122,790 results match your criteria manual


Slow death by policy manual.

Authors:
Sally Thorne

Nurs Inq 2021 Jul;28(3):e12442

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

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Inter-rater reliability of sleep stage scoring: a meta-analysis.

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, Konkuk University, Seoul, Korea.

Study Objectives: We evaluated the inter-rater reliabilities of manual polysomnography (PSG) sleep stage scoring. We included all studies that employed Rechtschaffen and Kales (R&K) rules or American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) standards. We sought the overall degree of agreement and those for each stage. Read More

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Segmentation of common and internal carotid arteries from 3D ultrasound images based on adaptive triple loss.

Med Phys 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Electrical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Purpose: Vessel-wall-volume (VWV) and localized vessel-wall-thickness (VWT) measured from 3D ultrasound (US) carotid images are sensitive to anti-atherosclerotic effects of medical/dietary treatments. VWV and VWT measurements require the lumen-intima (LIB) and media-adventitia boundaries (MAB) at the common and internal carotid arteries (CCA and ICA). However, most existing segmentation techniques were capable of segmenting the CCA only. Read More

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Development and Evaluation of a Method for Automated Detection of Spreading Depolarizations in the Injured Human Brain.

Neurocrit Care 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, Academic Neuroscience Centre, King's College London, Room A1.27, De Crespigny Park, Box 41, London, SE5 8AF, UK.

Background: Spreading depolarizations (SDs) occur in some 60% of patients receiving intensive care following severe traumatic brain injury and often occur at a higher incidence following serious subarachnoid hemorrhage and malignant hemisphere stroke (MHS); they are independently associated with worse clinical outcome. Detection of SDs to guide clinical management, as is now being advocated, currently requires continuous and skilled monitoring of the electrocorticogram (ECoG), frequently extending over many days.

Methods: We developed and evaluated in two clinical intensive care units (ICU) a software routine capable of detecting SDs both in real time at the bedside and retrospectively and also capable of displaying patterns of their occurrence with time. Read More

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Reporting of Death in US Food and Drug Administration Medical Device Adverse Event Reports in Categories Other Than Death.

JAMA Intern Med 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: In the US, most postmarket medical device safety data are obtained through adverse event reports that are submitted to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database. Adverse event reports are classified by the reporter as injury, malfunction, death, or other. If the device may have caused or contributed to a death, or if the cause of death is unknown, the FDA requires that the adverse event be reported as a death. Read More

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Single Molecule Fluorescence Energy Transfer Study of Ribosome Protein Synthesis.

Authors:
Yuhong Wang

J Vis Exp 2021 Jul 6(173). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Biology and Biochemistry, University of Houston;

The ribosome is a large ribonucleoprotein complex that assembles proteins processively along mRNA templates. The diameter of the ribosome is approximately 20 nm to accommodate large tRNA substrates at the A-, P- and E-sites. Consequently, the ribosome dynamics are naturally de-phased quickly. Read More

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Repositioning Chairs in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo - A Systematic Review.

J Int Adv Otol 2021 Jul;17(4):353-360

Copenhagen Hearing and Balance Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery and Audiology, Rigshospitalet Copenhagen University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Multi-axial repositioning chairs such as the TRV chair and the Epley Omniax Rotator (EO) are newer alternatives in the treatment of complex and recurrent cases of the common peripheral vertigo disorder, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). The objective of this systematic review is to collect and synthesize current knowledge on the clinical characteristics of repositioning chairs for treatment of BPPV. A systematic search of the PubMed and EmBase databases was conducted and data regarding clinical characteristics were extracted from both retrospective and prospective studies, and a qualitative synthesis was made. Read More

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Unplanned Office Visits Following Outpatient Hand Surgery.

Hand (N Y) 2021 Jul 26:15589447211028932. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Rothman Orthopaedic Institute at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Returning to the office for an unplanned visit postoperatively can be burdensome to both the patient and provider. The purpose of this study was to quantify the rate of unplanned office visits after common soft tissue hand surgeries and assess the reasons for these unplanned visits.

Methods: Patients who underwent common soft tissue hand surgeries over a 6-month time period were queried from an electronic medical record database. Read More

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Work-Related Exposures and Musculoskeletal Disorder Symptoms among Informal E-Waste Recyclers at Agbogbloshie, Ghana.

Proc Congr Int Ergon Assoc (2021) 2021 8;222:677-681. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Biological, Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Ghana; P.O. Box LG13, Accra, Ghana.

Recycling of electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) in developing countries is mostly conducted in the informal sector consisting of low skilled workers. Informal e-waste recycling predominantly involves the physically demanding work of manually collecting, dismantling and burning of e-waste items to extract reusable components and valuable metals including gold or copper. This cross-sectional study investigated the effects of manual e-waste recycling work on the musculoskeletal health of 176 workers at Agbogbloshie in Accra, Ghana - the largest informal e-waste dumpsites in Africa. Read More

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Common factors in psychological treatments delivered by non-specialists in low- and middle-income countries: Manual review of competencies.

J Behav Cogn Ther 2020 Sep 17;30(3):165-186. Epub 2020 Jul 17.

Division of Global Mental Health, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, George Washington University, 2120 L St NW, Suite 600, Washington, D.C. 20037, USA.

Delivery of psychological and psychosocial treatments by non-specialists in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC) is a growing strategy to address the global mental health treatment gap. However, little is known about which competencies are essential for non-specialists to effectively deliver treatment. Psychotherapy research in high-income countries suggests that effective treatment requires competency in common factors. Read More

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September 2020

Comparison of segmentation and identification of swietenia mahagoni wood defects with augmentation images.

Heliyon 2021 Jun 29;7(6):e07417. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Magister of Computer Science, Universitas Nusa Mandiri, Indonesia.

The largest income for Southeast Asian countries comes from the export activities of wood production. The potential for timber exports in Indonesia continues to increase each year. This soaring potential needs to be continually improved by maintaining quality so that trust and good cooperation can continue to be established with partner countries. Read More

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Characterization of automatic treatment planning approaches in radiotherapy.

Phys Imaging Radiat Oncol 2021 Jul 13;19:60-65. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Plesmanlaan 121, 1066 CX Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background And Purpose: Automatic approaches are widely implemented to automate dose optimization in radiotherapy treatment planning. This study systematically investigates how to configure automatic planning in order to create the best possible plans.

Materials And Methods: Automatic plans were generated using protocol based automatic iterative optimization. Read More

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Chemoradiotherapy in a patient with locally advanced small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix complicated by pelvic organ prolapse: A case report.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2021 Aug 10;37:100832. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Benavides Cancer Institute, University of Santo Tomas Hospital, Manila 1015, Philippines.

Background: The coexistence of cervical cancer and pelvic organ prolapse represents a rare clinical scenario. Small cell neuroendocrine histology likewise represents only 0.9-1. Read More

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Progressive Resistance Exercises plus Manual Therapy Is Effective in Improving Isometric Strength in Overhead Athletes with Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Biomed Res Int 2021 30;2021:9945775. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Centre for Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India.

Reduction in isometric strength of the scapulohumeral muscles is a commonly seen impairment in overhead athletes afflicted with shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS). The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two different treatment programs: progressive resistance exercises plus manual therapy (PRE plus MT) and motor control exercises (MCE), on isometric strength of upper trapezius (UT), middle trapezius (MTr), lower trapezius (LT), serratus anterior (SA), supraspinatus (Supr.), anterior deltoid (A. Read More

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Increased Rotatory Laxity after Anterolateral Ligament Lesion in Anterior Cruciate Ligament- (ACL-) Deficient Knees: A Cadaveric Study with Noninvasive Inertial Sensors.

Biomed Res Int 2021 6;2021:7549750. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Clinica Ortopedica e Traumatologica II, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna 40136, Italy.

The anterolateral ligament (ALL) has been suggested as an important secondary knee restrain on the dynamic laxity in anterior cruciate ligament- (ACL-) deficient knees. Nevertheless, its kinematical contribution to the pivot-shift (PS) phenomenon has not been clearly and objectively defined, and noninvasive sensor technology could give a crucial contribution in this direction. The aim of the present study was to quantify in vitro the PS phenomenon in order to investigate the differences between an ACL-deficient knee and an ACL+ALL-deficient knee. Read More

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Association between Stress at Work and Temporomandibular Disorders: A Systematic Review.

Biomed Res Int 2021 15;2021:2055513. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Community and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) have been traditionally associated with psychosocial factors; however, occupational stress as a factor related to TMD has not been adequately assessed in the literature. The aim was to investigate the association between stress at work and TMD on adult paid workers. An electronic search included PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and LILACS databases. Read More

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Reference Intervals for Selected Hematology and Clinical Chemistry Measurands in Temminck's Pangolin ().

Front Vet Sci 2021 8;8:654529. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Paraclinical Sciences and Centre for Veterinary Wildlife Research, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

Pangolins are the world's most trafficked non-human mammals. A significant number of Temminck's pangolins () are presented for veterinary care and rehabilitation in southern Africa. Little is known about the physiology and normal health of this species, making diagnosis and medical management difficult. Read More

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Automated Quality-Controlled Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance Pericardial Fat Quantification Using a Convolutional Neural Network in the UK Biobank.

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 7;8:677574. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

William Harvey Research Institute, National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Barts Biomedical Research Centre, Queen Mary University of London, Charterhouse Square, London, United Kingdom.

Pericardial adipose tissue (PAT) may represent a novel risk marker for cardiovascular disease. However, absence of rapid radiation-free PAT quantification methods has precluded its examination in large cohorts. We developed a fully automated quality-controlled tool for cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) PAT quantification in the UK Biobank (UKB). Read More

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Robot-Assisted Electrode Array Insertion Becomes Available in Pediatric Cochlear Implant Recipients: First Report and an Intra-Individual Study.

Front Surg 2021 7;8:695728. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

As an advanced surgical technique to reduce trauma to the inner ear, robot-assisted electrode array (EA) insertion has been applied in adult cochlear implantation (CI) and was approved as a safe surgical procedure that could result in better outcomes. As the mastoid and temporal bones are generally smaller in children, which would increase the difficulty for robot-assisted manipulation, the clinical application of these systems for CI in children has not been reported. Given that the pediatric candidate is the main population, we aim to investigate the safety and reliability of robot-assisted techniques in pediatric cochlear implantation. Read More

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Influence of Conditional Cash Transfers on the Uptake of Maternal and Child Health Services in Nigeria: Insights From a Mixed-Methods Study.

Front Public Health 2021 6;9:670534. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.

Increasing access to maternal and child health (MCH) services is crucial to achieving universal health coverage (UHC) among pregnant women and children under-five (CU5). The Nigerian government between 2012 and 2015 implemented an innovative MCH programme to reduce maternal and CU5 mortality by reducing financial barriers of access to essential health services. The study explores how the implementation of a financial incentive through conditional cash transfer (CCT) influenced the uptake of MCH services in the programme. Read More

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ACDC: Automated Cell Detection and Counting for Time-Lapse Fluorescence Microscopy.

Appl Sci (Basel) 2020 Sep 6;10(18). Epub 2020 Sep 6.

SYSBIO/ISBE.IT Centre for Systems Biology, 20126 Milan, Italy.

Advances in microscopy imaging technologies have enabled the visualization of live-cell dynamic processes using time-lapse microscopy imaging. However, modern methods exhibit several limitations related to the training phases and to time constraints, hindering their application in the laboratory practice. In this work, we present a novel method, named Automated Cell Detection and Counting (ACDC), designed for activity detection of fluorescent labeled cell nuclei in time-lapse microscopy. Read More

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September 2020

AGTH-Net: Attention-Based Graph Convolution-Guided Third-Order Hourglass Network for Sports Video Classification.

J Healthc Eng 2021 6;2021:8517161. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

College of Sports Engineering and Information Technology, Wuhan Sports University, Wuhan 430079, China.

As a hot research topic, sports video classification research has a wide range of applications in switched TV, video on demand, smart TV, and other fields and is closely related to people's lives. Under this background, sports video classification research has aroused great interest in people. However, the existing methods usually use manual video classification, which the workers themselves often influence. Read More

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The Contribution of Clinical Pharmacologists in Precision Medicine: An Opportunity for Health Care Improvement.

Curr Ther Res Clin Exp 2021 1;94:100628. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Biotechnology and Translational Medicine, University of Milano, Via Vanvitelli, 32 20129 MILANO (MI), Milan, Italy.

Background: Clinical pharmacologists play an important role and have professional value in the field, especially regarding their role within precision medicine (PM) and personalized therapies.

Objective: In this work, we sought to stimulate debate on the role of clinical pharmacologists.

Methods: A literature review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement, through electronic consultation of 2 databases, PubMed/Medline and Embase, and Google Scholar with manual research taking into account the peer-reviewed literature such as observational studies, reviews, original research articles, comments, mini-reviews, and opinion papers published in English between 2010 and February 2020. Read More

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Droplet Size and Distribution of Nebulized 3% Sodium Chloride, Albuterol, and Epoprostenol by Phase Doppler Particle Analyzer.

Curr Ther Res Clin Exp 2021 18;94:100623. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Engineering, Madison, Wisconsin.

Background: Aerosolized drug therapy administered to mechanically ventilated patients is a standard part of pulmonary critical care medicine. Aerosol particle size and distribution are important factors in the optimal delivery of aerosolized drugs to ventilated patients.

Objective: The objective of this study was to characterize aerosol droplet size and distribution with laser diffraction for nebulized 3% sodium chloride, albuterol, and epoprostenol sodium (containing glycine) delivered via Aeroneb Solo Mesh Nebulizers (Aerogen, Mountain View, California). Read More

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February 2021

Using Behavioural Reasoning Theory to Explore Reasons for Dietary Restriction: A Qualitative Study of Orthorexic Behavioural Tendencies in the UK.

Front Psychol 2021 8;12:685545. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Faculty of Science Engineering and Computing, Kingston University, Kingston upon Thames, United Kingdom.

Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) has gained increased attention in academia since 1997. However, like other "Exia" conditions, there is debate around its inclusion in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. This study aimed to examine the experiences of those following a diet indicative of ON in the United Kingdom. Read More

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Effectiveness of 'Mois sans tabac 2016': A French social marketing campaign against smoking.

Tob Induc Dis 2021 19;19:60. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Prevention and Health Promotion Department, Santé publique France, the French National Public Health Agency, Saint-Maurice, France.

Introduction: In October 2016, the first edition of (Tobacco-Free Month) was launched, a campaign which had invited French smokers to challenge themselves to quit smoking for the whole month of November. We aimed to study the effectiveness of this social marketing intervention on quit attempts (QA) in the general French population, and to study possible differences according to sociodemographic characteristics.

Methods: This study used data from the 2017 Health Barometer survey, a random survey conducted by telephone on 25319 individuals. Read More

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Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Endoscopic Management of Peripancreatic Fluid Collections.

Gut Liver 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, CHA University Bundang Medical Center, Seongnam, Korea.

The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy developed medical guidelines by referring to the manual for clinical practice guidelines development prepared by the National Evidencebased Healthcare Collaborating Agency. Previous studies on peripancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) were searched, and certain studies were selected with the help of experts. Then, a set of key questions was selected, and treatment guidelines were systematically reviewed. Read More

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Greater incidence of bleeding in manual gastro-jejunal anastomosis with barbed suture.

Cir Esp (Engl Ed) 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Servicio de Cirugía General, Parc Taulí Hospital Universitari, Sabadell, Barcelona, Spain.

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Surface-based hippocampal subfield segmentation.

Trends Neurosci 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Brain and Mind Institute, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada; Robarts Research Institute, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada; School of Biomedical Engineering, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada. Electronic address:

Though it is often termed 'subcortical,' the hippocampus is composed of a folded 'archicortical' sheet contiguous with the neocortex. The human hippocampus varies considerably in its internal folding configuration, creating major challenges in interindividual alignment and parcellation into subfields. In this opinion article, we discuss surface-based methods that aim to explicitly model hippocampal folding, similar to methods used in the neocortex, allowing interindividual alignment in an unfolded or flat-mapped 2D space. Read More

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