657 results match your criteria m1- m2-like


The Metaflammatory and Immunometabolic Role of Macrophages and Microglia in Diabetic Retinopathy.

Hum Cell 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Retinal Functions and Diseases, Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital, No. 251, Fukang Road, Nankai District, Tianjin, 300384, China.

Emergent studies reveal the roles of inflammatory cells and cytokines in the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR), which is gradually portrayed as a chronic inflammatory disease accompanied by metabolic disorder. Through the pathogenesis of DR, macrophages or microglia play a critical role in the inflammation, neovascularization, and neurodegeneration of the retina. Conventionally, macrophages are generally divided into M1 and M2 phenotypes which mainly rely on glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation, respectively. Read More

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Tissue response, macrophage phenotype, and intrinsic calcification induced by cardiovascular biomaterials: Can clinical regenerative potential be predicted in a rat subcutaneous implant model?

J Biomed Mater Res A 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

The host immune response to an implanted biomaterial, particularly the phenotype of infiltrating macrophages, is a key determinant of biocompatibility and downstream remodeling outcome. The present study used a subcutaneous rat model to compare the tissue response, including macrophage phenotype, remodeling potential, and calcification propensity of a biologic scaffold composed of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine pericardium (GF-BP), the standard of care for heart valve replacement, with those of an electrospun polycarbonate-based supramolecular polymer scaffold (ePC-UPy), urinary bladder extracellular matrix (UBM-ECM), and a polypropylene mesh (PP). The ePC-UPy and UBM-ECM materials induced infiltration of mononuclear cells throughout the thickness of the scaffold within 2 days and neovascularization at 14 days. Read More

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Platelet lysate converts M (IFNγ+LPS) macrophages in CD206 TGF-β arginase M2-like macrophages that affect fibroblast activity and T lymphocyte migration.

J Tissue Eng Regen Med 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty INMP/NIHMP, via di S.Gallicano, 25, Rome, 00153, Italy.

Macrophages, thanks to their extreme plasticity, exert critical roles in wound healing by orchestrating tissue defenses in the early inflammatory phase, and by promoting tissue regeneration and angiogenesis at a later time point. In parallel, platelets release a large number of preformed molecules that could affect immunocyte functions. Platelet rich plasma and platelet lysate (PL) have been widely used as a therapeutic preside for ulcers, although little is known about the effects of platelet-derived biomolecules on macrophage functions during wound healing. Read More

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ACVR1 extends inflammatory responses in human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived macrophages.

Bone 2021 Jul 23:116129. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; The Institute for Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; The Program in Craniofacial Biology, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA. Electronic address:

Macrophages play crucial roles in many human disease processes. However, obtaining large numbers of primary cells for study is often difficult. We describe 2D and 3D methods for directing human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) into macrophages (iMACs). Read More

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ILC2s Improve Glucose Metabolism Through the Control of Saturated Fatty Acid Absorption Within Visceral Fat.

Front Immunol 2021 9;12:669629. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kyoto, Japan.

Background And Aims: Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) have been implicated in the regulation of metabolic homeostasis in mice.

Methods: In this study, the role of ILC2s in white adipose tissue (WAT) was investigated using ST2, an IL-33 receptor that is expressed on ILC2 knockout mice.

Results: The deficiency of ST2 decreased ILC2s in WAT, whereas ex-ILC2, which acquired group 1 innate lymphoid cell (ILC1)-like traits, was increased. Read More

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An Immunogenomic Phenotype Predicting Behavioral Treatment Response: Toward Precision Psychiatry for Mothers and Children with Trauma Exposure.

Brain Behav Immun 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Weill Institute for Neurosciences, University of California San Francisco; Center for Health and Community, University of California San Francisco; Department of Pediatrics, Division of Developmental Medicine, University of California San Francisco. Electronic address:

Inflammatory pathways predict antidepressant treatment non-response among individuals with major depression; yet, this phenomenon may have broader transdiagnostic and transtherapeutic relevance. Among trauma-exposed mothers (M=32 years) and their young children (M=4 years), we tested whether genomic and proteomic biomarkers of pro-inflammatory imbalance prospectively predicted treatment response (PTSD and depression) to an empirically-supported behavioral treatment. Forty-three mother-child dyads without chronic disease completed Child Parent Psychotherapy (CPP) for roughly 9 months. Read More

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Mantle cell lymphoma polarizes tumor-associated macrophages into M2-like macrophages, which in turn promote tumorigenesis.

Blood Adv 2021 Jul;5(14):2863-2878

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine.

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) are recognized as a hallmark of certain solid cancers and predictors of poor prognosis; however, the functional role of TAMs in lymphoid malignancies, including B-cell lymphoma, has not been well defined. We identified infiltration of F4/80+ TAMs in a syngeneic mouse model using the recently generated murine mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cell line FC-muMCL1. Multicolor flow cytometric analysis of syngeneic lymphoma tumors showed distinct polarization of F4/80+ TAMs into CD206+ M2 and CD80+ M1 phenotypes. Read More

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Activated macrophages promote invasion by early colorectal cancer via an IL-1β-SAA1 axis.

Cancer Sci 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Molecular Biology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Submucosal invasion and lymph node metastasis are important issues affecting treatment options for early colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, we aimed to unravel the molecular mechanism underlying the invasiveness of early CRCs. We performed RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) with poorly differentiated components (PORs) and their normal counterparts isolated from T1 CRC tissues, and detected significant upregulation of SAA1 in PORs. Read More

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Total Glucosides of Paeony Ameliorate Pristane-Induced Lupus Nephritis by Inducing PD-1 ligands Macrophages Activating IL-4/STAT6/PD-L2 Signaling.

Front Immunol 2021 5;12:683249. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Section of Immunology & Joint Immunology Program, Guangdong Provincial Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Macrophages, a major subset of innate immune cells, are main infiltrating cells in the kidney in lupus nephritis. Macrophages with different phenotypes exert diverse or even opposite effects on the development of lupus nephritis. Substantial evidence has shown that macrophage M2 polarization is beneficial to individuals with chronic kidney disease. Read More

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Smoking and Incidence of Colorectal Cancer Subclassified by Tumor-Associated Macrophage Infiltrates.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Program in MPE Molecular Pathological Epidemiology, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Biological evidence indicates that smoking can influence macrophage functions and polarization, thereby promoting tumor evolution. We hypothesized that the association of smoking with colorectal cancer incidence might differ by macrophage infiltrates.

Methods: Utilizing the Nurses' Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, we examined the association of smoking with incidence of colorectal cancer subclassified by macrophage counts. Read More

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Loss of fragile site-associated tumor suppressor promotes antitumor immunity via macrophage polarization.

Nat Commun 2021 07 14;12(1):4300. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Guangdong Province Key Laboratory for Biotechnology Drug Candidates, School of Life Sciences and Biopharmaceutics, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, China.

Common fragile sites (CFSs) are specific breakage-prone genomic regions and are present frequently in cancer cells. The (E2-independent) E3 ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme FATS (fragile site-associated tumor suppressor) has antitumor activity in cancer cells, but the function of FATS in immune cells is unknown. Here, we report a function of FATS in tumor development via regulation of tumor immunity. Read More

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Metabolic Regulation of Macrophage Activation.

J Innate Immun 2021 Jul 9:1-17. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Laboratory of Clinical Chemistry, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece.

Macrophages, the central mediators of innate immune responses, being in the first-line of defense, they have to readily respond to pathogenic or tissue damage signals to initiate the inflammatory cascade. Such rapid responses require energy to support orchestrated production of pro-inflammatory mediators and activation of phagocytosis. Being a cell type that is present in diverse environments and conditions, macrophages have to adapt to different nutritional resources. Read More

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Soft apoptotic-cell-inspired nanoparticles persistently bind to macrophage membranes and promote anti-inflammatory and pro-healing effects.

Acta Biomater 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of Chemistry and Materials, Jinan University, Guangzhou, 510632, P. R. China. Electronic address:

Macrophages play a key role in inflammation, infection, cancer, and repairing damaged tissues. Thus, modulating macrophages with engineered nanomaterials is an important therapeutic strategy for healing chronic inflammatory injuries. However, designing and manufacturing therapeutic nanomaterials remains challenging. Read More

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M2 macrophages have unique transcriptomes but conditioned media does not promote profibrotic responses in lung fibroblasts or alveolar epithelial cells in vitro.

Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, grid.214458.eUniversity of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI, United States.

Macrophages are critical regulators of pulmonary fibrosis. Their plasticity, proximity, and ability to crosstalk with structural cells of the lung make them a key cell type of interest in the regulation of lung fibrosis. Macrophages can express a variety of phenotypes which have been historically represented through an "M1-like" to "M2-like" delineation. Read More

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Chitinase-3-like-1 protein complexes modulate macrophage-mediated immune suppression in glioblastoma.

J Clin Invest 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, United States of America.

Glioblastoma is a highly malignant and incurable brain tumor characterized by intrinsic and adaptive resistance to immunotherapies. However, how glioma cells induce tumor immunosuppression and escape immunosurveillance remains poorly understood. Here, we find upregulation of cancer-intrinsic Chitinase-3-like-1 (CHI3L1) signaling modulating an immunosuppressive microenvironment by reprogramming tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). Read More

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The potential roles of mA modification in regulating the inflammatory response in microglia.

J Neuroinflammation 2021 Jul 5;18(1):149. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

China National Clinical Research Center for Neurological Diseases, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, 119 South Fourth Ring West Road, Fengtai District, Beijing, 100070, People's Republic of China.

Background: Microglia are key regulators of the inflammatory response in the brain. Adenosine in RNAs can be converted to mA (N-methyladenosine), which regulates RNA metabolism and functions as a key epitranscriptomic modification. The mA modification pattern and mA-related signatures under pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory conditions of microglia remain unclear. Read More

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The Impact of the Tumor Microenvironment on Macrophage Polarization in Cancer Metastatic Progression.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Jun 18;22(12). Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, LKS Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Rather than primary solid tumors, metastasis is one of the hallmarks of most cancer deaths. Metastasis is a multistage event in which cancer cells escape from the primary tumor survive in the circulation and disseminate to distant sites. According to Stephen Paget's "Seed and Soil" hypothesis, metastatic capacity is determined not only by the internal oncogenic driving force but also by the external environment of tumor cells. Read More

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Macrophage Plasticity and Polarization Are Altered in the Experimental Model of Multiple Sclerosis.

Biomolecules 2021 Jun 4;11(6). Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Laboratory of Resolution of Neuroinflammation, European Center for Brain Research (CERC)/IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, 00143 Rome, Italy.

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. MS is characterized by infiltrations of leukocytes such as T and B lymphocytes and macrophages. Macrophages have been identified as major effectors of inflammation and demyelination in both MS and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Read More

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PD-1 Affects the Immunosuppressive Function of Group 2 Innate Lymphoid Cells in Human Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Front Immunol 2021 14;12:680055. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Biotherapy Center and Cancer Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Background: There is increasing evidence that group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) play an essential role in allergy and parasitic infection. However, the role of ILC2s in human lung cancer remains unclear.

Methods: ILC2s from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from healthy donors (HDs) and non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, and NSCLC tumor tissues were analyzed multicolor flow cytometry. Read More

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C16, a novel sinomenine derivatives, promoted macrophage reprogramming toward M2-like phenotype and protected mice from endotoxemia.

Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol 2021 Jan-Dec;35:20587384211026786

Taizhou People's Hospital, Taizhou, Jiangsu, China.

Macrophage plays a critical part in host defense, tissue repair, and anti-inflammation; Macrophage reprogramming is responsible for disease development or regression. We aimed to clarify the effect of sinomenine-4-hydroxy-palmitate (C16), on macrophage reprogramming and anti-inflammatory in endotoxemia model. According to a structure modification of SIN (Sinomenine), C16 was found. Read More

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Decreased ferroportin in hepatocytes promotes macrophages polarize towards an M2-like phenotype and liver fibrosis.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 28;11(1):13386. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

The Second Affiliated Hospital, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510260, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Iron release from macrophages is closely regulated by the interaction of hepcidin, a peptide hormone produced by hepatocytes, with the macrophage iron exporter ferroportin (FPN1). However, the functions of FPN1 in hepatocyte secretion and macrophage polarization remain unknown. CD68 immunohistochemical staining and double immunofluorescence staining for F4/80 and Ki67 in transgenic mouse livers showed that the number of macrophages in FPN1 and FPN1 mouse livers was significantly increased compared to that in WT (FPN) mice. Read More

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Blocking the CCL5-CCR5 Axis Using Maraviroc Promotes M1 Polarization of Macrophages Cocultured with Irradiated Hepatoma Cells.

J Hepatocell Carcinoma 2021 18;8:599-611. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: The C-C chemokine ligand 5 (CCL5)-C-C chemokine receptor (CCR5) axis facilitates tumor progression via multiple mechanisms. Herein, we elucidated the effect of a CCR5 antagonist (maraviroc [MVC]; blocking the CCL5-CCR5 axis) on the phenotype of macrophages cocultured with irradiated hepatoma cells. In addition, we investigated whether modulation of macrophage polarization can alter tumor cell sensitivity to radiation. Read More

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A flow cytometry approach reveals heterogeneity in conventional subsets of murine renal mononuclear phagocytes.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 24;11(1):13251. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Cardiovascular Research, Research and Development, Pharmaceuticals, Kidney Diseases, Bayer AG, Building 0500, 214, 42113, Wuppertal, Germany.

Mononuclear phagocytes (MNPs) participate in inflammation and repair after kidney injury, reflecting their complex nature. Dissection into refined functional subunits has been challenging and would benefit understanding of renal pathologies. Flow cytometric approaches are limited to classifications of either different MNP subsets or functional state. Read More

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The roles of macrophage polarization in the host immune response to sepsis.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 Jul 29;96:107791. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China. Electronic address:

Sepsis is a life-threatening clinical syndrome caused by infection. Its pathogenesis is complex and entails coagulation dysfunction, inflammation, and immune disorders. Macrophages are important components of innate and adaptive immunity that are highly heterogeneous and plastic. Read More

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Downregulation of ITM2A Gene Expression in Macrophages of Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2021 Jun 23:1-9. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Rheumatology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objectives: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a rheumatic disorder that is mostly determined by genetic and environmental factors. Given the known importance of macrophage in AS pathogenesis, we investigated the transcriptional profile of macrophage cells in the disease.

Methods And Results: Two approaches of differential expression and subsequently, weighted gene co-expression network analysis was utilized to analyze a publicly available microarray dataset of macrophages. Read More

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Histone deacetylase 9 deficiency exaggerates uterine M2 macrophage polarization.

J Cell Mol Med 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

State Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

The maternal-foetal interface is an immune-privileged site where the semi-allogeneic embryo is protected from attacks by the maternal immune system. Uterine macrophages are key players in establishing and maintaining pregnancy, and the dysregulation of the M1-M2 subpopulation balance causes abortion. We separated two distinct mouse uterine macrophage subpopulations during early pregnancy, CD45 F4/80 CD206 M1-like (M1) and CD45 F4/80 CD206 M2-like (M2) cells. Read More

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STING activation normalizes the intraperitoneal vascular-immune microenvironment and suppresses peritoneal carcinomatosis of colon cancer.

J Immunother Cancer 2021 Jun;9(6)

Medical Oncology, CHA Bundang Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (the Republic of)

Background: Peritoneal carcinomatosis is a fatal clinical presentation of colon cancer, characterized by unresponsiveness to conventional anticancer therapies, including immune checkpoint inhibitors. Here, we elucidated the immune-evasion mechanisms during the peritoneal carcinomatosis of colon cancer and developed a novel immunotherapy by activating the stimulator of interferon genes (STING) pathway.

Methods: We generated a syngeneic peritoneal carcinomatosis model of colon cancer. Read More

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Tumor-Associated-Macrophage-Membrane-Coated Nanoparticles for Improved Photodynamic Immunotherapy.

Nano Lett 2021 07 16;21(13):5522-5531. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, International Joint Research Laboratory of Nano-Micro Architecture Chemistry (NMAC), International Research Center for Chemistry-Medicine Joint Innovation, College of Chemistry, Jilin 130012, China.

Cell-membrane-coated nanoparticles have emerged as a promising antitumor therapeutic strategy. However, the immunologic mechanism remains elusive, and there are still crucial issues to be addressed including tumor-homing capacity, immune incompatibility, and immunogenicity. Here, we reported a tumor-associated macrophage membrane (TAMM) derived from the primary tumor with unique antigen-homing affinity capacity and immune compatibility. Read More

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miR-498 inhibits autophagy and M2-like polarization of tumor-associated macrophages in esophageal cancer via MDM2/ATF3.

Epigenomics 2021 Jul 11;13(13):1013-1030. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Anatomy, School of Basic Medicine, North Sichuan Medical College, Nanchong, 637000, Sichuan, PR China.

Structured abstract To elucidate the effect of miRNA (miR)-498 on autophagy and M2-like macrophage polarization in esophageal cancer. Autophagy was evaluated in esophageal cancer. Macrophage markers specific for M1- or M2-like phenotype were determined. Read More

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Macrophage Function in Calcium Oxalate Kidney Stone Formation: A Systematic Review of Literature.

Front Immunol 2021 24;12:673690. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Nephro-urology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.

Background: The global prevalence and recurrence rate of kidney stones is very high. Recent studies of Randall plaques and urinary components , and including gene manipulation, have attempted to reveal the pathogenesis of kidney stones. However, the evidence remains insufficient to facilitate the development of novel curative therapies. Read More

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