520,551 results match your criteria males values

The influence of age and gender on the quality of raw and roasted wild boars (Sus scrofa) meat.

Meat Sci 2021 Jun 6;181:108600. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Meat Technology and Chemistry, Faculty of Food Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Plac Cieszyński 1, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland.

The aim of this study was to determine the influence of age and gender on the chemical composition, colour, texture and sensory attributes of wild boars meat (Sus scrofa, n = 48). The animals were analysed in 6 groups (n = 8), differed in age (piglets below 1 year, yearlings 1-2 years, and adults over 2 years) and gender (male and female). Protein content in raw meat was affected by age, whereas in roasted meat by animals gender. Read More

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General population normative data for the EQ-5D-3L in the five largest European economies.

Eur J Health Econ 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Worldwide Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Lawrenceville, NJ, USA.

Aim: The EQ-5D is a generic measure of health that is widely applied for health economic and non-economic purposes. Population norms can be used to facilitate the interpretation of EQ-5D data. The objective of this study was to develop a set of pooled normative EQ-5D-3L values for the five largest European economies (EUR5). Read More

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Development of a predictive risk model for all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes in Hong Kong.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2021 Jun;9(1)

Cardiovascular Analytics Group, Laboratory of Cardiovascular Physiology, Hong Kong

Introduction: Patients with diabetes mellitus are risk of premature death. In this study, we developed a machine learning-driven predictive risk model for all-cause mortality among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus using multiparametric approach with data from different domains.

Research Design And Methods: This study used territory-wide data of patients with type 2 diabetes attending public hospitals or their associated ambulatory/outpatient facilities in Hong Kong between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2009. Read More

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Relationships between motor scores and cognitive functioning in FMR1 female premutation X carriers indicate early involvement of cerebello-cerebral pathways.

Cerebellum Ataxias 2021 Jun 11;8(1):15. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Smaller expansions of CGG trinucleotide repeats in the FMR1 X-linked gene termed 'premutation' lead to a neurodegenerative disorder: Fragile X Associated Tremor/Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS) in nearly half of aged carrier males, and 8-16% females. Core features include intention tremor, ataxia, and cognitive decline, and white matter lesions especially in cerebellar and periventricular locations. A 'toxic' role of elevated and expanded FMR1 mRNA has been linked to the pathogenesis of this disorder. Read More

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Impact of skeletal muscle mass in patients with recurrent gastric cancer.

World J Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 11;19(1):170. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Gastrointestinal and Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, 36-1 Nishi-cho, Yonago, 683-8504, Japan.

Background: We retrospectively examined the relationship among skeletal muscle mass index (SMI), prognosis, and chemotherapy side effects in patients with recurrent gastric cancer (RGC).

Methods: Sixty-seven patients who developed recurrence after undergoing curative gastrectomy for gastric cancer at Tottori University Hospital and received palliative chemotherapy were included in this study. Pretreatment computed tomography was performed to measure the skeletal muscle mass (SMM) and cross-sectional SMM at the third lumbar vertebra. Read More

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A blood RNA transcriptome signature for COVID-19.

BMC Med Genomics 2021 Jun 11;14(1):155. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University Health System, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Background: COVID-19 is a respiratory viral infection with unique features including a more chronic course and systemic disease manifestations including multiple organ involvement; and there are differences in disease severity between ethnic groups. The immunological basis for disease has not been fully characterised. Analysis of whole-blood RNA expression may provide valuable information on disease pathogenesis. Read More

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Comparison of bioelectrical body and visceral fat indices with anthropometric measures and optimal cutoffs in relation to hypertension by age and gender among Chinese adults.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Jun 11;21(1):291. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Medicine, Nankai University, 94, Weijin Road, Tianjin, 300071, China.

Background: Few studies have compared bioelectrical body and visceral fat indices with anthropometric measures, or evaluated their optimal cutoffs in relation to hypertension among Asians. We compared the efficiencies of bioelectrical indices (percentage of body fat, PBF; visceral fat area, VFA) with anthropometric measures (body mass index, BMI; waist-hip ratio, WHR) for hypertension and re-evaluated the optimal cutoffs of each index by age and gender.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among 8234 adults for health examination. Read More

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Monte Carlo determination of dose coefficients at different developmental stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio) in experimental condition.

J Environ Radioact 2021 Jun 8;237:106667. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

State Key Laboratory of Radiation Medicine and Protection, School of Radiation Medicine and Protection, Soochow University, Suzhou, 215123, China; Collaborative Innovation Center of Radiological Medicine of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions. Electronic address:

The release of liquid effluent of nuclear power into aquatic system increases with the rapid development of nuclear facilities in coastal and inland regions. Aquatic model animals are very important for the study of the radiation hazards to non-human biota in water environment and its extrapolation of dose-effect relationship to human models. However, the study of the radiation dose rate calculation model of the aquatic animal zebrafish is still on the homogeneous isotropic model used for the protection of the environment. Read More

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Reliability, validity, and maturation-related differences of frontal and sagittal plane landing kinematic measures during drop jump and tuck jump screening tests in male youth soccer players.

Phys Ther Sport 2021 May 28;50:206-216. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Physical Activity and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Campus of Excellence Mare Nostrum, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain; Sports and Musculoskeletal System Research Group (RAQUIS), University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Objectives: To determine the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability of frontal and sagittal plane landing kinematic measures during drop jump (DVJ) and tuck jump (TJA) tasks in male youth soccer players, to assess the concurrent validity between DVJ and TJA tests, and to evaluate the ability of both tasks to detect differences between players' stage of maturation.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Participants: 223 male youth soccer players. Read More

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Toxicologic effect and transcriptome analysis for short-term orally dosed enrofloxacin combined with two veterinary antimicrobials on rat liver.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Jun 8;220:112398. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China; Beijing Key Laboratory of Animal-derived Food Safety Testing Technology, Beijing 100193, China; Chinese National Reference Laboratory for Veterinary Drug Residues, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:

Presently, toxicological assessment of multiple veterinary antimicrobials has not been performed on mammals. In this study, we assessed the short-term toxicity of enrofloxacin (E) combined with colistin (C) and quinocetone (Q). Young male rats were orally dosed drug mixtures and single drugs in 14 consecutive days, each at the dose of 20, 80, and 400 mg/(kg·BW) for environmental toxicologic study. Read More

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Meta-analysis of ocular axial length in newborns and infants up to three years of age.

Surv Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, department of Ophthalmology, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

In pediatric ophthalmology it is often necessary to obtain axial length in young children. For children older than three years, non-contact biometry can be used. For younger children this is usually not an option, and the clinician needs to rely on other imaging modalities. Read More

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Making voluntary medical male circumcision services sustainable: Findings from Kenya's pilot models, baseline and year 1.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(6):e0252725. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

National STD/AIDS Control Program (NASCOP), Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya.

Voluntary medical male circumcision is a crucial HIV prevention program for men in sub-Saharan Africa. Kenya is one of the first countries to achieve high population coverage and seek to transition the program to a more sustainable structure designed to maintain coverage while making all aspects of service provision domestically owned and implemented. Using pre-defined metrics, we created and evaluated three models of circumcision service delivery (static, mobile and mixed) to identify which had potential for sustaining high circumcision coverage among 10-14-year-olds group, a historically high-demand and accessible age group, at the lowest possible cost. Read More

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Isokinetic Muscular Strength and Aerobic Physical Fitness in Recreational Long-Distance Runners: A Cross-Sectional Study.

J Strength Cond Res 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Physiology, Federal University of Sa∼Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; Human Physiology and Exercise Sector, Human Movement Assessment Laboratory, Faculty of Physical Education and Dance, Federal University of Goia's, Goiânia, Brazil; Center for Physical Education and Sports, Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Brazil; Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Nikaia, Greece; Institute of Primary Care, University of Zurich; and Medbase St. Gallen Am Vadianplatz, St. Gallen, Switzerland.

Abstract: Andrade, MS, Silva, WA, de Lira, CAB, Mascarin, NC, Vancini, RL, Nikolaidis, PT, and Knechtle, B. Isokinetic muscular strength and aerobic physical fitness in recreational long-distance runners: A cross-sectional study. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-Muscular strength, bilateral asymmetry, and imbalance between antagonist muscles have been considered as risk factors for knee injuries. Read More

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International Analysis of Electronic Health Records of Children and Youth Hospitalized With COVID-19 Infection in 6 Countries.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Jun 1;4(6):e2112596. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Health Informatics, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, Spain.

Importance: Additional sources of pediatric epidemiological and clinical data are needed to efficiently study COVID-19 in children and youth and inform infection prevention and clinical treatment of pediatric patients.

Objective: To describe international hospitalization trends and key epidemiological and clinical features of children and youth with COVID-19.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This retrospective cohort study included pediatric patients hospitalized between February 2 and October 10, 2020. Read More

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Effect of the physicochemical properties of zinc oxide sources on their bioavailability in broilers.

Br Poult Sci 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

UMR BOA, INRAE, Université de Tours, F-37380, Nouzilly, France.

The bioavailability of a trace mineral source is related to its intestinal solubility (bioaccessibility), which in turn is determined by its physicochemical properties. It is still not clear which characteristics are more relevant in affecting solubility and bioavailability of mineral sources. Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a common feed additive used to supplement zinc in the diet of monogastric animals. Read More

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[Optometric eye screening in schools : First epidemiological data for children and adolescents in grades 5-7].

Ophthalmologe 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Internationale Innovative Ophthalmochirurgie, Breyer Kaymak Klabe Augenchirurgie, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

Background: Annually recurring optometric screening helps to identify children with increased axial growth and also to create awareness for wearing properly corrected glasses and for spending enough time outdoors, both of which are crucial for healthy eyes. The obtained biometric data help to expand the epidemiological information on myopia in schoolchildren, which is fundamental for the selection of the correct treatment.

Material And Methods: Contact-free biometry of the eye was used to assess central corneal thickness, anterior chamber depth, lens thickness and axial length. Read More

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Legume Consumption and Gut Microbiome in Elderly Chinese Men and Women.

J Nutr 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Division of Epidemiology, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA.

Background: Legumes, important components of a healthy diet, may exert their health benefits through the influence of the gut microbiome. However, this hypothesis has not been well investigated.

Objective: This study aimed to examine the associations between long-term legume consumption and the gut microbiome among elderly Chinese. Read More

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Involved Site Radiotherapy Extends Time to Premature Menopause in Infra-Diaphragmatic Female Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients - An Analysis of GHSG HD14- and HD17-Patients.

Front Oncol 2021 25;11:658358. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Radiation Oncology, CyberKnife and Radiation Therapy, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Introduction: Consolidation radiotherapy in intermediate stage Hodgkin´s lymphoma (HL) has been the standard of care for many years as involved field radiotherapy (IFRT) after chemotherapy. It included initially involved region(s). Based on randomized studies, radiation volumes could be reduced and involved site radiation therapy (ISRT) became the new standard. Read More

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Quality of Life and Awareness of Hypertension Among Hypertensive Patients in Saudi Arabia.

Cureus 2021 May 6;13(5):e14879. Epub 2021 May 6.

School of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Tasmania, Hobart, AUS.

Background and aim Hypertension possesses significant public health challenges for both developing and developed economies. Therefore, it is crucial to evaluate the awareness of hypertension and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among patients with hypertension. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge of hypertension and HRQoL among hypertensive patients. Read More

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Temporal trends of lipid control in very high cardiovascular risk patients.

Rev Port Cardiol 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Cardiology Department, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, Porto, Portugal.

Introduction: Since 2011, the European guidelines have included a specific low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) target, <70 mg/dl, for very high cardiovascular risk (CVR) patients. However, registries have shown unsatisfactory results in obtaining this level of adequate lipid control.

Objectives: To assess temporal trends in the use of lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) and attainment of adequate control in very high CVR patients since 2011. Read More

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[Combination of apparent diffusion coefficient and amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram to predict the outcome of comatose patients with severe traumatic brain injury].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2021 May;33(5):609-612

Department of Neurology, Suqian First Hospital, Suqian 223899, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: To examine whether the combination of quantitative regional apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) can predict the outcome of comatose patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI).

Methods: A prospective study was conducted. The patients with coma caused by sTBI [Glasgow coma scale (GCS) < 8] admitted to Suqian First Hospital from January 2016 to June 2019 were enrolled. Read More

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A randomized clinical trial using cyclopentolate and tropicamide to compare cycloplegic refraction in Chinese young adults with dark irises.

BMC Ophthalmol 2021 Jun 10;21(1):256. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Branch of National Clinical Research Center for Ocular Disease, Eye Institute and School of Optometry, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, 251 Fukang Road, Nankai District, Tianjin, China.

Background: To evaluate the necessity of cycloplegia for epidemiological studies of refraction in Chinese young adults (aged 17-22 years) with dark irises, and to compare the cycloplegic effects of 1% cyclopentolate and 0.5% tropicamide in them.

Methods: A total of 300 young adults (108 males and 192 females) aged 17 to 22 years (mean 19. Read More

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The impact of human papilloma virus status on the prediction of head and neck cancer chemoradiotherapy outcomes using the pre-treatment apparent diffusion coefficient.

Br J Radiol 2021 Jun 11:20210333. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

School of Biomedical Engineering and Imaging Sciences, St Thomas' Hospital, King's College, London, SE1 7EH, United Kingdom.

Objective: To determine the impact of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) status on the prediction of head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) chemoradiotherapy (CRT) outcomes with pre-treatment quantitative diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI).

Methods: Following ethical approval, 65 participants (53 male, age 59.9 ± 7. Read More

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[Local spinal profile following operative treatment of thoracolumbar and lumbar fractures : Impact of reduction technique and bone quality].

Unfallchirurg 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Klinik für Unfall‑, Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Jena, Am Klinikum 1, 07747, Jena, Deutschland.

Background: The goal of surgery for spinal injuries is fracture reduction, fixation and stable healing in a physiological position. Several open and minimally invasive surgical techniques are available.

Objective: The extent of open reduction and the fixation potential achieved by the AOSpine (AT) and Kluger (KT) techniques were compared. Read More

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Evaluating the Impact of a Digital Nutrition Platform on Cholesterol Levels in Users With Dyslipidemia: Longitudinal Study.

JMIR Cardio 2021 Jun 10;5(1):e28392. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Zipongo Inc, DBA Foodsmart, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background: A strong association exists between consuming a healthy diet and lowering cholesterol levels among individuals with high cholesterol. However, implementing and sustaining a healthy diet in the real world is a major challenge. Digital technologies are at the forefront of changing dietary behavior on a massive scale, as they can reach broad populations. Read More

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A novel multiplex of 12 multicopy Y-STRs for forensic application.

J Forensic Sci 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

National Engineering Laboratory for Forensic Science, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Crime Scene Evidence Examination, Key Laboratory of Forensic Genetics, Institute of Forensic Science, Ministry of Public Security, Beijing, China.

Y chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) have been applied overwhelmingly in forensic areas for solving paternity identification and sexual assault cases. Yet the widely used Y-STR kits contain mostly single-copy markers, which may restrict the discrimination power. Here, a novel Y-STR multiplex was developed and validated in order to complement the currently available Y-STR kits, especially on differentiating male relatives. Read More

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Examining Sensor Agreement in Neural Network Blood Glucose Prediction.

J Diabetes Sci Technol 2021 Jun 10:19322968211018246. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Successful measurements of interstitial glucose are a key component in providing effective care for patients with diabetes. Recently, there has been significant interest in using neural networks to forecast future glucose values from interstitial measurements collected by continuous glucose monitors (CGMs). While prediction accuracy continues to improve, in this work we investigated the effect of physiological sensor location on neural network blood glucose forecasting. Read More

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Young's Modulus of Bilateral Infraspinatus Tendon Measured in Different Postures by Shear Wave Elastography Before and After Exercise.

Orthop Surg 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Sport Medicine, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: To investigate the Young's modulus value of infraspinatus tendons using shear wave elastography (SWE) technique in normal adults, and to analyze the influence of gender, postures, exercise, and dominant side on Young's modulus of infraspinatus tendons.

Methods: This is a prospective cross-sectional study. From January 2019 to July 2020, 14 healthy subjects were identified, including seven males and seven females aged between 24 to 34, with a mean age of 27. Read More

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An echocardiographic study of breed-specific reference ranges in healthy French Bulldogs.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey.

Echocardiography is a standard diagnostic tool for assessment of cardiac functions and cardiovascular diseases in dogs, however published echocardiographic measurements have varied widely based on dog breeds. The objective of this prospective reference interval study was to provide breed-specific echocardiographic values for healthy French Bulldogs. A total of 42 healthy French Bulldogs of both sexes (23 females and 19 males) were sampled. Read More

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Optical coherence tomography quantifying photo aging: skin microvasculature depth, epidermal thickness and UV exposure.

Arch Dermatol Res 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Dermatology, Health Sciences Faculty, Zealand University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Sygehusvej 10, 4000, Roskilde, Denmark.

Introduction: Photo aging predominantly occurs in the face, neck and hands due to UVA and UVB irradiation. It is associated with skin cancer and histological studies indicate thinning of the epidermis and elastosis occurs. Dynamic Optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) is a non-invasive imaging tool able to visualize the epidermis and upper dermis and its blood vessels as well as to evaluate epidermal thickness (ET) and blood flow. Read More

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