Lancet Infect Dis 2015 May 3;15(5):565-80. Epub 2015 Mar 3.
Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec, Québec, QC, Canada; Département de Médecine Sociale et Préventive, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK. Electronic address:
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programmes were first implemented in several countries worldwide in 2007. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the population-level consequences and herd effects after female HPV vaccination programmes, to verify whether or not the high efficacy reported in randomised controlled clinical trials are materialising in real-world situations.
Methods: We searched the Medline and Embase databases (between Jan 1, 2007 and Feb 28, 2014) and conference abstracts for time-trend studies that analysed changes, between the pre-vaccination and post-vaccination periods, in the incidence or prevalence of at least one HPV-related endpoint: HPV infection, anogenital warts, and high-grade cervical lesions. Read More