4,191 results match your criteria mallet p = 0017


Semantic and action tool knowledge in the brain: identifying common and distinct networks.

Neuropsychologia 2021 Jun 21:107918. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Laboratoire d'Étude des Mécanismes Cognitifs (EA 3082), Université Lyon 2, Bron, France; Institut Universitaire de France (IUF).

Most cognitive models of apraxia assume that impaired tool use results from a deficit occurring at the conceptual level, which contains dedicated information about tool use, namely, semantic and action tool knowledge. Semantic tool knowledge contains information about the prototypical use of familiar tools, such as function (e.g. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparison of three scales (BIS, SUMD and BCIS) for measuring insight dimensions and their evolution after one-year of follow-up: Findings from the FACE-SZ Cohort.

Psychiatry Res 2021 Jun 20;303:114044. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Service Universitaire de Psychiatrie Adulte, Hôpital la Colombière, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France; Univ Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, Univ. Montpellier, EPSYLON EA, Montpellier, France.

The aim of our study was to compare the performance of three different instruments measuring clinical and cognitive dimensions of insight. Data on 182 outpatients with schizophrenia and one-year follow-up assessments was drawn from the FACE-SZ cohort. Awareness of clinical state (« clinical insight ») was measured using both a clinician-rated measure (the Scale to assess Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD)), and a self-report measure (the Birchwood Insight Scale (BIS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gripforce reduction in children with an upper neonatal brachial plexus lesions.

J Rehabil Med 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Neurosurgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Voorburg, The Netherlands. E-mail:

Objective: To assess gripforce in children with a C5 and C6 neonatal brachial plexus palsy, as it may affect hand use. Applying classic innervation patterns, gripforce should not be affected, as hand function is not innervated by C5 or C6. This study compares gripforce in children with a neonatal brachial plexus palsy with that in a healthy control group, and assesses correlations with hand sensibility, bimanual use and external rotation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Identification of biomarkers that predict response to subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation in resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder: protocol for an open-label follow-up study.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 22;11(6):e047492. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Psychiatry, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Introduction: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of bilateral anteromedial subthalamic nucleus (amSTN) has been found to be helpful in a subset of patients with severe, chronic and treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Biomarkers may aid in patient selection and optimisation of this invasive treatment. In this trial, we intend to evaluate neurocognitive function related to STN and related biosignatures as potential biomarkers for STN DBS in OCD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Holmium laser en-bloc enucleation of the prostate: Bi-centric prospective evaluation of 109 consecutive cases.

Prog Urol 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of urology, Pellegrin hospital, Bordeaux, France.

Introduction: Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a validated alternative to transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) and open prostatectomy (OP) for surgical treatment of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The surgical technique may vary considerably from one surgeon to another. The three-lobe technique remains the reference procedure, but some surgeons claim "en bloc" enucleation could help to shorten enucleation time. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Impact of High Altitude on Cardiovascular Health: Current Perspectives.

Vasc Health Risk Manag 2021 8;17:317-335. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, A-6020, Austria.

Globally, about 400 million people reside at terrestrial altitudes above 1500 m, and more than 100 million lowlanders visit mountainous areas above 2500 m annually. The interactions between the low barometric pressure and partial pressure of O, climate, individual genetic, lifestyle and socio-economic factors, as well as adaptation and acclimatization processes at high elevations are extremely complex. It is challenging to decipher the effects of these myriad factors on the cardiovascular health in high altitude residents, and even more so in those ascending to high altitudes with or without preexisting diseases. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Improved long-term functional outcome after a latissimus dorsi transfer with or without subscapularis muscle lengthening or release.

Acta Orthop Belg 2021 Mar;87(1):151-157

A brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) can lead to a limited shoulder function, especially abduction and external rotation. One of the treatment options to restore those shoulder functions is a latissimus dorsi transfer (LDT). The aim of this study is to analyze long-term functional outcome after a single LDT and compare these results with LDT combined with subscapularis muscle lengthening (SSL) or subscapularis muscle release (SSR). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sacubitril-valsartan initiation in chronic heart failure patients impacts sleep apnea: the ENTRESTO-SAS study.

ESC Heart Fail 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

PhyMedExp, University of Montpellier, INSERM U1046, CNRS UMR 9214, Montpellier, France.

Aims: Optimizing medical cardiac treatment for sleep apnoea (SA) in patients with chronic heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is an expert Grade C recommendation based on six studies encompassing a total of 67 patients only. Whether sacubitril-valsartan (SV), a cornerstone of HFrEF medical treatment, impacts SA is unknown and requires evaluation.

Methods And Results: The ENTRESTO-SAS trial is a six-centre, prospective, open-label real-life cohort study (NCT02916160). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sex-Dependent Shared and Nonshared Genetic Architecture Across Mood and Psychotic Disorders.

Biol Psychiatry 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, North Shore University Health System, Evanston, Illinois.

Background: Sex differences in incidence and/or presentation of schizophrenia (SCZ), major depressive disorder (MDD), and bipolar disorder (BIP) are pervasive. Previous evidence for shared genetic risk and sex differences in brain abnormalities across disorders suggest possible shared sex-dependent genetic risk.

Methods: We conducted the largest to date genome-wide genotype-by-sex (G×S) interaction of risk for these disorders using 85,735 cases (33,403 SCZ, 19,924 BIP, and 32,408 MDD) and 109,946 controls from the PGC (Psychiatric Genomics Consortium) and iPSYCH. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

On-site substrate characterization in the anaerobic digestion context: A dataset of near infrared spectra acquired with four different optical systems on freeze-dried and ground organic waste.

Data Brief 2021 Jun 11;36:107126. Epub 2021 May 11.

INRAE, UMR ITAP, Montpellier University, Montpellier F-34000, France.

The near infrared spectra of thirty-three freeze-dried and ground organic waste samples of various biochemical composition were collected on four different optical systems, including a laboratory spectrometer, a transportable spectrometer with two measurement configurations (an immersed probe, and a polarized light system) and a micro-spectrometer. The provided data contains one file per spectroscopic system including the reflectance or absorbance spectra with the corresponding sample name and wavelengths. A reference data file containing carbohydrates, lipid and nitrogen content, biochemical methane potential (BMP) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) for each sample is also provided. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Different cardiovascular and pulmonary phenotypes for single- and double-knock-out mice deficient in BMP9 and BMP10.

Cardiovasc Res 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Laboratoire Biosanté U1292, Université Grenoble Alpes, Inserm, CEA, Grenoble, France.

Aims: BMP9 and BMP10 mutations were recently identified in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but their specific roles in the pathogenesis of the disease are still unclear. We aimed to study the roles of BMP9 and BMP10 in cardiovascular homeostasis and pulmonary hypertension using transgenic mouse models deficient in Bmp9 and/or Bmp10.

Methods And Results: Single- and double-knockout mice for Bmp9 (constitutive) and/or Bmp10 (tamoxifen inducible) were generated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Studies on the Physical Properties of TiO:Nb/Ag/TiO:Nb and NiO/Ag/NiO Three-Layer Structures on Glass and Plastic Substrates as Transparent Conductive Electrodes for Solar Cells.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 May 27;11(6). Epub 2021 May 27.

Photonics Laboratory, (LPhiA) E.A. 4464, SFR Matrix, Faculté des Sciences, Université d'Angers, 2 Bd Lavoisier, 49000 Angers, France.

In this paper, the physical properties of a new series of multilayer structures of oxide/metal/oxide type deposited on glass and plastic substrates were studied in the context of their use as transparent conductive layers for solar cells. The optical properties of TiO/Ag/TiO, TiO:Nb/Ag/TiO:Nb and NiO/Ag/NiO tri-layers were investigated by spectrophotometry and ellipsometry. Optimized ellipsometric modeling was employed in order to correlate the optical and electrical properties with the ones obtained by direct measurements. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Outcome prediction with a social cognitive battery: a multicenter longitudinal study.

NPJ Schizophr 2021 May 26;7(1):30. Epub 2021 May 26.

FondaMental Foundation, Créteil, France.

The interest in social cognition in schizophrenia is justified by the relationship between deficits in these skills and negative functional outcomes. Although assessment batteries have already been described, there is no consensus about which measures are useful in predicting patient functioning or quality of life (QoL). We investigated a set of five measures of recognition of facial emotions, theory of mind (ToM), and empathy in a cohort of 143 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder at inclusion and, amongst whom 79 were reassessed 1 year later. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

New horizons in falls prevention and management for older adults: a global initiative.

Age Ageing 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Centre for Innovation in Medical Engineering (CIME), Faculty of Engineering, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: falls and fall-related injuries are common in older adults, have negative effects both on quality of life and functional independence and are associated with increased morbidity, mortality and health care costs. Current clinical approaches and advice from falls guidelines vary substantially between countries and settings, warranting a standardised approach. At the first World Congress on Falls and Postural Instability in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, in December 2019, a worldwide task force of experts in falls in older adults, committed to achieving a global consensus on updating clinical practice guidelines for falls prevention and management by incorporating current and emerging evidence in falls research. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Heterotopic Polyodontia: Diagnosis and Surgical Removal of a Dentigerous Cyst Comprising 2 Dental Structures in a 14-Year-Old Horse.

J Vet Dent 2021 May 25:8987564211018522. Epub 2021 May 25.

Pioneer Equine Hospital, Oakdale, CA, USA.

A 14-year-old American Paint Horse mare was referred for further evaluation of a firm mass with an associated draining tract at the base of the left ear suspected to be a dentigerous cyst. Approximately three months prior, the draining tract had been excised under the presumed diagnosis of an abscess with no improvement. Physical examination revealed a firm mass palpable at the base of the left ear with a draining tract that did not elicit any pain response on palpation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Dissection of the anti-Candida albicans mannan immune response using synthetic oligomannosides reveals unique properties of β-1,2 mannotriose protective epitopes.

Sci Rep 2021 May 24;11(1):10825. Epub 2021 May 24.

INSERM U1285, Univ. Lille, CHU de Lille, UMR CNRS 8576 - UGSF - Unité de Glycobiologie Structurale et Fonctionnelle, 59000, Lille, France.

Candida albicans mannan consists of a large repertoire of oligomannosides with different types of mannose linkages and chain lengths, which act as individual epitopes with more or less overlapping antibody specificities. Although anti-C. albicans mannan antibody levels are monitored for diagnostic purposes nothing is known about the qualitative distribution of these antibodies in terms of epitope specificity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Muscle elasticity in patients with neonatal brachial plexus palsy using shear-wave ultrasound elastography. Preliminary results.

J Pediatr Orthop B 2021 Jul;30(4):385-392

Department of Pediatric Orthopedics and Reconstructive Surgery.

Ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) is a noninvasive, reliable and reproducible method, used for the qualitative and quantitative evaluation of tissues. The aim of this study was to compare muscle elasticity between the healthy and the involved sides in children with neonatal brachial plexus palsy (NBPP) using the elastography tool and to assess whether the difference was correlated with the Mallet grading system. We repeatedly measured the shear modulus coefficient of several muscles around the shoulder in stretched or passively relaxed positions on 14 patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Combination of MELD and lactate predicts death in patients treated with salvage TIPS for refractory variceal bleeding.

Hepatology 2021 May 21. Epub 2021 May 21.

Service d'hépato-gastroentérologie et de nutrition, CHU Côte de Nacre, Caen, France.

Introduction: Data about the prognosis of salvage TIPS using covered stents for refractory variceal bleeding caused by portal hypertension are scarce. We aimed to assess survival and to identify predictors of mortality in these patients.

Methods: 164 cirrhotic patients from 5 centers treated with salvage TIPS between 2007 and 2017, were retrospectively divided in a derivation (83 patients) and a validation cohort (81 patients). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prognostic value of low skeletal muscle mass in patient treated by exclusive curative radiochemotherapy for a NSCLC.

Sci Rep 2021 May 20;11(1):10628. Epub 2021 May 20.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Centre Henri Becquerel and Rouen University Hospital, & QuantIF-LITIS [EA (Equipe d'Accueil) 4108], Rouen, France.

Low skeletal muscle mass is a well-known prognostic factor for patients treated for a non-small-cell lung cancer by surgery or chemotherapy. However, its impact in patients treated by exclusive radiochemotherapy has never been explored. Our study tries to evaluate the prognostic value of low skeletal muscle mass and other antropometric parameters on this population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The impact of surface treatment in 3-dimensional printed implants for early osseointegration: a comparison study of three different surfaces.

Sci Rep 2021 May 17;11(1):10453. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Periodontology and Dental Research Institute, School of Dentistry, Seoul National University, 101, Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03080, Korea.

3D printing technology has been gradually applied to various areas. In the present study, 3D-printed implants were fabricated with direct metal laser sintering technique for a dental single root with titanium. The 3D implants were allocated into following groups: not treated (3D-None), sandblasted with a large grit and acid-etched (3D-SLA), and target-ion-induced plasma-sputtered surface (3D-TIPS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prognosis of French COVID-19 patients with chronic liver disease: a national retrospective cohort study for 2020.

J Hepatol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Université de Paris, AP-HP.Centre , Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Port Royal, DMU Cancérologie et spécialités médico-chirurgicales, Service d'Hépatologie, Paris, France.

Background And Aim: There is uncertainty on the risk of dying after coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) in chronic liver disease patients.

Patients And Methods: We explored the outcomes of all Covid-19 adult inpatients in France, in 2020. We computed adjusted odds-ratios to measure the associations between chronic liver disease, alcohol use disorders, mechanical ventilation and day-30, in-hospital, mortality. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Apnoea-hypopnoea indices determined via continuous positive airway pressure (AHI-CPAP) versus those determined by polysomnography (AHI-PSG): a protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2021 05 10;11(5):e044499. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Respiratory Diseases, Univ Montpellier, CHU Montpellier, Montpellier, France.

Introduction: To date, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) remains the cornerstone of obstructive sleep apnoea treatment. CPAP data describing residual sleep-disordered breathing events (ie, the CPAP-measured apnoea-hypopnoea indices (AHI-CPAP)) is difficult to interpret because it is an entirely different metric than the polysomnography (PSG) measured AHI gold standard (AHI-PSG). Moreover, manufacturer definitions for apnoea and hypopnoea are not only different from those recommended for PSG scoring, but also different between manufacturers. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Novel Hook Wire Tension Technique for the Treatment of Mallet Fractures: A Comparison with the Extension Block Pinning Technique.

J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2021 Mar 28. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Develi Hatice-Muammer Kocaturk State Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Camiicedit Mahallesi, Hastane Cd. No: 14, 38400 Develi, Kayseri, Turkey. Electronic address:

We developed a percutaneous surgical technique that allows early mobilization and compression for the treatment of mallet fractures. The aim of this study was to describe this novel technique called the hook wire tension technique (HWTT) and provide a clinical and radiological comparison between HWTT and the extension block pinning technique (EBT) in the treatment of mallet fractures. This retrospective study included 23 mallet fracture patients treated using HWTT and 25 patients treated using EBT. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Recommendations of the Committee of Andrology and Sexual Medicine of the AFU concerning the management of andrological and sexual medicine pathologies during the COVID-19 crisis].

Prog Urol 2021 Jun-Jul;31(8-9):495-502. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

265, avenue des États-du-Languedoc, Montpellier, 34000, France.

Objective: To assist urologists in the management of andrological and sexual medicine pathologies during the COVID-19 crisis.

Material And Method: Use of the formalized consensus method.

Results: The medical and surgical management of patients in andrology and sexual medicine must be adapted. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Rotavirus disease and health care utilisation among children under 5 years of age in highly developed countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Vaccine 2021 05 29;39(22):2917-2928. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Mittlestrasse 43, 3012 Bern, Switzerland; Paediatric Respiratory Medicine, Children's University Hospital of Bern, University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse, 3010 Bern, Switzerland. Electronic address:

Background: Rotavirus (RV) infection is the leading cause of diarrhoea-associated morbidity and mortality globally among children under 5 years of age. RV vaccination is available, but has not been implemented in many national immunisation plans, especially in highly developed countries. This systematic review aimed to estimate the prevalence and incidence of health care use for RV gastroenteritis (RVGE) among children aged under 5 years in highly developed countries without routine RV vaccination. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Redefining peripheral inflammation signature in schizophrenia based on the real-world FACE-SZ cohort.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2021 Apr 29;111:110335. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Fondation FondaMental, Créteil, France; Université Paris Est Creteil (UPEC), AP-HP, Hôpitaux Universitaires « H. Mondor », DMU IMPACT, INSERM, IMRB, Translational Neuropsychiatry, Fondation FondaMental, F-94010 Creteil, France.

Background: Peripheral inflammation is associated with impaired prognosis in schizophrenia (SZ). Highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is the most used inflammatory biomarker in daily practice. However, no consensual cut-off has been determined to date to discriminate patients with peripheral inflammation from those without. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF