37,873 results match your criteria maternal behavior

Promoting Culturally Tailored mHealth: A Scoping Review of Mobile Health Interventions in Latinx Communities.

J Immigr Minor Health 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Communication, University of Washington, Communications Building 101, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.

This scoping review of mHealth research focuses on intervention studies that utilize mobile technologies to promote behavior change and improve health outcomes in U.S. Latinx communities. Read More

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Coping with large litters: management effects on welfare and nursing capacity of the sow.

J Anim Sci Technol 2021 Mar 31;63(2):199-210. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea.

A number of management issues can be used as drivers for change in order to improve animal welfare and nursing capacity of the hyperprolific sow. Group housing of sows during gestation is a recommended practice from the perspective of animal welfare. Related health issues include reproductive health and the locomotor system. Read More

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Maternal overweight induced by reduced litter size impairs the behavioral neurodevelopment of offspring.

Life Sci 2021 May 10:119611. Epub 2021 May 10.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biociências Aplicadas à Saude, Universidade Federal de Alfenas (Unifal-MG), Alfenas, Brazil; Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade Federal de Alfenas (Unifal-MG), Alfenas, Brazil. Electronic address:

Aims: We assessed the influence of maternal overweight on the behavioral neurodevelopment of male and female offspring in prepubertal age by reducing the litter size.

Main Methods: To reduce litter size in Wistar rats, the offspring of generation 0 (G0) were culled for 12 pups (6 males and 6 females: normal litter, NL-G1) or 4 pups (2 males and 2 females: small litter, SL-G1). In G1 dams, overweight was characterized, maternal behavior and locomotor activity were assessed. Read More

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Maternal stress programs a demasculinization of glutamatergic transmission in stress-related brain regions of aged rats.

Geroscience 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Unité de Glycobiologie Structurale et Fonctionnelle, University of Lille, CNRS, UMR 8576, UGSF, F-59000, Lille, France.

Brain aging may be programmed by early-life stress. Aging affects males and females differently, but how perinatal stress (PRS) affects brain aging between sexes is unknown. We showed behavioral and neurobiological sex differences in non-stressed control rats that were strongly reduced or inverted in PRS rats. Read More

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Is Maternal Income in Childhood Associated With Adolescent Health and Behavioral Outcomes?

J Fam Issues 2019 May 19;40(7):911-928. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Maternal income increases immediate investment in children for food, child care, and health care, but whether maternal income influences longer term health and behavioral outcomes is unknown. Using data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, we examine the association between maternal income in early and later childhood on body mass index percentile, problem behaviors, and self-reported health status at age 15 among a sample of children ( = 1,283) whose mothers were employed at at least one observation time point between birth and age 15 (1991-2005). When controlling for family income (minus maternal income) and maternal employment characteristics, higher maternal income during early childhood was significantly associated with fewer adolescent problem behaviors. Read More

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The mediating role of partner communication on contraceptive use among adolescent girls and young women participating in a small-group intervention in Malawi: A longitudinal analysis.

Glob Public Health 2021 May 12:1-14. Epub 2021 May 12.

University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi.

Though effective reproductive health interventions have been developed for adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa, few have explored whether specific components of the interventions are responsible for observed changes in behaviour. Data for this longitudinal mediation analysis come from a quasi-experimental, sexual and reproductive health study conducted among AGYW (age 15-24) in Malawi. We assessed the extent to which the relationship between attending communication-specific small-group sessions and contraceptive use at one-year was mediated by contraceptive communication with partners at six months, using a bootstrapping procedure to estimate indirect effects. Read More

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Learning from the Past to Shape the Future for North Carolina's Youngest Children.

N C Med J 2021 May-Jun;82(3):208-213

associate professor, Department of Maternal and Child Health, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

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Biallelic variants in HPDL cause pure and complicated hereditary spastic paraplegia.

Brain 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Genetics Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Human 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase-like (HPDL) is a putative iron-containing non-heme oxygenase of unknown specificity and biological significance. We report 25 families containing 34 individuals with neurological disease associated with biallelic HPDL variants. Phenotypes ranged from juvenile-onset pure hereditary spastic paraplegia to infantile-onset spasticity and global developmental delays, sometimes complicated by episodes of neurological and respiratory decompensation. Read More

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Weight teasing experienced during adolescence and young adulthood: Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with disordered eating behaviors in an ethnically/racially and socioeconomically diverse sample.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.

Objective: This study assessed cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between weight teasing and disordered eating in an ethnically/racially and socioeconomically diverse sample of young people and examined these relationships across sociodemographic characteristics.

Method: The EAT 2010-2018 study surveyed adolescents (n = 1,534) in the Minneapolis/St. Paul public schools (mean age = 14. Read More

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Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms and Serotonin Transporter (5-HTTLPR) Polymorphism in Breast Cancer Patients.

Front Psychiatry 2021 21;12:632596. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Biomedical and Specialty Surgical Sciences, Institute of Psychiatry, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.

Post-traumatic Symptoms (PTSS) and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) have been reported to affect a quite significant proportion of cancer patients. No study has examined the relationship between serotonin transporter gene-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) and cancer, including Gene-Environment interactions between this polymorphism and specific causes of distress, such as cancer related problems (CRP) or life stressful events (SLE). One hundred and forty five breast cancer outpatients participated in the study and were assessed using the Impact of Event Scale (IES), the Problem List (PL) developed by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Distress Management Guidelines and the Paykel's Life Events Interview to evaluate the exposure to SLE during the year before the cancer diagnosis. Read More

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Prenatal environmental tobacco smoke exposure alters children's cognitive control circuitry: A preliminary study.

Environ Int 2021 May 6;155:106516. Epub 2021 May 6.

The Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in the Department of Psychiatry, Vagelos College of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA.

Background And Objectives: Prenatal exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) is associated with increased attention problems in children, however, the effects of such exposure on children's brain structure and function have not been studied. Herein, we probed effects of prenatal ETS on children's cognitive control circuitry and behavior.

Methods: Forty-one children (7-9 years) recruited from a prospective longitudinal birth cohort of non-smoking mothers completed structural and task-functional magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate effects of maternal ETS exposure, measured by maternal prenatal urinary cotinine. Read More

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Early Maternal Care and Amygdala Habituation to Emotional Stimuli in Adulthood.

Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Evidence suggests that maternal care constitutes a protective factor for psychopathology which may be conditional on the level of family adversity. Given that psychopathology is frequently linked with social deficits, and the amygdala with social functioning, we investigated the impact of early maternal care on amygdala function under high versus low familial risk for psychopathology. Amygdala activity and habituation during an emotional face-matching paradigm was analyzed in participants of an epidemiological cohort study followed since birth (N=172, 25 years). Read More

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Odor-active volatile compounds in preterm breastmilk.

Pediatr Res 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Liggins Institute, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Volatile compounds in breastmilk (BM) likely influence flavor learning and, through the cephalic phase response, metabolism, and digestion. Little is known about the volatile compounds present in preterm BM. We investigated whether maternal or infant characteristics are associated with the profile of volatile compounds in preterm BM. Read More

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Interaction of prenatal bisphenols, maternal nutrients, and toxic metal exposures on neurodevelopment of 2-year-olds in the APrON cohort.

Environ Int 2021 May 4;155:106601. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Canada; Science for Life Laboratory, Department of Environmental Sciences, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address:

Background: Epidemiological studies suggest that Bisphenol-A (BPA) is a developmental neurotoxicant, but the modifying effects of maternal nutrient status or neurotoxicant metal co-exposures have not been reported. Bisphenol-S (BPS) is being used as a BPA-alternative, but few epidemiological studies have evaluated its effects.

Objectives: To examine if prenatal maternal BPA or BPS exposure are associated with children's neurodevelopment at two years of age while adjusting for effect-measure modification by sex, maternal nutrients, and co-exposure to neurotoxic metals. Read More

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Prenatal stress and KCl-induced depolarization modulate cell death, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis genes, oxidative and inflammatory response in primary cortical neurons.

Neurochem Int 2021 May 5;147:105053. Epub 2021 May 5.

Laboratory of Pediatric Physical Activity, Infant Center, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Brazil; Laboratory of Cellular Biophysics and Inflammation, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Brazil. Electronic address:

Maternal stress has been described as an important component in the offspring's cerebral development, altering the susceptibility to diseases in later life. Moreover, the postnatal period is essential for the development and integration of several peripheral and central systems related to the control of homeostasis. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of prenatal stress on the activation of cortical neurons, by performing experiments both under basal conditions and after KCl-induced depolarization. Read More

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Intention to use institutional delivery service and its predictors among pregnant women, North West Ethiopia: Using theory of planned behavior.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(5):e0248697. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Improving institutional delivery service is the most crucial strategies to reduce maternal and neonatal mortalities. In developing countries, only 50% of pregnant women deliver in health facilities and in Ethiopia only 48% of pregnant women deliver in health facilities. Maternal mortality remains the highest in Ethiopia. Read More

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Maternal anxiety and depression and their associations with mother-child pretend play: a longitudinal observational study.

BMC Psychol 2021 May 7;9(1):70. Epub 2021 May 7.

Centre for Research On Play in Education, Development and Learning, Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, 184 Hills Road, Cambridge, CB2 8PQ, UK.

Background: Parental anxiety and depression have been associated with changes to parent-child interactions. Although play constitutes an important part of parent-child interactions and affords critical developmental opportunities, little is known regarding how parental anxiety and depression are related to parent-child play. This is an important knowledge gap because parents play a crucial role in children's early play experience. Read More

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Maternal temperament and character: associations to child behavior at the age of 3 years.

Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 2021 May 6;15(1):23. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Children's and Women's Health, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, SE-581 85, Linköping, Sweden.

Background: The influence of maternal temperament on child behavior, and whether maternal temperament impact boys and girls differently is not thoroughly studied. The aim was to investigate the impact of maternal temperament and character on child externalizing and internalizing problems at age 3.

Methods: A birth-cohort of 1723 mothers and their children were followed from birth to age 3. Read More

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Detecting Sensitive Mobility Features for Parkinson's Disease Stages Via Machine Learning.

Mov Disord 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Laboratory for Early Markers Of Neurodegeneration (LEMON), Center for the Study of Movement, Cognition and Mobility, Neurological Institute, Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background: It is not clear how specific gait measures reflect disease severity across the disease spectrum in Parkinson's disease (PD).

Objective: To identify the gait and mobility measures that are most sensitive and reflective of PD motor stages and determine the optimal sensor location in each disease stage.

Methods: Cross-sectional wearable-sensor records were collected in 332 patients with PD (Hoehn and Yahr scale I-III) and 100 age-matched healthy controls. Read More

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Adaptive, behavioral intervention impact on weight gain, physical activity, energy intake, and motivational determinants: results of a feasibility trial in pregnant women with overweight/obesity.

J Behav Med 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.

Interventions have modest impact on reducing excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) in pregnant women with overweight/obesity. This two-arm feasibility randomized control trial tested delivery of and compliance with an intervention using adapted dosages to regulate GWG, and examined pre-post change in GWG and secondary outcomes (physical activity: PA, energy intake: EI, theories of planned behavior/self-regulation constructs) compared to a usual care group. Pregnant women with overweight/obesity (N = 31) were randomized to a usual care control group or usual care + intervention group from 8 to 2 weeks gestation and completed the intervention through 36 weeks gestation. Read More

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Parental Antisocial and Psychopathic Traits Influence Adolescent Psychopathology.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 May 5:306624X211013517. Epub 2021 May 5.

University of Cyprus, Nicosia.

The role of parental antisocial behavior in the development of adolescent psychopathology is well established in the literature. However, less is known about the role of parental psychopathic traits in offspring psychopathology. Adolescents (N = 210; boys = 107) and their parents participated in a study measuring parental antisocial behavior, psychopathic traits (i. Read More

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Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors of Women Related to Pregnancy, and Early Childhood Caries Prevention: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study.

J Prim Care Community Health 2021 Jan-Dec;12:21501327211013302

University of Maryland, USA.

Objective: Health education interventions during pregnancy can influence maternal oral health (OH), maternal OH-behaviors and children's OH. Interventions that can be delivered at anytime and anywhere, for example mobile-health (mHealth) provides an opportunity to address challenges of health education and support activation of women in underserved and rural communities to modify their health behavior. This pilot study was undertaken as a part of a mHealth initiative to determine knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to pregnancy and ECC prevention among women attending obstetrics/gynecology (OB/GYN) practices at a large rurally-based clinic. Read More

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Development and validation of the maternal blues scale through bonding attachments in predicting postpartum blues.

Malays Fam Physician 2021 Mar 15;16(1):64-74. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Professor, Maternity Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing Universitas, Indonesia. Email:

Background: Postpartum blues in Indonesia has a high prevalence at 37% to 67%. Postpartum blues syndrome has been described as varying changes in the affective domain, such as feelings, behavior, or thoughts, that can be influenced by the roles and tasks of women, along with their social, cultural, and economic support. Instruments that measure maternal blues through bonding attachment behavior have never before been developed in Indonesia. Read More

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Moderation of the transgenerational transference of antenatal stress-induced anxiety.

Transl Psychiatry 2021 05 4;11(1):268. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Education and Psychology, The Open University of Israel, Raanana, Israel.

Maternal stress has debilitating implications for both mother and child, including increased risk for anxiety. The current COVID-19 pandemic escalates these phenomena, thus, urging the need to further explore and validate feasible therapeutic options. Unlike the protracted nature of clinical studies, animal models could offer swift evidence. Read More

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Household Hunger, Poverty, and Childcare in 5 States of Nigeria and Their Impacts on Nutritional Outcomes in Preschool Children.

Food Nutr Bull 2021 May 4:3795721211009482. Epub 2021 May 4.

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

This article presents findings from baseline surveys in 5 states of Nigeria to assess the nutritional outcomes on target groups on attaining the UN Sustainable Development Goal 2. The augmented regression technique was applied to analyze data from a sample of 1642 households with at least 1 child under the age of 5 years (U5) and their mothers or caregivers out of a total of 2500 households that were drawn from the 250 enumeration areas of the Nigeria Bureau of Statistics in the 5 states. The results support the growing evidence base that poverty and household hunger are pervasive. Read More

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Communication, social norms, and contraceptive use among adolescent girls and young women in Lilongwe, Malawi.

Women Health 2021 May 4:1-12. Epub 2021 May 4.

University of North Carolina Project, Lilongwe, Malawi.

In Malawi, 50% of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) have had a first child by age 19 and 45% report their pregnancies as unintended or mistimed. Yet, uptake of contraception remains low. Understanding how interactions with social ties impact AGYW contraceptive use might explain low uptake beyond individual and environmental factors. Read More

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Experiences affect social behaviors via altering neuronal morphology and oxytocin system.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021 Apr 29;129:105247. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Institute of Anatomy and Histology & Embryology, Neuroscience, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730000, PR China; Key Laboratory of Preclinical Study for New Drugs of Gansu Province, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu Province 730000, PR China. Electronic address:

Life experiences, such as maternal deprivation (MD) and environment enrichment (EE), affect social behaviors in the adult. But, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we determined whether neonatal MD induces social deficits, whether postweaning EE restores the deficits, and their effects on neuron morphology and oxytocin (OT)-oxytocin receptor (OTR) system. Read More

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Effects of bisphenol A or diethyl phthalate on cartilage development and the swimming behavior of zebrafish (Danio rerio) through maternal exposure.

Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2021 Apr 30;247:109057. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Aquatic Biosciences, National Chiayi University, Chiayi 600, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Waterborne bisphenol A (BPA) and diethyl phthalate (DEP) are endocrine disruptive chemicals that impact the reproductive system of fish. The present study checks the effectiveness of the reproductive capacity on zebrafish after BPA and DEP exposure, and consequently investigates its effect on their development and the swimming behavior of its offspring. The exposure of BPA and DEP to zebrafish reveals that the levels of ovarian 17β-estradiol (E2) and relative mRNA expression (RRE) ratios (Treatment/Control) of hepatic vitellogenin (vtg1) could be induced and decreased. Read More

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Children's fingernail cortisol among BaYaka foragers of the Congo Basin: associations with fathers' roles.

Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 2021 Jun 3;376(1827):20200031. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Human Behavior, Ecology and Culture, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig, Germany.

Children and mothers' cortisol production in response to family psychosocial conditions, including parenting demands, family resource availability and parental conflict, has been extensively studied in the United States and Europe. Less is known about how such family dynamics relate to family members' cortisol in societies with a strong cultural emphasis on cooperative caregiving. We studied a cumulative indicator of cortisol production, measured from fingernails, among BaYaka forager children (77 samples, = 48 individuals) and their parents (78 samples, = 49) in the Congo Basin. Read More

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Early life triggers for food allergy that in turn impacts dietary habits in childhood.

Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) 2021 1;49(3):146-152. Epub 2021 May 1.

Medical School, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Introduction And Objectives: In order to investigate food allergy's prevalence, risk factors and eating behavior of children with relevant anamnesis, a study was performed in Cypriot primary schools.

Patients: A specially composed questionnaire for self-reported adverse reactions to food, created in the context of the EuroPrevall study, was distributed in 13 representative primary schools across the country. Participants were sub-grouped into three groups; healthy (H), those with unconfirmed food hypersensitivity reactions (FA) and children with a confirmed diagnosis by a physician IgE-mediated food allergy (FA). Read More

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