20,817 results match your criteria maternal mental

Gestational urinary tract infections and the risk of antenatal and postnatal depressive and anxiety symptoms: A longitudinal population-based study.

J Psychosom Res 2021 Sep 11;150:110600. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia; Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Objective: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are among the most common bacterial infections in pregnant women. This is the first longitudinal study investigating the association between gestational UTIs and the risk of maternal antenatal and postnatal depressive and anxiety symptoms.

Methods: Data were utilised from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Read More

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September 2021

A two-generation study: The transmission of attachment and young adults' depression, anxiety, and social media addiction.

Addict Behav 2021 Sep 3;124:107109. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Bahcesehir University, Department of Psychology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Social media use is on the rise among young adults (YA) and evidence suggests a positive association between social media addiction (SMA) and the psychological symptoms of depression and anxiety globally. However, the contribution of attachment and its transgenerational influence on YAs' SMA and psychological symptoms have not been widely explored. Thus, we examined how parental reports of attachment (anxiety and avoidance) can directly and through YAs' attachment predict YAs' SMA, depression and anxiety symptoms. Read More

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September 2021

The Effect of Using In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) on Increasing the Prevalence of Craniosynostosis.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Plastic and Craniofacial Surgery, Medical College of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science (SBUM), 15 Khordad Hospital Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine, Mofid Children's Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Pharmacology Department, Tehran, Iran Brain Imaging Center, Douglas Hospital Mental Health University Institute, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran.

Background: Craniosynostosis, a malformation caused by premature closure of one or more cranial sutures, is a rare congenital disability usually of unknown cause; however, it is often associated with assisted reproductive technology. Given the increasing prevalence of craniosynostosis and the use of the in vitro fertilization (IVF) method, the authors evaluated the association between IVF and the prevalence of craniosynostosis.

Methods: This retrospective study reviewed records of patients with nonsyndromic craniosynostosis who underwent surgery in Mofid Hospital, a tertiary children's hospital affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, between 2010 and 2019. Read More

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September 2021

Scaling up care for perinatal depression for improved maternal and infant health (SPECTRA): protocol of a hybrid implementation study of the impact of a cascade training of primary maternal care providers in Nigeria.

Int J Ment Health Syst 2021 Sep 20;15(1):73. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

Background: The large treatment gap for mental disorders in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) necessitates task-sharing approaches in scaling up care for mental disorders. Previous work have shown that primary health care workers (PHCW) can be trained to recognize and respond to common mental disorders but there are lingering questions around sustainable implementation and scale-up in real world settings.

Method: This project is a hybrid implementation-effectiveness study guided by the Replicating Effective Programmes Framework. Read More

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September 2021

Nurses' Perception of Using Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Death Anxiety and Ageism.

Omega (Westport) 2021 Sep 20:302228211046798. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Community and Mental Health- Faculty of Nursing, The Hashemite University, Zarqa, Jordan.

Despite the effectiveness of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) in relieving death anxiety and ageism among nurses, there is not a complete consensus on its acceptability, adherence, credibility, and expectancy in the literature. Therefore, this descriptive-comparative study aimed to examine Jordanian nurses' perception of using CBT in relieving death anxiety and ageism. Most participants perceived CBT as a credible and adherable treatment for death anxiety and ageism. Read More

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September 2021

Mothers' experiences of neonatal intensive care: A systematic review and implications for clinical practice.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Aug;9(24):7062-7072

Department of Nursing, Shenzhen Shekou People's Hospital, Shenzhen 518067, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: Preterm birth is on the rise worldwide. Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) have enabled many critically ill newborns to survive. When a premature baby is admitted to the NICU, the mother-infant relationship may be interrupted, affecting the mother's mental health. Read More

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Differences in Stress and Anxiety Among Women With and Without Children in the Household During the Early Months of the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Public Health 2021 1;9:688462. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, Washington State University, Spokane, WA, United States.

The COVID-19 pandemic and resulting lockdowns have had a disproportionate impact on parents of children under 18, particularly women. Mandatory school closures and loss of childcare resulted in parents balancing work, teaching, and childcare needs. A number of studies have examined changes in mental health of parents, but to date no studies have compared the differences in stress and anxiety levels between women with and without children in the United States. Read More

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September 2021

The effect of holographic meridian scraping therapy combined with free position on the labor process, perineum lateral resection rate, and delivery outcomes of primiparae.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(8):9846-9852. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Nursing Department, Hebei Province Hospital of TCM Shijiazhuang, Hebei, China.

Objective: To explore the effect of holographic meridian scraping combined with free body positions on the stages of labor, the perineal lateral resection rate, and the delivery outcomes of the primipara.

Methods: A total of 120 primiparous women in natural labor admitted to Hebei Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine (HPH-TCM) from January 2020 to September 2020 were recruited as the study cohort. The cohort of parturients was divided into a conventional treatment group (the conventional group) or a combined treatment group (the combined group). Read More

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Parental Sensitivity and Responsiveness as Mediators Between Postpartum Mental Health and Bonding in Mothers and Fathers.

Front Psychiatry 2021 1;12:723418. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Croatia, Zagreb, Croatia.

There is a lack of studies that examine the complex relationship between parental mental health, parental sensitivity and responsiveness, and parent-infant bonding. This study aimed to test whether parental sensitivity and responsiveness were mediators between postpartum mental health (depression, anxiety, and stress) and parent-infant bonding in mothers and fathers. Mothers ( = 427) and fathers ( = 170) of infants aged up to 1-year-old participated in an online study. Read More

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September 2021

Depression and Anxiety in Mothers Who Were Pregnant During the COVID-19 Outbreak in Northern Italy: The Role of Pandemic-Related Emotional Stress and Perceived Social Support.

Front Psychiatry 2021 3;12:716488. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Child Neurology and Psychiatry Unit, IRCCS Mondino Foundation, Pavia, Italy.

The COVID-19 pandemic is a collective trauma that is threatening citizens' mental health resulting in increased emotional stress, reduced social support, and heightened risk for affective symptoms. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of antenatal pandemic-related emotional stress and perceived social support on the symptoms of depression and anxiety of mothers who were pregnant during the initial COVID-19 outbreak in northern Italy. A sample of 281 mothers was enrolled at eight maternity units in the first hotspot region of the COVID-19 outbreak in northern Italy. Read More

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September 2021

Early Life Adversity and Polygenic Risk for High Fasting Insulin Are Associated With Childhood Impulsivity.

Front Neurosci 2021 1;15:704785. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Douglas Mental Health University Institute, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

While the co-morbidity between metabolic and psychiatric behaviors is well-established, the mechanisms are poorly understood, and exposure to early life adversity (ELA) is a common developmental risk factor. ELA is associated with altered insulin sensitivity and poor behavioral inhibition throughout life, which seems to contribute to the development of metabolic and psychiatric disturbances in the long term. We hypothesize that a genetic background associated with higher fasting insulin interacts with ELA to influence the development of executive functions (e. Read More

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September 2021

Collaboration with Schools and School-Based Health Centers.

Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 2021 Oct;30(4):751-765

Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA; Lucile Packard Children's Hospital @ Stanford, 401 Quarry Road, Stanford, CA 94305-5719, USA.

Since the early 1900s when school-based health services were first introduced, models of school-based health have evolved toward comprehensive and integrated models that include mental health. New and innovative models of Comprehensive Mental Health Systems offer a range of prevention and intervention strategies that are delivered across collaborative systems of community and school-based mental health. Studies of school-based health services indicate positive outcomes in health, mental health, and education. Read More

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October 2021

Public health consequences after ten years of the Syrian crisis: a literature review.

Global Health 2021 09 19;17(1):111. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Head of the Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Debrecen, School of Health Sciences, Debrecen, Hungary.

Ten years of the Syrian war had a devastating effect on Syrian lives, including millions of refugees and displaced people, enormous destruction in the infrastructure, and the worst economic crisis Syria has ever faced. The health sector was hit hard by this war, up to 50% of the health facilities have been destroyed and up to 70% of the healthcare providers fled the country seeking safety, which increased the workload and mental pressure for the remaining medical staff. Five databases were searched and 438 articles were included according to the inclusion criteria, the articles were divided into categories according to the topic of the article. Read More

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September 2021

Preeclampsia and postpartum mental health: mechanisms and clinical implications.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Sep 19:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Section of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Preeclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide, with the short and long-term implications for maternal health being increasingly recognized. Yet the effects of preeclampsia on mental health are often overlooked, effects which can be evident both immediately postpartum and decades later. In particular, preeclampsia has been associated with increased risk and severity of cognitive impairment, psychosocial distress, and psychiatric disorders including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Read More

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September 2021

Maternal depressive symptoms and stress during pregnancy as predictors of gestational age at birth and standardized body mass index from birth up to 2 years of age.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Sep 18;21(1):635. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Integrated Research and Treatment Center AdiposityDiseases, Behavioral Medicine Research Unit, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Leipzig University Medical Center, Semmelweisstrasse 10, 04103, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: While depressive symptoms and stress during pregnancy are known to affect gestational age and weight at birth, evidence on their impact on child anthropometric development in the long term remains limited, showing inconsistent effects. Importantly, previous research indicated a substantially stronger impact of categorically rather than dimensionally assessed mental health problems on birth outcomes and child development.

Methods: The Patient Health Questionnaire was used to assess depressive symptoms and stress during the 2nd trimester of pregnancy dimensionally and categorically, with scores ≥10 indicating clinical significance. Read More

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September 2021

Challenges, coping responses and supportive interventions for international and migrant students in academic nursing programs in major host countries: a scoping review with a gender lens.

BMC Nurs 2021 Sep 18;20(1):174. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Faculty of Nursing, University of Montreal, Montreal, Canada.

Background: International and migrant students face specific challenges which may impact their mental health, well-being and academic outcomes, and these may be gendered experiences. The purpose of this scoping review was to map the literature on the challenges, coping responses and supportive interventions for international and migrant students in academic nursing programs in major host countries, with a gender lens.

Methods: We searched 10 databases to identify literature reporting on the challenges, coping responses and/or supportive interventions for international and migrant nursing students in college or university programs in Canada, the United-States, Australia, New Zealand or a European country. Read More

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September 2021

Rural citizen-patient priorities for healthcare in British Columbia, Canada: findings from a mixed methods study.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Sep 18;21(1):987. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Rural Patient Partner, British Columbia, Canada.

Background: The challenge of including citizen-patient voices in healthcare planning is exacerbated in rural communities by regional variation in priorities and a historical lack of attention to rural healthcare needs. This paper aims to address this deficit by presenting findings from a mixed methods study to understand rural patient and community priorities for healthcare.

Methods: We conducted a provincial survey of rural citizens-patients across British Columbia, Canada to understand their most pressing healthcare needs, supplemented by semi-structured interviews. Read More

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September 2021

How prenatal exposures shape the infant brain: Insights from infant neuroimaging studies.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Sep 15;131:47-58. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Child Study Center, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Yale School of Medicine, USA; Department of Statistics and Data Science, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA; Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.

Brain development during the prenatal period is rapid and unparalleled by any other time during development. Biological systems undergoing rapid development are at higher risk for disorganizing influences. Therefore, certain prenatal exposures impact brain development, increasing risk for negative neurodevelopmental outcome. Read More

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September 2021

Sustained social withdrawal behavior and 'difficult' temperament among infants, in relation to maternal affectivity in a low-income area of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, Centre for International Health, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Little is known about the relationship between maternal affectivity, social withdrawal and temperament in infants in low-income countries. The goal of the study was to assess the prevalence of social withdrawal behavior in infants aged 8 ± 2.3 months and to explore associations between maternal affectivity during pregnancy and postpartum, infant social withdrawal (as a sign of stress) and 'difficult' temperament as assessed by the mothers. Read More

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September 2021

Ignored Papers, Invented Quotations: A History of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.

Michael Obladen

Neonatology 2021 Sep 14:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Neonatology, Charité University Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

Given the high rate of alcoholism throughout history, its effects on the fetus may have existed for millennia. But, the claim that Greeks and Romans were aware of fetal alcohol syndrome rests on incorrect citations. From 1725, maternal alcohol consumption was associated with retarded fetal growth and neurological anomalies. Read More

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September 2021

Acute relaxation during pregnancy leads to a reduction in maternal electrodermal activity and self-reported stress levels.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Sep 17;21(1):628. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD e.V.), fMEG-Center, Institute for Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases of the Helmholtz Center Munich/ fMEG Center, University of Tuebingen, Otfried-Müller-Strasse 47, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany.

Background: Prenatal maternal stress can have adverse effects on birth outcomes and fetal development. Relaxation techniques have been examined as potential countermeasures. This study investigates different relaxation techniques and their effect on self-reported stress levels and physiological stress levels in pregnant women. Read More

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September 2021

Estimation of postpartum depression risk from electronic health records using machine learning.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Sep 17;21(1):630. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

KI Research Institute, Kfar Malal, Israel.

Background: Postpartum depression is a widespread disorder, adversely affecting the well-being of mothers and their newborns. We aim to utilize machine learning for predicting risk of postpartum depression (PPD) using primary care electronic health records (EHR) data, and to evaluate the potential value of EHR-based prediction in improving the accuracy of PPD screening and in early identification of women at risk.

Methods: We analyzed EHR data of 266,544 women from the UK who gave first live birth between 2000 and 2017. Read More

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September 2021

Women empowerment and minimum daily meal frequency among infants and young children in Ghana: analysis of Ghana demographic and health survey.

BMC Public Health 2021 Sep 17;21(1):1700. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.

Background: The nutritional quality of food has an important impact on the health and well-being of families, especially children whose bodies need to grow, develop and reach their full physical and mental potential. Traditionally, women in Ghana provide care and nourishment for their children and families if they have the means to do so or if they are financially, legally and socially empowered. Women's empowerment is not only important for women's human rights, but also improves nutrition and health outcomes of both mothers and their children. Read More

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September 2021

The Protective Role of Parent Resilience on Mental Health and the Parent-Child Relationship During COVID-19.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Human Development & Family Sciences, University of Connecticut, 348 Mansfield Rd. U-1058, Storrs, CT, 06269, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic is linked to particularly potent psychological effects for children and their caregivers while families adjust to new daily routines for work, education, and self-care. Longitudinal associations are presented from a national sample of 271 parents (mean age = 35.29 years, 48. Read More

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September 2021

Mobile Technology Access and Use Among Adolescent Mothers in Lima, Peru: Mixed Methods Study.

JMIR Pediatr Parent 2021 Sep 17;4(3):e30240. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Chester M. Pierce Division of Global Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: Research shows promise for the use of mobile health interventions to improve access to care for mothers and infants. Although adolescent mothers in particular are comfortable with technology and often face barriers to accessing care, data on the use of digital interventions with young mothers are limited.

Objective: This study aims to examine technology access and use behavior among adolescent mothers in Lima, Peru, to inform the development of technology-mediated perinatal interventions for high-risk mothers and infants in low- and middle-income countries and other areas with limited access to care. Read More

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September 2021

Postpartum women's psychological experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic: a modified recurrent cross-sectional thematic analysis.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Sep 17;21(1):625. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Women & Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences & Medicine, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: COVID-19 has placed additional stressors on mothers during an already vulnerable lifecourse transition. Initial social distancing restrictions (Timepoint 1; T1) and initial changes to those social distancing restrictions (Timepoint 2; T2) have disrupted postpartum access to practical and emotional support. This qualitative study explores the postpartum psychological experiences of UK women during different phases of the COVID-19 pandemic and associated 'lockdowns'. Read More

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September 2021

Prevalence and associated factors of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a cohort of Srilankan post-partum mothers: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Sep 17;21(1):626. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Background: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) usually follows a catastrophic event. However, the experience of child birth can be severe enough to cause PTSD in some women. The aim of this study is to highlight the prevalence of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder among a cohort of postpartum mothers. Read More

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September 2021

Pharmacokinetics and safety of high-dose rifampicin in children with TB: the Opti-Rif trial.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Desmond Tutu TB Centre, Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, PO Box 241, Cape Town 8000, South Africa.

Background: Rifampicin doses of 40 mg/kg in adults are safe and well tolerated, may shorten anti-TB treatment and improve outcomes, but have not been evaluated in children.

Objectives: To characterize the pharmacokinetics and safety of high rifampicin doses in children with drug-susceptible TB.

Patients And Methods: The Opti-Rif trial enrolled dosing cohorts of 20 children aged 0-12 years, with incremental dose escalation with each subsequent cohort, until achievement of target exposures or safety concerns. Read More

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September 2021