36 results match your criteria macular cavernous

Cavernous sinus thrombosis with central retinal artey occlusion in COVID-19: A case report and review of literature.

Indian J Ophthalmol 2021 May;69(5):1327-1329

Department of Radiodiagnosis, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bathinda, Punjab, India.

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is showing a wide spectrum of ocular manifestations. They are creeping from vision sparing to irreversible visual loss as a result of its thromboembolic events. Hypercoagulability associated with COVID-19 is also called "sepsis-induced coagulopathy" and may predispose to thromboembolic phenomenon that decides the morbidity and mortality of this pandemic. Read More

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Observation of fundus and optical coherence tomography angiography manifestations in carotid cavernous fistula patients.

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, 1# Shuaifuyuan, Dongdan, Beijing, 100730, China.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate fundus and optical coherence tomography angiography (angio-OCT) manifestations in carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) patients.

Methods: Nine eyes of 7 CCF patients diagnosed with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were included in this study. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), slit lamp, fundus, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and optical coherence tomography angiography (angio-OCT) examination in the CCF patients and 10 normal controls were conducted. Read More

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Multimodal imaging of a choroidal nevus with caverns in the setting of pachychoroid disease.

Retin Cases Brief Rep 2021 Feb 26. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Doheny Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California, United States. Department of Ophthalmology, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, United States. Eye Clinic, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Science "Luigi Sacco", Sacco Hospital, University of Milan, Milan, Italy. Department of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Vitreous Retina Macula Consultants of New York, New York, New York. Department of Ophthalmology, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY USA.

Purpose: To describe the multimodal imaging findings of extensive choroidal caverns within a choroidal nevus in an eye with pachychoroid spectrum disease.

Methods: A 69 year-old woman was referred with a known history of branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) in the right eye and choroidal nevus in the left eye. Fundus examination of both eyes (OU) revealed subretinal yellow deposits, suggestive of pachydrusen. Read More

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February 2021

[Orbital mantle cell lymphoma succesfully treated by Bcl-2 inhibitor: Report of a case].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2021 Feb 24;44(2):239-243. Epub 2020 Sep 24.

CHU Pasteur II, service d'ophtalmologie, 30, voie Romaine, 06000 Nice, France.

Lymphoma is the most common orbital malignancy in adults. Among the types of lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma is a particularly aggressive form, often discovered through systemic involvement, with a dismal prognosis due to frequent recurrences. It is secondary to a t (11 ; 14) (q13; q32) chromosomal translocation resulting in an anti-apoptotic signal via overexpression of Bcl-2. Read More

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February 2021

Hemorrhagic Intracranial Cavernoma Presenting as a Homonymous Horizontal Sectoranopia.

J Neuroophthalmol 2020 Aug 28. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Departments of Clinical Neurosciences (FEC) and Surgery (YPS), Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Hemorrhagic lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) insults are rare but have been reported in association with tumors, vascular malformations, and trauma. The localization of LGN lesions is facilitated by recognition of pathognomonic visual field defects. A 21-year old woman developed a sudden onset painless left homonymous horizontal sectoranopia. Read More

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Orbital Cavernous Hemangioma Presenting with a Dome-Shaped Maculopathy-Like Appearance on Swept-Source Optical Tomography Imaging.

Case Rep Ophthalmol Med 2020 25;2020:5354609. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of Pathology, Ankara University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

A 43-year-old patient presented with painless proptosis, limited upgaze, and vision loss in the right eye. Funduscopic examination revealed right optic disc edema and subtle macular compression. Swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) revealed a smooth contoured elevation of the posterior pole without any distortion of retinal structures, an appearance closely simulating dome-shaped maculopathy. Read More

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Central retinal vein occlusion complicating spontaneous dural carotid-cavernous fistula after phacoemulsification.

GMS Ophthalmol Cases 2019 16;9:Doc28. Epub 2019 Jul 16.

Sohag Faculty of Medicine, Ophthalmology Department, Sohag, Egypt.

In this report, we are presenting a case of a 49-year-old female complaining of defective vision in the left eye. The main complaints were: pain, redness, mild proptosis, and high intraocular pressure. She had a history of uneventful phacoemulsification surgery 3 months prior to presenting to us. Read More

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A case of retinal cavernous hemangioma analyzed with optical coherence tomography angiography.

Ekta Singh Alok Sen

Indian J Ophthalmol 2019 Apr;67(4):561-563

Vitreo-Retina and Uvea Services, Sadguru Netra Chikitsalaya, Chitrakoot, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Retinal cavernous hemangiomas is a rare vascular tumor, isolated and non-progressive. This tumor is incidentally diagnosed on fundus examination and visual impairment can be rare presentation from vitreous hemorrhage, pre-retinal traction, hyphema, or macular scarring. The tumor has typical appearance of grape-like clusters of dilated vascular sacs with variable surface gliosis. Read More

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Cystoid Macular Edema With Scattered Intraretinal Hemorrhages in a Persistently Red Eye.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2019 06;137(6):712-713

Division of Neuro-ophthalmology, Department of Ophthalmology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina.

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Optical Coherence Tomography Characterization of Macular Changes Secondary to Arteriovenous Fistula.

Neuroophthalmology 2018 Jun 14;42(3):182-186. Epub 2017 Sep 14.

Department of Ophthalmology, University and Polytechnic Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain.

Arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) are abnormal shunts between the arterial and venous vascular systems. These usually produce ocular pain, increased intraocular pressure (IOP), and diplopia. Less frequently, they may cause retinal changes with visual impairment. Read More

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Persistent macular puckering following excision of causative orbital tumor.

Am J Ophthalmol Case Rep 2018 Jun 8;10:196-197. Epub 2018 Mar 8.

University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center, 1000 Wall St., Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Purpose: To describe the clinical course of a patient with a retrobulbar orbital tumor causing myopic shift and macular pucker.

Observation: Following complete surgical removal of a retrobulbar orbital cavernous hemangioma, the myopic shift improved but the macular pucker persisted even 3 years after orbital surgery, with no sign of tumor recurrence.

Conclusion And Importance: Chorioretinal folds secondary to chronic mechanical force from an orbital tumor may persist long after the tumor is removed. Read More

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Orbital melanoma masquerading as a "Galloping haemangioma".

Orbit 2017 Apr 3;36(2):81-83. Epub 2017 Mar 3.

a Adnexal Service , Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust , London , United Kingdom.

We describe a 32-year-old pregnant woman who was referred to our clinic after 6 weeks of observation elsewhere with a rapidly expanding orbital mass, proptosed globe and slowly decreasing of vision in her left eye. To our examination the patient presented with congested optic disc fine macular striae and some slight choroidal elevation without any retinal pigmentation. An MRI scan without contrast was performed, suggesting the signal charactheristics of an orbital mass consistent with a cellular lesion such as a cavernous hemangioma or a solitary fibrous tumour. Read More

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[Management of residual macular edema post-embolization of dural carotid-cavernous fistula: A case report].

J Fr Ophtalmol 2017 Apr 25;40(4):e113-e116. Epub 2017 Mar 25.

Service d'ophtalmologie, hôpital militaire Mohamed V, Hay Riad, Rabat, Maroc.

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Macular Retinal Cavernous Hemangioma Associated With Congenital Retinal Macrovessel.

JAMA Ophthalmol 2016 09 8;134(9):e161683. Epub 2016 Sep 8.

Associated Retinal Consultants, William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, Michigan.

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September 2016

Subfoveal choroidal thickness changes in carotid cavernous fistula following spontaneous resolution.

BMC Ophthalmol 2016 May 26;16:63. Epub 2016 May 26.

Institut Catala de Retina (ICR), Ganduxer, 117, 08022, Barcelona, Spain.

Background: We report the enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) characteristics and variations in a patient with subretinal fluid secondary to a carotid cavernous fistula.

Case Presentation: A 59-year-old man presented with blurred vision in his right eye. Venous congestion of the epiescleral and retinal vessels were observed. Read More

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Retin Cases Brief Rep 2016 ;10(3):225-8

*Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, IA; and †Department of Ophthalmology, Gülhane Military Medical Academy and Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: To present a case report on a patient with retinal complications from a carotid-cavernous fistula.

Methods: Observational case report.

Results: A 26-year-old patient sustained head trauma following a motorcycle accident. Read More

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Macular Cavernous Hemangioma Associated With Peripheral Vascular Anomalies and Nonperfusion.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2015 Jul-Aug;46(7):764-7

Retinal cavernous hemangiomas are benign vascular anomalies that are typically unilateral and located outside of the macula. Fluorescein angiography findings include an early slow-filling, non-leaking lesion with late intermixed lobules of hyperfluorescence and hypofluoresence secondary to plasma and erythrocyte sedimentation. We present a novel case of unilateral macular cavernous hemangioma with bilateral peripheral vascular anomalies and nonperfusion. Read More

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[Recurrent neurosensory macular detachment in carotid-cavernous fistula].

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol 2015 Jul 21;90(7):331-4. Epub 2014 Nov 21.

Departamento de Retina Médica, Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Londres, Reino Unido.

Case Report: A 46 year-old man was seen in the emergency department complaining of vision loss and exophthalmos in his right eye. He also complained of headache, diplopia of 4 months onset, and neurosensory detachment that resolved spontaneously the month before. The study revealed tortuous conjunctival and episcleral vessels and neurosensory macular detachment in his right eye. Read More

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Regulation of vascular endothelial junction stability and remodeling through Rap1-Rasip1 signaling.

Cell Adh Migr 2014 ;8(2):76-83

Genentech, Inc.; Molecular Oncology Department; South San Francisco, CA USA.

The ability of blood vessels to sense and respond to stimuli such as fluid flow, shear stress, and trafficking of immune cells is critical to the proper function of the vascular system. Endothelial cells constantly remodel their cell-cell junctions and the underlying cytoskeletal network in response to these exogenous signals. This remodeling, which depends on regulation of the linkage between actin and integral junction proteins, is controlled by a complex signaling network consisting of small G proteins and their various downstream effectors. Read More

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Big red flags in neuro-ophthalmology.

Can J Ophthalmol 2013 Feb;48(1):3-7

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Specific red flag clinical signs in ophthalmology might indicate serious underlying systemic disease. This review illustrates five big red flags in neuro-ophthalmology of interest to comprehensive ophthalmologists. These clinical signs include: (i) retinochoroidal venous collaterals, (ii) optic disc edema with a macular star, (iii) chronic red eyes refractory to topical therapy, (iv) aberrant regeneration not secondary to ischemia, and (v) the misdiagnosis of immune disease in immunosuppressed patients. Read More

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February 2013

Imaging of retinal and choroidal vascular tumours.

Eye (Lond) 2013 Feb 30;27(2):208-16. Epub 2012 Nov 30.

Ocular Oncology Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, UK.

The most common intraocular vascular tumours are choroidal haemangiomas, vasoproliferative tumours, and retinal haemangioblastomas. Rarer conditions include cavernous retinal angioma and arteriovenous malformations. Options for ablating the tumour include photodynamic therapy, argon laser photocoagulation, trans-scleral diathermy, cryotherapy, anti-angiogenic agents, plaque radiotherapy, and proton beam radiotherapy. Read More

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February 2013

Diagnosis and management of an intraorbital vascular fistula.

Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2012 Mar-Apr;28(2):e39-41

Department of Ophthalmology, University of Alabama Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

A spontaneous intraorbital arteriovenous fistula is an extremely rare phenomenon. More commonly, arteriovenous fistulas occur spontaneously as carotid cavernous fistulas and dural cavernous fistulas or are secondary to trauma. Surgical approaches vary widely and each carries their own set of potential problems. Read More

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Regression of Macular Cavernous Hemangioma with Systemic Infliximab.

Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging 2010 Mar 9:1-3. Epub 2010 Mar 9.

Cavernous hemangioma of the retina is an unusual vascular hamartoma that has been reported to occur either sporadically or as a dominantly inherited trait. A case of a large and sporadic macular cavernous hemangioma that was successfully treated with systemic infliximab as a first line of treatment is presented. The patient was referred with decreased vision of the right eye for 6 months. Read More

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Dilated conjunctival vessels in a patient undergoing epoprostenol therapy.

Clin Exp Ophthalmol 2007 Dec;35(9):877-8

A 44-year-old man with primary pulmonary hypertension was referred for a possible carotid-cavernous fistula. Since initiation of epoprostenol therapy 3 months prior to presentation, he noticed progressive redness in both eyes and a macular rash, primarily involving the face and abdomen. Examination revealed engorged superficial conjunctival vessels in both eyes. Read More

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December 2007

Ipsilateral orbital cavernous hemangioma and choroidal hemangioma.

H Kiratli

Eur J Ophthalmol 2002 Nov-Dec;12(6):547-9

Department of Ophthalmology, Hacettepe University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Purpose: A unique case of simultaneous ipsilateral choroidal and orbital hemangiomas is described.

Methods: A 71-year-old man was found to have a left orbital intraconal mass while being worked up for intractable headache. He also had a left juxtapapillary choroidal hemangioma which did not cause any leakage to macular area. Read More

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February 2003

A case of central visual loss in a child due to macular cavernous haemangioma of the retina.

Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2002 Oct;80(5):550-2

Eye Department, National University Hospital (Rigshospitalet), Copenhagen, Denmark.

Purpose: To report a case of retinal cavernous haemangioma localized to the fovea.

Methods: Clinical examination, fluorescein angiographic study and magnetic resonance imaging are reported.

Results: A 9-year-old girl presented with acute loss of vision in the right eye. Read More

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October 2002

Optical cross-sectional evaluation of successfully repaired idiopathic macular holes by retinal thickness analyzer.

Retina 2000 ;20(5):450-8

Department of Ophthalmology, Osaka Rosai Hospital, Japan.

Purpose: To describe optical cross-sectional images of successfully repaired idiopathic macular holes and to determine the influences of epiretinal membranes and retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) changes on foveal reconstruction and the correlation between retinal thickness and postoperative visual acuity.

Methods: In a prospective study, optical cross-sectional imaging and retinal thickness measurement of the macula using a retinal thickness analyzer were performed on 63 eyes of 63 patients who underwent successful macular hole surgery.

Results: Cross-sectional images of foveal reconstruction were morphologically categorized into four patterns: normal fovea (23 eyes [37%]), cavernous fovea (19 eyes [30%]), flat fovea (11 eyes [17%]), and irregular fovea (10 eyes [16%]). Read More

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January 2001

Cystoid macular edema as an initial symptom of inflammatory orbital pseudotumor.

Ophthalmologica 1997 ;211(4):236-41

Department of Ophthalmology, Asahikawa Medical College, Japan.

We report a patient with pseudotumor with cystoid macular edema (CME). The initial finding in our case was only CME with a bilateral visual acuity decrease to 20/25. Approximately 3 months later, the visual acuity dropped to light perception in the right eye and 20/200 in the left eye. Read More

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September 1997