1,173,693 results match your criteria měnglà virus


Large variations in disease severity, death and ICU admission of 2993 patients infected with SARS-CoV-2: The potential impact of genetic vulnerability.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Apr 22;14(7):886-891. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Health Informatics and Smart Health Department, Health Regulation Sector, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Electronic address:

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has had an immeasurable impact, affecting healthcare systems, the global economy, and society. Exploration of trends within the existing COVID-19 data may guide directions for further study and novel treatment development. As the world faces COVID-19 disease, it is essential to study its epidemiological and clinical characteristics further to better understand and aid in its detection and containment. Read More

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New perspective towards therapeutic regimen against SARS-CoV-2 infection.

J Infect Public Health 2021 May 26;14(7):852-862. Epub 2021 May 26.

Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, School of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 2193, South Africa; Infection Control, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, 2193, South Africa. Electronic address:

The ongoing enormous loss of human life owing to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has led to a global crisis ranging from the collapse of health - care systems to socio-economic instability. As SARS-CoV-2 is a novel virus, very little information is available from researchers and therefore, a rigorous effort is required to decode its pathogenicity. There are no licenced treatment options available for treating SARS-CoV-2 infections and the development of a new antiviral drug targeting coronavirus cannot happen soon. Read More

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Nationwide Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in Saudi Arabia.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Apr 24;14(7):832-838. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

King Abdullah International Medical Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Estimated seroprevalence of Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a critical evidence for a better evaluation of the virus spread and monitoring the progress of COVID-19 pandemic in a population. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), SARS-CoV-2 seroprevalence has been reported in specific regions, but an extensive nationwide study has not been reported. Here, we report a nationwide study to determine the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in the population of KSA during the pandemic, using serum samples from healthy blood donors, non-COVID patients and healthcare workers (HCWs) in six different regions of the kingdom, with addition samples from COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Nonlinear dynamics for the spread of pathogenesis of COVID-19 pandemic.

J Infect Public Health 2021 Apr 20;14(7):817-831. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

University School of Basic & Applied Sciences (USBAS), Head, Non-Linear Dynamics-Research-Lab, GGS Indraprastha University, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Coronaviruses did not invite attention at a global level and responsiveness until the series of 2003-SARS contagion followed by year-2012 MERS plus, most recently, 2019-nCoV eruptions. SARS-CoV &MERS-CoV are painstaking, extremely pathogenic. Also, very evidently, both have been communicated from bats to palm-civets & dromedary camels and further transferred ultimately to humans. Read More

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Generation of recombinant antibodies by mammalian expression system for detecting S-metolachlor in environmental waters.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 5;418:126305. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety, College of Food Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China. Electronic address:

Current immunoassays for herbicide detection are usually based on polyclonal or monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) raised in animals. The mammalian expression system allows the procurement of specific and highly sensitive antibodies, avoiding animal immunization. In this study, S-metolachlor-specific IgG vectors bearing either Thosea asigna virus 2A or internal ribosome entry site (S-T2A or S-IRES) and single-chain variable fragment (scFv) vectors were designed and expressed. Read More

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Autoimmunity and COVID-19 - The microbiotal connection.

Autoimmun Rev 2021 Jun 9:102865. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Medicine C, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Background And Aims: The novel SARS-CoV-2 has been rattling the world since its outbreak in December 2019, leading to the COVID-19 pandemic. The learning curve of this new virus has been steep, with a global scientific community desperate to learn how the virus is transmitted, how it replicates, what cause such a wide spectrum of disease manifestations, causing none or few symptoms in some. Others are burdened by an intense immune response that resembles the cytokine storm syndrome (CSS), which leads to severe disease manifestations, often complicated by fatal acute respiratory distress syndrome and death. Read More

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Level of Maternal Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) F Antibodies in Hospitalized Children and Correlates of Protection.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Biomedical Research Center, Qatar University, Qatar; College of Health Sciences, Qatar University, Qatar. Electronic address:

Background: RSV is a major cause of lower respiratory infections among children, where no vaccine is available. The stabilized form of the fusion (F) protein, pre-F, is a leading vaccine candidate targeting different populations, including pregnant women. This study aimed to determine the magnitude and nature of RSV-directed maternal antibodies (matAbs) in hospitalized children with RSV infection. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 infection in properly vaccinated healthcare workers.

Int J Infect Dis 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Microbiology Service, Ofra s/n, 38320, La Laguna, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 vaccine has shown an optimal protection for population. However the development of SARS-CoV-2 infection has been reported in persons, who have received one or both doses of vaccine. The Hospital Universitario de Canarias began to vaccinate to healthcare workers on Febraury, 2021. Read More

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Pregnancy and Viral infections: Mechanisms of fetal damage, diagnosis and prevention of neonatal adverse outcomes from cytomegalovirus to SARS-CoV-2 and Zika virus.

Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis 2021 Jun 9:166198. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Fetal and Perinatal Medicine and Surgery Unit, Medical and Surgical Department of Fetus, Newborn and Infant - "Bambino Gesù" Children's Hospital IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Some maternal infections, contracted before or during pregnancy, can be transmitted to the fetus, during gestation (congenital infection), during labor and childbirth (perinatal infection) and through breastfeeding (postnatal infection). The agents responsible for these infections can be viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi. Among the viruses most frequently responsible for congenital infections are Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Herpes simplex 1-2, Herpes virus 6, Varicella zoster. Read More

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Zoonotic and Reverse Zoonotic Transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2.

Virus Res 2021 Jun 9:198473. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

National Scientific Center "Institute of Experimental and Clinical Veterinary Medicine", 83 Pushkinska street, Kharkiv, 61023, Ukraine. Electronic address:

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the first known pandemic caused by a coronavirus. Its causative agent, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), appears to be capable of infecting different mammalian species. Recent detections of this virus in pet, zoo, wild, and farm animals have compelled inquiry regarding the zoonotic (animal-to-human) and reverse zoonotic (human-to-animal) transmissibility of SARS-CoV-2 with the potential of COVID-19 pandemic evolving into a panzootic. Read More

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Positive Selection as a Key Player for SARS-CoV-2 Pathogenicity: Insights into ORF1ab, S and E genes.

Virus Res 2021 Jun 9:198472. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Center for Informatics Sciences (CIS), Nile University, Giza, Egypt.

The human β-coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 epidemic started in late December 2019 in Wuhan, China. It causes Covid-19 disease which has become pandemic. Each of the five-known human β-coronaviruses has four major structural proteins (E, M, N and S) and 16 non-structural proteins encoded by ORF1a and ORF1b together (ORF1ab) that are involved in virus pathogenicity and infectivity. Read More

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Recent Advances in Potential Drug Therapies Combating COVID-19 and Related Coronaviruses-A Perspective.

Food Chem Toxicol 2021 Jun 9:112333. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Laboratory of Medicinal Plant Biotechnology, College of Pharmacy, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310053, China. Electronic address:

Coronaviruses (CoVs) are a large family of viruses responsible for the severe pathophysiological effects on human health. The most severe outbreak includes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV), Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The COVID-19 poses major challenges to clinical management because no specific FDA-approved therapy yet to be available. Read More

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Evaluation of virucidal activity of fabrics using Feline Coronavirus.

J Virol Methods 2021 Jun 9:114214. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, Italy.

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an enveloped RNA virus responsible for the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) that represents a global health threat, causing an ongoing pandemic in many countries and territories. WHO recommendations emphasize the importance of all personal protective equipment (PPE) that can interrupt COVID-19 transmission. The textile industry and scientists are developing hygienic fabrics by the addition of or treatment with various antimicrobial and antiviral compounds. Read More

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Molecular mechanism of anti-SARS-CoV2 activity of Ashwagandha-derived withanolides.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

AIST-INDIA DAILAB, DBT-AIST International Center for Translational & Environmental Research (DAICENTER), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology (AIST), Tsukuba 305 8565, Japan. Electronic address:

COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 corona virus has become a global pandemic. In the absence of drugs and vaccine, and premises of time, efforts and cost required for their development, natural resources such as herbs are anticipated to provide some help and may also offer a promising resource for drug development. Here, we have investigated the therapeutic prospective of Ashwagandha for the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Expression profiling, immune functions, and molecular characteristics of the tetraspanin molecule CD63 from Amphiprion clarkii.

Dev Comp Immunol 2021 Jun 9:104168. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Marine Life Sciences & Fish Vaccine Research Center, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Republic of Korea; Marine Science Institute, Jeju National University, Jeju 63333, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

CD63, a member of the tetraspanin family, is involved in the activation of immune cells, antiviral immunity, and signal transduction. The economically important anemonefishes Amphiprion sp. often face disease outbreaks, and the present study aimed to characterize CD63 in Amphiprion clarkii (denoted AcCD63) to enable better disease management. Read More

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Identification of a TRIM32 from Penaeus monodon is involved in autophagy and innate immunity during white spot syndrome virus infection.

Dev Comp Immunol 2021 Jun 9:104169. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Exploitation and Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, 510300, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China; Sanya Tropical Fisheries Research Institute, Sanya, Hainan Province, China; Key Laboratory of Aquatic Genomics, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Chinese Academy of Fishery Science, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China. Electronic address:

Many tripartite motif (TRIM) family proteins played an important role in regulating innate immune and autophagy pathway and were important for host defenses against viral pathogens. However, the role of TRIM proteins in autophagy and innate immunity during virus infection was seldom studied in crustaceans. In this study, a novel TRIM32 homolog was identified from Penaeus monodon (named PmTRIM32). Read More

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Will achieving herd immunity be a road to success to end the COVID-19 pandemic?

J Infect 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Respiratory Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues, the availability of several different new vaccines, their varying supply levels, effectiveness, and immunity duration across different ethnic populations, together with natural infection rates, will have an impact on when each country can reach herd immunity (ranging from 15.3% to 77.1%). Read More

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Autotransporter-based surface expression and complementation of split TreA fragments utilized for the detection of antibodies against bovine leukemia virus.

J Immunol Methods 2021 Jun 9:113084. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Production Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Calgary, 3330 Hospital Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 4N1, Canada. Electronic address:

Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV) is an oncogenic virus which is the etiological agent of a neoplastic disease in infected cattle called enzootic bovine leukemia (EBL). The most common and sensitive diagnostic methods for EBL like enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is time-consuming and requires manual handling which makes it unsuitable as an on-farm diagnostic test. Hence, there is a need for an alternative test with rapid detection and reduced manual labour. Read More

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Global analysis of protein-RNA interactions in SARS-CoV-2-infected cells reveals key regulators of infection.

Mol Cell 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, G61 1QH Glasgow, Scotland, UK; Department of Biochemistry, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, OX1 3QU Oxford, UK. Electronic address:

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 relies on cellular RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) to replicate and spread, although which RBPs control its life cycle remains largely unknown. Here, we employ a multi-omic approach to identify systematically and comprehensively the cellular and viral RBPs that are involved in SARS-CoV-2 infection. Read More

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Polio eradication at the crossroads.

Lancet Glob Health 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.

The Global Polio Eradication Initiative, launched in 1988 with anticipated completion by 2000, has yet to reach its ultimate goal. The recent surge of polio cases urgently calls for a reassessment of the programme's current strategy and a new design for the way forward. We propose that the sustainable protection of the world population against paralytic polio cannot be achieved simply by stopping the circulation of poliovirus but must also include maintaining high rates of population immunity indefinitely, which can be created and maintained by implementing global immunisation programmes with improved poliovirus vaccines that create comprehensive immunity without spawning new virulent viruses. Read More

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Modeling the viral load dependence of residence times of virus-laden droplets from COVID-19-infected subjects in indoor environments.

Indoor Air 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India.

In the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic situation, exposure assessment and control strategies for aerosol transmission path are feebly understood. A recent study pointed out that Poissonian fluctuations in viral loading of airborne droplets significantly modifies the size spectrum of the virus-laden droplets (termed as "virusol") (Anand and Mayya, 2020). Herein we develop the theory of residence time of the virusols, as contrasted with complete droplet system in indoor air using a comprehensive "Falling-to-Mixing-Plate-out" model that considers all the important processes namely, indoor dispersion of the emitted puff, droplet evaporation, gravitational settling, and plate out mechanisms at indoor surfaces. Read More

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A hungry Histiocyte, altered immunity and myriad of problems: Diagnostic challenges for Pediatric HLH.

Int J Lab Hematol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Introduction: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is an immune deregulation disorder with varied clinical presentation which clinically overlaps with widespread tropical infections.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review of children diagnosed with HLH at our center from February-2017 to October-2020.

Results: Out of the nine diagnosed patients, genetic predisposition was present in three children; two had identified infectious triggers. Read More

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Medicaid Expansion Association with End-Stage Liver Disease Mortality Depends on Leniency of Medicaid Hepatitis C Virus Coverage.

Liver Transpl 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine/NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York.

Background And Aims: The Affordable Care Act (ACA) expanded Medicaid around the same time that direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) became widely available for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV). However, there is significant variation in Medicaid HCV treatment eligibility criteria between states. We explored the combined effects of Medicaid expansion and leniency of HCV coverage under Medicaid on liver outcomes. Read More

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The lethal internal face of the coronaviruses: Kidney tropism of the SARS, MERS, and COVID-19 viruses.

IUBMB Life 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Kidney Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

The kidney is one of the main targets attacked by viruses in patients with a coronavirus infection. Until now, SARS-CoV-2 has been identified as the seventh member of the coronavirus family capable of infecting humans. In the past two decades, humankind has experienced outbreaks triggered by two other extremely infective members of the coronavirus family; the MERS-CoV and the SARS-CoV. Read More

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Vitamin D and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): rapid evidence review.

Aging Clin Exp Res 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, SO16 6YD, UK.

Background: The rapid global spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has re-ignited interest in the possible role of vitamin D in modulation of host responses to respiratory pathogens. Indeed, vitamin D supplementation has been proposed as a potential preventative or therapeutic strategy. Recommendations for any intervention, particularly in the context of a potentially fatal pandemic infection, should be strictly based on clinically informed appraisal of the evidence base. Read More

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Decontamination of respirators amid shortages due to SARS-CoV-2.

Photochem Photobiol Sci 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 35294-0022, USA.

The pandemic created by SARS-CoV-2 has caused a shortage in the supplies of N95 filtering facepiece respirators (FFRs), disposable respirators with at least 95% efficiency to remove non-oily airborne particles, due to increasing cases all over the world. The current article reviewed various possible decontamination methods for FFR reuse including ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI), hydrogen peroxide vapor (HPV), microwave-generated steam (MGS), hydrogen peroxide gas plasma (HPGP), and 70% or higher ethanol solution. HPV decontamination was effective against bacterial spores (6 log reduction of Geobacillus stearothermophilus spores) on FFRs and viruses (> 4 log reduction of various types of viruses) on inanimate surfaces, and no degradation of respirator materials and fit has been reported. Read More

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Mesenchymal Stem Cells: A Novel Therapeutic Approach to Enhance Protective Immunomodulation and Erythropoietic Recovery in Malaria.

Stem Cell Rev Rep 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Parasite-Host Biology, National Institute of Malaria Research, Sector-8, Dwarka, New Delhi, 110077, India.

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are self-renewing, multi-potent heterogeneous stem cells that display strong tissue protective and restorative properties by differentiating into cells of the mesodermal lineages. In addition to multi-lineage differentiation capacity, MSCs play important roles in regulating immune responses, inflammation, and tissue regeneration. MSCs play a role in the outcome of the pathogenesis of several infectious diseases. Read More

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Emerging Infection, Vaccination, and Guillain-Barré Syndrome: A Review.

Neurol Ther 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Neurology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, 466-8550, Japan.

Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is an autoimmune disorder of the peripheral nervous system that typically develops within 4 weeks after infection. In addition to conventional infectious diseases with which we are familiar, emerging infectious diseases, such as Zika virus infection and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), have also been suggested to be associated with GBS. GBS is mainly categorized into a demyelinating subtype known as acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP) and an axonal subtype known as acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN). Read More

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Incidence and risk factors of late-onset hemorrhagic cystitis after single umbilical cord blood transplantation with myeloablative conditioning regimen.

Int J Hematol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Hematology of Anhui Provincial Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

Objective: To explore the incidence and risk factors of late-onset hemorrhagic cystitis (LOHC) in patients undergoing single umbilical cord blood transplantation for hematological malignancies.

Methods: Clinical data from 234 patients who consecutively underwent single UCBT using a myeloablative conditioning regimen without antithymocyte globulin in our center were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: In total, 64 (27. Read More

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Local excision and treatment of early node-negative anal squamous cell carcinomas in a highly HIV prevalent population.

Tech Coloproctol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Chelsea and Westminster Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Background: Anal squamous cell carcinoma (ASCC) is an uncommon cancer associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. There has been increasing interest in providing organ-sparing treatment in small node-negative ASCC's, however, there is a paucity of evidence about the use of local excision alone in people living with HIV (PLWH). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of local excision alone in this patient population. Read More

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