Front Vet Sci 2021 8;8:657381. Epub 2021 Apr 8.
Department of Surgical and Radiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA, United States.
Skull specimens from: southern sea otter (), Eastern Pacific harbor seal (, California sea lion (, northern fur seal (), walrus (), polar bear (, North American brown bear (, American black bear , California mountain lion (), California bobcat (, gray fox (, kit fox (, and gray wolf ( ( = 5,011) were macroscopically examined for dental and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pathology. The presence of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) varied across species: 4.1% of southern sea otter, 34. Read More