18,035 results match your criteria meat quality

White meat proteins were more conducive to hepatic antioxidative status than soybean and red meat proteins.

J Food Biochem 2021 Sep 25:e13947. Epub 2021 Sep 25.

Key Lab of Meat Processing and Quality Control, MOE, Jiangsu Collaborative Innovation Centre of Meat Production and Processing, Quality and Safety Control, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, P.R. China.

Intake of protein-rich foods might induce oxidative stress in organs. This study investigated the impacts of protein sources including casein, soybean, fish, chicken, pork, and beef proteins on hepatic oxidation and antioxidation status in rats. It was shown that meat proteins produced higher reactive oxygen species in livers (from 64,868 to 87,153 F/mgpro) than casein (54,045 F/mgpro) and soybean protein (48,361 F/mgpro, p < . Read More

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September 2021

The effect of Cu, Zn and Fe chelates on the antioxidative status of thigh meat of broiler chickens.

Animal 2021 Sep 21;15(10):100367. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Bromatology and Food Physiology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland.

The studies aimed to verify the effect of Cu, Zn and Fe glycine chelate on the antioxidative status in the thigh meat of broiler chickens. The study assumption was that due to the antioxidative or prooxidative effect of Cu, Zn and Fe, these elements supplemented to chickens in an easily assimilable form would modify the antioxidative status of meat and those having a prooxidative effect could deteriorate the quality of meat. The experiment involved three hundred and fifty Ross 308 chickens divided into seven equipotent experimental groups. Read More

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September 2021

[Microbiological quality of fresh ground beef and detection of pathogens in environmental samples taken from butcher shops in the city of Tandil, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina].

Rev Argent Microbiol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Laboratorio de Inmunoquímica y Biotecnología, Centro de Investigación Veterinaria de Tandil (CIVETAN), CONICET-CICPBA-UNCPBA, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, UNCPBA, Tandil, Argentina.

The aim of this work was to evaluate the hygienic-sanitary conditions of butcher shops in Tandil, Buenos Aires Province, by estimating the risk based on good manufacturing and hygiene practices, through surveys of the establishments. The analysis was performed using a scale of 1-100, and classifying them as high risk (0-40), moderate risk (41-70) or low risk (71-100). The presence of Salmonella spp. Read More

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September 2021

A case report and statewide surveillance of "weak meat" condition of Alaska weathervane scallops, Patinopecten caurinus, linked to a recently identified pathogenic parasite, Merocystis kathae (Apicomplexa: Aggregatidae).

J Invertebr Pathol 2021 Sep 20:107668. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Commercial Fisheries Division, Twin Lakes Fish, Pathology Laboratory, 3333 Glacier Highway, Juneau, Alaska 99811 USA. Electronic address:

Weathervane scallop, Patinopecten caurinus, the largest scallop species in the world, is distributed from northern California, U.S.A. Read More

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September 2021

Nitrogen output in the urban environment using a vegetarian canine diet.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(9):e0257364. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Institute for Animal Nutrition, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover, Foundation, Hannover, Germany.

Pet owners are increasingly concerned about the links between health status, animal welfare, environmental impacts, climate change and consumption of animal products. Accordingly, many owners are increasingly interested in vegetarian diets for themselves and their companion animals. However, such diets should be investigated nutritionally regards digestibility as well as on fecal quality and nitrogen output. Read More

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September 2021

A Fibre- vs. cereal grain-based diet: Which is better for horse welfare? Effects on intestinal permeability, muscle characteristics and oxidative status in horses reared for meat production.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Grugliasco, Italy.

Horses reared for meat production are fed high amounts of cereal grains in comparison with horses raised for other purposes. Such feeding practice may lead to risk of poor welfare consequences. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two feeding practices on selected metabolic parameters and production aspects. Read More

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September 2021

Association between the Socioeconomic Status of Households and a More Sustainable Diet.

Public Health Nutr 2021 Sep 23:1-25. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Objective: A sustainable diet is an affordable diet with low environmental impact, high food security, and sufficient healthiness. The present study aimed to assess the correlation between the socioeconomic status of households and a sustainable diet.

Design: The food basket and socioeconomic data of Iranian households were evaluated during 2016-2018. Read More

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September 2021

Sensory methodology in product optimization of cold smoked Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) processed with atomized purified condensed smoke.

J Food Sci 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Biotechnology and Food Science, NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Atomized purified condensed smoke (PCS) is a smoke processing technique, producing fewer harmful substances during processing, than conventional smoking. Manufacturers of cold smoked salmon (CSS) are however skeptical to PCS due to expected decrease in perceptual quality. The aim of this study was to use sensory methodology (Check All That Apply [CATA], Descriptive Analysis [DA] and Napping ) in optimization of PCS processed CSS. Read More

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September 2021

Runs of homozygosity analysis reveals consensus homozygous regions affecting production traits in Chinese Simmental beef cattle.

BMC Genomics 2021 Sep 21;22(1):678. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Key Laboratory of Animal Genetics Breeding and Reproduction, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Yuanmingyuan West Road 2#, Haidian District, 100193, Beijing, China.

Background: Genomic regions with a high frequency of runs of homozygosity (ROH) are related to important traits in farm animals. We carried out a comprehensive analysis of ROH and evaluated their association with production traits using the BovineHD (770 K) SNP array in Chinese Simmental beef cattle.

Results: We detected a total of 116,953 homozygous segments with 2. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluation of chemical and microbial quality of food in northern Iran.

J Health Popul Nutr 2021 Sep 20;40(1):40. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Deputy of Food and Drug, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.

Background: Iran is one of the developing countries and foodborne diseases commonly impose problems for public health, the health care system and the economy. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the chemical and microbial quality of food in northern Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2019. Read More

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September 2021

Sun-dried Azolla leaf meal at 10% dietary inclusion improved growth, meat quality, and increased skeletal muscle Ribosomal protein S6 kinase β1 abundance in growing rabbit.

Animal 2021 Sep 17;15(10):100348. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Animal and Rangeland Sciences, Oregon State University, OR, USA.

Rapidly growing human populations and the increased need for high nutritive value meat in terms of low fat, high protein, and low sodium content are the driving reasons for the increase in rabbit meat production. However, dietary protein alternatives to sustain rabbit meat production, without competing with humans for strategic crops are needed. Therefore, the current study was conducted to investigate the effect of Azolla leaf meal (ALM) as a dietary protein source on growth performance, meat quality, and abundance and activation of Ribosomal protein S6 kinase β1 (p70S6K1), a downstream target of mammalian target of rapamycin signalling pathway and, thus, a key player in the regulation of protein synthesis and muscle mass. Read More

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September 2021

Label-free and reagentless electrochemical genosensor based on graphene acid for meat adulteration detection.

Biosens Bioelectron 2021 Sep 12;195:113628. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Autonomous University of Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

With the increased demand for beef in emerging markets, the development of quality-control diagnostics that are fast, cheap and easy to handle is essential. Especially where beef must be free from pork residues, due to religious, cultural or allergic reasons, the availability of such diagnostic tools is crucial. In this work, we report a label-free impedimetric genosensor for the sensitive detection of pork residues in meat, by leveraging the biosensing capabilities of graphene acid - a densely and selectively functionalized graphene derivative. Read More

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September 2021

Integrative analysis identifies the quality advantage and corresponding regulatory mechanism of paddy field-cultured crayfish (Procambarus clarkii).

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Fisheries Institute, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu, 611731, China.

Procambarus clarkii is the dominant economic variety of crayfish in China, and paddy field shrimp cultivation is an organic mode of traditional rice-fish cultivation, with paddy field shrimp being the country's prevailing aquatic product. However, little has been reported on the differences in meat quality and digestive ability between paddy field and pond fish. In this study, the muscle composition and digestive function regulation of P. Read More

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September 2021

Comparative effect of dietary leaf and Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) on carcass traits, meat quality, and oxidative stability of broiler chickens.

Kazeem D Adeyemi

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Nov 3;58(11):4359-4369. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria.

This study examined the impact of dietary supplementation of leaf powder (MLLP) and Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) on carcass traits, physicochemical properties, and sensory attributes of different muscles in broiler chickens. Two hundred and forty 1-day old Arbor acre chicks were randomly allotted to either a negative control (NC), basal diet without additive; M-0.1, basal diet + 0. Read More

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November 2021

Prediction of tenderness of chicken by using viscoelasticity based on airflow and optical technique.

J Texture Stud 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

China Agricultural University, College of Engineering, Beijing, China.

Tenderness is an index for evaluating meat quality. A prediction model of tenderness was established based on the chicken deformation, which was determined by a viscoelasticity system combined with airflow and optical technique. Different preprocessing methods were used to pre-process the deformation. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of salinity stress on respiratory metabolism, glycolysis, lipolysis, and apoptosis in Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) during depuration stage.

J Sci Food Agric 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, No.5, Yu Shan Road, Qingdao, Shandong Province, 266003, P.R. China.

Background: Depuration is an important process performed to ensure the safety of oyster consumption, and the effect of salinity stress on physiological and ecological characteristics of oyster remains unknow. In this study, the simulated depuration of C. gigas was performed with the salinities varying ± 10% ~ ± 20% away from that of production area (26, 28, 32, 35, and 38 g/L), as well as respiratory metabolism, glycolysis, lipolysis, and apoptosis were analyzed. Read More

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September 2021

Nutrition as a modifiable factor in the onset and progression of pulmonary function impairment in COPD: a systematic review.

Nutr Rev 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Lieke E.J. van Iersel, Rosanne J.H.C.G. Beijers, Harry R. Gosker, and Annemie M.W.J. Schols are with the Department of Respiratory Medicine, School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Context: Chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease characterized by persistent airflow limitation. An increasing amount of evidence suggests an effect of dietary quality on the risk of COPD in the general population and pulmonary function decline in patients with COPD.

Objective: The association of dietary intake and nutrient status with COPD risk and onset, as well as pulmonary function decline (change in forced expiratory volume in 1 second, forced vital capacity, or the ratio of the former to the latter) in patients with COPD was investigated in this systematic review. Read More

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September 2021

Improvements in the methodology for fatty acids analysis in meat products: One-stage transmethylation and fast-GC method.

Food Chem 2021 Sep 1;371:130995. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Research Institute of Meat and Meat Products (IProCar), University of Extremadura, Avda. de las Ciencias s/n, 10003 Cáceres, Spain.

The quantification of fatty acids (FA) in meat products is frequently carried out by two-stage methylation procedures followed by long gas chromatography (GC) runs. This work aimed to simplify this methodology by means of a one-stage transmethylation method and a fast GC run, evaluating the influence of sample preparation, reagents and type of heating on the amount of FA in different meat products and optimizing a fast GC-FID (flame ionization detector) run. This allowed to establish the optimum combination of parameters (methanol + chlorotrimethylsilane, lyophilized samples and oven heating) to achieve the quantification of the highest possible amount of FA and to reduce the time of GC run from 60 to 10 min. Read More

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September 2021

Determination of lipid profiles of Dezhou donkey meat using an LC-MS-based lipidomics method.

J Food Sci 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

College of Agronomy, Liaocheng Research Institute of Donkey High-Efficiency Breeding and Ecological Feeding, Liaocheng University, Liaocheng, China.

Intramuscular fat (IMF) is an important factor affecting meat quality, but lipid and metabolic profiles of donkey meat remain unclear. The present study was conducted to investigate lipid characteristics in different parts of Dezhou donkey using lipidomics. The results show that IMF was more abundant in longissimus dorsi muscle (LDM) than rump muscle (RM) and hamstring muscle (HM), and mainly composed of triglycerides (TGs) rich in saturated fatty acid (SFAs) and monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFAs). Read More

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September 2021

Research Note: Expression level of heat shock protein 27 in PSE-like and fast-glycolyzing conditions of chicken pectoralis major muscle.

Poult Sci 2021 Aug 9;100(11):101424. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Department of Animal Sciences and Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, Sangju 37224, South Korea. Electronic address:

This study compared the meat quality traits, histochemical characteristics, and heat shock protein (HSP) 27 expression levels of the broiler Pectoralis major (PM) muscles in groups classified by pale, soft, and exudative (PSE)-like and fast-glycolyzing conditions using the lightness and muscle pH change values. Chicken PM muscles showing higher pH change value and paler meat surface (as HP group) could be associated with the PSE-like condition, and exhibited a lower pH value and higher cooking loss compared to PM muscles showing lower pH change value and normal color (as LN group) (P < 0.05). Read More

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Evaluation of feeding behaviour traits to predict efficiency traits in pigs using partial least square regression.

Animal 2021 Sep 14;15(10):100351. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Swine Research Unit, Agroscope Posieux 1725, Switzerland; Animal GenoPhenomics Group, Agroscope Posieux 1725, Switzerland. Electronic address:

The improvement of efficiency traits, such as protein efficiency (PE), digestible energy efficiency (EnE) and lipid gain (LipG), are relevant given their associations with environmental pollution, cost of production, and the quality of meat. However, these traits are difficult to measure and usually require slaughtering of pigs. Efficiency traits are complex, and several factors, such as genetic predisposition, feed composition, but also individual feeding behaviour may contribute to efficiency. Read More

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September 2021

Transcriptome profiles of the skeletal muscle of mature cows during feed restriction and realimentation.

BMC Res Notes 2021 Sep 16;14(1):361. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

USDA, ARS, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, P.O. Box 166, Clay Center, NE, 68933, USA.

Objective: Realimentation can compensate for weight loss from poor-quality feedstuffs or drought. Mature cows fluctuate in body weight throughout the year due to nutrient availability. The objective of this study was to determine whether cows that differ in weight gain during realimentation also differ in the abundance of transcripts for enzymes associated with energy utilization in skeletal muscle. Read More

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September 2021

Analysing the impact of trade agreements on national food environments: the case of Vanuatu.

Global Health 2021 Sep 16;17(1):107. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Non-Communicable Diseases, Public Health Division, Pacific Community (SPC), Suva, Fiji.

Background: A large body of literature exists on trade liberalisation and the ways in which trade agreements can affect food systems. However, the systematic and objective monitoring of these and their impact on national food environments has been limited. Using a case study, this paper undertakes a systematic analysis of how Vanuatu's obligations under WTO agreements has impacted its food environment. Read More

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September 2021

Cooked broiler meat quality affected by different combination levels of Mediterranean medicinal plants.

Anim Biosci 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Mutah University, Karak 61710, Jordan.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of adding oregano (Origanum syriacum L.) and germander (Teucrium polium L.) to poultry diets individually and/or in combination : 1) on cooked chicken meat quality and storage stability, 2) to compare this effect with those of the synthetic antioxidant butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and with the normal basic diet (Control: without supplements). Read More

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Underlying mechanisms of phosphodiesterase 10A and glutamate-ammonia ligase genes that regulate inosine monophosphate deposition and thereby affect muscle tenderness in Jingyuan chickens.

Anim Biosci 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Ningxia Feed Engineering Technology Research Center, School of Life Sciences, Ningxia University, Ningxia, 750021, China.

Objective: Inosine monophosphate (IMP) is a key factor that imparts of meat flavor. Differences in the IMP content in the muscles were evaluated to improve chicken meat quality.

Methods: For this study, the IMP content was detected by high performance liquid chromatography. Read More

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September 2021

Effect of feeding histidine and β-alanine on carnosine concentration, growth performance, and meat quality of broiler chickens.

Poult Sci 2021 Jul 22;100(11):101393. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute of Animal Science, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Katzenburgweg 7-9 53115 Bonn, Germany.

The high growth rates of modern broiler breeds increased the risk for novel breast muscle myopathies as serious quality issue, relevant for the industry. In affected muscles, a depletion of the dipeptides carnosine and anserine was reported. Therefore, this study was performed to test whether a supplementation of the precursors histidine and β-alanine, alone or in combination can increase the dipeptide content in the breast muscle and improve meat quality. Read More

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Modulation of broiler plasma metabolic spectrum by the addition of lysine residue to the diet.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

School of Life Sciences, Ningxia Feed Engineering Technology Research Center, Ningxia University, Yinchuan, China.

Flavour is an important factor in evaluating meat quality, and amino acids and fats are important components affecting meat flavour. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between the variation of lysine residue addition and the slaughter performance and meat quality of broilers, which decreased with the addition of lysine residues but improved the meat quality of the broilers. 10% lysine residue addition was the most beneficial for reducing feed cost and improving meat quality. Read More

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September 2021

Certain dietary patterns are associated with GLIM criteria among Chinese community-dwelling older adults: a cross-sectional analysis.

J Nutr Sci 2021;10:e69. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Disease-related malnutrition is prevalent among older adults; therefore, identifying the modifiable risk factors in the diet is essential for the prevention and management of disease-related malnutrition. The present study examined the cross-sectional association between dietary patterns and malnutrition in Chinese community-dwelling older adults aged ≥65 years in Hong Kong. Dietary patterns, including Diet Quality Index International (DQI-I), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), the Mediterranean Diet Score, 'vegetable-fruit' pattern, 'snack-drink-milk product' pattern and 'meat-fish' pattern, were estimated and generated from a validated food frequency questionnaire. Read More

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PacBio Single-Molecule Long-Read Sequencing Provides New Light on the Complexity of Full-Length Transcripts in Cattle.

Front Genet 2021 30;12:664974. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Laboratory of Molecular Biology and Bovine Breeding, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing, China.

Cattle () is one of the most widely distributed livestock species in the world, and provides us with high-quality milk and meat which have a huge impact on the quality of human life. Therefore, accurate and complete transcriptome and genome annotation are of great value to the research of cattle breeding. In this study, we used error-corrected PacBio single-molecule real-time (SMRT) data to perform whole-transcriptome profiling in cattle. Read More

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Effects of dietary nicotinic acid supplementation on meat quality, carcass characteristics, lipid metabolism, and tibia parameters of Wulong geese.

Poult Sci 2021 Aug 14;100(11):101430. Epub 2021 Aug 14.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China. Electronic address:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of nicotinic acid (NA) supplementation on the meat quality, carcass characteristics, lipid metabolism, and tibia parameters in Wulong geese. A total of 360 twenty-nine-day-old Wulong geese were randomly divided into 6 treatments, and each treatment included 6 pens with 10 birds per pen. Birds were fed a basal diet supplemented with 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, or 100 mg/kg NA for 12 wk. Read More

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