614 results match your criteria measures paranoia


Effect of EAP Psychological Intervention on Improving the Mental Health of Medical Workers Under the Novel Coronavirus Epidemic in China.

Front Public Health 2021 28;9:649157. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

The Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Due to the novel coronavirus epidemic, medical workers are under immense psychological pressure. As such, the East Campus of Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital actively adopted the Symptoms Checklist 90 (SCL-90) to evaluate the mental health of hospital staff before and after the psychological intervention from the Employee Assistance Program (EAP). Medical workers from the East Campus of Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital were recruited for this study. Read More

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COVID-19 Denialism, Vaccine Scepticism and the Regulation of Health Practitioners.

Authors:
Ian Freckelton

J Law Med 2021 Mar;28(3):613-619

Barrister, Castan Chambers, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Judge, Supreme Court of Nauru; Professorial Fellow of Law and Psychiatry, University of Melbourne; Adjunct Professor of Forensic Medicine, Monash University; Adjunct Professor, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States.

During a pandemic such as COVID-19 fear, anxiety and paranoia can become prevalent within the community. Agnotology has taught us that in such times science denialism and vaccination scepticism can gain a foothold and discourage the undiscerning and the uninformed from receiving the treatment and prophylactic public health measures that are essential to community health and safety. When health practitioners endorse such attitudes they pose a serious risk to not only their patients but the whole community. Read More

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Searching in the dark: Shining a light on some predictors of non-response to psychotherapy for borderline personality disorder.

PLoS One 2021 27;16(7):e0255055. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute and School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Background: Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a prevalent and serious mental health condition. People can experience recovery or remission after receiving psychotherapy for BPD; however, it is estimated that about 45% of people in well conducted treatment trials do not respond adequately to current psychological treatments.

Aim: To further advance psychotherapies for BPD by identifying the factors that contribute to the problem of non-response. Read More

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Three-item loneliness scale: psychometric properties and normative data of the Spanish version.

Curr Psychol 2021 Jul 16:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Clinical Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Loneliness is a common social phenomenon across countries with negative effects in health. Thus, the measurement of loneliness is of paramount importance. The Three-Item Loneliness Scale (TILS) was designed to be used in large-population surveys as a quick measure of loneliness. Read More

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[Gustav Nikolaus Specht (1860-1940) : His impact on Kraepelin's nosology and approaches to his position in National Socialism].

Nervenarzt 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Psychiatrische und Psychotherapeutische Klinik, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Schwabachanlage 6, 91054, Erlangen, Deutschland.

Introduction: Gustav Specht (1860-1940) represents the beginning of the university psychiatry in Erlangen. 80 years after his death, this article focuses on Specht's role in the psychopathologic nosological discussion initiated by Kraepelin. Despite the sparse data situation, the authors approach for the first time Specht's position within psychiatry under National Socialism. Read More

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Using 360° immersive videos to assess paranoia in a non-clinical population.

Cogn Neuropsychiatry 2021 Sep 21;26(5):357-375. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Psychology and Neuroscience of Cognition Research Unit, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

For the past two decades, virtual reality (VR) has proven to be an innovative approach for the assessment of state paranoia. However, the use of VR remains costly, and avatars are still far from realistic in terms of facial and bodily expressions. The present study aimed to test the validity of three 360° immersive videos (360IVs) as an accessible and realistic alternative for the assessment of non-clinical state paranoia. Read More

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September 2021

Differential psychological response to the COVID-19 pandemic in psychiatric inpatients compared to a non-clinical population from Germany.

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, LMU University Hospital Munich, Nussbaumstraße 7, Munich, Germany.

The COVID-19 pandemic is an inherently stressful situation, which may lead to adverse psychosocial outcomes in various populations. Yet, individuals may not be affected equally by stressors posed by the pandemic and those with pre-existing mental disorders could be particularly vulnerable. To test this hypothesis, we assessed the psychological response to the pandemic in a case-control design. Read More

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How does attachment imagery for paranoia work? Cognitive fusion and beliefs about self and others mediate the impact on paranoia and anxiety.

Psychol Psychother 2021 Jun 17. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

School of Psychology, University of Southampton, UK.

Objectives: Paranoia describes unfounded and distressing interpersonal threat beliefs. Secure attachment imagery has been shown to attenuate paranoia and anxiety in non-clinical and clinical groups, but little is known about the differential effects of anxious and avoidant imagery or mechanisms of change. In this study, we tested the impact of secure, anxious, and avoidant attachment imagery on paranoia, anxiety, and help-seeking intentions. Read More

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Further Examining the Construct Validity of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) Personality Disorder Spectra Scales.

J Pers Assess 2021 Jul-Aug;103(4):443-454. Epub 2020 Oct 14.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio.

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF) Personality Disorder (PD) Spectra scales reflect a recent effort to dimensionally measure -5-based personality disorders. Initial studies generally support the sound psychometric properties of most scales, although the need to continue cross-validating and expanding the known empirical correlates of these scales remains. The goal of the current investigation was to replicate and extend previous research on MMPI-2-RF PD Spectra scale scores and further examine their construct validity. Read More

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Gender differences in clinical presentation and illicit substance use during first episode psychosis: a natural language processing, electronic case register study.

BMJ Open 2021 04 20;11(4):e042949. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry Psychology and Neuroscience, London, UK.

Objective: To determine whether gender differences in symptom presentation at first episode psychosis (FEP) remain even when controlling for substance use, age and ethnicity, using natural language processing applied to electronic health records (EHRs).

Design, Setting And Participants: Data were extracted from EHRs of 3350 people (62% male patients) who had presented to the South London and Maudsley NHS Trust with a FEP between 1 April 2007 and 31 March 2017. Logistic regression was used to examine gender differences in the presentation of positive, negative, depressive, mania and disorganisation symptoms. Read More

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COVID-19 Pandemic on Fire: Evolved Propensities for Nocturnal Activities as a Liability Against Epidemiological Control.

Front Psychol 2021 22;12:646711. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Experimental Psychology, Institute of Psychology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Humans have been using fire for hundreds of millennia, creating an ancestral expansion toward the nocturnal niche. The new adaptive challenges faced at night were recurrent enough to amplify existing psychological variation in our species. Night-time is dangerous and mysterious, so it selects for individuals with higher tendencies for paranoia, risk-taking, and sociability (because of security in numbers). Read More

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Effects of SlowMo, a Blended Digital Therapy Targeting Reasoning, on Paranoia Among People With Psychosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Psychiatry 2021 Jul;78(7):714-725

Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Importance: Persistent paranoia is common among patients with psychosis. Cognitive-behavioral therapy for psychosis can be effective. However, challenges in engagement and effectiveness remain. Read More

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The impact of family environment on self-esteem and symptoms in early psychosis.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(4):e0249721. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la Salut, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Expressed emotion (EE) and self-esteem (SE) have been implicated in the onset and development of paranoia and positive symptoms of psychosis. However, the impact of EE on patients' SE and ultimately on symptoms in the early stages of psychosis is still not fully understood. The main objectives of this study were to examine whether: (1) patients' SE mediated the effect of relatives' EE on patients' positive symptoms and paranoia; (2) patients' perceived EE mediated the effect of relatives' EE on patients' SE; (3) patients' SE mediated between patients' perceived EE and patients' symptomatology; and (4) patients' perceived EE and patients' SE serially mediated the effect of relatives' EE on patients' positive symptoms and paranoia. Read More

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Trends in Trimorbidity Among Adults Experiencing Homelessness in Minnesota, 2000-2018.

Med Care 2021 Apr;59(Suppl 2):S220-S227

Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.

Background: Earlier and more severe onset of chronic health conditions contributes to the increased risk of premature death among adults experiencing homelessness. Trimorbidity, a subset of multimorbidity representing overlap of physical health, mental health, and substance use conditions, disproportionately impacts adults experiencing homelessness. We know of no longitudinal data comparing trimorbidity trends among adults experiencing homelessness. Read More

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A Multi-Method Investigation of Normative and Pathological Personality Across the Spectrum of Gambling Involvement.

J Gambl Stud 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Campbell Family Mental Health Research Institute, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1025 Queen Street West, Toronto, ON, M6J 1H1, Canada.

Pathological Gambling (PG) has been linked to both specific personality traits and personality disorders (PDs). However, previous studies have used a wide variety of research designs that preclude clear conclusions about the personality features that distinguish adults with PG from other groups. The current investigation seeks to advance this research by using a sample including adults who do not gamble, who gamble socially, and who exhibit PG, using self-report, informant-report, and interview-rated measures of personality traits and disorders. Read More

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Reduced Jumping to Conclusion Bias after Experimentally Induced Enhancement of Subjective Body Boundaries in Psychosis.

Psychopathology 2021 19;54(2):92-97. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department for Psychology and Psychotherapy, Witten/Herdecke University, Witten, Germany.

Introduction: A disturbed sense of self is frequently discussed as an etiological factor for delusion symptoms in psychosis. Phenomenological approaches to psychopathology posit that lacking the sense that the self is localized within one's bodily boundaries (disembodiment) is one of the core features of the disturbed self in psychosis. The present study examines this idea by experimentally manipulating the sense of bodily boundaries. Read More

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Measuring adolescents' beliefs in conspiracy theories: Development and validation of the Adolescent Conspiracy Beliefs Questionnaire (ACBQ).

Br J Dev Psychol 2021 Sep 8;39(3):499-520. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Nottingham Trent University, UK.

Four studies (total n = 961) developed and validated the Adolescent Conspiracy Beliefs Questionnaire (ACBQ). Initial items were developed in collaboration with teachers. An exploratory factor analysis (Study 1, n = 208, aged 11-14) and a student focus group (N = 3, aged 11) enabled us to establish the factor structure of a 9-item scale. Read More

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September 2021

Assessment of knowledge gaps and perceptions about COVID-19 among health care workers and general public-national cross-sectional study.

J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol 2020 Jul-Sep;36(3):337-344. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Background And Aims: COVID-19 has impacted everyone's life and livelihood in one way or the other. Individual response to measures taken to control the rapid spread of this disease depend on their knowledge and perceptions. Hence, we proposed to evaluate responses about COVID-19 among the health care workers (HCWs) as well as general public participants (GPPs). Read More

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Catastrophic cognitions about coronavirus: the Oxford psychological investigation of coronavirus questionnaire [TOPIC-Q].

Psychol Med 2021 Jan 22:1-10. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Background: Cognitive therapies are developed on the principle that specific cognitive appraisals are key determinants in the development and maintenance of mental health disorders. It is likely that particular appraisals of the coronavirus pandemic will have explanatory power for subsequent mental health outcomes in the general public. To enable testing of this hypothesis we developed a questionnaire assessing coronavirus-related cognitions. Read More

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January 2021

Positive schizotypy and the experience of creativity: The distinctive roles of suspiciousness and dispositional mindfulness.

Schizophr Res 2021 02 11;228:151-158. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Department of Psychology, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, UK; Division of Psychology, Department of Life Sciences and Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, College of Health and Life Sciences, Brunel University London, UK. Electronic address:

Positive schizotypy has been shown to predict emergence of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, with suspiciousness/paranoia regarded a key risk factor. However, magical thinking and unusual perceptual experiences, other aspects of positive schizotypy, are associated with creativity. We investigated whether suspiciousness attenuates the relationship of magical thinking and unusual experiences with creative experience, and explored the interaction of dispositional mindfulness with positive schizotypy and creative experience. Read More

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February 2021

Persecutory ideation and anomalous perceptual experiences in the context of the COVID-19 outbreak in France: what's left one month later?

J Psychiatr Res 2021 02 21;134:215-222. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

University Department of Adult Psychiatry, La Colombière Hospital, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France; Univ Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, Univ. Montpellier, EPSYLON EA 4556, 34000, Montpellier, France. Electronic address:

Purpose: Beyond the effects of the coronavirus pandemic on the public's health, the length of lockdown and its possible psychological impacts on populations is heavily debated. However, the consequences of lockdown on psychotic symptoms have been poorly investigated.

Methods: An online survey was run from April 13 to May 11, 2020; a total of 728 French subjects from the general population were included in the study. Read More

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February 2021

Ecological momentary facial emotion recognition in psychotic disorders.

Psychol Med 2021 Jan 12:1-9. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

The University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, TX, USA.

Background: Cognitive tasks delivered during ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may elucidate the short-term dynamics and contextual influences on cognition and judgements of performance. This paper provides initial validation of a smartphone task of facial emotion recognition in serious mental illness.

Methods: A total of 86 participants with psychotic disorders (non-affective and affective psychosis), aged 19-65, were administered in-lab 'gold standard' affect recognition, neurocognition, and symptom assessments. Read More

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January 2021

Paranoia in patients attending child and adolescent mental health services.

Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2021 Jan 10:4867420981416. Epub 2021 Jan 10.

Oxford Cognitive Approaches to Psychosis, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Objective: Paranoia may be particularly prevalent during adolescence, building on the heightened social vulnerabilities at this age. Excessive mistrust may be corrosive for adolescent social relationships, especially in the context of mental health disorders. We set out to examine the prevalence, symptom associations, and persistence of paranoia in a cohort of young people attending child and adolescent mental health services. Read More

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January 2021

design of multi-epitope-based peptide vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 using its spike protein.

J Biomol Struct Dyn 2021 Jan 6:1-14. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Department of Biochemistry, School of Life Sciences, Central University of Rajasthan, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India.

SARS-CoV-2 has been efficient in ensuring that many countries are brought to a standstill. With repercussions ranging from rampant mortality, fear, paranoia, and economic recession, the virus has brought together countries to look at possible therapeutic countermeasures. With prophylactic interventions possibly months away from being particularly effective, a slew of measures and possibilities concerning the design of vaccines are being worked upon. Read More

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January 2021

The intentionality bias in schizotypy: a social matter.

Cogn Neuropsychiatry 2021 01 6;26(1):55-72. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

School of Psychology, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia.

Introduction: We aimed to investigate the association between schizotypy and intentionality bias, the tendency to interpret ambiguous actions as being intentional, for social and non-social actions separately. This bias contributes to interpersonal difficulties, and has been associated with psychotic symptoms, such as delusions. However, results have been inconsistent for an association between putative psychosis proneness, schizotypy, and intentionality bias. Read More

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January 2021

Self-perceived cognitive lapses and psychological well-being in schizotypy: Generalized and domain-specific associations.

Scand J Psychol 2021 Apr 29;62(2):134-140. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Crete, Gallos University campus, Rethymno 74100, Crete, Greece.

A critical link between schizotypy and schizophrenia is impoverished cognitive functioning. In the majority of studies, though: (1) cognition is examined with standard neuropsychological tasks; and (2) high-schizotypal individuals are defined according to criteria applied in the respective study sample. Taking these considerations into account, the aims of the present study were to examine: (1) differences between four pre-defined, according to normative criteria, schizotypal (paranoid, negative, disorganized and cognitive-perceptual) and one control groups in self-perceived cognitive lapses; and (2) associations between schizotypal dimensions, self-perceived cognitive lapses and psychological well-being. Read More

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Mistrust and negative self-esteem: Two paths from attachment styles to paranoia.

Psychol Psychother 2021 Sep 13;94(3):391-406. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, UK.

Objectives: Paranoia is known to be associated with insecure attachment, with negative self-esteem as a mediator, but this pathway is insufficient to explain the paranoid individual's beliefs about malevolent others. Mistrust is a likely additional factor as it is a core feature of paranoid thinking also associated with insecure attachment styles. In this study, we tested whether mistrust - operationalized as judgements about the trustworthiness of unfamiliar faces - constitutes a second pathway from insecure attachment to paranoia. Read More

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September 2021

Caffeine consumption, toxicity, tolerance and withdrawal; shared genetic influences with normative personality and personality disorder traits.

Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2020 Nov 30. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

Department of Mental Disorders.

Our main aim was to estimate the extent of overlapping etiology between caffeine consumption and response and normative and pathological personality. Linear mixed-effects models were used to identify normative personality domains and personality disorder (PD) traits for inclusion in multivariate twin analyses together with individual caffeine related measures. Data were obtained from Norwegian adult twins in a face-to-face interview conducted in 1999-2004 as part of a population-based study of mental health and through self-report in 2010-2011 and 2015-2017. Read More

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November 2020

Personality Disorders in Time of Pandemic.

Curr Psychiatry Rep 2020 11 10;22(12):80. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Department of Psychology, University of Milan-Bicocca, Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo, 1, 20126, Milan, Italy.

Purpose Of Review: We report evidence on the negative psychological effects of pandemics in people with personality disorders (PDs) and on the role of personality pathology in compliance with mitigation-related behaviors. Considering the paucity of studies, after a description of the main features of PDs, on the basis of the current literature on pandemic and quarantine mental health impact, we trace some clinical hypotheses.

Recent Findings: Paranoid traits and detachment (cluster A) might lead to worse psychological outcomes. Read More

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November 2020