15,098 results match your criteria malignancy 2-year

Gallbladder carcinoma - when to use laparoscopic approach?

Bratisl Lek Listy 2021 ;122(5):341-346

Aim: To assess how laparoscopy has altered the presentation of patients with gallbladder cancer and determine whether radical resection in patients with gallbladder cancer is beneficial.

Method: 47 patients underwent surgery because of suspected gallbladder cancer. Cancer was found incidentally in 29 patients (61. Read More

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January 2021

Severe hypercalcemia in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and non-small cell lung carcinoma: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(14):e24982

Endocrinology Unit, HaEmek Medical Center.

Rationale: Hypercalcemia is a common finding in patients with advanced-stage cancers. Paraneoplastic hypercalcemia is commonly associated with dismal prognoses, with survival rates of about 3 months. In this paper, we report on a patient with advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia and non-small cell lung carcinoma who developed severe hypercalcemia and discuss the diagnosis and treatment of this metabolic complication. Read More

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Assessment of risk of malignancy by application of the proposed Sydney system for classification and reporting lymph node cytopathology.

Cancer Cytopathol 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Cytology and Gynecologic Pathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India.

Background: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is one of the most commonly used techniques for evaluating lymphadenopathy. Recently, the Sydney system was proposed for assessing the performance, classification, and reporting of lymph node (LN) cytopathology. The present study was conducted to assess the risk of malignancy associated with each of the diagnostic categories of the proposed Sydney system. Read More

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Risk of Second Primary Malignancies among Patients with Early Gastric Cancer Exposed to Recurrent Computed Tomography Scans.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Mar 7;13(5). Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Department of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul 06351, Korea.

Although computed tomography (CT) scans are very useful for identification or surveillance of malignancy, they are also associated with the risk of cancer caused by ionizing radiation. We investigated the risk of second primary malignancies (SPMs) after frequent abdominopelvic CT scans in a cohort of Korean patients with early gastric cancer (EGC). We performed a cohort study of 11,072 patients who underwent resection for EGC at Samsung Medical Center and validated the results using data from 7908 patients in a Korean National Health Insurance Service cohort. Read More

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Outcomes of Sepsis Patients in a Pediatric Emergency Department After Automated Sepsis Screening.

J Pediatr 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital; Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.

Objective: To determine the effect of an automated sepsis screening tool on treatment and outcomes of severe sepsis in a pediatric emergency department (ED).

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study of encounters of patients with severe sepsis in a pediatric ED with a high volume of pediatric sepsis cases over a 2-year period. The automated sepsis screening algorithm replaced a manual screen 1 year into the study. Read More

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Prognostic significance of soluble forms of immune checkpoint PD-1/PDL1 receptor and ligand in blood plasma of gastric cancer patients.

Klin Lab Diagn 2021 Mar;66(3):139-146

N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Center of Oncology Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation.

Analysis of long-term treatment results of 101 primary gastric cancer patients at various stages of the tumor process followed during 1 - 41 months (median - 6,4 months) from the onset of specific treatment are presented depending on the levels of soluble forms (s) of PD-1 receptor and its ligand PD-L1 in blood plasma. Overall survival assessed by Kaplan-Meyer analysis and with the help of Cox multiparametric regression model was applied as the criterion of prognostic value. It was found that at high (≥ 35 pg/ml) sPD-L1 levels in blood plasma, the overall survival of patients with gastric cancer was statistically significantly lower than at the marker's levels below 35 pg / ml (p <0. Read More

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Implementation of a dual cervical spine and blunt cerebrovascular injury assessment pathway for pediatric trauma patients.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Mar 11;47:74-79. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Surgery, University of Florida College of Medicine - Jacksonville, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Pediatric cervical spine (CSI) and blunt cerebrovascular injuries (BCVI) are challenging to evaluate as they are rare but carry high morbidity and mortality. CT scans are the traditional imaging modality to evaluate for CSI/BCVI, but involve radiation exposure and potential future increased risk of malignancy. Therefore, we present results from the implementation of a combined CSI/BCVI pediatric trauma clinical pathway to aid clinicians in their decision-making. Read More

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Abbreviated Magnetic Resonance Imaging With Breath-Hold Three-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography: Assessment of Malignant Risk of Pancreatic Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm.

J Magn Reson Imaging 2021 Mar 28. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Health Systems, Philips Korea Ltd, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: For surveillance of pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) is preferred over computed tomography, but the long acquisition time limits its use.

Purpose: To investigate the diagnostic performance of abbreviated MRI with breath-hold (BH) three-dimensional MRCP (abbreviated MRI-BH) for malignant risk assessment of pancreatic IPMN.

Study Type: Retrospective. Read More

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Characterization of high risk human papilloma virus genotypes associated with oropharyngeal cancers in a Nigerian population.

Pan Afr Med J 2021 15;38:40. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of OBGYN, Faculty of Clinical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Jos, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.

Introduction: head and neck cancers have essentially been a disease of the elderly but recent studies are beginning to demonstrate their increasing incidence in young people with infections such as human papilloma virus (HPV). This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of high risk Human papilloma virus (hrHPV) related oropharyngeal carcinoma and its prevalent genotypes as well as their strength of association with HIV in adult Nigerian subjects.

Methods: this was a cross-sectional study of 41 patients with oropharyngeal carcinomas seen over a 2-year period. Read More

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Histopathological analysis of mucinous breast cancer subtypes and comparison with invasive carcinoma of no special type.

Sci Rep 2021 Mar 11;11(1):5770. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Cancer Prevention, Medical University of Warsaw, 81 Zwirki i Wigury St, 02-091, Warsaw, Poland.

Mucinous breast cancer (MBC) is a rare histological type of breast cancer characterized primarily by mucin's production and extracellular presence. MBC is usually associated with a better prognosis than other invasive breast neoplasms. Because of the low prevalence, MBC biology is not well understood. Read More

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High-level laser therapy versus scalpel surgery in the treatment of oral lichen planus: a randomized control trial.

Clin Oral Investig 2021 Mar 11. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Dental Surgery, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Bolshaya Pirogovskaya Street, 19с1, 119146, Moscow, Russia.

Objective: To compare the clinical effectiveness of various types of high-level laser therapy (HLLT) toward scalpel excision for the surgical treatment of erosive oral lichen planus (OLP).

Materials And Methods: The total number of 128 individuals were enrolled in the study. The 35 did not meet the inclusion criteria due to malignancy signs and presence of diabetes mellitus. Read More

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[Clinical features and prognosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes].

Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi 2021 Mar;23(3):271-278

Institute of Hematology&Blood Disease Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences&Peking Union Medical College/State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology/National Clinical Research Center for Blood Diseases, Tianjin 300020, China.

Objective: To study the clinical features and prognosis of childhood acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC).

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 14 children who were diagnosed with AML-MRC from June 2014 to March 2020, including clinical features, laboratory examination results, and prognosis.

Results: Among the 14 children with AML-MRC, there were 9 boys and 5 girls, with a median age of 11 years (range: 1-17 years), a median leukocyte count of 8. Read More

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Autologous adoptive immune-cell therapy elicited a durable response with enhanced immune reaction signatures in patients with recurrent glioblastoma: An open label, phase I/IIa trial.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(3):e0247293. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Bundang CHA Medical Center, CHA University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Republic of Korea.

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive malignancy classified by the World Health Organization as a grade IV glioma. Despite the availability of aggressive standard therapies, most patients experience recurrence, for which there are currently no effective treatments. We aimed to conduct a phase I/IIa clinical trial to investigate the safety and efficacy of adoptive, ex-vivo-expanded, and activated natural killer cells and T lymphocytes from peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with recurrent GBM. Read More

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Decitabine combined with low dose idarubicin and cytarabine (D-IA) followed by allo-HSCT improves acute myeloid leukemia and higher-risk myelodysplastic syndrome patient outcomes: results from a retrospective study.

Leuk Lymphoma 2021 Mar 7:1-18. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

Department of Hematology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, PR China.

Treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) ineligible for intensive chemotherapy is a major challenge for clinicians. We enrolled 154 patients ineligible for intensive chemotherapy who were prescribed D-IA regimen (decitabine 15-20 mg/m days 1 to 3-5, followed by idarubicin 3 mg/m for 5-7 days and cytarabine 30 mg/m for 7-14 days). For AML and MDS patients, the overall response rate after two cycles was 66. Read More

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Opsoclonus myoclonus syndrome in a postpartum period.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2021 Feb 24;50:102862. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

University of Kansas Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Kansas City, KS, USA.

Background: Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) is a rare neuroimmunologic disorder characterized by opsoclonus, myoclonic jerks mostly in the face and limbs, cerebellar ataxia, tremors, and encephalopathy. OMS is rare in adults and exceedingly rarer in pregnancy, as only a few cases in pregnancy have been reported. We present what we understand is the first case of postpartum OMS. Read More

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February 2021

High-dose versus standard-dose twice-daily thoracic radiotherapy for patients with limited stage small-cell lung cancer: an open-label, randomised, phase 2 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2021 03;22(3):321-331

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Oncology, St Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is standard treatment for limited stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). Twice-daily thoracic radiotherapy of 45 Gy in 30 fractions is considered to be the most effective schedule. The aim of this study was to investigate whether high-dose, twice-daily thoracic radiotherapy of 60 Gy in 40 fractions improves survival. Read More

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Allogeneic transplantation after PD-1 blockade for classic Hodgkin lymphoma.

Leukemia 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Oncology and Hematology, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Rozzano-Milano, Italy.

Anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibodies yield high response rates in patients with relapsed/refractory classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), but most patients will eventually progress. Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) after PD-1 blockade may be associated with increased toxicity, raising challenging questions about the role, timing, and optimal method of transplantation in this setting. To address these questions, we assembled a retrospective cohort of 209 cHL patients who underwent alloHCT after PD-1 blockade. Read More

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Effect of Postreinduction Therapy Consolidation With Blinatumomab vs Chemotherapy on Disease-Free Survival in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults With First Relapse of B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA 2021 03;325(9):833-842

Department of Pediatrics, Benioff Children's Hospital and the Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco.

Importance: Standard chemotherapy for first relapse of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) in children, adolescents, and young adults is associated with high rates of severe toxicities, subsequent relapse, and death, especially for patients with early relapse (high risk) or late relapse with residual disease after reinduction chemotherapy (intermediate risk). Blinatumomab, a bispecific CD3 to CD19 T cell-engaging antibody construct, is efficacious in relapsed/refractory B-ALL and has a favorable toxicity profile.

Objective: To determine whether substituting blinatumomab for intensive chemotherapy in consolidation therapy would improve survival in children, adolescents, and young adults with high- and intermediate-risk first relapse of B-ALL. Read More

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[Systematic evaluation of Huaier Granules adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2021 Jan;46(2):478-487

Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine Zhengzhou 450046, China.

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Huaier Granules in the adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer. The databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBMdisc, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase were searched by computer to screen out the randomized controlled trial on Huaier Granules combined with Western medicine in the treatment of primary liver cancer from the establishment of the databases to January 2020. Data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted for the included literature. Read More

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January 2021

Development and validation of a disease risk stratification system for patients with haematological malignancies: a retrospective cohort study of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry.

Lancet Haematol 2021 Mar;8(3):e205-e215

Hematology Division, Chaim Sheba Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Background: Diagnosis and remission status at the time of allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) are the principal determinants of overall survival following transplantation. We sought to develop a contemporary disease-risk stratification system (DRSS) that accounts for heterogeneous transplantation indications.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study we included 55 histology and remission status combinations across haematological malignancies, including acute leukaemia, lymphoma, multiple myeloma, and myeloproliferative and myelodysplastic disorders. Read More

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Dynamic evaluation of the prognostic value of F-FDG PET/CT in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.

Ann Hematol 2021 Apr 26;100(4):1039-1047. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Shanghai Institute of Hematology, State Key Laboratory of Medical Genomics, National Research Center for Translational Medicine at Shanghai, Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200025, China.

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal-type (ENKTL) is a type of rare and distinct entity of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with poor prognosis. It is important to evaluate the early treatment response accurately to decide further treatment strategy. F-FDG PET/CT plays an important role in response evaluation and prognostic prediction in some kinds of lymphomas. Read More

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Surveillance Intensity in Intermediate Risk, Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer: Revisiting the Optimal Timing and Frequency of Cystoscopy.

J Urol 2021 Feb 22:101097JU0000000000001689. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Urology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida.

Purpose: We sought to determine the optimal cystoscopic interval for intermediate risk, nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients with intermediate risk, nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (2010-2017) was performed and 3 hypothetical models of surveillance intensity were applied: model 1: high (3 months), model 2: moderate (6 months) and model 3: low intensity (12 months) over a 2-year period. We compared timing of actual detection of recurrence and progression to proposed cystoscopy timing between each model. Read More

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February 2021

Tubular laminectomy and percutaneous vertebroplasty for aggressive vertebral hemangioma.

Surg Neurol Int 2021 20;12:27. Epub 2021 Jan 20.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital of Patras, Rio University Hospital, Patras, Achaia, Greece.

Background: Vertebral hemangiomas (VH) are the most common benign vascular neoplasms of the spine. Aggressive VH (AVH) may become symptomatic due to soft-tissue expansion/extraosseous extension into the paraspinal and/or epidural spaces. There are several options for treating painful AVH, including radiotherapy and/or open surgery. Read More

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January 2021

[Analysis of 16 Cases of Primary Duodenal Carcinoma in Our Hospital].

Gan To Kagaku Ryoho 2021 Feb;48(2):251-253

Dept. of Surgery, Ikeda City Hospital.

Primary duodenal carcinoma is a rare disease among gastrointestinal malignancies and has little evidence. We evaluated retrospectively the treatment status of 16 cases of primary duodenal carcinoma in our hospital between 2010 and 2019. The median age was 72(58-88)years and 63% of patients were male, and Each stage were Stage 0 in 4 cases, Stage Ⅰ in 1 case, Stage ⅢA in 2 cases, Stage ⅢB in 3 cases, and Stage Ⅳ in 6 cases(UICC 8th edition). Read More

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February 2021

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation using fludarabine plus myeloablative busulfan and melphalan confers promising survival in high-risk hematopoietic neoplasms: a single-center retrospective analysis.

Hematology 2021 Dec;26(1):186-198

Department of Hematology and Oncology, Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine (RIRBM), Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Objectives: Optimal selection of pretransplant conditioning is crucially vital for improving survival and quality-of-life of patients who receive allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), particularly in those with high-risk diseases. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of recently-developed reduced-toxicity myeloablative regimen that combines fludarabine, intravenous busulfan, and melphalan (FBM).

Methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective analysis of 39 patients (23 with myeloid neoplasms and 16 with lymphoid neoplasms), with a median age of 50 (range, 17-68) years, who underwent their first allo-HCT using the FBM regimen. Read More

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December 2021

Repetitive syncope caused by a rare massive sporadic malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor involving carotid arteries: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Feb;100(5):e24386

Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Rationale: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs) are rare sarcomas arising from peripheral nerves. MPNSTs are uncommon in the head and neck, and various clinical manifestation often make the diagnosis challenging.

Patient Concerns: A 67-year-old female was referred for evaluation of repetitive syncope with a massive mass in the neck. Read More

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February 2021

Chemical-Induced Oral Squamous Cell Neoplasms in Rodents: An Overview of NTP 2-Year Cancer Studies.

Toxicol Pathol 2021 Feb 12:192623321989956. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Faculty of Medicine, 58884Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Oral cancer is the seventh most common malignancy worldwide, and lifestyle factors participate in its development. Rodent studies can help identify substances that contribute to its development and provide information on the early stages of carcinogenicity. The National Toxicology Program (NTP) has conducted more than 500 short-term and 2-year toxicology and carcinogenicity studies in rodents, and some of the tested compounds resulted in oral cancer. Read More

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February 2021

Beware the respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma-a malignant masquerador.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Feb 6;2021(2):rjab007. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Prince of Wales Hospital Otolaryngology Head and Neck Research Group, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma (REAH) is a rare benign tumour, which can masquerade as a sinonasal malignancy. Commonly arising from the posterior nasal septum, we present the second described case of a lateral nasal cavity wall REAH in a 68-year-old male with a 2-year history of progressive left nasal obstruction. Clinical and radiological assessment predicted malignancy; however, histopathology identified a benign pathology. Read More

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February 2021