplementary nutrition and other public health services to women and children. We estimated associations between exposure to early-childhood ICDS nutrition and adult reproductive outcomes. During 1987-1990, a balanced protein-calorie supplement called "upma"-made from locally available corn-soya ingredients-was rolled out by subdistricts near Hyderabad and offered to pregnant women and children under age 6 years. Read More

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January 2020

Prevalence and associated factors of stunting and thinness among adolescent Somalian refugee girls living in eastern Somali refugee camps, Somali regional state, Southeast Ethiopia.

Confl Health 2019 17;13:17. Epub 2019 May 17.

Public Health Department, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, P.o.box: 031 Debre Tabor, Ethiopia.

Background: Adolescence is a critical time of life stage with a continuum of physical, cognitive, behavioral and psychosocial changes. It is also a period of physical growth, reproductive maturation and cognitive transformations with the highest nutrient requirements. Among the macronutrient deficiencies, stunting and thinness are the most common nutritional problems in many parts of the world but the highest burden is in developing countries with the highest number of adolescents and the displaced population. Read More

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Early menarche and its relationship to paternal migrant work among middle-school-aged students in China.

J Biosoc Sci 2020 01 21;52(1):108-116. Epub 2019 May 21.

Department of Health Management, Wuhan University School of Health Sciences, Wuhan, China.

Associations have been shown between father's absence and menarcheal age, but most studies have focused on absence resulting from divorce, abandonment or death. Little research has been conducted to evaluate the effect on menarcheal age of paternal absence through migrant work. In a sample of 400 middle school students, this study examined the association between paternal migrant work and menarcheal age against a backdrop of extensive rural-to-urban migration in China. Read More

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January 2020

Estimating menarcheal age distribution from partially recalled data.

Biostatistics 2020 10;21(4):876-894

North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA.

In a cross-sectional study, adolescent and young adult females were asked to recall the time of menarche, if experienced. Some respondents recalled the date exactly, some recalled only the month or the year of the event, and some were unable to recall anything. We consider estimation of the menarcheal age distribution from this interval-censored data. Read More

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October 2020

Influence of socioeconomic factors during adolescence on the menarcheal age in Central Poland girls.

Anthropol Anz 2019 Mar 15;76(1):29-35. Epub 2019 Jan 15.

Department of Anthropology, Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Wroclaw, Poland.

The purpose of the project was to indication the environmental factors that may influence on the menarcheal age in girls of Central Poland. The study was conducted in Warsaw and Lodz between 2016 and 2017 among subjects of randomly selected high schools, schools for adults, and workplaces. The material included 752 subjects between the ages of 16. Read More

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Puberty timing associated with obesity and central obesity in Chinese Han girls.

BMC Pediatr 2019 01 3;19(1). Epub 2019 Jan 3.

NHC Key Lab. of Reproduction Regulation (Shanghai Institute of Planned Parenthood Research), School of Public Health, Fudan University, 779 Laohumin Road, Shanghai, 200237, China.

Background: There is growing scientific evidence supports a link between increased childhood adiposity and early onset of puberty in girls worldwide in recent decades. However, the data from Chinese girls remain ambiguous. The aims of this study were to estimate the puberty milestones and examine attainment of puberty associated with obesity and central obesity in Chinese Han schoolgirls. Read More

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January 2019

Interaction of hormonal and social environments in understanding body image concerns in adolescent girls.

J Psychiatr Res 2019 02 7;109:178-184. Epub 2018 Dec 7.

Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 316 Physics Rd #262, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.

During adolescence, peer approval becomes increasingly important and may be perceived as contingent upon appearance in girls. Concurrently, girls experience hormonal changes, including an increase in progesterone. Progesterone has been implicated in affiliative behavior but inconsistently associated with body image concerns. Read More

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February 2019

Micronutrient status in middle childhood and age at menarche: results from the Bogotá School Children Cohort.

Br J Nutr 2017 Dec 4;118(12):1097-1105. Epub 2017 Dec 4.

3University of La Sabana Medical School,Chía,Colombia.

Childhood intake of animal foods is associated with age at first menstrual period (menarche). It is unknown whether the micronutrients present in these foods could explain this association. Our objective was to investigate the associations of micronutrient status biomarkers in middle childhood with age at menarche. Read More

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December 2017

Prediction of menarcheal status of girls using voice features.

Comput Biol Med 2018 09 8;100:296-304. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Roosevelta 40, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland.

A method for evaluating the menarcheal status of girls on the basis of their voice features is presented in the paper. The registration procedure consists of voice recording and measuring 20 anthropological features. The input feature vector is a combination of voice and anthropometric parameters, counting 220 features. Read More

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September 2018

Examining the Validity of Self-reported Primary and Secondary Exposure to Cigarette Smoke in Adolescent Girls: The Utility of Salivary Cotinine as a Biomarker.

Subst Use Misuse 2018 04 23;53(5):792-799. Epub 2017 Oct 23.

c Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology , Wake Forest School of Medicine , Winston-Salem , North Carolina , USA.

Background: Studies of cigarette use and exposure often rely on either self-report or cotinine assay. In adolescence it is not clear how well assays and self-report correspond, or what effect estrogen exposure has on cotinine.

Objectives: This study sought to identify optimal cut-points for salivary cotinine thresholds for girls with primary, secondary, and no smoke exposure, and whether menarche and hormone contraceptive use are important for interpreting salivary cotinine. Read More

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A focused evaluation of lumbar spine trabecular bone score in the first year post-menarche.

Arch Osteoporos 2017 Oct 18;12(1):90. Epub 2017 Oct 18.

Department of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.

Trabecular bone score, an index of lumbar spine trabecular texture, has not been explored fully in adolescent girls. Our cross-sectional analysis supported the hypothesis that "adult normal" trabecular bone score has been achieved by the end of the first year post-menarche, providing a potential screening tool, independent from bone density.

Introduction: Trabecular bone score (TBS) evaluates lumbar spine (LS) trabecular texture from DXA images. Read More

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October 2017

Associations Between Maternal Prepregnancy Body Mass Index and Gestational Weight Gain and Daughter's Age at Menarche: The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children.

Am J Epidemiol 2018 04;187(4):677-686

MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Earlier puberty and menarche are associated with adverse health outcomes. Reported associations of maternal adiposity with daughter's age at menarche are inconsistent. We examined associations between maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI; weight (kg)/height (m)2) and gestational weight gain (GWG) and daughter's ages at menarche (n = 3,935 mother-offspring pairs), pubarche (Tanner stage 2 for pubic hair) (n = 2,942 pairs), and thelarche (Tanner stage 2 for breast development) (n = 2,942 pairs) in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a prospective United Kingdom pregnancy cohort study (baseline 1991-1992). Read More

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Birth weight and prepubertal body size predict menarcheal age in India, Peru, and Vietnam.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2017 Sep 28. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Evidence on the associations of birth weight and prepubertal nutritional status with menarcheal age for low- and middle-income countries is limited. We investigated these relationships using the Young Lives younger cohort for 2001 Indian, Peruvian, and Vietnamese girls born in 2001-2002. Girls were followed at approximately ages 1, 5, 8, and 12 years. Read More

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September 2017

Implications of Pubertal Timing for Romantic Relationship Quality Among Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Young Adults.

J Adolesc Health 2017 Dec 23;61(6):685-693. Epub 2017 Sep 23.

Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Purpose: Relative to on-time or late-maturing peers, girls who begin puberty early typically begin romantic and sexual experiences earlier; however, advanced pubertal status does not necessarily coincide with commensurate interpersonal skills necessary for healthy romantic relationships. Research is limited on the long-term implications of early puberty for relationship quality, and virtually nothing is known about the social implications of early timing for sexual minority females.

Methods: Using linear regression, we examine longitudinal associations between two measures of girls' pubertal timing (self-perceived timing and menarcheal age) and romantic relationship quality in young adulthood, stratified by sexual orientation, among 5,568 females in waves I and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. Read More

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December 2017

Birth weight, early life weight gain and age at menarche: a systematic review of longitudinal studies.

Obes Rev 2017 11 4;18(11):1272-1288. Epub 2017 Sep 4.

College of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY, USA.

Background And Objective: Adiposity in pre- and postnatal life may influence menarcheal age. Existing evidence is primarily cross-sectional, failing to address temporality, for which the role of adiposity in early life remains unclear. The current study sought to systematically review longitudinal studies evaluating the associations between birth weight and infant/childhood weight status/weight gain in relation to menarcheal age. Read More

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November 2017

Secular trend and social variation in age at menarche among Polish schoolgirls before and after the political transformation.

Am J Hum Biol 2018 01 8;30(1). Epub 2017 Aug 8.

Department of Anthropology, Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy Polish Academy of Sciences, Wroclaw, 50-449, Poland.

Objectives: To describe the biological results of the political and economic transformations that took place in Poland between 1966 and 2012, based on an analysis of age at menarche, and to determine changes across social groups.

Methods: Data were collected in 1966, 1978, 1988, and 2012 in several districts of Poland. The study included 34,940 schoolgirls. Read More

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January 2018

Preoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Evaluation in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis.

Asian Spine J 2017 Feb 17;11(1):37-43. Epub 2017 Feb 17.

Scoliosis Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Study Design: Retrospective case series.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the incidence of neural axis abnormalities and the relevant risk factors in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).

Overview Of Literature: The use of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the whole spine in patients with idiopathic scoliosis is controversial, and indications for such MRI evaluations have not been definitively established. Read More

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February 2017

Age at menarche in relation to prenatal rainy season exposure and altitude of residence: results from a nationally representative survey in a tropical country.

J Dev Orig Health Dis 2017 Apr 24;8(2):188-195. Epub 2017 Jan 24.

1Nutritional Sciences Department,University of Michigan School of Public Health,Ann Arbor,MI,USA.

Intrauterine exposure to the rainy season in the tropics may be accompanied by high rates of infection and nutritional deficiencies. It is unknown whether this exposure is related to the extrauterine timing of development. Our aim was to evaluate the relations of prenatal exposure to the rainy season and altitude of residence with age at menarche. Read More

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