5,028 results match your criteria measures intellectual

Advanced theory of mind in children with mild intellectual disability and deaf or hard of hearing children: A two-year longitudinal study in middle childhood.

Br J Dev Psychol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Vechta, Germany.

The present study investigates the development of advanced theory of mind (AToM) among typically developing (TD) children, children with mild intellectual disability (MID), and deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) children. The 2-year longitudinal study comprised three waves and included a large sample of children from Poland in middle childhood aged around 7.5-9. Read More

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Child Linear Growth During and After the First 1000 Days Is Positively Associated with Intellectual Functioning and Mental Health in School-Age Children in Vietnam.

J Nutr 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Hubert Department of Global Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: Millions of children fail to meet their developmental potential and experience mental health concerns globally. Evidence is mixed on whether growth beyond the first 1000 d of life influences intellectual functioning and mental health in school-age children.

Objectives: We examined associations of childhood growth before and after the first 1000 d of life with child intellectual functioning and mental health at age 6-7 y. Read More

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Traditional Indian medicine in China: the status quo of recognition, development and research.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 7:114317. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

College of Ethnomedicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, China; Research Institute of Traditional Indian Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, China. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Traditional Indian medicine is one of the oldest medical systems and remains popular worldwide. Traditional medicine systems in China and India have historical origins pertaining to mutual learning, reference, and development from medical theory to the drugs used. The exchange of traditional medicine between China and India began in the Qin and Han Dynasties (221 BC-220 AD), prospered in the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), and declined after the Song Dynasty (960-1279 AD). Read More

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The reported effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on people with intellectual disability and their carers: a scoping review.

Ann Med 2021 12;53(1):786-804

School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.

Background: People with an intellectual disability are a vulnerable group during COVID-19 due to multi-morbidity, frailty, underlying conditions/health problems, social circumstances and limitations in understanding. This place them at greater risk of more severe outcomes from COVID-19.

Objective: To chart the evidence of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on people with intellectual disability and their carers reported in the research. Read More

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December 2021

Motivational interviewing with community-dwelling older adults after hip fracture (MIHip): protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 9;11(6):e047970. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

La Trobe University College of Science Health and Engineering, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Community-dwelling people recovering from hip fracture have the physical capacity to walk in their community but lack the confidence to do so. The primary aim of this trial is to determine whether motivational interviewing increases time spent walking at 12 months in community-dwelling people after hip fracture compared with an attention placebo control group. Secondary aims are to evaluate cost effectiveness, patient and health service outcomes and to complete a process evaluation. Read More

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An Omega-3-rich anti-inflammatory diet improved widespread allodynia and worsened metabolic outcomes in adult mice exposed to neonatal maternal separation.

Neuroscience 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA; Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, USA. Electronic address:

Inflammation plays a key role in the progression and maintenance of chronic pain, which impacts the lives of millions of Americans. Despite growing evidence that chronic pain can be improved by treating underlying inflammation, successful treatments are lacking and pharmaceutical interventions are limited due to drug side effects. Here we are testing whether a 'healthy human' diet (HHD), with or without anti-inflammatory components (HHAID), improves pain-like behaviors in a preclinical model of chronic widespread hypersensitivity induced by neonatal maternal separation (NMS). Read More

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[Consensus of the Genetics Branch of the Chilean Society of Pediatrics on the prioritization of people with Down syndrome and rare diseases for vaccination against SARS-CoV-2].

Andes Pediatr 2021 Apr;92(2):309-315

Hospital Regional de Concepción, Chile.

In the framework of the vaccination campaign against the SARS-CoV-2 virus, the Chilean Ministry of Health requested advice from the Genetics Branch of the Chilean Society of Pediatrics, to define the level of prioritization for people with Down Syndrome . A panel of geneticists worked on the development of this consensus, in which not only patients with Down syndrome were included, but the search was extended to patients with other types of disabilities, in both pediatric and adult ages in or der to contribute to the development of public health measures against the COVID-19 pandemic. The consensus concludes that, given the prevalence of comorbidities associated with Down syndrome, the higher incidence of cases with severe COVID-19 in this population group and a higher mortality, individuals with trisomy 21 should be considered as a high-risk population, and therefore, vaccina tion against SARS-CoV-2 should have a high priority for all people with Down syndrome regardless of their age (except for the age limit established by the clinical trials of each vaccine), and should be preceded only by the groups of health personnel and adults aged > 60-65 years. Read More

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Using Patient-Reported Outcomes toAssess Healthcare Quality: Toward Better Measurement of Patient-Centered Care in Cardiovascular Disease.

Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J 2021 Apr;17(1):e1-e9

Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, University of Missouri Kansas City,Kansas City, Missouri.

Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are elicited directly from patients so they can describe their overall health status, including their symptoms, function, and quality of life. While commonly used as end points in clinical trials, PROs can play an important role in routine clinical care, population health management, and as a means for quantifying the quality of patient care. In this review, we propose that PROs be used to improve patient-centered care in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases given their importance to patients and society and their ability to improve doctor- provider communication. Read More

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Sigma Metric Evaluation of Drugs in a Clinical Laboratory: Importance of Choosing Appropriate Total Allowable Error and a Troubleshooting Roadmap.

J Lab Physicians 2021 Mar 21;13(1):44-49. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Biochemistry, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS), Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.

 Stringent quality control is an essential requisite of diagnostic laboratories to deliver consistent results. Measures used to assess the performance of a clinical chemistry laboratory are internal quality control and external quality assurance scheme (EQAS). However, the number of errors cannot be measured by the above but can be quantified by sigma metrics. Read More

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Risk Factors Associated With COVID-19 Outcomes Among People With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Receiving Residential Services.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 06 1;4(6):e2112862. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

AHRC New York City, New York, New York.

Importance: Although there is evidence of more severe COVID-19 outcomes, there is no information describing the risk factors for COVID-19 diagnosis and/or mortality among people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) receiving residential support services in the US.

Objective: To identify associations between demographic characteristics, residential characteristics, and/or preexisting health conditions and COVID-19 diagnosis and mortality for people with IDD receiving residential support services.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This cohort study tracked COVID-19 outcomes for 543 individuals with IDD. Read More

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Impact of Palliative Care Involvement on End-of-Life Care Patterns Among Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

J Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 7:JCO2003698. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Division of Haematology/Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Purpose: Evidence suggests that adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer (defined as age 15-39 years) receive high-intensity (HI) medical care at the end-of-life (EOL). Previous population-level studies are limited and lack information on the impact of palliative care (PC) provision. We evaluated prevalence and predictors of HI-EOL care in AYAs with cancer in Ontario, Canada. Read More

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Development of a Shared Decision-Making Tool for Adolescents With Scoliosis to Decide Between Observation Versus Fusion Surgery.

J Pediatr Orthop 2021 Jul;41(Suppl 1):S70-S74

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism and Nutrition.

Background: Adolescent patients with moderate to severe idiopathic scoliosis who have completed their skeletal growth face a significant choice in their treatment path: watchful waiting or spinal fusion. Shared decision making (SDM) assists patients and clinicians to find treatments that make intellectual, practical and emotional sense. Our objective was to develop a tool that supports SDM for patients with scoliosis and their families. Read More

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Factors leading to effective social participation promotion interventions for people with intellectual disability: a protocol for a systematic review.

Syst Rev 2021 Jun 4;10(1):165. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Millennium Institute for Caregiving Research, República 217, Santiago, Región Metropolitana, Chile.

Background: People with intellectual disabilities have been historically excluded from decision-making processes. Previous literature indicates that increasing social participation may be an effective way to address this exclusion, but no systematic review of interventions designed to increase social participation of people with intellectual disabilities have been conducted. This study aims to identify and organize the factors associated with interventions that increase the social participation of people with intellectual disabilities and to provide a set of best of practices for future interventions. Read More

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The relationship between Gulf War Illness symptom severity and heart rate variability: A pilot study.

Life Sci 2021 Jun 1:119663. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

War Related Illness and Injury Study Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Washington, DC, United States of America.

Introduction: Gulf War Illness (GWI) is a chronic multisymptom illness affecting 250,000+ veterans of the '90-'91 Gulf War which remains under-explored in terms of its physiological characteristics. We investigated whether subjective GWI symptom severity scores were related to objective measures of autonomic nervous system activity.

Methods: We estimated activity in the two major branches of the autonomic nervous system (the parasympathetic nervous system [PNS] and the sympathetic nervous system [SNS]) via metrics of heart rate variability in a sample of Veterans who met established criteria for GWI with varying degrees of self-reported symptom severity. Read More

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A cross-comparison of cognitive ability across 8 genomic disorders.

Curr Opin Genet Dev 2021 May 31;68:106-116. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Human Genetics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States. Electronic address:

Genomic disorders result from rearrangement of the human genome. Most genomic disorders are caused by copy number variants (CNV), deletions or duplications of several hundred kilobases. Many CNV loci are associated with autism, schizophrenia, and most commonly, intellectual disability (ID). Read More

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Supported Decision Making in South America: Analysis of Three Countries' Experiences.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 13;18(10). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Disability and Human Development, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60608, USA.

. Following the adoption of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, there has been increased interest in supported decision making (SDM) as a strategy to realize the right to legal capacity of persons with intellectual and psychosocial disabilities. Support for decision making has been delivered formally through SDM services as well as informally through interpersonal networks. Read More

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ADHD Symptomatology, Executive Function and Cognitive Performance Differences between Family Foster Care and Control Group in ADHD-Diagnosed Children.

Children (Basel) 2021 May 17;8(5). Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Psychology, Universidad Loyola Andalucía, Avda. de las Universidades s/n, Dos Hermanas, 41704 Seville, Spain.

Children in foster care have a high prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis, together with other difficulties in inattentive/hyperactive behaviors, executive and cognitive processes. Early exposure to adversity is a risk factor for developing ADHD via neurodevelopmental pathways. The goal of this research is (a) to study the cognitive and executive performance and inattentive/hyperactive behavior of ADHD-diagnosed children living in foster families in Spain, and (b) to analyze the role of placement variables in their performance. Read More

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Applying Genomic Epidemiology to Characterize a COVID-19 Outbreak in a Developmentally Disabled Adult Group Home Setting, Arizona.

Front Public Health 2021;9:668214. Epub 2021 May 13.

Pathogen and Microbiome Division, Translational Genomics Research Institute, Flagstaff, AZ, United States.

Individuals living in congregate settings, including those in group homes, have been disproportionately impacted by COVID-19 and may be at increased risk of exposure or infection due to underlying illness. In mid-May 2020, local public health officials responded to an outbreak of COVID-19 among staff and residents associated with a multi-residential group home that provides care for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Samples were collected at 16 of the homes. Read More

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A Teleneuropsychology Protocol for the Cognitive Assessment of Older Adults During COVID-19.

Front Psychol 2021 13;12:651136. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience and Aging, University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States.

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic prompted the need for a teleneuropsychology protocol for the cognitive assessment of older adults, who are at increased risk for both COVID-19 and dementia. Prior recommendations for teleneuropsychological assessment did not consider many of the unique challenges posed by COVID-19. The field is still in need of clear guidelines and standards of care for the assessment of older adults under the current circumstances. Read More

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Impact of the COVID-19 crisis: Analysis of the fishing and shellfishing sectors performance in Galicia (Spain).

Mar Pollut Bull 2021 May 26;169:112463. Epub 2021 May 26.

Departament of Finance and Accounting, Intellectual capital and internacional company-ECOBAS, University of Vigo, Lagoas-Marcosende s/n, 36310 Vigo, Spain,. Electronic address:

The COVID-19 crisis has had consequences in every area of the Spanish economy. The fisheries and shellfishing sectors in Galicia have been significantly affected due to the measures taken to curb the pandemic. In particular, the closure of the HORECA channel and the confinement of the population have adversely affected the production of fresh fish and shellfish. Read More

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The Impact of Learning and Memory on Performance Validity Tests in a Mixed Clinical Pediatric Population.

Arch Clin Neuropsychol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA.

Objective: This study examined the degree to which verbal and visuospatial memory abilities influence performance validity test (PVT) performance in a mixed clinical pediatric sample.

Method: Data from 252 consecutive clinical pediatric cases (Mage=11.23 years, SD=4. Read More

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EXPRESS: Lending a Hand to Storytelling: Gesture's Effects on Narrative Comprehension Moderated by Task Difficulty and Cognitive Ability.

Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 2021 May 28:17470218211024913. Epub 2021 May 28.

Macquarie University, Australian Institute of Health Innovation, Sydney, Australia 7788.

Compelling evidence suggests observing iconic gestures benefits learning. While emerging evidence suggests typical iconic gestures benefit comprehension to a greater extent than atypical iconic gestures, it is unclear precisely when and for whom these gestures will be most helpful. The current study investigated factors that may moderate when and for whom gesture benefits narrative comprehension most, including the type of gesture, task difficulty, and individual differences in cognitive ability. Read More

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Potentially preventable hospitalisations of people with intellectual disability in New South Wales.

Med J Aust 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW.

Objective: To determine rates of potentially preventable hospitalisation of people with intellectual disability in New South Wales, and compare them with those for the NSW population.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Potentially preventable hospitalisations in NSW, as defined by the National Healthcare Agreement progress indicator 18, 1 July 2001 - 30 June 2015. Read More

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RoboEthics in COVID-19: A Case Study in Dentistry.

Front Robot AI 2021 5;8:612740. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architectural Science, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada.

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused dramatic effects on the healthcare system, businesses, and education. In many countries, businesses were shut down, universities and schools had to cancel in-person classes, and many workers had to work remotely and socially distance in order to prevent the spread of the virus. These measures opened the door for technologies such as robotics and artificial intelligence to play an important role in minimizing the negative effects of such closures. Read More

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Longitudinal stability of salivary microRNA biomarkers in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder.

Res Autism Spectr Disord 2021 Jul 22;85. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Penn State College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Hershey PA, 17033.

Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurological condition with increasing prevalence. Few tools accurately predict the developmental trajectory of children with ASD. Such tools would allow clinicians to provide accurate prognoses and track the efficacy of therapeutic interventions. Read More

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Comparison of Oxygen Saturation Between Nasal High-Flow Oxygen and Conventional Nasal Cannula in Obese Patients Undergoing Dental Procedures With Deep Sedation: A Randomized Crossover Trial.

J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Professor and Chair, Department of Dental Anesthesiology and Special Care Dentistry, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Okayama, Japan.

Purpose: In anesthetic management, it is widely accepted that obese patients are more likely to suffer airway obstructions and reductions in arterial oxygen saturation (SpO). Therefore, it is important to take special measures to prevent oxygen desaturation during the deep sedation of obese patients. This clinical study examined whether the use of nasal high-flow systems (NHFS) keep higher SpO and reduced hypoxemia than conventional nasal cannula during the deep sedation of obese patients with intellectual disabilities for dental treatment. Read More

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Posteromedial Hypothalamic Deep Brain Stimulation for Refractory Aggressiveness in a Patient With Weaver Syndrome: Clinical, Technical Report and Operative Video.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, La Princesa University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Background And Importance: Deep brain stimulation of the posteromedial hypothalamus (PMH DBS) appears to be an effective treatment for drug-resistant aggressiveness. Weaver syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic disorder in which patients develop some degree of intellectual disability and rarely severe behavioral alterations that may benefit from this procedure.

Clinical Presentation: We present the case of a 26-yr-old man diagnosed with WS presenting with uncontrollable self and heteroaggressiveness and disruptive behavior refractory to pharmacological treatment and under severe physical and mechanical restraining measures. Read More

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RandseqR: An R Package for Describing Performance on the Random Number Generation Task.

Front Psychol 2021 4;12:629012. Epub 2021 May 4.

Center of Excellence for Neuropsychiatry, Vincent van Gogh Institute for Psychiatry, Venray, Netherlands.

The Random Number Generation (RNG) task has a long history in neuropsychology as an assessment procedure for executive functioning. In recent years, understanding of human (executive) behavior has gradually changed from reflecting a static to a dynamic process and this shift in thinking about behavior gives a new angle to interpret test results. However, this shift also asks for different methods to process random number sequences. Read More

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A retrospective analysis of growth hormone therapy in children with Schaaf-Yang syndrome.

Clin Genet 2021 May 20. Epub 2021 May 20.

Institute of Human Genetics, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany.

Short stature is a common phenotype in children with Schaaf-Yang syndrome (SYS). Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and SYS share several phenotypic features including short stature, muscular hypotonia and developmental delay/intellectual disability. Evidence exists that similar to PWS, growth hormone (GH) deficiency may also be a feature of SYS. Read More

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