Cancers (Basel) 2021 Mar 14;13(6). Epub 2021 Mar 14.
Research Institute of Medical & Health Sciences, University of Sharjah, P.O. Box 27272 Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
The major form of cell death in normal as well as malignant cells is apoptosis, which is a programmed process highly regulated by the BCL-2 family of proteins. This includes the antiapoptotic proteins (BCL-2, BCL-XL, MCL-1, BCLW, and BFL-1) and the proapoptotic proteins, which can be divided into two groups: the effectors (BAX, BAK, and BOK) and the BH3-only proteins (BIM, BAD, NOXA, PUMA, BID, BIK, HRK). Notably, the BCL-2 antiapoptotic proteins are often overexpressed in malignant cells. Read More