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Thickness-modulated lateral MoS diodes with sub-terahertz cutoff frequency.

Nanoscale 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6, Canada.

Thickness-modulated lateral MoS2 diodes with an extracted benchmark cutoff frequency (fc) of up to 126 GHz are implemented and fully characterised. Fabricated diodes demonstrate an on-off current ratio of more than 600 and a short circuit current responsivity at zero-bias of 7 A/W. The excellent performance achieved in our device is attributed to reduced contact resistance from using In/Au contacts and low junction capacitance due to the lateral device structure. Read More

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Burden of Herpes Zoster in Adult Patients with Underlying Conditions: Analysis of German Claims Data, 2007-2018.

Dermatol Ther (Heidelb) 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department for Health Economics and Health Care Management, Bielefeld University, Universitätsstrasse 25, 33615, Bielefeld, Germany.

Introduction: Several chronic underlying conditions (UCs) are known to be risk factors for developing herpes zoster (HZ) and to increase the severity of HZ and its risk of recurrence. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and recurrence of HZ in adult patients with one or multiple UCs.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study based on claims data representing 13% of the statutory health insurance population from 2007 to 2018 in Germany was performed. Read More

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Anatomic features in SCAD assessed by CCT: A propensity score matching case control study.

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Radiology, University Hospital Policlinico "Tor Vergata", Viale Oxford, 81, 00133 Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Purpose: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) may occur in middle age population without any cardiovascular risk factor. We retrospectively evaluated anatomic features of 11 patients with SCAD using a coronary arteries computed tomography (CCT), compared to age and sex balanced patients who underwent CCT.

Material And Methods: CCT was performed in 11 patients (7 females and 4 males) as follow-up in patients with SCAD (left anterior descending - LAD or circumflex artery - Cx) and compared, using the propensity score matching analysis, with 11 healthy patients. Read More

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Laryngeal mask versus endotracheal tube for airway management in tracheal surgery: a case-control matching analysis and review of the current literature.

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Thoracic Surgery, Department of Clinical and Surgical Translational Medicine, Sant' Andrea Hospital, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Objectives: The endotracheal tube (ETT) and the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) are possible strategies for airway management during tracheal resection and reconstruction for tracheal and laryngotracheal stenosis. The goal of the study was to analyse and compare outcomes in the LMA and ETT groups.

Methods: Between 2003 and 2020, a total of 184 patients affected by postintubation, post-tracheostomy and idiopathic stenosis who had tracheal or laryngotracheal resections and reconstructions via a cervicotomy were retrospectively enrolled in this single-centre study. Read More

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A phase 1 clinical trial of SP16, a first-in-class anti-inflammatory LRP1 agonist, in healthy volunteers.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(5):e0247357. Epub 2021 May 6.

Virginia Commonwealth University School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, United States of America.

Background: Endogenous serine protease inhibitors are associated with anti-inflammatory and pro-survival signaling mediated via Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1) signaling. SP16 is a short polypeptide that mimics the LRP1 binding portion of alpha-1 antitrypsin.

Methods: A pilot phase I, first-in-man, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled safety study was conducted to evaluate a subcutaneous injection at three dose levels of SP16 (0. Read More

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Outcomes of transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention by right ventricular function: a multicentre propensity-matched analysis.

EuroIntervention 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Internal Medicine/Cardiology, Heart Center Leipzig at University of Leipzig and Leipzig Heart Institute, Leipzig, Germany.

Background: Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) has a poor prognosis and limited treatment options and is frequently accompanied by right ventricular (RV) dysfunction. Transcatheter tricuspid valve interventions (TTVI) to reduce TR have been shown to be safe and feasible with encouraging early results. Patient selection for TTVI remains challenging, with the role of right ventricular (RV) function being unknown. Read More

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Impact of Lymphocyte-Related Blood Parameters on Short- and Long-Term Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair.

Angiology 2021 May 6:33197211012514. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coronary Heart Disease Prevention, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Lymphocyte-related blood parameters (LRBP), including neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-lymphocyte ratio, and lymphocyte-monocyte ratio, could reflect a patient's overall inflammatory status. We aimed to clarify the association between preoperative LRBP and outcomes of type B aortic dissection (TBAD) patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). A total of 841 patients were enrolled from 2010 to 2017. Read More

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Deuteration Aiming for Neutron Scattering.

Biophys Physicobiol 2021 6;18:16-27. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Institute for Integrated Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University, Sennan-gun, Osaka 590-0494 Japan.

The distinguished feature of neutron as a scattering probe is an isotope effect, especially the large difference in neutron scattering length between hydrogen and deuterium. The difference renders the different visibility between hydrogenated and deuterated proteins. Therefore, the combination of deuterated protein and neutron scattering enables the selective visualization of a target domain in the complex or a target protein in the multi-component system. Read More

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February 2021

Hemodynamic and Non-Hemodynamic Components of Cardiac Remodeling in Primary Aldosteronism.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 19;12:646097. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Objectives: Patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) have cardiac remodeling due to hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic causes. However, component analysis of cardiac remodeling and reversal in PA patients is lacking. We investigated components of cardiac remodeling and reversal after adrenalectomy in patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). Read More

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Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty may decrease the incidence of Parkinson's disease associated with obstructive sleep apnea.

Sci Rep 2021 May 5;11(1):9608. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Konkuk University College of Medicine, 4-12 Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05030, Korea.

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the incidence of Parkinson's disease (PD) is increased among patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and whether surgical treatment can prevent such an increase. This was a retrospective cohort study. We analysed the claims data from the Korea National Health Insurance Service. Read More

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Bridging With Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Under the New Heart Allocation System: A United Network for Organ Sharing Database Analysis.

Circ Heart Fail 2021 May 6:CIRCHEARTFAILURE120007966. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA. (T.N., S.H.M., F.Y.C., G.S.C., M.K.).

Background: The effect of the new donor heart allocation system on survival following bridging to transplantation with venous-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation remains unknown. The new allocation system places extracorporeal membrane oxygenation-supported candidates at the highest status.

Methods: The United Network for Organ Sharing database was queried for adults bridged to single-organ heart transplantation with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation from October 2006 to February 2020. Read More

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Dexamethasone and Surgical-Site Infection.

N Engl J Med 2021 05;384(18):1731-1741

From Royal Perth Hospital (T.B.C., P.C., K.M.H.), the University of Western Australia (T.B.C., E.O., K.M.H.), Murdoch University (K.M.H.), and Fiona Stanley Hospital (E.O.), Perth, and the Alfred Hospital (P.S.M., A.C.C., L.A.B.), Monash University (T.B.C., P.S.M., A.B.F., A.C.C., L.A.B., K.L., C.M.), the University of Melbourne (K.L., D.S.), and Royal Melbourne Hospital (K.L.), Melbourne, VIC - all in Australia; the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (M.T.V.C.); and Auckland City Hospital and the University of Auckland - both in Auckland, New Zealand (T.G.S.).

Background: The glucocorticoid dexamethasone prevents nausea and vomiting after surgery, but there is concern that it may increase the risk of surgical-site infection.

Methods: In this pragmatic, international, noninferiority trial, we randomly assigned 8880 adult patients who were undergoing nonurgent, noncardiac surgery of at least 2 hours' duration, with a skin incision length longer than 5 cm and a postoperative overnight hospital stay, to receive 8 mg of intravenous dexamethasone or matching placebo while under anesthesia. Randomization was stratified according to diabetes status and trial center. Read More

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Morbid obesity but not obesity is associated with increased mortality in patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: A national cohort study.

United European Gastroenterol J 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Emergency Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: The relationship between body weight and outcomes of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is unclear.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the impact of obesity and morbid obesity on mortality and ERCP-related complications in patients who underwent ERCP.

Methods: We conducted a US population-based retrospective cohort study using the Nationwide Readmissions Databases (2013-2014). Read More

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How does reorganisation in child and adolescent mental health services affect access to services? An observational study of two services in England.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(5):e0250691. Epub 2021 May 5.

Nuffield Department of Population Health, Health Economics Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.

Background: Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) in England are making significant changes to improve access and effectiveness. This 'transformation' variously involves easier access to services through a Single Point of Access (SPA), more integrated services within CAMHS and enhanced co-provision across education and third sector or non-profit organisations.

Methods: A mixed-methods observational study was conducted to explore the process and impact of transformation over four years in two services. Read More

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Total cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase and the risk of primary liver cancer: A population-based prospective study.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25746

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Kailuan General Hospital Affiliated to North China University of Science and Technology.

Abstract: Previous studies have shown that serum total cholesterol (TC) and serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) are associated with liver cancer risk. However, the common contribution of TC and normal-high ALT to primary liver cancer (PLC) has not been reported. We aim to assess the separate and joint effect of low TC level and normal-high ALT level on the risk of PLC, a large prospective cohort was conducted in our study. Read More

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Benefits and harms of hemithyroidectomy, total or near total thyroidectomy in 1-4cm differentiated thyroid cancer.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

Objective: For 1-4cm differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), current ATA guideline recommended hemithyroidectomy (HT) as an acceptable alternative initial procedure to total or near total thyroidectomy (TT). The aim of this study was to evaluate benefits and harms of HT, TT in 1-4cm DTC.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, DTC patients who underwent initial thyroidectomy in a tertiary medical center were included. Read More

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Contemporary external beam radiotherapy boost or high dose-rate brachytherapy boost for cervical cancer: a propensity-score-matched, nationwide, population-based cohort study.

Am J Cancer Res 2021 15;11(4):1719-1732. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Food Nutrition and Health Biotechnology, College of Medical and Health Science, Asia University Taichung, Taiwan.

To estimate the survival effects of contemporary external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) boost modalities (intensity-modulated radiation therapy or volumetric modulated arc therapy) and high dose-rate brachytherapy (HDR-BT) boost in patients with cervical cancer (CC). Patients who had been diagnosed as having CC were recruited from the Taiwan Cancer Registry Database. Propensity score matching was performed, and Cox proportional-hazards model curves were used to analyze the all-cause mortality of patients who received standard whole-pelvis irradiation with different boost modalities. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of Lenvatinib-Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization Sequential Therapy for Patients with Intermediate-Stage Hepatocellular Carcinoma.

Oncology 2021 May 4:1-11. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Gastroenterology and Metabolism, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Introduction: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of lenvatinib-transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (LEN-TACE) sequential therapy for patients (n = 88) with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

Methods: Eighty-eight patients who obtained tumor control by LEN treatment were analyzed; 30 received LEN followed by TACE (LEN-TACE sequential therapy), and 58 received LEN monotherapy. Propensity score matching was performed, and the outcomes of 19 patients in the LEN-TACE group and 19 patients in the LEN-alone group were compared. Read More

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Hydrodynamic Mixing Tunes the Stiffness of Proteoglycan-Mimicking Physical Hydrogels.

Adv Healthc Mater 2021 May 4:e2001998. Epub 2021 May 4.

School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK.

Self-assembling hydrogels are promising materials for regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. However, designing hydrogels that replicate the 3-4 order of magnitude variation in soft tissue mechanics remains a major challenge. Here hybrid hydrogels are investigated formed from short self-assembling β-fibril peptides, and the glycosaminoglycan chondroitin sulfate (CS), chosen to replicate physical aspects of proteoglycans, specifically natural aggrecan, which provides structural mechanics to soft tissues. Read More

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Five-year outcome in 18 010 patients from the German Aortic Valve Registry.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Cardiology, Campus Kerckhoff University of Giessen, Bad Nauheim, Germany.

Objectives: To determine the 5-year outcome in patients treated by isolated transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) or surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR)-a prospective observational cohort study.

Methods: A total of 18 010 patients were included (n = 8942 TAVI and n = 9068 sAVR) in the German Aortic Valve Registry (GARY) who were treated in 2011 and 2012 at 92 sites in central Germany. Eligible patients with TAVI and sAVR were matched using propensity scores in a nearest-neighbour approach. Read More

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Is There a Role for Perioperative Pelvic Radiotherapy in Surgically Resected Stage IV Rectal Cancer?: A Propensity Score-matched Analysis.

Am J Clin Oncol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon Department of Radiation Oncology, Seoul Metropolitan Government Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, 20, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine whether perioperative pelvic radiotherapy (RT) improves outcomes in stage IV rectal cancer patients treated with primary surgical resection and systemic chemotherapy and to identify predictive factors for selection of patients for these approaches.

Materials And Methods: We searched the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database for patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2015 with stage IV rectal cancer, but without brain or bone metastases. After applying the exclusion criteria, a total of 26,132 patients were included in the analysis; propensity score matching was used to balance their individual characteristics. Read More

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Multiple arterial conduits for multi-vessel coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with mild to moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction: a multicenter retrospective study.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 May 3;16(1):123. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, No. 68 Changle Road, Nanjing, 210006, China.

Background: Advantages of multiple arterial conduits for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have been reported previously. We aimed to evaluate the mid-term outcomes of multiple arterial CABG (MABG) among patients with mild to moderate left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD).

Methods: This multicenter study using propensity score matching took place from January 2013 to June 2019 in Jiangsu Province and Shanghai, China, with a mean and maximum follow-up of 3. Read More

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Sampling strategies to evaluate the prognostic value of a new biomarker on a time-to-event end-point.

BMC Med Res Methodol 2021 Apr 30;21(1):93. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

BICOCCA BIOINFORMATICS BIOSTATISTICS AND BIOIMAGING CENTRE-B4, School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano - Bicocca, Via Cadore 48, 20900, Monza, Italy.

Background: The availability of large epidemiological or clinical data storing biological samples allow to study the prognostic value of novel biomarkers, but efficient designs are needed to select a subsample on which to measure them, for parsimony and economical reasons. Two-phase stratified sampling is a flexible approach to perform such sub-sampling, but literature on stratification variables to be used in the sampling and power evaluation is lacking especially for survival data.

Methods: We compared the performance of different sampling designs to assess the prognostic value of a new biomarker on a time-to-event endpoint, applying a Cox model weighted by the inverse of the empirical inclusion probability. Read More

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Internal references in cross-modal judgments: A global psychophysical perspective.

Authors:
Jürgen Heller

Psychol Rev 2021 Apr;128(3):509-524

Department of Psychology, University of Tübingen.

We are able to compare intensities across different sorts of stimuli, like in matching the brightness of visual stimuli of different hue, or the loudness of auditory stimuli of different spectral shapes. We can even match the brightness of a visual stimulus to the loudness of a tone, and vice versa. The term cross-dimensional matching is used to subsume these kinds of intra- and cross-modal tasks. Read More

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Association Between Intracerebral Hemorrhage and Subsequent Arterial Ischemic Events in Participants From 4 Population-Based Cohort Studies.

JAMA Neurol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Clinical and Translational Neuroscience Unit, Feil Family Brain and Mind Research Institute, Department of Neurology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York.

Importance: Intracerebral hemorrhage and arterial ischemic disease share risk factors, to our knowledge, but the association between the 2 conditions remains unknown.

Objective: To evaluate whether intracerebral hemorrhage was associated with an increased risk of incident ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction.

Design, Setting, And Participants: An analysis was conducted of pooled longitudinal participant-level data from 4 population-based cohort studies in the United States: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), the Northern Manhattan Study (NOMAS), and the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study. Read More

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Comparison of All-Cause Mortality Between Individuals With COVID-19 and Propensity Score-Matched Individuals Without COVID-19 in South Korea.

Open Forum Infect Dis 2021 Apr 1;8(4):ofab057. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, South Korea.

Background: We compared all-cause mortality between individuals in South Korea with and without coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using propensity score (PS) matching.

Methods: This population-based cohort study used data from the National Health Insurance Service COVID-19 cohort database. In the database, we included individuals (COVID-19 patients, control population, and test-negative individuals) aged 20 years or older, regardless of hospitalization. Read More

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Predictive factors associated with relapse of stage II/III colon cancer treated with peroral anti-cancer agents in the adjuvant setting.

Mol Clin Oncol 2021 Jun 15;14(6):122. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Surgery and Oncology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Higashi, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan.

Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with stage III colon cancer (CC) is regarded as the standard treatment worldwide for outcome improvement and relapse prevention. Similarly, high-risk stage II CC requires adjuvant chemotherapy because of its high recurrence rate. Previous randomized controlled trials showed that oxaliplatin (OX), in addition to fluorinated pyrimidine-based therapy for patients with stage II/III CC, significantly improves cancer survival but it remains controversial as to which patient groups should receive OX-containing regimens. Read More

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Early follow-up at outpatient care after discharge improves long-term heart failure readmission rate and prognosis.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Division of Cardiology, Fukuoka Red Cross Hospital, 3-1-1, Okusu, Minami-ku, Fukuoka, 815-8555, Japan.

Aims: It has been reported that congestive heart failure (CHF) readmission has not decreased in the last decade. It is also reported that CHF readmission is likely to occur shortly after discharge. We investigated whether an early follow-up at outpatient care within 2 weeks after discharge affects the long-term readmission rate and prognosis. Read More

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Impact of visceral adipose tissue on compliance of adjuvant chemotherapy and relapse-free survival after gastrectomy for gastric cancer: A propensity score matching analysis.

Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 18;40(5):2745-2753. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Ishikawa Prefectural Central Hospital, Kanazawa, Japan.

Background & Aims: It has been reported that skeletal muscle mass loss during adjuvant chemotherapy and preoperative reduced skeletal muscle mass are associated with discontinuation of adjuvant chemotherapy. However, the relationship between visceral fat mass and compliance has not yet been investigated. In this study, we clarified the impact of low preoperative visceral fat mass on compliance and relapse-free survival (RFS) in gastric cancer patients. Read More

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Multivessel Versus Culprit-Vessel Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Patients With Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction and Cardiogenic Shock.

JACC Cardiovasc Interv 2021 Apr 21. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute and the University of Missouri-Kansas City, Kansas City, Missouri, USA.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare in-hospital outcomes and long-term mortality of multivessel versus culprit vessel-only percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), multivessel disease (MVD) and cardiogenic shock.

Background: The clinical benefits of complete revascularization in patients with NSTEMI, MVD, and cardiogenic shock remain uncertain.

Methods: Among 25,324 patients included in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry CathPCI Registry from July 2009 to March 2018, the rates of in-hospital procedural outcomes were compared between those undergoing multivessel PCI and those undergoing culprit vessel-only PCI after 1:1 propensity score matching. Read More

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