1,421 results match your criteria male neutered

Lacrimal bone agenesis in a dog.

Can Vet J 2021 May;62(5):505-508

Eastcott Referrals, Edison Park, Dorcan Way, Swindon SN3 3RB, Wiltshire, United Kingdom (Rossi, Sainato, Renfrew); Langford Vets, University of Bristol School of Veterinary Sciences, Langford House, Langford, Bristol, BS40 5DU, United Kingdom (Kumaratunga).

A 20-month-old neutered male dachshund dog was referred because of a 10-week history of swelling close to the medial canthus of the left eye. Recurrence of the lesion and cytological appearance of the fluid content were suggestive of inflammation. Computed tomography revealed a triangular-shaped bone defect in the skull deep to the lesion. Read More

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Autoresuscitation and pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis in a dog.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Emergency and Critical Care, VCA West Coast Specialty and Emergency Animal Hospital, Fountain Valley, California, USA.

Objective: To describe the clinical course of a dog with a pheochromocytoma multisystem crisis that exhibited autoresuscitation after cardiac arrest.

Case Summary: An approximately 10-year-old male neutered terrier mix dog presented for collapse. Abdominal imaging was suggestive of a pheochromocytoma, and clinical pathology data and thoracic imaging suggested the presence of a multisystem crisis. Read More

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Ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer to treat an intracranial arteriovenous malformation in a dog.

J Vet Intern Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California-Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, California, USA.

A 6-year-old neutered male German shepherd dog was evaluated for obtundation, blindness, and bilateral exophthalmos. A magnetic resonance imaging scan of the brain was performed and identified an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) with several feeding arterial branches, and venous drainage through the cavernous sinus. Venous vessels rostral to the AVM were severely distended and extended into the retrobulbar spaces. Read More

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Repeated bouts of pulmonary tuberculosis in a hunting cat: reinfection or recrudescence?

JFMS Open Rep 2021 Jan-Jun;7(1):2055116921990292. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and The Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Easter Bush Campus, Roslin, UK.

Case Summary: A 7-year-old neutered male Siamese cat was referred for investigation of weight loss and hypercalcaemia (3.3 mmol/l; reference interval 2-3 mmol/l). Haematology, serum biochemistry, thoracic imaging, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), Ziehl-Neelsen staining of the BAL fluid and interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) were compatible with pneumonia caused by the less pathogenic member of the complex, that is, (the 'vole bacillus'), which is common in cats in the UK. Read More

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Coronary arterial compression testing by simultaneous balloon valvuloplasty and coronary angiography in an English bulldog with pulmonary valve stenosis.

J Vet Cardiol 2021 Apr 2;35:124-129. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

University of Chicago, Pediatric Cardiology, Chicago, IL, USA.

A 4-year-old male neutered English bulldog presented for heart murmur evaluation. Echocardiography identified severe pulmonic stenosis (an echocardiography-derived transpulmonary pressure gradient of 100 mmHg), and computed tomography confirmed the presence of an anomalous coronary artery with a prepulmonic course of the left coronary artery arising from the right coronary ostium. Before artificial pulmonic valve implantation, a coronary compression test was performed. Read More

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Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome in a cat with Klebsiella spp. infection.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Clinical Science and Services, The Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, UK.

Objective: To describe a case of Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome of adrenocortical failure in a cat with Klebsiella spp. infection.

Case Summary: A 12-year-old male neutered domestic short-haired cat was referred for respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. Read More

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An Investigation into the Impact of Pre-Adolescent Training on Canine Behavior.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;11(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA.

An online survey about puppy training was sent to members of the Center for Canine Behavior Studies and posted on our social media platforms. Six hundred forty-one (641) qualifying owners provided information on 1023 dogs. About half (48%) of the dogs involved in the study attended puppy training and the balance (52%) did not. Read More

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Pulmonary mass-like lesion caused by Toxoplasma gondii in a domestic shorthair cat.

J Vet Intern Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Dublin, Ireland.

A 2-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat underwent investigations for acute onset of lethargy, hyporexia, and cough. Computed tomography of the thorax identified a large mass-like lesion in the left cranial lung lobe and bilateral pleural effusion. Thoracotomy and left cranial lung lobectomy were performed. Read More

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Analysis of 7866 feline and canine uroliths submitted between 2014 and 2020 in the Netherlands.

Res Vet Sci 2021 Apr 28;137:86-93. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Analysis of large datasets of uroliths is necessary to illustrate the prevalence and risk factors of urolithiasis. Furthermore, it may help to improve treatment and prevention of urolithiasis. In this study, 7866 uroliths (44. Read More

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The role of magnesium in the management of acute and long-term symptoms caused by tetanus in two dogs.

Top Companion Anim Med 2021 Apr 29:100535. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Companion Animal Clinic, School of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Tetanus in dogs is a relatively uncommon neurological disease caused by the sporogenic bacillus Clostridium tetani. This disease is associated with prolonged hospitalization and mortality rates from 8-50%. A 2-year-old, neutered male King Charles Spaniel and an approximately 8- months-old female Mongrel dog presented to Companion Animal Clinic with symptoms of muscle rigidity and generalized stiffness. Read More

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Characterization of animal sporotrichosis in a highly urbanized area.

Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2021 Jun 22;76:101651. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

An epidemiological characterization of animal sporotrichosis was carried out between 2017 and 2018, in a highly urbanized area in Brazil, including outcomes and the spatial distribution of the cases according to the health vulnerability index (HVI) of the study territory. One hundred and sixty-five cats and four dogs suspected of sporotrichosis were identified by a surveillance and control program previously implemented in the study area. One hundred and five of these animals (62. Read More

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Presumptive neural microsporidiosis in a young adult German Shepherd dog from rural Australia.

Aust Vet J 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, 2650, Australia.

Case Report: A 1-year-old, neutered male German Shepherd was presented with a 5-month history of episodic lethargy, intermittent fever, weight loss and a hunched posture. The dog was diagnosed with presumptive microsporidian meningoencephalitis based on cytological findings on cerebrospinal fluid analysis and a positive PCR test. The dog initially responded favourably to a 4-week course of trimethoprim-sulfadiazine, pyrimethamine and fenbendazole, and remained well for 12 weeks following cessation of treatment. Read More

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[Echocardiographic measurements in clinically healthy ferrets without sedation].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2021 Apr 26;49(2):104-109. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Klinik für Kleintiere, Innere Medizin, Klinikum Veterinärmedizin, Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen.

Objective: Cardiac diseases, predominantly acquired diseases such as valvular insufficiency and cardiomyopathies, are a common problem in domestic ferrets. Aim of the present study was to establish body-weight related echocardiographic reference intervals for standard B- and M-mode parameters, especially of the left atrium, in clinically healthy ferrets without sedation.

Material And Methods: Eighteen client-owned healthy, non-sedated ferrets underwent echocardiography in right lateral recumbency. Read More

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Serum cross-linked N-telopeptide of type I collagen across the canine life span: An investigation in intact and neutered male and female dogs.

Res Vet Sci 2021 Apr 20;136:609-615. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24 Kohrimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan; Kagoshima University Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kagoshima University, 1-21-24, Kohrimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065, Japan. Electronic address:

In this study, we conducted study to explore the association between serum cross-linked N-telopeptide of type I collagen (NTx), a marker of bone resorption, and age, body weight, and blood biochemical parameters as well as the neutered and intact status in male and female dogs. We targeted 145 healthy dogs (aged 0.33-18. Read More

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B-cell lymphoma invading and compressing the heart base and pericardium in a cat.

J Vet Cardiol 2021 Mar 24;35:84-89. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

The Animal Medical Center, 510 East 62nd Street, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address:

A 3-year-old, 3.5-kg, neutered male, domestic shorthair cat presented with progressive lethargy, anorexia, coughing, and acute respiratory distress of two-week duration. Auscultation detected diffuse pulmonary crackles. Read More

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Emphysematous Cystitis and Pneumoperitoneum in a Dog with Escherichia coli Urinary Tract Infection and Hyperadrenocorticism.

J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2021 May;57(3):144-148

A 9 yr old male neutered Staffordshire bull terrier with a history of poorly controlled hyperadrenocorticism, urinary tract infections, and emphysematous cystitis (EC) was presented to a veterinary referral teaching hospital for vomiting. Abdominal radiographs revealed EC and a pneumoperitoneum. The urinary bladder was found to be intact based on ultrasound and a pre- and postiohexol contrast computed tomography study with retrograde contrast cystogram. Read More

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Successful Management of Urinary Bladder Clot with Intravesical Tissue Plasminogen Activator Infusion in a Cat.

J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2021 May;57(3)

A 5 yr old male neutered domestic shorthair with intermittent signs of urinary tract obstruction was suspected of having a blood clot in the urinary bladder secondary to trauma. The cat was hospitalized and received standard supportive therapy for urinary tract obstruction with urinary catheterization, with the addition of intravesical saline flushes in an attempt to promote bladder clot lysis. The cat was subsequently discharged after voluntary urination was observed. Read More

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The successful treatment of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome and severe hypernatremia, secondary to joint supplement toxicity in a dog.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 Mar 10. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Emergency and Critical Care Department, BluePearl Veterinary Specialists, New York, New York.

Objective: To describe a case of the successful management of hypernatremia and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome secondary to joint supplement toxicity in a dog.

Case Summary: A 6-year-old neutered male Dachshund was presented for severe hypernatremia and neurological abnormalities after ingestion of a large quantity of joint supplements. The patient developed evidence of multiple organ dysfunction in the form of increased hepatocellular enzymes, prolongation of prothrombin and partial thromboplastin times, azotemia, and thrombocytopenia. Read More

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A case of an intramural, cavitated feline gastrointestinal eosinophilic sclerosing fibroplasia of the cranial abdomen in a domestic longhair cat.

JFMS Open Rep 2021 Jan-Jun;7(1):2055116921995396. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Lumbry Park Veterinary Specialists, Alton, UK.

Case Summary: A 5-year-old neutered male domestic longhair cat was presented for the investigation of a cranial abdominal mass following a 1-month history of inappetence and lethargy. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a large cavitated mass confluent with the mesenteric aspect of the descending duodenum. At surgery, the mass was found to involve the pylorus, proximal duodenum and pancreas, and was non-resectable. Read More

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February 2021

Characteristics of F-FDG and F-FDOPA PET in an 8-year-old neutered male Yorkshire Terrier dog with glioma: long-term chemotherapy using hydroxyurea plus imatinib with prednisolone and immunoreactivity for PDGFR-β and LAT1.

Vet Q 2021 Dec;41(1):163-171

Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Chungbuk, South Korea.

An 8-year-old neutered male Yorkshire Terrier dog presented with head pressing, vestibular ataxia, neck tenderness, and no oculocephalic reflex. A demarcated lesion in the pons was identified on MRI. The patient was tentatively diagnosed with a glioma and was treated with hydroxyurea plus imatinib and prednisolone. Read More

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December 2021

Successful resolution of urothorax secondary to non-traumatic uroabdomen in a cat managed with peritoneal dialysis as a bridge to surgery.

JFMS Open Rep 2021 Jan-Jun;7(1):2055116920984748. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Intensive Care Unit UCICOOP, CABA, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Case Summary: A 9-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was presented for evaluation of severe hemodynamic collapse and suspected lower urinary tract disease. On admission, severe metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia and azotemia, and electrocardiographic findings consistent with cardiotoxicity were identified. The diagnosis of uroabdomen was made based on abdominal fluid to plasma concentration ratios of creatinine and potassium. Read More

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February 2021

Systemic toxoplasmosis in a cat under cyclosporine therapy.

Vet Parasitol Reg Stud Reports 2021 Jan 3;23:100542. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P. O. Box 12, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.

Toxoplasma gondii, an obligatory intracellular protozoan parasite infecting warm-blooded animals, can cause toxoplasmosis, a major zoonosis. A male neutered, domestic cat was referred to the Hebrew University Veterinary Teaching Hospital due to dyspnea after long term treatment with cyclosporine for obsessive self-grooming and pruritis. After thorough diagnostics, including non - invasive imaging, broncho-alveolar lavage, blood serology, hematology and biochemistry, and evaluation of the aspirated fluid components, a severe pneumonia and abdominal effusion were detected with observation of free tachyzoites under light microscopy from lavage fluids. Read More

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January 2021

Left pulmonary arterial branch interruption with concurrent coarctation of the right pulmonary artery in a dog.

J Vet Cardiol 2021 Apr 5;34:105-111. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Chicago Pediatric Heart Center, Chicago, IL, USA.

This case report describes a rare disorder of a left pulmonary artery interruption with concurrent coarctation of the right pulmonary artery in a dog. A 5-year-old, male neutered, mixed-breed dog presented for evaluation of an asymptomatic heart murmur. Echocardiography and computed tomography revealed complete interruption of the proximal left pulmonary artery and coarctation of the right pulmonary artery. Read More

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Relationship between a plant-based 'vegan' pet food and clinical manifestation of multiple nutrient deficiencies in two cats.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Nutrition Department, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse ENVT, Toulouse, France.

A topical subject in human nutrition is the steadily growing number of people choosing to limit or completely avoid all animal-derived food products either for moral dilemma, health concerns or both. To meet people's will of applying their dietary choices to their domestic animals, the pet food industry answered by launching on the market some plant-based diets. This leads to concerns about whether these diets are adequately formulated to satisfy the target species nutritional requirements, especially for cats which are still considered strict carnivores. Read More

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Subcutaneous seeding following surgical excision of an intracranial meningioma in a cat.

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2021 Feb 15;49(1):60-66. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Institute of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin.

Traditionally patient owners express their concerns that surgical or diagnostic procedures on a tumor may induce metastasis. In pets, this has been documented in only very rare occasions, e. g. Read More

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February 2021

[Occurrence of uroliths - age-, breed-, and gender-specific differences in dogs from Germany].

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2021 Feb 15;49(1):6-12. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

LABOKLIN GmbH & Co KG, Bad Kissingen.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the distribution and frequency of uroliths in dogs in Germany and to evaluate age-, gender-, and breed-specific differences.

Material And Methods: A total of 2772 uroliths from dogs in Germany that had been submitted from veterinary practices during the years 2017-2019 were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy.

Results: Uroliths were analyzed as follows: Struvite (44. Read More

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February 2021

Case Report: Long-Term Chemotherapy With Hydroxyurea and Prednisolone in a Cat With a Meningioma: Correlation of FDG Uptake and Tumor Grade Assessed by Histopathology and Expression of Ki-67 and p53.

Front Vet Sci 2021 26;8:576839. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Laboratory of Veterinary Internal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, South Korea.

A 15.5-year-old, neutered, male, domestic shorthair cat was presented with neurologic dysfunctions. At presentation, an obtunded mental status and vestibular ataxia were identified. Read More

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January 2021

Progressive gammopathy and coagulopathy in a young English bulldog.

Can Vet J 2021 02;62(2):160-166

Tufts University, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, Massachusetts 01536, USA (Grady, Kakar); Colorado State University, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Science, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, 200 West Lake Street, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523 USA (Avery, Moore, Harris, Rout).

A restricted polyclonal or biclonal gammopathy resulting in bleeding tendencies was diagnosed in a young, neutered male English bulldog with concurrent splenomegaly, anemia, and severe elevations in IgM and, to a lesser degree, IgA immunoglobulins. There was a positive clinical response to treatment with prednisone and chlorambucil. This case bears similarity to a recently published syndrome of polyclonal gammopathy that is not neoplastic in origin in this breed. Read More

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February 2021

Pulmonary Sarcomatoid Carcinoma Associated with Arterial Thromboembolism in a Cat.

Case Rep Vet Med 2021 13;2021:8849515. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida Small Animal Hospital, 2015 SW 16th Ave., Gainesville, FL, USA 32608.

A 14-year-old, neutered male domestic shorthair cat presented for acute monoparesis with physical exam findings and biochemical data supportive of a distal arterial thromboembolism. Thoracic radiographs revealed an alveolar pattern in the right middle lung lobe and multifocal nodules in other lung lobes. A pulmonary mass was found on necropsy, which was composed of both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components, confirmed with cytokeratin and vimentin immunohistochemistry. Read More

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January 2021

Mycobacterium bovis BCG Danish Strain 1331 isolated from a periarticular lesion in a domestic cat.

J Small Anim Pract 2021 Jan 26. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

University College Dublin, University Veterinary Hospital, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland.

A 7-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair outdoor cat was referred for chronic left forelimb lameness, which had been treated with intra-articular injections of triamcinolone acetonide. A soft tissue swelling around the elbow joint, extending from the distal humerus to the proximal ulna, was surgically explored and biopsy samples obtained. Mycobacterium bovis was cultured from samples from the soft tissue and bone. Read More

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January 2021