J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.
From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kaiser Permanente, Los Angeles, CA (Mehran), the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA (Singla), the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (Okoroha), and the Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Gundersen Health System, Onalaska, WI (Mitchell).
Articular cartilage injuries of the knee are being observed with increasing frequency in athletes and have proven to be difficult to treat given the limited regenerative ability of cartilage and the potential for progressive joint degeneration. A wide range of surgical treatments such as microfracture, autologous chondrocyte implantation, and osteochondral autograft and allograft have demonstrated promising results in these high-demand individuals. These procedures permit healing of cartilage defects while decreasing pain and restoring function with patient-reported outcomes demonstrating significant improvement at short-, mid-, and long-term follow-up. Read More