6,621 results match your criteria mastitis diagnosed


Breast pathology in adolescence.

Breast Dis 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Serviço de Ginecologia, Centro Hospitalar e Universitário de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Objective: Description of breast pathology in adolescents.

Methods: A retrospective descriptive study of adolescents who were referred to the Gynecology consultation of a tertiary pediatric hospital for suspected breast pathology, in the period from the 1st June 2011 to the 30th December 2018.

Results: One hundred and two female adolescents (11 to 18 years old) with suspected breast pathology were referred (6% of the motives for consultation), with confirmation in 58 (56. Read More

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Mass spectrometry and machine learning for the accurate diagnosis of benzylpenicillin and multidrug resistance of Staphylococcus aureus in bovine mastitis.

PLoS Comput Biol 2021 Jun 11;17(6):e1009108. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

University of Nottingham, School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, Sutton Bonington, United Kingdom.

Staphylococcus aureus is a serious human and animal pathogen threat exhibiting extraordinary capacity for acquiring new antibiotic resistance traits in the pathogen population worldwide. The development of fast, affordable and effective diagnostic solutions capable of discriminating between antibiotic-resistant and susceptible S. aureus strains would be of huge benefit for effective disease detection and treatment. Read More

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Clinical characteristics and predictive factors of erythema nodosum in granulomatous lobular mastitis.

Australas J Dermatol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Mammary Disease, The Second affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background/objectives: In recent years, there is a growing incidence of granulomatous lobular mastitis (GLM), but studies about the coexistence of erythema nodosum (EN) and GLM are rare. In this study, we assess the clinical characteristics and predictive factors of EN in GLM.

Methods: A total of 303 patients diagnosed with GLM were enrolled from January 2012 to October 2018 at the second affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, including 78 patients with EN. Read More

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Granuloma after breast conserving surgery-a report of three cases.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;2021(6):rjab199. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Breast Oncology, Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Saitama, Japan.

Granulomatous mastitis is a rare breast disease that is categorized as a benign tumor with chronic inflammation. Since the cause of the chronic inflammation is usually unknown, it is sometimes called idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM). Although imaging modalities, such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging and mammography can detect tumors, they are sometimes unable to differentiate between benign and malignant tumors. Read More

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[Chemotherapy for breast cancer during pregnancy: about a case].

Pan Afr Med J 2021 11;38:255. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Faculté de Médecine d'Antananarivo, Antananarivo, Madagascar.

The management of breast cancer during pregnancy is a challenge for physicians due to mother´s desire to carry the pregnancy to term despite the need for chemotherapy. This study reports the case of a 37-year-old multiparous woman at 20 weeks and 4 days of amenorrhea (WA). She was hospitalized for dyspnoea (stage IV according to New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification). Read More

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Atypical and Rare Forms of Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus: The Importance of the Diagnosis for the Best Management of Patients.

Dermatology 2021 Jun 3:1-10. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Section of Dermatology, Department of Health Sciences, University of Genoa, Genoa, Italy.

Lupus erythematosus (LE) is an autoimmune disease with a wide range of clinical and cutaneous manifestations. Along with the well-known typical cutaneous manifestations of LE, some cutaneous manifestations are rarer, but still characteristic, enabling the dermatologist and the general practitioner who know them to suspect cutaneous LE (CLE) and investigate a possible underlying systemic involvement. Indeed, not infrequently a skin manifestation is the first presentation of systemic LE (SLE), and >75% of SLE patients show signs of skin disease during the course of the illness. Read More

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An update on granulomatous mastitis: a rare and complex condition.

Br J Hosp Med (Lond) 2021 May 7;82(5):1-7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Guy's Hospital Breast Unit, Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Granulomatous mastitis is a rare inflammatory condition of the breast affecting women of child-bearing age. The disease is characterised by chronic and relapsing inflammation, resulting in scarring and discharging sinuses. Granulomatous mastitis is considered to be idiopathic and the pathogenesis is poorly understood. Read More

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Recent Developments in Vaccines for Bovine Mycoplasmoses Caused by and subsp. .

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 May 24;9(6). Epub 2021 May 24.

The Oaks, Nutshell Lane, Farnham, Surrey GU9 0HG, UK.

Two of the most important diseases of cattle are caused by mycoplasmas. is a world-wide bovine pathogen that can cause pneumonia, mastitis and arthritis. It has now spread to most, if not all, cattle-rearing countries. Read More

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Nanomaterials and Essential Oils as Candidates for Developing Novel Treatment Options for Bovine Mastitis.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 31;11(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Fundamental Sciences in Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Food and Animal Sciences, Iasi University of Life Sciences (IULS), Mihail Sadoveanu Alley no. 8, 700490 Iasi, Romania.

Nanomaterials have been used for diagnosis and therapy in the human medical field, while their application in veterinary medicine and animal production is still relatively new. Nanotechnology, however, is a rapidly growing field, offering the possibility of manufacturing new materials at the nanoscale level, with the formidable potential to revolutionize the agri-food sector by offering novel treatment options for prevalent and expensive illnesses such as bovine mastitis. Since current treatments are becoming progressively more ineffective in resistant bacteria, the development of innovative products based on both nanotechnology and phytotherapy may directly address a major global problem, antimicrobial resistance, while providing a sustainable animal health solution that supports the production of safe and high-quality food products. Read More

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Cow-level risk factors for clinical mastitis in the dry period in cows treated with an internal teat sealant alone at the end of lactation.

N Z Vet J 2021 Jun 1:1-21. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Bayer New Zealand Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand.

Aims: To assess potential cow-level risk factors for clinical mastitis during the dry period in cows infused with internal teat sealant (ITS) alone at drying off, and associations with elevated somatic cell counts (SCC) at the first herd test, or clinical mastitis in the subsequent lactation.

Methods: Ten herds reporting an incidence of clinical mastitis during the dry period of >3% amongst cows infused with ITS alone at the end of the 2018/19 lactation were enrolled. Cow data collected included age, breed, milk yield and SCC at the last herd test before drying off, drying off date, clinical mastitis records during the dry period and in the subsequent lactation, and SCC at the first herd test following calving. Read More

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Idiopathic Granulomatous Lobular Mastitis: An Imitation of Breast Carcinoma.

Cureus 2021 May 24;13(5):e15206. Epub 2021 May 24.

Pathology, Giresun University Faculty of Medicine, Giresun, TUR.

Since idiopathic granulomatous lobular mastitis, also known as idiopathic granulomatous mastitis or granulomatous lobulitis, was first described by Kessler and Wolloch in 1972, no consensus on the ideal and definitive treatment for this phenomenon has been reached thus far. Idiopathic granulomatous lobular mastitis mostly frequently observed in women of childbearing age within a few years of pregnancy with a higher incidence in patients of Hispanic, Native American, Middle Eastern, and African descent. This entity, , is a rare, benign, chronic inflammatory breast condition of unknown aetiology mimicking two common breast disorders. Read More

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Is it mastalgia or myofascial pain? A clinical confusion.

Arch Rheumatol 2021 Mar 14;36(1):114-119. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of General Surgery, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Objectives: This study aims to investigate the frequency of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and its characteristics in mastalgia patients.

Patients And Methods: The localization of pain, age, education, menopausal status, hormone replacement and employment status, and existence of comorbid diseases were reviewed on consecutive 131 female mastalgia patients (mean age 43.3±9. Read More

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Incremental Value of Three-Phase Bone Scintigraphy and Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography-Computed Tomography in a Case of Postpartum PUO in the Wake of The Antibiotic-Resistance Era.

Indian J Nucl Med 2021 Jan-Mar;36(1):62-65. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Postpartum methicillin-resistant (MRSA) infection occurs in patients with complicated vaginal delivery or cesarean section. The infection can manifest as mastitis, endometritis, and if untreated may lead to toxic shock syndrome. We report a case of postpartum MRSA osteomyelitis diagnosed by 99mtechnetium-methylene diphosphonate skeletal scintigraphy and single-photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (CT) that was further confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging and CT-guided biopsy. Read More

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Clinical practice guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of patients with non-puerperal mastitis: Chinese Society of Breast Surgery (CSBrS) practice guideline 2021.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Breast Surgery, The Second Hospital, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250033, China Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, Shandong 250021, China.

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Mastitis granulomatosa en centros de referencia en Medellín (Colombia), 2019. Estudio descriptivo.

Cir Cir 2021 ;89(3):369-376

Servicio de Cirugía de Mama, Centro Oncológico de Antioquía, Medellín, Antioquía, Colombia.

Objetivo: Describir los datos sociodemográficos, las manifestaciones clínicas, los estudios paraclínicos y el tratamiento en una serie de pacientes diagnosticadas de mastitis granulomatosa.

MÉtodo: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo de una base de datos institucionales, entre el 1 de enero de 2016 y el 31 de diciembre de 2019. Se recopiló la información de registros médicos correspondiente a datos demográficos, clínicos y paraclínicos, y se analizaron utilizando estadística descriptiva. Read More

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January 2021

Prevalence, antibiotic resistance, virulence and genetic diversity of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bulk tank milk samples of U.S. dairy herds.

BMC Genomics 2021 May 20;22(1):367. Epub 2021 May 20.

Pathobiology & Diagnostic Investigation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824, USA.

Background: Colonization of dairy cows by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), especially those which are multi-drug resistant and toxin producing, is a concern for animal health and well-being as well as public health. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence, antibiotic resistance, gene content and virulence determinants of S. Read More

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A Novel First-Line Treatment Alternative for Noncomplicated Idiopathic Granulomatous Mastitis: Combined İntralesional Steroid İnjection with Topical Steroid Administration.

Breast Care (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;16(2):181-187. Epub 2020 Jun 30.

Department of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare form of nonlactational mastitis. Due to the small number of case series and consequently inadequate prospective studies, there is still no consensus on the optimal treatment of IGM. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of intralesional steroid injection with concomitant topical steroids to systemic steroid therapy only in the treatment of noncomplicated IGM. Read More

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Breast Disorders in Adolescence: A Review of the Literature.

Breast Care (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;16(2):149-155. Epub 2020 Nov 30.

2nd Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Hippokration General Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Background: Adolescence is accompanied by a variety of changes in young breast development, which greatly affects the adolescent's psychology and socialization.

Summary: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for studies relative to epidemiology, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and management of all breast disorders in adolescence and their consequences. Development disorders are breast asymmetry, breast atrophy, breast hypoplasia, hypomastia, juvenile breast hypertrophy, and tuberous breast. Read More

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Prevalence of intramammary antibiotic usage in dairy farming.

J Dairy Res 2021 May 18;88(2):176-178. Epub 2021 May 18.

School of Natural Sciences, University of Limerick, Limerick, V94 T9PX, Ireland.

This research communication describes the lactating intramammary (IMM) antibiotic formulation most used by Irish dairy farmers at farm level through interviewing 202 dairy farmers. The IMM antibiotic usage data is not easily available to the researcher and farming community. This study determined that three commercial formulations (Synulox ™, Tetra Delta™ and Terrexine) made up 81% of the products used at farm level. Read More

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Evaluation of fully oxidised β-carotene as a feed ingredient to reduce bacterial infection and somatic cell counts in pasture-fed cows with subclinical mastitis.

Authors:
S McDougall

N Z Vet J 2021 Jun 9:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Cognosco, Anexa, Morrinsville, New Zealand.

Aims: To assess the effect of oral supplementation with fully oxidised β-carotene (OxBC) on bacteriological cure, the incidence of clinical mastitis, and somatic cell counts (SCC) in pasture-fed cows with subclinical intramammary infection.

Methods: Cows from four dairy herds were enrolled in early lactation if they had quarter-level SCC >200,000 cells/mL and they had a recognised bacterial intramammary pathogen in one or more quarters. They were randomly assigned to be individually fed from Day 0, for a mean of 40 days, with 0. Read More

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Pathogen dependent effects of high amounts of oxytocin on the bloodmilk barrier integrity during mastitis in dairy cows.

Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd 2021 May;163(5):327-337

Veterinary Physiology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Switzerland.

Introduction: The reduction of antibiotic use in food producing animals becomes increasingly important. Therefore, suitable alternatives for mastitis treatment in dairy cows have to be considered. Oxytocin (OT) induces milk ejection and hence supports milk removal from infected mammary quarters. Read More

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A Real-Time Thermal Sensor System for Quantifying the Inhibitory Effect of Antimicrobial Peptides on Bacterial Adhesion and Biofilm Formation.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Apr 14;21(8). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK)-Laboratory of Sensors, University of Freiburg, 79110 Freiburg, Germany.

The increasing rate of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in pathogenic bacteria is a global threat to human and veterinary medicine. Beyond antibiotics, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) might be an alternative to inhibit the growth of bacteria, including AMR pathogens, on different surfaces. Biofilm formation, which starts out as bacterial adhesion, poses additional challenges for antibiotics targeting bacterial cells. Read More

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Granulomatous Mastitis Due to Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Dilemma.

Clin Pract 2021 Apr 14;11(2):228-234. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Grant Government Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai 400008, India.

Non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infections of the breast are rare. These infections present as cellulitis of the breast or breast abscess. Their diagnosis poses a challenge as they manifest signs of acute inflammation, unlike tuberculous mycobacterial infections which present in a chronic pattern. Read More

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[Investigations on the excretion of antibiotics in goats' milk following therapeutic application].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg G Grosstiere Nutztiere 2021 Apr 26;49(2):101-111. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Institut für Lebensmittelqualität und -sicherheit, Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover.

Objective: Data on the excretion of antibiotic residues following therapeutic drug dosages in lactating goats with clinical signs of bacterial infections are currently lacking. Therefore, this study aimed at monitoring the drug residue excretion of a subset of frequently used antibiotics in the milk of dairy goats following their therapeutic administration.

Material And Methods: Over a period of 4 months, milk samples (udder halves) were collected in 2 goat milk farms from animals treated with antibiotics in routine practice based on the diagnosis of a bacterial infection. Read More

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Global and countrywide prevalence of subclinical and clinical mastitis in dairy cattle and buffaloes by systematic review and meta-analysis.

Res Vet Sci 2021 May 18;136:561-586. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Pathoepidemiology Laboratory, ICAR- National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), Post Box No.6450, Ramagondanahalli, Yelahanka, Bengaluru 560064, India.

In the present study, subclinical mastitis (SCM) and clinical mastitis (CM) prevalence for various countries in the World were calculated by using online and offline databases. The SCM and CM prevalence studies reported during 1967-2019 were collected, reviewed, and a meta-analysis was done in R-Software. A total of 222 and 150 studies from the World and 103 and 37 studies from India on SCM and CM, respectively were included. Read More

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Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis: challenges of treatment in iranian women.

BMC Surg 2021 Apr 21;21(1):206. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran.

Background And Objective: As a chronic inflammatory disease of an unknown origin, the treatment of granulomatous mastitis has always been controversial. According to some researchers, surgical treatment and certain medications, especially steroids, are more effective in treating the disease. This study aimed at evaluating the results of treatment in a group of patients with granulomatous mastitis. Read More

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Pregnancy Associated Granulomatous Mastitis: Clinical Characteristics, Management, and Outcome.

Breastfeed Med 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Breast, Chengdu Women's and Children's Central Hospital, School of Medicine, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

We have already known that idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare benign chronic inflammatory disorder that can clinically mimic breast carcinoma, especially affects parous women of childbearing age, but there is little literature to report about pregnancy associated granulomatous mastitis (PAGM). The aim of our study is to report and describe the clinical signs, managements, clinical course, and clinical outcomes after treatment of PAGM in our hospital. We retrospectively analyzed 15 pregnant patients who were diagnosed as PAGM in our hospital collected from December 2018 to December 2020 by reviewing medical records and questionnaire survey, including the patients' characteristics, clinical presentations, microbiological workups, tissue pathology, treatment modalities, outcomes, and follow-up data. Read More

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Dry period management and new high somatic cell count during the dry period in Dutch dairy herds under selective dry cow therapy.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Jun 15;104(6):6975-6984. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

University Farm Animal Practice, 3481 LZ, Harmelen, the Netherlands; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Population Health Sciences, Farm Animal Health, Utrecht University, 3584 CL, Utrecht, the Netherlands.

The aim of this study was to describe the current management practices that could influence udder health during the dry period and to investigate the associations between management and new high SCC during the dry period. In 2008 the Netherlands started to improve transparency and decrease the use of antimicrobials in animal husbandry. Prevention of new high SCC during the dry period via antimicrobial dry cow treatment (DCT) was no longer allowed in animals with a low SCC before the dry period. Read More

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Biotechnological Potential of Eugenol and Thymol Derivatives Against Staphylococcus aureus from Bovine Mastitis.

Curr Microbiol 2021 May 16;78(5):1846-1855. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências e Biotecnologia, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Outeiro de São João Batista s/no, Centro, Niterói, RJ, 24020-141, Brazil.

Bovine mastitis is an infectious disease that affects the mammary gland of dairy cattle with considerable economic losses. Staphylococcus aureus is the main microorganism involved in this highly contagious process, and the treatment is only using antibiotics. Currently, the search for new treatment and/or compounds is still in need due to microbial resistance. Read More

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Gradient-Based Microfluidic Platform for One Single Rapid Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing.

ACS Sens 2021 04 14;6(4):1560-1571. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Food Science, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Stocking Hall, Ithaca, New York 14853, United States.

Antimicrobial resistance is a growing problem, necessitating rapid antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) to enable effective in-clinic diagnostic testing and treatment. Conventional AST using broth microdilution or the Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion are time-consuming (e.g. Read More

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