Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.
Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Ouro Preto, Campus Morro do Cruzeiro, Ouro Preto, State of Minas Gerais, CEP: 35.400-000, Brazil.
Animal breeding for meat production based on swine, cattle, poultry, and aquaculture is an activity that generates several impacts on the environment, among them the spread of antibiotic resistance. There is a worldwide concern related to the massive use of antibiotics, which causes selective pressure on the microbial community, triggering bacteria that contain "antibiotic resistance genes." According to the survey here presented, antibiotic resistance-related genes such as tetracyclines (tet), erythromycin (erm), and sulfonamides (sul), as well as the genetic mobile element interferon (int), are the most reported genetic elements in qualitative and quantitative studies of swine, cattle, poultry, and aquaculture manure/wastewater. Read More