28,224 results match your criteria mda levels

Design, synthesis and biological activity evaluation of novel scopoletin-NO donor derivatives against MCF-7 human breast cancer in vitro and in vivo.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Jul 21;224:113701. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, 24 Tong Jia Xiang, Nanjing, 210009, China. Electronic address:

In this study, eleven new 3- and 7-positions modified scopoletin derivatives (18a-k) were designed, synthesized, and biologically evaluated against human breast cancer cell lines. Most compounds showed improved antiproliferative activity against MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells and weaker cytotoxicity on human breast epithelial cell line MCF-10A than lead compound 5. Among them, compound 18e exhibited the most potent antiproliferative activity against MCF-7 cells (IC = 0. Read More

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Rosmarinic acid attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced neuroinflammation and cognitive impairment in rats.

J Chem Neuroanat 2021 Jul 24:102008. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Anatomical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand 9717853577, Iran. Electronic address:

It has been recently demonstrated that rosmarinic acid (RA) through modulation in the amyloidogenic pathway exhibit neuroprotective potential in Alzheimer's disease. However, its effects on non-amyloidogenic pathways such as neuroinflammation (NI) and oxidative stress have not been elucidated carefully. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the effect of RA on cognitive function, cortical and hippocampal oxidant-antioxidant balance, and proinflammatory cytokines production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NI in rats. Read More

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MICAL1 regulates actin cytoskeleton organization, directional cell migration and the growth of human breast cancer cells as orthotopic xenograft tumours.

Cancer Lett 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Chemistry and Biology, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada; Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

The Molecule Interacting with CasL 1 (MICAL1) monooxygenase has emerged as an important regulator of cytoskeleton organization via actin oxidation. Although filamentous actin (F-actin) increases MICAL1 monooxygenase activity, hydrogen peroxide (HO) is also generated in the absence of F-actin, suggesting that diffusible HO might have additional functions. MICAL1 gene disruption by CRISPR/Cas9 in MDA MB 231 human breast cancer cells knocked out (KO) protein expression, which affected F-actin organization, cell size and motility. Read More

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Nutritional Status Influences Oxidative Stress and Insulin Resistance in Preschool Children.

Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Servicio de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Hospital General de Zona No. 197, Texcoco, Mexico.

Child malnutrition represents a major public health problem with physiological, psychological, and social short- and long-term implications. To compare the influence of nutritional status on oxidative stress (OS) markers in children aged 3-6 years. Children were categorized into four groups: underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obesity. Read More

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NV14 from serine O-acetyltransferase of cyanobacteria influences the antioxidant enzymes in vitro cells, gene expression against H O and other responses in vivo zebrafish larval model.

Cell Biol Int 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

SRM Research Institute, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur 603 203, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

In this study, we have identified a novel peptide NV14 with anti-oxidative functions from serine O-acetyltransferase (SAT) of Artrospira platensis (Ap). The full sequence of ApSAT and its derived NV14 peptide 'NVRIGAGSVVLRDV' (141-154) was characterized using bioinformatics tools. To address the transcriptional activity of ApSAT in response to induce generic oxidative stress, the spirulina culture was exposed to H O (10mM). Read More

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Effects of acute hypoxia and reoxygenation on oxygen sensors, respiratory metabolism, oxidative stress, and apoptosis in hybrid yellow catfish "Huangyou-1".

Fish Physiol Biochem 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

College of Marine Science and Engineering, Jiangsu Province Engineering Research Center for Aquatic Animals Breeding and Green Efficient Aquacultural Technology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, 210023, Jiangsu, China.

The regulation mechanism of the hybrid yellow catfish "Huangyou-1" was assessed under conditions of hypoxia and reoxygenation by examination of oxygen sensors and by monitoring respiratory metabolism, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. The expressions of genes related to oxygen sensors (HIF-1α, HIF-2α, VHL, HIF-1β, PHD2, and FIH-1) were upregulated in the brain and liver during hypoxia, and recovered compared with control upon reoxygenation. The expressions of genes related to glycolysis (HK1, PGK1, PGAM2, PFK, and LDH) were increased during hypoxia and then recovered compared with control upon reoxygenation. Read More

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Tonkinensine B induces apoptosis through mitochondrial dysfunction and inactivation of the PI3K/AKT pathway in triple-negative breast cancer cells.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

College of Pharmaceutical Science & Collaborative Innovation Center of Yangtze River Delta Region Green Pharmaceuticals, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, China.

Objectives: Tonkinensine B, a novel compound with cytisine-pterocarpan skeleton isolated from the root of Sophora tonkinensis Gagnep, was reported to have a significant antitumor effect. The effect and intrinsic mechanism of tonkinensine B on tumour need to be further investigated.

Methods: With the help of cell cytotoxicity, the effect of tonkinensine B on MDA-MB-231 cells was investigated. Read More

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[Rutin activates AMPKα to ameliorate liver damage caused by perfluorooctanoic acid in mice].

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2021 Jul;50(4):609-614

School of Public Health, Bengbu Medical College, Anhui Province Key Laboratory of Immunology in Chronic Diseases, Bengbu 233030, China.

Objective: To study the protective effect and mechanism of rutin on perfluorooctanoic acid(PFOA)-induced liver damage in mice.

Methods: A total of 24 male ICR mice were randomly divided into 3 groups, 8 in each group: control group(ctrl group: ddH_2O), perfluorooctanoic acid group(PFOA group: PFOA 20 mg/(kg·d)), rutin intervention group(rutin+PFOA group: PFOA 20 mg/(kg·d)+rutin 20 mg/(kg·d)), normal diet, oral gavage, daily observation, weighting, and recording. After 14 days of treatment, the liver was quickly stripped and weighted after blood sampling and execution. Read More

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Morin alleviates hepatic ischemia/reperfusion-induced mischief: In vivo and in silico contribution of Nrf2, TLR4, and NLRP3.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 31;138:111539. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Biochemistry and molecular Biology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Helwan University, Helwan 11790, Egypt.

Objective: Morin (MRN), a known natural flavonol, has demonstrated its shielding aptitude against ischemia/reperfusion (I/Re) lesion in various organs. Nonetheless, its potential influence on hepatic I/Re-induced injury modulation has not been fully elucidated. Consequently, the current study strived to investigate the mechanistic maneuvering of MRN against hepatic I/Re. Read More

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Downregulation of MMP1 expression mediates the anti-aging activity of Citrus sinensis peel extract nanoformulation in UV induced photoaging in mice.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jun 5;138:111537. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), Giza 12451, Egypt.

Aging of the skin is a complicated bioprocess that is affected by constant exposure to ultraviolet irradiation. The application of herbal-based anti-aging creams is still the best choice for treatment. In the present study, Citrus sinensis L. Read More

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Exploring novel capping framework: high substituent pyridine-hydroxamic acid derivatives as potential antiproliferative agents.

Daru 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Departamento de Química, Universidad de Guanajuato, Guanajuato, Gto, 36050, México.

Purpose: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a vital role in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression due to their overexpression in several cancer forms. Therefore, these enzymes are considered as a potential anticancer drug target. Different synthetic and natural structures have been studied as HDACs inhibitors; based on available structural design information, the capping group is important for the biological activity due to the different interactions in the active site entrance. Read More

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Role of biometals in activation of immune cum inflammatory response in ovine ageing eye: a potential model for understanding human geriatric eye diseases.

Biometals 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of General Surgery, SKIMS Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, 190001, India.

The present study was designed to evaluate the age-related changes in biometal and antimicrobial peptide (cathelicidin) concentration and their role in oxidative cum pro-inflammatory cascade in an ovine animal model. Clinically healthy ovine (n = 126) were grouped as Group I (n = 55, age = up to 3 years), Group II (n = 52, age = above 3-below 6 years) and Group III (n = 19, age = 6 years above). Samples (aqueous humour and lens of the eye) were collected stored at - 80 °C till further analysis. Read More

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SOD2 overexpression in bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells ameliorates hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Sep 23;24(3). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Radiology, Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410011, P.R. China.

Hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (HIRI) is a complex pathophysiological process that may develop after liver transplantation and resection surgery, as well as in uncontrolled clinical conditions. Bone marrow‑derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM‑MSCs) are potential targets for liver diseases. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) overexpression in BM‑MSCs on HIRI by constructing a HIRI rat model. Read More

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September 2021

miR‑34a increases inflammation and oxidative stress levels in patients with necrotizing enterocolitis by downregulating SIRT1 expression.

Mol Med Rep 2021 Sep 23;24(3). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of NICU, Fujian Provincial Hospital, Provincial Clinical College of Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, Fujian 350001, P.R. China.

The miR‑34a/SIRT1 signaling axis is an important signaling axis in tumors and diseases. Notably, low SIRT1 expression in the intestinal tissues of patients with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) has been reported. However, whether miR‑34a/SIRT1 signaling as a target to protect the intestines during the NEC process is unclear and remains to be elucidated. Read More

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September 2021

De novo and cell line models of human mammary cell transformation reveal an essential role for Yb-1 in multiple stages of human breast cancer.

Cell Death Differ 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Terry Fox Laboratory, British Columbia Cancer Agency, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Breast cancer heterogeneity has made it challenging to identify mechanisms critical to the initial stages of their genesis in vivo. Here, we sought to interrogate the role of YB-1 in newly arising human breast cancers as well as in established cell lines. In a first series of experiments, we found that short-hairpin RNA-mediated knockdown of YB-1 in MDA-MB-231 cells blocked both their local tumour-forming and lung-colonising activity in immunodeficient mice. Read More

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Lycopene suppresses palmitic acid-induced brain oxidative stress, hyperactivity of some neuro-signalling enzymes, and inflammation in female Wistar rat.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 22;11(1):15038. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Biochemistry, College of Biosciences, Federal University of Agriculture, P.M.B 2240, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria.

Neuroinflammation can be triggered by certain high caloric nutrients such as palmitic acid (PA). The effect of lycopene against PA-induced neuroinflammation in female rats has not been as explored. In the present study, thirty rats (weighing 150-200) g were randomly allotted into six groups (n = 5) comprising normal control, PA control, PA + lycopene (0. Read More

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Ferulic acid attenuates non-alcoholic steatohepatitis by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation through inhibition of the ROCK/NF-κB signaling pathways.

J Pharmacol Sci 2021 Sep 24;147(1):72-80. Epub 2021 May 24.

School of Basic Medicine, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang, 050200, Hebei, China; Affiliated Hospital, Hebei University of Chinese Medicine, Shijiazhuang, 050011, Hebei, China. Electronic address:

Ferulic acid (FA) is a natural polyphenol compound existing in many plants. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of FA on non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) induced by high-cholesterol and high-fat diet (HCHF) and its possible mechanism. Rats were fed HCHF for 12 weeks to establish NASH model. Read More

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September 2021

Exosomes derived from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells alleviate acetaminophen-induced acute liver failure through activating ERK and IGF-1R/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

J Pharmacol Sci 2021 Sep 19;147(1):143-155. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

The National Engineering Research Center for Bioengineering Drugs and the Technologies, Institute of Translational Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031, PR China. Electronic address:

This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic potential of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells derived exosomes (hUCMSC-Exo) in acute liver failure (ALF) in mice as well as its underlying mechanism. We found that a single tail vein administration of hucMSC-Exo effectively enhanced the survival rate, inhibited apoptosis in hepatocytes, and improved liver function in APAP-induced mouse model of ALF. Furthermore, the deletion of glutathione (GSH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), generation of malondialdehyde (MDA), and the over production of cytochrome P450 E1 (CYP2E1) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) caused by APAP were also inhibited by hucMSC-Exo, indicating that hucMSC-Exo inhibited APAP-induced apoptosis of hepatocytes by reducing oxidative stress. Read More

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September 2021

Characteristics and antifatigue activity of graded polysaccharides from Ganoderma lucidum separated by cascade membrane technology.

Carbohydr Polym 2021 Oct 10;269:118329. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Food Macromolecular Resources Processing Technology Research (Zhejiang University of Technology), China National Light Industry, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

In this paper, cascade membrane technology was utilized to classify polysaccharides from Ganoderma lucidum (GLPs). The properties and antifatigue activity of graded polysaccharides were identified and compared. GLPs were separated using cascade ultrafiltration membranes of 100 kDa, 10 kDa and 1 kDa in sequence. Read More

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October 2021

Potassium bromate-induced nephrotoxicity and potential curative role of metformin loaded on gold nanoparticles.

Sci Prog 2021 Jul-Sep;104(3):368504211033703

Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

Potassium bromate (KBrO) is classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as a carcinogenic compound, where it causes renal tumors. The present study investigated the potential curative effect of metformin loaded on gold nanoparticles (MET AuNPs) in attenuating KBrO-induced nephrotoxicity. Rats were divided into eight groups (control, MET, AuNPs, MET AuNPs, KBrO, KBrO/MET, KBrO/AuNPS, and KBrO/MET AuNPs). Read More

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Improving the post-thaw quality of rooster semen using the extender supplemented with resveratrol.

Poult Sci 2021 May 27;100(9):101290. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Embryology at Reproductive Biomedicine Research Center, Royan Institute Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.

Avian spermatozoa are highly susceptible to reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced during the cryopreservation. The aim of the current study was to investigate the antioxidant effects of resveratrol (RSV) during rooster semen cryopreservation. Changes in expression of AMP-activated protein kinase as a possible mechanism behind the beneficial effects of resveratrol were also evaluated. Read More

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S-ketamine alleviates carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic injury and oxidative stress by targeting the Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.

Can J Physiol Pharmacol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Shengli Oilfield Central Hospital, 499782, Dongying, China, 257034;

The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of S-ketamine (S-KET) against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced liver damage and oxidative stress, as well as to elucidate the related underlying mechanisms. Blood was collected to measure biochemical parameters (ALT, AST, ALP, TB and γ-GT) and the liver was harvested for histopathological analysis of enzymes related to the antioxidant response (MDA, SOD, GSH, and GSH-PX). Liver cell apoptosis was evaluated using the TUNEL assay. Read More

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Population pharmacokinetics of diethylcarbamazine in patients with lymphatic filariasis and healthy individuals.

Antimicrob Agents Chemother 2021 Jul 26:AAC0031721. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Clinical Pharmacology Laboratory, Dept of Pharmacy Practice and Science, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, United States.

Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) is a drug of choice to treat lymphatic filariasis (LF) either used alone or in combination as mass drug administration (MDA) preventive strategies. The objective of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model for DEC in subjects infected with lymphatic filariasis (LF) compared to healthy individuals, and to evaluate the effect of covariates on the volume of distribution (V/F) and oral clearance (CL/F) of DEC. This was an open-label cohort study of treatment naïve -infected (n=32) and uninfected (n=24) adults residing in the Agboville district of Côte d'Ivoire. Read More

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In vitro therapeutic effects of abemaciclib on triple-negative breast cancer cells.

J Biochem Mol Toxicol 2021 Jul 26:e22858. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Sakarya University, Sakarya, Turkey.

The cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 have led to a significant improvement in the treatment of hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. However, the therapeutic potential of abemaciclib in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has not been definitively elucidated. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate abemaciclib mediated antiproliferative effects on MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 TNBC and MCF-10A cell line through annexin V, cell cycle, caspase-3, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis, acridine orange, and DAPI staining, for the first time. Read More

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Protective effects of crocin on acrylamide-induced testis damage.

Andrologia 2021 Jul 26:e14176. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, İnönü University, Battalgazi, Turkey.

Exposure to acrylamide (Ac) through food is almost inevitable and this kind of toxicity may cause lifelong harm. In present study, we researched effects of Crocin (Cr) on testis histopathology in Ac-induced testis of rats. Adult male rats were grouped as: group 1, 1 ml saline only; group 2, 50 mg/kg Cr only; group 3, 25 mg/kg Ac only and group 4, 25 mg/kg Ac + 50 mg/kg Cr. Read More

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CD4 LAG-3 T Cells are Decreased in Active Psoriatic Arthritis Patients and Their Restoration In Vitro is Mediated by TNF Inhibitors.

Clin Exp Immunol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Rheumatology, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel, affiliated to the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory disease associated with T cell dysregulation. The lymphocyte-activation gene (LAG)-3 is one of the regulatory receptors expressed on T cells and in a soluble form. LAG-3 expression on T cells was analyzed in vitro in PsA patients with minimal disease activity (MDA), active disease (non-MDA), and healthy controls. Read More

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Wild Garlic Allium triquetrum L. Alleviates Lead Acetate-Induced Testicular Injuries in Rats.

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Laboratory of Animal Ecophysiology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Badji Mokhtar-Annaba, 23000, Annaba, Algeria.

The current study investigates the potential alleviating activity of bulbs (B) and leaves (L) of Allium triquetrum aqueous extract (ATE) on repro-toxicity induced by lead acetate (Pb) in male Wistar rats administrated orally for 3 consecutive weeks. Eighteen groups of rats were divided into the control, Pb (500 mg/kg body weight/day), positive controls of B and L (2 g, 3 g, 4 g, 6 g/kg body weight/day), in addition to four mixtures of each of Pb-B (Pb-B1, Pb-B2, Pb-B3, Pb-B4) and Pb-L (Pb-L1, Pb-L2, Pb-L3, Pb-L4). The two extracts were subjected to phytochemical screening and HPLC analysis. Read More

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Extracellular vesicles from MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells stimulated with insulin-like growth factor 1 mediate an epithelial-mesenchymal transition process in MCF10A mammary epithelial cells.

J Cell Commun Signal 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Departamento de Biologia Celular, Cinvestav-IPN, 07360, Mexico City, Mexico.

Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays an important role in function and development of the mammary gland. However, high levels of IGF-1 has been associated with an increased risk of breast cancer development. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process where epithelial cells lose their epithelial characteristics and acquire a mesenchymal phenotype, which is considered one of the most important mechanisms in cancer initiation and promotion of metastasis. Read More

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Biosynthesis of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Using Leaves and Their Therapeutic Response in Breast Cancer (MDA-MB-231) Cells.

Nutr Cancer 2021 Jul 26:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Biotechnology, University Institute of Engineering & Technology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India.

Zinc oxide nanomaterials are effective in cancer treatments, including the destruction of tumor cells with minimal damage to healthy cells. In the study, the biologically synthesized (Catharanthus roseus) zinc oxide nanomaterials with a broad 18-30 nm range were produced and the toxicity of zinc oxide nanomaterials was checked in vitro in the human breast cancer line MDA-MB-231. Inverse relation of the percentage of viable cells to the concentration of zinc oxide nanomaterials at increasing molar levels was assessed. Read More

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[2, 3, 5, 4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in rats].

J Chen H Liu

Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao 2021 Jul;41(7):1101-1106

Department of General Practice, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou 510030, China.

Objective: To observe the protective effect of 2, 3, 5, 4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside (TSG) against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in rats and explore the underlying mechanism.

Methods: Thirty-six SD rats were randomized equally into 4 groups: the normal control group, ALI model group, and low- and high-dose TSG groups (treated with 50 and 100 mg/kg TSG via intragastric administration, respectively). In all but the normal control group, the rats were subjected to tail vein injection of LPS to induced ALI. Read More

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