16 results match your criteria materialising

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Examining hopes, aspirations, and future plans of women in non-brothel-based sex work in Kolkata, India.

Cult Health Sex 2021 Jul 26;23(7):913-926. Epub 2020 May 26.

School of Social Transformation, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA.

Sex work can offer a quick way of making money and is the only profession in which women may earn more in fewer hours when compared to other available jobs. However, most studies with sex workers in India are based on socially biased assumptions about sex work; that is, women are either coerced or trafficked into sex work. Limited attention has been paid to the voices of non-brothel-based sex workers in India. Read More

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Changing emotional engagement with running through communal self-tracking: the implications of 'teleoaffective shaping' for public health.

Sociol Health Illn 2020 05 12;42(4):772-788. Epub 2020 Feb 12.

Bath Centre for Healthcare Innovation and Improvement, Applied Digital Behaviour Lab, University of Bath, Bath, UK.

Emerging research explores the role of self-tracking in supporting healthy behaviour. Self-tracking comprises a number of interrelated practices; some individual some communal. In this article, we focus on practices that enable interaction between self-trackers through data sharing and communication around personal data. Read More

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On the involvement of d-electrons in superatomic shells: the group 3 and 4 transition metals.

Phys Chem Chem Phys 2019 Apr 1;21(15):8035-8045. Epub 2019 Apr 1.

The MacDiarmid Institute for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology, The Department of Physics, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand.

The geometries and electronic structures of small M (M = Sc, Y, La, Ti, Zr, Hf; C = 0, ±1, ±2) clusters have been calculated at a range of multiplicities at each cluster charge, using density functional theory methods. These clusters conform to the existing superatom model, with some contextual differences. There are a range of states which are populated by the outermost s and d-electrons of the constituent atoms, with an irregular Aufbau rule for the states formed from the atomic d-electrons. Read More

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Materialising links between air pollution and health: How societal impact was achieved in an interdisciplinary project.

Health (London) 2019 03 12;23(2):234-252. Epub 2018 Oct 12.

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), UK.

Societal impact is an increasingly important imperative of academic funding. However, there is little research to date documenting how impact is accomplished in practice. Drawing on insights from Actor-Network Theory, we explore the research-policy interface within an interdisciplinary research project on the relationships between air pollution and human health. Read More

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[Preconception care in 2018; still too many missed opportunities].

Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 2018 08 30;162. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Erasmus MC, afd. Verloskunde en Gynaecologie, Rotterdam.

Good preconception care does not only benefit the health of the mother to be and her child during pregnancy, but also their health in later life. In the Netherlands, preconception care is not standard care. Preconception care aims to prevent biomedical, behavioural and social risks by taking steps before conception to reduce the likelihood of these risks materialising. Read More

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'Affording' new approaches to couples who inject drugs: A novel fitpack design for hepatitis C prevention.

Int J Drug Policy 2017 12 2;50:19-35. Epub 2017 Oct 2.

Centre for Social Research in Health, UNSW Sydney, Australia.

Background: In the West, hepatitis C is predominantly transmitted via the sharing of contaminated drug-injecting equipment. Although the majority of this sharing occurs between sexual partners, the responsibility for avoiding transmission has long been conceived as an individual responsibility, with prevention measures such as the distribution of sterile injecting equipment such as injecting packs ('fitpacks') aimed at individuals without regard for the social contexts of injecting. In this article we draw on the work of Bruno Latour to reconceptualise the fitpack. Read More

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December 2017

Engendering drug problems: Materialising gender in the DUDIT and other screening and diagnostic 'apparatuses'.

Int J Drug Policy 2017 06 20;44:135-144. Epub 2017 Jun 20.

Social Studies of Addiction Concepts Research Program, National Drug Research Institute (Melbourne Office), Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Suite 6, 19-35 Gertrude St, Fitzroy, Victoria, 3065, Australia. Electronic address:

It is widely accepted that alcohol and other drug consumption is profoundly gendered. Just where this gendering is occurring, however, remains the subject of debate. We contend that one important and overlooked site where the gendering of substance consumption and addiction is taking place is through AOD research itself: in particular, through the addiction screening and diagnostic tools designed to measure and track substance consumption and problems within populations. Read More

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A Smartphone App and Cloud-Based Consultation System for Burn Injury Emergency Care.

PLoS One 2016 26;11(2):e0147253. Epub 2016 Feb 26.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Each year more than 10 million people worldwide are burned severely enough to require medical attention, with clinical outcomes noticeably worse in resource poor settings. Expert clinical advice on acute injuries can play a determinant role and there is a need for novel approaches that allow for timely access to advice. We developed an interactive mobile phone application that enables transfer of both patient data and pictures of a wound from the point-of-care to a remote burns expert who, in turn, provides advice back. Read More

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Population-level impact and herd effects following human papillomavirus vaccination programmes: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Lancet Infect Dis 2015 May 3;15(5):565-80. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

Centre de Recherche du CHU de Québec, Québec, QC, Canada; Département de Médecine Sociale et Préventive, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada; Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, Imperial College London, London, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programmes were first implemented in several countries worldwide in 2007. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the population-level consequences and herd effects after female HPV vaccination programmes, to verify whether or not the high efficacy reported in randomised controlled clinical trials are materialising in real-world situations.

Methods: We searched the Medline and Embase databases (between Jan 1, 2007 and Feb 28, 2014) and conference abstracts for time-trend studies that analysed changes, between the pre-vaccination and post-vaccination periods, in the incidence or prevalence of at least one HPV-related endpoint: HPV infection, anogenital warts, and high-grade cervical lesions. Read More

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Segmentation of epidermal tissue with histopathological damage in images of haematoxylin and eosin stained human skin.

BMC Med Imaging 2014 Feb 12;14. Epub 2014 Feb 12.

Biopharmaceutical Bioprocessing Technology Centre, Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, Newcastle University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.

Background: Digital image analysis has the potential to address issues surrounding traditional histological techniques including a lack of objectivity and high variability, through the application of quantitative analysis. A key initial step in image analysis is the identification of regions of interest. A widely applied methodology is that of segmentation. Read More

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February 2014

The use of hermeneutic interpretation statements in EPR documentation to capture qualities of caring.

J Clin Nurs 2011 Dec 12;20(23-24):3523-31. Epub 2011 May 12.

The Faculty of Nursing, Oslo University College, Oslo, Norway.

Aims And Objectives: To present an examination of hermeneutic interpretations statements in documentation; occurrences, nature and significant patterns, before and after the implementation of an electronic patient record and the documentation model quality assurance, problem solving and caring.

Background: The problem-solving and caring model facilitates the systematisation and formatting of nursing documenting in electronic patient record. Text formats are designed for record notes to indicate how the text is to be presented and organised. Read More

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December 2011

Creating an agreed discharge: discharge planning for clients with high care needs.

J Clin Nurs 2011 Feb;20(3-4):444-53

Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Community Health Nursing, Tokyo, Japan.

Aims: The purpose of this study was to develop a conceptual model of discharge planning by discharge planning nurses for clients returning home with high care needs.

Background: In Japan, discharge planning plays an important role in the smooth and timely discharge of clients from medical facilities. Discharge planning nurses often oversee such processes, especially for clients with high care needs. Read More

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February 2011

The science of human security.

Med Confl Surviv 2007 Jan-Mar;23(1):3-9

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Canada.

During the 1990s medical studies using public health methodologies about injury and death due to weapons in conflict began to appear in the medical literature. The 1990s was also the period when the concept of human security was materialising in the development and humanitarian communities. Nowadays it is common for global organisations, governmental and non-governmental agencies, and academics to conduct scientific studies of human security. Read More

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A framework for understanding old-age vulnerabilities.

Ageing Soc 2006 Jan;26(1):9-35

St Antony's College and Institute of Human Sciences, University of Oxford, UK.

Identifying vulnerable older people and understanding the causes and consequences of their vulnerability is of human concern and an essential task of social policy. To date, vulnerability in old age has mainly been approached by identifying high risk groups, like the poor, childless, frail or isolated. Yet vulnerability is the outcome of complex interactions of discrete risks, namely of being exposed to a threat, of a threat materialising, and of lacking the defences or resources to deal with a threat. Read More

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January 2006

[Flight into the imaginary world and dependence: personality trait or opportunist defence mechanism in the transsexual].

Authors:
A Michel C Mormont

Encephale 2004 Mar-Apr;30(2):147-52

Université de Liège, Service de Psychologie Clinique, boulevard du Rectorat, B33, 4000 Liège, Belgique.

While analysing the psychological functioning of sex reassignment candidates, it appeared that they frequently use the mechanism which consist in taking refuge in passivity and fantasies so that they can avoid displeasing situations, responsibilities and decisions making. This unconscious process, identified by Exner in the Rorschach as the Snow-White Syndrome seems to take place in a specific way regarding the real situation faced by the sex reassignment candidates: the achievement of their aim (the sex reassignment) actually depends on the medical crew (doctors, psychologists, surgeons). We wondered if this fact consisted in a stylistic component, that is to say a stable feature of transsexuals' personality or in an opportunist defence. Read More

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