1,150,619 results match your criteria materials


Clinical benefits of precision medicine in treating solid cancers: European Society of Medical Oncology-Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale score-based analysis.

ESMO Open 2021 Jun 9;6(4):100187. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Experimental Therapeutics, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; Outpatient Treatment Center, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Precision and matched cancer medicine has the potential to complement the existing biomarker approaches in cancer treatment. However, despite their promising potential, certain negative results have highlighted their limitations in molecular biology-driven treatment strategies. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical benefits of precision therapies. Read More

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Carvacrol, citral and α-terpineol essential oil incorporated biodegradable films for functional active packaging of Pacific white shrimp.

Food Chem 2021 May 30;363:130252. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Packaging and Materials Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Kasetsart University, 50 Ngam Wong Wan Rd., Latyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand; Center for Advanced Studies for Agriculture and Food, Kasetsart University, 50 Ngam Wong Wan Rd., Latyao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900, Thailand. Electronic address:

Biodegradable poly(butylene adipate terephthalate) and poly(lactic acid) (PBAT/PLA) blend films compounded with carvacrol, citral and α-terpineol essential oils (EOs) were produced for food packaging via blown-film extrusion. PBAT/PLA interacted with citral and α-terpineol via hydrogen bonding and carbonyl groups. Microstructures and barrier properties against water vapor and oxygen were modified depending on types and concentrations (3% and 6%) of EOs. Read More

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A computational pipeline for data augmentation towards the improvement of disease classification and risk stratification models: A case study in two clinical domains.

Comput Biol Med 2021 Jun 6;134:104520. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Unit of Medical Technology and Intelligent Information Systems, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GR45110, Greece; Department of Biomedical Research, FORTH-IMBB, Ioannina, GR45110, Greece. Electronic address:

Virtual population generation is an emerging field in data science with numerous applications in healthcare towards the augmentation of clinical research databases with significant lack of population size. However, the impact of data augmentation on the development of AI (artificial intelligence) models to address clinical unmet needs has not yet been investigated. In this work, we assess whether the aggregation of real with virtual patient data can improve the performance of the existing risk stratification and disease classification models in two rare clinical domains, namely the primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS) and the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), for the first time in the literature. Read More

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Benzofuranyl-2-imidazoles as imidazoline I receptor ligands for Alzheimer's disease.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 May 20;222:113540. Epub 2021 May 20.

Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry (Associated Unit to CSIC), Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, Institute of Biomedicine (IBUB), University of Barcelona, Av. Joan XXIII, 27-31, E-08028, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Recent findings unveil the pharmacological modulation of imidazoline I receptors (I-IR) as a novel strategy to face unmet medical neurodegenerative diseases. In this work, we report the chemical characterization, three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) and ADMET in silico of a family of benzofuranyl-2-imidazoles that exhibit affinity against human brain I-IR and most of them have been predicted to be brain permeable. Acute treatment in mice with 2-(2-benzofuranyl)-2-imidazole, known as LSL60101 (garsevil), showed non-warning properties in the ADMET studies and an optimal pharmacokinetic profile. Read More

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Phthalic acid esters degradation by a novel marine bacterial strain Mycolicibacterium phocaicum RL-HY01: Characterization, metabolic pathway and bioaugmentation.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 5;791:148303. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Shenzhen Research Institute of Guangdong Ocean University, Shenzhen 518108, China; College of Coastal Agricultural Sciences, School of Chemistry and Environment, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524088, China. Electronic address:

Phthalic acid esters (PAEs) are one of the most widely used plasticizers and the well-studied environmental pollutants with endocrine disrupting properties. Investigation about PAEs in terrestrial ecosystem has been extensively conducted while the fate of PAEs in marine environment remains underexplored. In this study, a novel di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) degrading marine bacterial strain, Mycolicibacterium phocaicum RL-HY01, was isolated and characterized from intertidal sediments. Read More

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Co-hydrothermal carbonization of swine manure and cellulose: Influence of mutual interaction of intermediates on properties of the products.

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 29;791:148134. Epub 2021 May 29.

School of Material Science and Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, China. Electronic address:

Co-hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of livestock manure and biomass might improve the fuel properties of the hydrochar due to the high reactivity of the biomass-derived intermediates with the abundant oxygen-containing functionalities. However, the complicated compositions make it difficult to explicit the specific roles of the individual components of biomass played in the co-HTC process. In this study, cellulose was used for co-HTC with swine manure to investigate the influence on the properties of the hydrochar. Read More

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Using Sr-Nd-Pb isotope systems to trace sources of sediment and trace metals to the Weser River system (Germany) and assessment of input to the North Sea.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 3;791:148127. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Institute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht Center for Materials and Coastal Research, Max-Planck Str.1, 21502 Geethacht, Germany. Electronic address:

In order to trace the sources of sediment materials and trace metals in the Weser River system (Germany), and the riverine input to the North Sea, Sr, Nd and Pb isotopes, together with multi-elemental compositions, were measured for sediments collected over the entire Weser River Basin, from headwaters to the estuary. Mass fractions of metals, including Ag, Cd, and Pb, and of one metalloid, Sb, higher than their crustal abundance, were observed within the entire Weser Basin. Isotope-amount ratio n(Sr)/n(Sr) and ε ranged from 0. Read More

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Regeneration of porous FeO nanosheets from deep eutectic solvent for high-performance electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 Jun 3;602:64-72. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Key Laboratory of Colloid and Interface Chemistry, Ministry of Education, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China.

The production of ammonia through electrocatalytic nitrogen reduction reaction (NRR) is environmentally friendly and energy-saving, but it still suffers from the low NH yield rate and poor selectivity. Herein, enlightened by the unique solubility of FeO in deep eutectic solvent (DES), we, for the first time, reported a DES-based regeneration strategy to fabricate porous FeO nanosheets utilizing commercial FeO powder as raw materials. The as-regenerated porous FeO nanosheets exhibited satisfactory electrocatalytic performance toward NRR, affording a NH yield rate of 12. Read More

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In-situ reconstruction of non-noble multi-metal core-shell oxyfluorides for water oxidation.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 May 31;602:55-63. Epub 2021 May 31.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Metallic Materials, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China. Electronic address:

The electrochemical anodic behavior of transition metal compounds plays an undeniably non-negligible role across many electrooxidation reactions. In this work, a chronopotentiometric technique was employed to activate the multicomponent non-noble metal oxyfluorides in-situ for oxygen evolution reaction (OER). It is interesting to unravel that the increasing applied current density helps to reconstruct the catalyst into nanoporous core-shell structure and introduce metal oxyhydroxide on the surface, which guarantees more channels for efficient ion/mass transportation and thus contributes to exposing more active sites for catalytic reaction. Read More

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Synthesis of a 2D copper(II)-carboxylate framework having ultrafast adsorption of organic dyes.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 May 31;602:43-54. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Chemistry, GC University Lahore, 54000, Pakistan. Electronic address:

Two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymers are very interesting materials for their attractive applications. A novel 2D metal-organic framework (MOF) was derived from copper(II) and amino benzoic acid under both room temperature and solvothermal reaction conditions using different solvents. From both of the synthesis methods, an identical MOF was crystalized with monoclinic crystal system having P2/c space group. Read More

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FeO nanorods/CuO nanoparticles p-n heterojunction photoanode: Effective charge separation and enhanced photoelectrochemical properties.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 May 26;602:32-42. Epub 2021 May 26.

School of Physics, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, PR China; Liaoning Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Light Emitting and Photocatalytic Materials, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, PR China. Electronic address:

FeO/CuO p-n heterojunction photoelectrode films were fabricated by growing CuO nanoparticles on FeO nanorods via an impregnation method. The content of CuO in FeO/CuO films was changed to study the role of CuO on the p-n heterojunction. The obtained FeO/CuO photoelectrodes exhibited high intensity of visible-light absorption and excellence photoelectrochemical (PEC) performance. Read More

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Waterborne electrospinning of fluorine-free stretchable nanofiber membranes with waterproof and breathable capabilities for protective textiles.

J Colloid Interface Sci 2021 May 30;602:105-114. Epub 2021 May 30.

Innovation Center for Textile Science and Technology, College of Textiles, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China. Electronic address:

Hypothesis: Smart membranes with robust liquid water resistance and water vapor transmission capabilities have attracted growing attentions in personal protective equipment and environmental protection. However, current fluorine-free waterproof and breathable nanofibrous membranes are usually prepared through toxic solvent-based electrospinning, which raises great concerns about their environmental impacts.

Experiments: We develop environmentally friendly fluorine-free polyurethane nanofibrous membranes with robust waterproof and breathable performances via waterborne electrospinning without post-coating treatment. Read More

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Determination of ultra-trace levels of uranium and thorium in electrolytic copper using radiochemical neutron activation analysis.

Appl Radiat Isot 2021 Jun 9;175:109801. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University, 84248, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Uranium and thorium as natural radioactive elements are present everywhere in the environment. Their trace levels are also present in various materials, such as copper, used as a shielding material in gamma-ray spectrometry, usually located very close to the detector. Ultra-low levels of uranium and thorium in electrolytic copper were determined in this study using radiochemical neutron activation analysis (RNAA) via their induced nuclides U-239/Np-239 and Pa-233, respectively. Read More

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A retrospective evaluation of the indications, complications, and outcomes associated with epicardial pacemakers in 20 cats from a single institution.

J Vet Cardiol 2021 May 13;36:89-98. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Medical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 2015 Linden Dr. Madison, WI 53706, USA.

Introduction: The objective of this retrospective study was to describe the indications, complications, and long-term outcomes in a group of cats that received an epicardial pacing (EP) system.

Animals: Twenty client-owned cats.

Materials And Methods: Medical records were reviewed for signalment, presenting complaint, primary electrocardiogram (ECG) diagnosis, presence of structural heart disease, presence of congestive heart failure (CHF), presence of major or minor complications, and survival time. Read More

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The predictive value of clinical, radiographic, echocardiographic variables and cardiac biomarkers for assessing risk of the onset of heart failure or cardiac death in dogs with preclinical myxomatous mitral valve disease enrolled in the DELAY study.

J Vet Cardiol 2021 May 16;36:77-88. Epub 2021 May 16.

Clinica Veterinaria Gran Sasso, Milan, Italy.

Objectives: To identify the predictive value on time to onset of heart failure (HF) or cardiac death of clinical, radiographic, and echocardiographic variables, as well as cardiac biomarkers N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and cardiac troponin I in dogs with preclinical myxomatous mitral valve disease (MMVD).

Animals: One hundred sixty-eight dogs with preclinical MMVD and left atrium to aortic root ratio ≥1.6 (LA:Ao) and normalized left ventricular end-diastolic diameter ≥1. Read More

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Corrigendum to "Facile construction of ratiometric electrochemical immunosensor using hierarchical PtCoIr nanowires and porous [email protected] nanoparticles for accurate detection of septicemia biomarker" [Bioelectrochemistry 140 (2021) 107802].

Bioelectrochemistry 2021 Jun 9;141:107866. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Advanced Catalysis Materials, College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua 321004, China. Electronic address:

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Antimicrobial activity and toxicological risk assessment of silver nanoparticles synthesized using an eco-friendly method with Gloeophyllum striatum.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 4;418:126316. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, 12/16 Banacha Street, 90-237 Lodz, Poland. Electronic address:

Recently, nanomaterials synthesized ecologically using microorganisms have attracted much interest. In the present study, the ability of Gloeophyllum striatum to synthesize silver nanoparticles is described for the first time. Nanoparticles were formed in an eco-friendly extracellular manner and characterized by UV-Vis, FT-IR, MADLS and SEM techniques. Read More

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Construction of a novel microbial consortium valued for the effective degradation and detoxification of creosote-treated sawdust along with enhanced methane production.

J Hazard Mater 2021 May 27;418:126091. Epub 2021 May 27.

Biofuels Institute, School of the Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China. Electronic address:

Lignocellulosic biomass represents an unlimited and ubiquitous energy source, which can effectively address current global challenges, including climate change, greenhouse gas emissions, and increased energy demand. However, lignocellulose recalcitrance hinders microbial degradation, especially in case of contaminated materials such as creosote (CRO)-treated wood, which necessitates appropriate processing in order to eliminate pollution. This study might be the first to explore a novel bacterial consortium SST-4, for decomposing birchwood sawdust, capable of concurrently degrading lignocellulose and CRO compounds. Read More

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Occurrence and migration of phthalates in adhesive materials to fruits and vegetables.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 2;418:126277. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Centre for Food Nutrition and Human Health. Department of Applied Chemistry, China Agricultural University, No. 2 West Yuanmingyuan Road, Beijing 100193, PR China. Electronic address:

Labels or tapes are widely used on fresh fruits and vegetables, which may contain phthalates (PAEs). There are few studies on the contamination pathway of PAEs from labels or tapes to food stuff. In this study, the concentrations of eleven PAEs in adhesive labels, tapes, labeled fruits and vegetables on the market were investigated. Read More

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High-efficiency removal of tetracycline by carbon-bridge-doped g-CN/FeO magnetic heterogeneous catalyst through photo-Fenton process.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 7;418:126333. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Jiangsu Baichuan High-Tech New Materials Co., Ltd, Nanjing, China.

Carbon-bridge-modified malonamide (MLD)/g-CN (CN) was prepared by copolymerization of MLD with urea and melamine and loaded with FeO for the high-efficiency removal of tetracycline (TC) in water under photo-Fenton. The prepared catalysts were characterized by SEM, TEM, N adsorption-desorption analysis, XPS, XRD, and FTIR, which proved that the modification method successfully introduced the C bridge into the carbon nitride molecular system and increased the structural defects of the catalyst. The Carbon-bridge-modified MLD/CN/FeO also had good visible-light response and charge-separation and transport abilities in the photoelectrochemical test. Read More

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Fabrication of a gradient hydrophobic surface with parallel ridges on pyrolytic carbon for artificial heart valves.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Jun 2;205:111894. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Jiangxi Key Laboratory of Nanobiomaterials, Institute of Advanced Materials, East China Jiaotong University, Nanchang 330013, China; School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China. Electronic address:

Effective surface modification to endow pyrolytic carbon (PYC) with long-term anti-thrombotic performance is highly demanded. In this work, a gradient hydrophobic surface on PYC was prepared by creating parallel ridges via the combination of laser etching technology and surface fluorosilanization. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation confirms that the gradient hydrophobic surface is composed of a bare PYC region and four regions of parallel ridges with varying distances. Read More

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Verification of the critical-care pain observation tool in conscious patients with hemiparesis or cognitive dysfunction.

J Crit Care 2021 Jun 9;65:91-97. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Neurosurgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Linkou, Chang Gung University, Taiwan; PhD Program of Biomedical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Purpose: Altered cognition or hemiparesis can occur in neurocritical but conscious patients, and recognizing pain is challenging. This study aimed to test the reliability and validity of the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) in this specific group.

Materials And Methods: This prospective study included ventilated, conscious patients who had certain neurologic deficits. Read More

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Comparison of fixed dose versus train-of-four titration of cisatracurium in acute respiratory distress syndrome.

J Crit Care 2021 May 25;65:86-90. Epub 2021 May 25.

University of Kentucky HealthCare, Department of Pharmacy Services, United States of America; University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, United States of America. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare the ventilatory and clinical outcomes associated with a fixed-dose cisatracurium infusion versus a titrated infusion strategy in patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS).

Materials And Methods: Single-center, retrospective, cohort study in a medical ICU of a tertiary care academic medical center. Adult patients ≥18 years old with a continuous infusion of cisatracurium for ≥12 h for treatment of ARDS were included. Read More

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Combining tunable proteolytic sequences and a VEGF-mimetic peptide for the spatiotemporal control of angiogenesis within Elastin-Like Recombinamer scaffolds.

Acta Biomater 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

G.I.R. BIOFORGE (Group for Advanced Materials and Nanobiotechnology), CIBER-BBN, Edificio LUCIA, Universidad de Valladolid, Paseo Belén 19, 47011 Valladolid, Spain. Electronic address:

One of the main challenges in regenerative medicine is the spatiotemporal control of angiogenesis, which is key for the successful repair of many tissues, and determines the proper integration of the implant through the generation of a functional vascular network. To this end, we have designed a three-dimensional (3D) model consisting of a coaxial binary elastin-like recombinamer (ELR) tubular construct. It displays fast and slow proteolytic hydrogels on its inner and outer part, respectively, both sensitive to the urokinase plasminogen activator protease. Read More

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A biomimetic triple-layered biocomposite with effective multifunction for dura repair.

Acta Biomater 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China. Electronic address:

Dura mater defect and subsequent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage usually appear in trauma or neurosurgical procedures and are followed by a series of serious complications and even death. The use of a qualified dura mater substitute with multifunction of leakage blockade, adhesion prevention, and dura reconstruction is one of the promising treatment methods. However, even though some products have been used in the clinic, none of the substitutes achieved the required multifunction. Read More

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A review of the physiological impact of rare earth elements and their uses in biomedical Mg alloys.

Acta Biomater 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3001, Australia.

Magnesium (Mg) is well-tolerated by the body, displaying exceedingly low toxicity, rapid excretion, and numerous bioactive effects, including improved bone formation and protection against oxidative stresses; further, Mg alloys can be degraded in vivo to allow complete removal of an implant without surgical intervention, avoiding revision surgery and thrombosis concerns seen with permanent implants. Rare earth elements (REEs) have been of particular interest in alloying Mg alloys for nearly a century due to their unique chemical and physical properties but have attracted increasing attention in recent decades. The REEs contribute greatly to the mechanical and biological properties of metal alloys, and so are common in Mg alloys in a wide variety of applications; in particular, they represent the dominant alloying additions in current, clinically applied Mg alloys. Read More

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Correlation between the prognosis of chronic hepatitis B treated with interferon and the gene polymorphism of CGRP and its receptor.

Infect Genet Evol 2021 Jun 9:104968. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Epidemiology and Statistics, School of Public Health, Hebei Medical University, Hebei Key Laboratory of Environment and Human health, Shi Jiazhuang, PR China. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the relationship of the polymorphism of two gene loci (CGRP rs155209 and RAMP1 rs3754701) with the prognosis of interferon therapy for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) by case-control study.

Materials And Methods: 317 CHB patients using interferon for the first time alone were collected in northern China and peripheral blood samples were obtained, the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CGRP rs155209 and RAMP1 rs3754701 were genotyped by MALDI-TOF-MS. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods were used to assess the correlation between the prognosis of CHB treated with interferon and the gene polymorphism of CGRP rs155209 and RAMP1 rs3754701. Read More

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One-step preparation of photoclick method for embolic microsphere synthesis and assessment for transcatheter arterial embolization.

Eur J Pharm Biopharm 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510260, P.R. China; The Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 510799, P.R. China; Key Laboratory of Molecular Target & Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 511436, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Vascular embolization is a well-known therapeutic treatment against hepatocellular carcinoma. However, existing embolic agents require complex synthesis, toxic organic solvents and sometimes produce only low yields. In this study, a novel photopolymerization technique, which addresses these issues, was used to prepare embolic microspheres successfully from the sucrose multi-allyl ether monomer in one step. Read More

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Continuous downstream processing of milled electrospun fibers to tablets monitored by near-infrared and Raman spectroscopy.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2021 Jun 9:105907. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Organic Chemistry and Technology, Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME), H-1111, Budapest, Műegyetem rakpart 3, Hungary. Electronic address:

Electrospinning is a technology for manufacture of nano- and micro-sized fibers, which can enhance the dissolution properties of poorly water-soluble drugs. Tableting of electrospun fibers have been demonstrated in several studies, however, continuous manufacturing of tablets have not been realized yet. This research presents the first integrated continuous processing of milled drug-loaded electrospun materials to tablet form supplemented by process analytical tools for monitoring the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) content. Read More

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Microbes-mediated synthesis strategies of metal nanoparticles and their potential role in cancer therapeutics.

Semin Cancer Biol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 5-1 Oe-honmachi, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, 862-0973, Japan; Program for Leading Graduate Schools, HIGO Program, 5-1 Oe-honmachi, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, 862-0973, Japan. Electronic address:

Past few years have seen a paradigm shift towards ecofriendly, green and biological fabrication of metal nanoparticles (MNPs) for diverse nanomedicinal applications especially in cancer nanotheranostics. Besides, the well-known green synthesis methods of plant materials, the potential of the microbial world (bacteria, fungi, alga, etc.) in biofabrication is equally realized. Read More

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