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Female partner experiences of prostate cancer patients' engagement with a community-based football intervention: a qualitative study.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jul 15;21(1):1398. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

The University of British Columbia, School of Nursing, Health Sciences Mall, Vancouver, BC, V6T 1Z3, Canada.

Background: Prostate cancer is often labelled a couple's disease wherein the partner plays an important role in the man's illness management and related health promotion activities. The aim of this study was to explore partner experiences of prostate cancer patients' engagement with a community-based football program.

Methods: Eight audio-visual recorded semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 39 female partners of men with prostate cancer who participated in a community-based football program as part of the nationwide FC Prostate Community Trial (NCT02430792). Read More

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Quality of Life and Sexual Function of Men Who Have Sex With Men Treated for Anal Cancer: A Prospective Trial of a Neglected Population.

J Sex Med 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Radiology and Oncology - Faculdade de Medicina FMUSP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; Hospital Sírio-Libanês, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Anal cancer is a rare disease, more prevalent in women. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are a high-risk neglected population.

Aim: The primary objective was to assess quality of life (QoL) and sexual function (SxF) among MSM treated with radical chemoradiation for anal cancer. Read More

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The relation between age of retirement and frailty in later life? A cross-sectional study in Flemish older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 Jun 30;96:104473. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 33 bus 7001 B-3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic address:

Background: Policymakers in several European countries, concerned about the sustainability of their pension system, have raised the statutory retirement age. While several studies investigated the effect of retirement on health, the relationship between retirement and frailty is neglected. Notwithstanding, frailty is associated with adverse outcomes. Read More

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Men's perceptions of sexual and reproductive health education within the context of pregnancy and HIV in Zambia: a descriptive qualitative analysis.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jul 8;21(1):1354. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Division of Academic Specialists in Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Colorado, Denver, USA.

Background: Although health care providers are beginning to focus on men's roles as fathers and husbands, there is limited understanding of how men view their ability to promote sexual and reproductive health in families affected by HIV and their experiences with receiving education through antenatal care. This paper aims to explore men's perceptions of the education they need regarding sexual and reproductive health within the family in the context of HIV.

Methods: We interviewed a convenience sample of 18 male partners of pregnant women living with HIV in Lusaka, Zambia. Read More

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Prevalence and determinants of tobacco use amongst South African adults with mental illness in the Eastern Cape.

S Afr J Psychiatr 2021 14;27:1637. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Cecilia Makiwane Hospital, East London, South Africa.

Background: Given the physical and mental health consequences of tobacco use amongst individuals with mental illness, it was imperative to assess the burden of tobacco use in this population.

Aim: This study examined the patterns and factors associated with tobacco use in individuals attending the outpatient unit.

Setting: Cecilia Makiwane Hospital Mental Health Department in Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Read More

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The prevalence and risk factors of urinary incontinence among women with type 2 diabetes in the north West Bank: a cross-sectional study.

Lancet 2021 Jul;398 Suppl 1:S42

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, An-Najah National University, Nablus, occupied Palestinian territory.

Background: Diabetes is one of the most common chronic illnesses worldwide, and it is increasing in prevalence. Urinary incontinence is another worldwide health problem, with a reported prevalence that ranges from 9% to 67%. It decreases quality of life for men and women and has been associated with many poor outcomes, such as longer hospital stays, recurrent or persistent urinary tract infection, and a higher mortality rate. Read More

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Low Prevalence of Cysticercosis and Infection in Pigs in Rural Cambodia.

Trop Med Infect Dis 2021 Jun 11;6(2). Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 75007 Uppsala, Sweden.

Cysticercosis and spp. infection are parasitic zoonoses prevalent among pigs in Southeast Asia, where pork is the most important source of meat. In rural Cambodia, many pigs are raised extensively in family backyards, and information regarding the prevalence in rural small-scale pig production is very limited. Read More

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Physical Performance in Older Cohorts: A Comparison of 81-Year-Old Swedish Men and Women Born Twelve Years Apart-Results from the Swedish Study "Good Aging in Skåne".

J Aging Res 2021 5;2021:8813992. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences in Malmö, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Materials And Methods: Birth cohorts of both sexes drawn from the Swedish study "Good Aging in Skåne" for the years 1920-22 and 1932-34 were compared. Walking, the step test, the chair stand test, and the handgrip strength test were used as proxies for the physical performance. The results were adjusted for lifestyle habits and common chronic geriatric diseases. Read More

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Personal Determinants for Physical Activity Behavior of Urban-Dwelling Older Adults in Sri Lanka.

Gerontol Geriatr Med 2021 Jan-Dec;7:23337214211023684. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

University of Ruhuna, Galle, Sri Lanka.

Physical inactivity is a vital risk factor for the development and maintenance of chronic ill-health conditions among older adults. This study examined personal factors associated with physical activity (PA) behavior of urban-dwelling older adults in Sri Lanka, a middle-income country in South Asia. A total of 880 older adults (aged ≥60 years) participated in this cross-sectional study. Read More

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Association of rare predicted loss-of-function variants of influenza-related type I IFN genes with critical COVID-19 pneumonia.

J Clin Invest 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

St. Giles Laboratory of Human Genetics of Infectious Diseases, The Rockfeller University, New York, United States of America.

To the Editor: Povysil G. et al. report that "rare loss-of-function (LOF) variants in type I interferon (IFN) immunity genes are not associated with severe COVID-19" (1). Read More

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The Anxiety Depression Pathway Among Men Following a Prostate Cancer Diagnosis: Cross-Sectional Interactions Between Anger Responses and Loneliness.

Am J Mens Health 2021 May-Jun;15(3):15579883211023699

School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Anger has been a largely neglected emotion in prostate cancer research and intervention. This paper highlights the role of anger in the anxiety depression pathway among men with prostate cancer, and whether its impact is dependent on loneliness. Data are presented from a sample of men with prostate cancer ( = 105, = 69. Read More

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Delayed diagnosis and comprehensive treatment of cutaneous tuberculosis: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Jun;9(16):4007-4015

Department of Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis, Nanjing Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital, Nanjing 210014, Jiangsu Province, China.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a widespread infectious disease, with an incidence that is increasing worldwide. Cutaneous TB (CTB) occurs rarely, accounting for less than 1% of all TB cases. Due to the clinical presentation and diagnostic difficulties, CTB is often clinically neglected and misdiagnosed. Read More

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The Measurement of the Inclination Angle of the Hamate and Analysis of the Inclination Angle for the Rotation Deformity of the Little Finger in the Fixation of the Carpometacarpal Joint.

Orthop Surg 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Objective: Complex base fractures of the fifth metacarpal bone and dislocation of the fifth carpometacarpal joint are more prone to internal rotation deformity of the little finger sequence after fixation with a transarticular plate. In the past, we have neglected that there is actually a certain angle of external rotation in the hamate surface of transarticular fixation. This study measured the inclination angle of the hamate surface relative to the fifth metacarpal surface for clinical reference. Read More

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Hormonal Differences in Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators When They Cope with Acute Stress: A Pilot Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 28;18(11). Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Psychobiology, University of Valencia, 46010 València, Spain.

Background: Only a few studies have paid attention to the ability of perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPVAW) against women to cope with acute stress, including hormonal parameters. In fact, previous studies assessed how salivary testosterone (Tsal) and cortisol (Csal) changed after coping with an acute emotional stressor (directly related to IPVAW), and they concluded that an imbalance between the two hormones might be characteristic of these men. Nevertheless, they neglected to examine the role of other hormones, such as salivary oxytocin (OXsal), which also seemed to play an important role in behavioral regulation, and whether this response could be generalized to other types of stress not directly related to IPVAW. Read More

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Diagnosing Paraproteinemic Keratopathy: A Case Report.

Case Rep Ophthalmol 2021 May-Aug;12(2):337-343. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, New Territories, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

A 65-year-old man presented with bilateral, painless, progressive blurring of vision over 9 years. Slit-lamp examination revealed bilateral subepithelial corneal opacities in clusters located at the mid-periphery. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography, in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM), serum protein electrophoresis, and molecular genetic testing were performed to evaluate the cause of corneal opacities. Read More

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Total hip replacement in patient with residual poliomyelitis with neglected femoral neck fracture.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 May 21;14(5). Epub 2021 May 21.

Orthopaedic, Benghazi Medical Center, Benghazi, Libya

A 71-year-old man with residual poliomyelitis was referred to the orthopaedic surgeons with a neglected left femoral neck fracture of the paralytic limb. He had presented at another hospital with left groin pain and inability to weight bear 4 weeks earlier after a fall from standing height, but had delayed treatment due to his insistence on waiting until he returned to his home country.Successful treatment of residual poliomyelitis fractures requires early union as well as early mobilisation and rehabilitation. Read More

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Risk factors for cutaneous leishmaniasis in a high-altitude forest region of Peru.

Trop Med Health 2021 May 17;49(1):40. Epub 2021 May 17.

Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA.

Background: American cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a neglected tropical disease typically associated with men working in remote, sylvatic environments. We sought to identify CL risk factors in a highly deforested region where anecdotal reports suggested an atypical proportion of women and children were infected with CL raising concern among authorities that transmission was shifting towards domestic spaces and population centers.

Methods: We describe the characteristics of CL patients from four participating clinics after digitizing up to 10 years of patient data from each clinic's CL registries. Read More

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Neglected sexual dysfunction symptoms amongst chronic patients during routine consultations in rural clinics in the North West province.

Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med 2021 Apr 28;13(1):e1-e7. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Division of Family Medicine, School of Clinical Medicine, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

Background: Sexual dysfunction contributes to personal feelings of loss and despair and being a cause of exacerbated interpersonal conflict. Erectile dysfunction is also an early biomarker of cardiovascular disease. As doctors hardly ever ask about this problem, it is unknown how many patients presenting for routine consultations in primary care suffer from symptoms of sexual dysfunction. Read More

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Transient global amnesia after radiofrequency catheter ablation of supraventricular tachycardia: a case report.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Apr;11(2):472-477

Department of Cardiology, Peking University Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a neurological disorder characterized by sudden onset of anterograde amnesia with or without retrograde amnesia, lasting less than 24 hours, without other clinical neurological dysfunction. TGA with short duration and benign prognosis is usually neglected in clinical practice. Transient total amnesia after radiofrequency ablation is rare and its etiology is unknown. Read More

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Psychometric properties of a Recovery Empowerment Scale: Testing emotional, cognitive, behavioral, and relational domains.

J Community Psychol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

New Jersey Division of Mental Health & Addiction Services, Trenton, New Jersey, USA.

Psychological empowerment (PE) is a multidimensional construct comprised of emotional, cognitive, behavioral, and relational domains. Although context-specific measures of PE exist, no study to date has introduced and tested a measure of the construct that captures all four domains for both women and men in recovery from substance misuse. Furthermore, research has largely neglected the relational dimension, particularly in studies involving people in recovery. Read More

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A lobulated mass on the upper back with prominent vasculature: A giant basal cell carcinoma.

Dermatol Reports 2021 Mar 7;13(1):9046. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Dermatology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX.

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is characterized by slow but locally invasive growth. Although there is low metastatic potential, if not treated early, these skin cancers can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. In this case report, we present a man with a neglected BCC that developed into what is termed a giant BCC or one that is greater than 5 cm. Read More

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Sexual Dysfunction in Men Who Have Sex With Men.

Authors:
Philip J Cheng

Sex Med Rev 2021 Apr 27. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Reproductive Medicine Associates of New Jersey, Department of Urology, Basking Ridge, NJ, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Historically, sexual health research has focused on men who have sex with women (MSW) and most research examining the sexual health of men who have sex with men (MSM) has focused on HIV transmission. Despite a high prevalence of sexual health disorders among MSM, there is limited research that has evaluated the diversity of sexual issues in these patients.

Objectives: The purpose of this review is to describe the unique sexual behaviors, concerns, and dysfunctions of MSM by evaluating the literature on sexual health in this specific patient population. Read More

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Running Performance Variability among Runners from Different Brazilian States: A Multilevel Approach.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 5;18(7). Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Post-Graduation Program of Physical Education, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS), São Cristóvão, 49100-000 Sergipe, Brazil.

The ecological model theory highlights that human development (or a given behavior) is the result of the interaction of variables derived from different levels, comprising those directly related to the subjects and those related to the environment. Given that, the purpose of this study is to establish whether runners' performance may vary among different Brazilian states, as the factors associated with this difference. The sample comprised 1151 Brazilian runners (61. Read More

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Cardiovascular injuries during COVID-19 infection: A PROCESS-compliant case series from the Eastern Morocco.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 May 18;65:102309. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

Department of Intensive Care Unit, Mohammed VI University Hospital, Oujda, Morocco.

Background: To date, more than 105,805,951 cases of COVID-19 have been diagnosed including 2,312,278 deaths. Many patients have cardiovascular risk-factors and/or co-morbidities and a lot of them developed heart conditions during the active or the post-infectious phase of the infection. A number of studies tried to demonstrate an association between poor prognostic outcomes and cardiovascular comorbidities and related damages, but the quality of current evidence is still weak. Read More

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Neo-adjuvant Vismodegib followed by radiation in locally advanced basal cell carcinoma.

Curr Probl Cancer 2021 Apr 1:100736. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Medical Oncology, St James Hospital, Dublin 8, Ireland; Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.

Basal cell carcinomas occur in up to 39% of Caucasian men and 28% of women. Rarely it can present a management dilemma in patients with neglected locally advanced disease of large dimension or involvement of critical structures. The Hedgehog pathway is constitutively active in almost all basal cell carcinomas and patients with Naevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome have germline mutations in the Patched tumor suppressor gene, a Hedgehog pathway component, on chromosome 9q. Read More

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Untargeted metabolomics of prostate cancer zwitterionic and positively charged compounds in urine.

Anal Chim Acta 2021 May 12;1158:338381. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Dipartimento di Chimica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; CNR NANOTEC, Campus Ecotekne, University of Salento, Via Monteroni, 73100, Lecce, Italy.

Prostate cancer, a leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, principally occurs in over 50-year-old men. Nowadays there is urgency to discover biomarkers alternative to prostate-specific antigen, as it cannot discriminate patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia from clinically significant forms of prostatic cancer. In the present paper, 32 benign prostatic hyperplasia and 41 prostatic cancer urine samples were collected and analyzed. Read More

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Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome caused by the ingestion of in a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis: a case report.

J Int Med Res 2021 Apr;49(4):300060520980649

Department of Infectious Diseases, Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China.

Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (HSOS) is a rare hepatic vascular disorder characterized by intrahepatic congestion, liver injury, and post-sinusoidal portal hypertension, and it is frequently associated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. In this study, we observed a case of HSOS associated with the ingestion of , a pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA)-containing Chinese herb, in a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis. The patient was a 43-year-old man with chief complaints of physical asthenia and a loss of appetite for more than a month. Read More

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Changing Pattern of Chemsex Drug Use Among Newly Diagnosed HIV-Positive Taiwanese from 2015 to 2020 in the Era of Treat-All Policy.

AIDS Patient Care STDS 2021 04;35(4):134-143

Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Chemsex drug use (CDU) is a frequent, yet neglected issue in the era of treat-all policy. We evaluated the temporal pattern of CDU, factors associated with CDU, and drug-drug interactions (DDIs) between chemsex drugs and initial antiretroviral therapy (ART) by surveying 621 Taiwanese individuals (mean age: 29.7 years; 99. Read More

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'Emotion is of the essence. … Number one priority': A nested qualitative study exploring psychosocial adjustment to stroke and aphasia.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2021 May 7;56(3):594-608. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Centre for Language and Communication Science Research, School of Health Sciences, City, University of London, London, UK.

Background: Stroke and aphasia can have a profound impact on people's lives, and depression is a common, frequently persistent consequence. Social networks also suffer, with poor social support associated with worse recovery. It is essential to support psychosocial well-being post-stroke, and examine which factors facilitate successful adjustment to living with aphasia. Read More

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Proximal aortic aneurysms: correlation of maximum aortic diameter and aortic wall thickness.

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

University Department for Cardiac Surgery, Leipzig Heart Center, Leipzig, Germany.

Objectives: The goal of therapy of proximal aortic aneurysms is to prevent an aortic catastrophe, e.g. acute dissection or rupture. Read More

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