32,420 results match your criteria lung resection


Clinical significance of C-Reactive Protein to Lymphocyte Count Ratio as a prognostic factor for Survival in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer Patients undergoing Curative Surgical Resection.

J Cancer 2021 27;12(15):4497-4504. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Clinical Oncology, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

We assessed the clinical feasibility of C-reactive protein to lymphocyte ratio (CLR) as a determinant of survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing curative surgical resection. A retrospective study was conducted on patients with stage I and II NSCLC undergoing curative resection. Demographic and clinical variables, including CLR, were collected and analyzed. Read More

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Colorectal Cancer Survivors: How Gastroenterology Nurses Can Help Them Thrive.

Gastroenterol Nurs 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Linda Morrow, DNP, MSN, MBA, NE-BC, CPHQ, CNOR, RN, is Program Director, Nursing Management and Executive Leadership, and Clinical Associate Professor of Nursing, Dr. Susan L. Davis & Richard J. Henley College of Nursing, Sacred Heart University, Fairfield, Connecticut. Beverly Greenwald, PhD, MSN, APRN, FNP-BC, NP-C, CGRN, RN, is Professor of Nursing, Department of Nursing, Archer College of Health and Human Services, Angelo State University, San Angelo, Texas.

Overall cancer death rates have fallen since a peak in 1991 due to declining death rates for lung, colorectal, breast, and prostate cancers. A "cancer survivor" is defined as anyone with a cancer diagnosis. Their numbers are increasing for several reasons including better screening, earlier detection, and improved treatments. Read More

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Analysis of Pulmonary Surgery in Children and Adolescents in Germany: Who Is doing What?

Eur J Pediatr Surg 2021 Jun 20. Epub 2021 Jun 20.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Lower Saxony, Germany.

Introduction:  In Germany, pediatric surgery is organized in a decentralized manner. A nationwide clinical registry does not exist. The aim of this research is to analyze the current status of pulmonary surgery in the country in respect of children and adolescents. Read More

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Clinical features and treatment of bronchial rupture of pulmonary hydatid cyst in children: a retrospective study of 36 patients.

Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Jun 19. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Faculté de Médecine Et de Pharmacie, Université Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco.

Background: The aim of this study was to review the clinical symptoms, radiological data, surgical techniques, and postoperative complications associated with bronchial rupture of pulmonary hydatid cysts in children and evaluate the results of surgical treatment.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective study of 40 surgical procedures performed for pulmonary hydatid cyst ruptured in the bronchial tree in 36 children (22 boys and 14 girls), aged between 7 and 18 from January 2009 to December 2019.

Results: The study included 36 patients with a mean age of 14. Read More

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Treatment of brain metastases in ALK-positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2021 Jun 17:103400. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Biotechnology, University of Rome "la Sapienza", Corso della Repubblica, 79, 04100, Latina, Italy. Electronic address:

Brain metastases are quite frequent in patients with ALK-translocated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): they are often not amenable to surgical resection and are generally treated with radiotherapy (RT). This however causes severe late toxic side effects that may become invalidating considering the relatively long survival provided by recent medical treatment with target therapies. Several clinical trials have demonstrated that ALK-inhibitors (crizotinib, alectinib, brigatinib) show excellent activity also against brain metastases. Read More

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Thoracoscopic Wedge Resection Versus Segmentectomy for cT1N0 Lung Adenocarcinoma.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Surgical Oncology, National Taiwan University Cancer Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: The choice between wedge resection and segmentectomy as a sublobar resection method for patients with cT1N0 lung cancer remains debatable. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes after wedge resection and segmentectomy for patients with cT1N0 lung adenocarcinoma.

Methods: The study enrolled 1002 consecutive patients with cT1N0 lung adenocarcinoma who underwent sublobar resection at the authors' institution between 2011 and 2017. Read More

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Visceral Obesity Promotes Lung Cancer Progression-Toward Resolution of the Obesity Paradox in Lung Cancer.

J Thorac Oncol 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, New York. Electronic address:

Introduction: Although obesity is associated with adverse cancer outcomes in general, most retrospective clinical studies suggest a beneficial effect of obesity in NSCLC.

Methods: Hypothesizing that this "obesity paradox" arises partly from the limitations of using body mass index (BMI) to measure obesity, we quantified adiposity using preoperative computed tomography images. This allowed the specific determination of central obesity as abdominal visceral fat area normalized to total fat area (visceral fat index [VFI]). Read More

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Institutional factors associated with adherence to quality measures for stage I and II non-small cell lung cancer.

J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2020 Jul 29. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Surgical Outcomes and Quality Improvement Center, Department of Surgery and Center for Healthcare Studies, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill; Northwestern Institute for Comparative Effectiveness Research in Oncology, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill. Electronic address:

Objective: Although previous studies have identified variation in quality lung cancer care, existing quality metrics may not fully capture the complexity of cancer care. The Thoracic Surgery Outcomes Research Network recently developed quality measures to address this. We evaluated baseline adherence to these measures and identified factors associated with adherence. Read More

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Surgical Morbidity and Lung Function Changes After Laser-Assisted Pulmonary Metastasectomy: A Prospective Bicentric Study.

Front Surg 2021 1;8:646269. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.

The surgical resection of pulmonary metastases is associated with a survival benefit in selected patients. The use of laser devices for pulmonary metastasectomy (PM) is believed to facilitate the complete resection of metastases while preserving a maximum of healthy parenchyma. This is a prospective study to evaluate surgical outcome including the changes of lung function after laser-assisted surgery (LAS). Read More

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Case Report: Superior Vena Cava Resection and Reconstruction for Invasive Thyroid Cancer: Report of Three Cases and Literature Review.

Front Surg 2021 1;8:644605. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Lung Cancer Center, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Thyroid cancer with massive invasion into the cervical and mediastinal great veins is extremely rare, and the surgical treatment is controversial, thus posing a great challenge for head and neck surgeons. Here, we report our successful experiences in reconstructing the superior vena cava (SVC) system to treat thyroid cancer with an extensive tumor thrombus growing intraluminally into the SVC. From September 2019 to September 2020, three patients with superior vena cava syndrome(SVCS) caused by tumor thrombus invasion from thyroid cancer were continuously included in this series. Read More

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Role of soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products in postoperative fibrotic lung injury.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Molecular and Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Background: In lung cancer patients with interstitial lung disease, postoperative acute exacerbation can be fatal. However, the predictive biomarkers for postoperative exacerbation of interstitial lung disease have not been fully elucidated. The soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products is a lung-derived anti-inflammatory protein, which can prevent acute lung injury. Read More

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Multifocal Mesenchymal Hamartoma of the Newborn: A Case Study.

Authors:
Angela Fregeolle

Adv Neonatal Care 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Emory University, Miami, Florida.

Background: A mesenchymal hamartoma is a rare benign tumor of the chest wall seen prenatally or at birth. Typically arising from one or more ribs, this tumor will have a rapid growth between weeks 28 and 36 of gestation, followed by a plateau and a spontaneous regression, usually within the first year of life.

Clinical Findings: A 37-week 2-day, 3. Read More

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A case of resected hepatocellular carcinoma with gallbladder metastasis.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 17;7(1):145. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Division of Gastroenterological Surgery, Department of Surgery, Aichi Medical University, 1-1 Yazakokarimata, Nagakute, Aichi, 480-1195, Japan.

Background: Advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can often spread as intrahepatic metastases. Extrahepatic metastasis (e.g. Read More

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Outcomes of lung cancer surgery for patients with interstitial pneumonia and coronary disease.

Surg Today 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Departments of General Thoracic Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, 1-3, Hongo 3-chome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8431, Japan.

Purpose: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of lung cancer patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP) and/or coronary artery disease (CAD).

Methods: The subjects of this retrospective study were 2830 patients who underwent surgical resection for lung cancer between 2009 and 2018. Seventy-one patients (2. Read More

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A Thought-Provoking Case of Successfully Treated Carcinoma of the Head of the Pancreas with Metachronous Lung Metastasis: Impact of Distal Spleno-Renal Shunt for Regional Invasion on Long-Term Period after Pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Case Rep Surg 2021 28;2021:6689419. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Surgery, Shiga General Hospital, Moriyama, Japan.

When performing pancreaticoduodenectomy with resection of the confluence of the superior mesenteric vein and portal vein, division of the splenic vein may cause sinistral portal hypertension resulting in gastrointestinal bleeding, splenic congestion, and hypersplenism. To prevent these adverse events, it is important to intentionally decompress the splenic vein. This report is of a 68-year-old woman with stage IA carcinoma of the head of the pancreas who survived for more than six years following tumor resection and pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal splenorenal shunt. Read More

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Simultaneous uniportal video-assisted thoracic surgery for pulmonary nodules and synchronous mediastinal lesions.

Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne 2021 Jun 27;16(2):390-396. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

Introduction: Video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) has been widely accepted in the diagnosis and treatment of thoracic diseases for the past three decades due to its small incision, minimal trauma, and rapid recovery after surgery. A growing number of patients with concurrent pulmonary nodules and mediastinal lesions have been detected. Simultaneous ipsilateral resection of coexisting lesions is a preferred procedure. Read More

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Short- and long-term outcomes of thoracoscopic pneumonectomy - single center experience.

Wideochir Inne Tech Maloinwazyjne 2021 Jun 25;16(2):369-376. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Introduction: The video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) approach is widely used for pulmonary lobectomy, but its application for pneumonectomy is much less common and outcomes are ambiguous.

Aim: To evaluate the feasibility and outcomes of VATS pneumonectomy.

Material And Methods: This retrospective study included 19 patients with the mean age of 62. Read More

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A novel nomogram with preferable capability in predicting the overall survival of patients after radical esophageal cancer resection based on accessible clinical indicators: A comparison with AJCC staging.

Cancer Med 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Background: Esophageal cancer (EC) is a malignant tumor with high mortality. Nomogram is an important tool used in clinical prognostic assessment. We aimed to establish a novel nomogram to predict the overall survival (OS) of EC patients after radical esophagectomy. Read More

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Neoantigen load as a prognostic and predictive marker for stage II/III non-small cell lung cancer in Chinese patients.

Thorac Cancer 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Medical Oncology, The Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital) and Institute of Basic Medicine and Cancer (IBMC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hangzhou, China.

Background: The prognosis for patients with stage II/III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unsatisfactory, even after complete tumor resection and adjuvant chemotherapy. Here, we assessed the prognostic and predictive value of immunogenomic signatures for stage II/III NSCLC in Chinese patients.

Methods: A total of 91 paired resected stage II/III NSCLC and normal tissues, including 47 squamous cell lung carcinomas (SCC) and 44 lung adenocarcinomas (ADC), were collected and analyzed using whole exome sequencing (WES) to identify immunogenomic signatures for association with clinicopathological variables and disease-free survival (DFS). Read More

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Salvage surgery following downstaging of advanced non-small cell lung cancer by targeted therapy.

Thorac Cancer 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Background: Advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for a high proportion of lung cancer cases. Targeted therapy improve the survival in these patients, but acquired drug resistance will inevitably occur. If tumor downstaging is achieved after targeted therapy, could surgical resection before drug resistance improve clinical benefits for patients with advanced NSCLC? Here, we conducted a clinical trial showing that for patients with advanced driver gene mutant NSCLC who did not progress after targeted therapy, salvage surgery (SS) could improve progression-free survival (PFS). Read More

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Radiation Therapy in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Radiation Oncology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USA.

The management of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) varies according to stage. Surgical resection is reserved for operable patients with early-stage NSCLC, while high-dose target radiation-stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT)-is reserved for patients whose comorbidities prohibit them from a major surgical procedure. The treatment of locally advanced NSCLC (LA-NSCLC) is stratified according to resectability. Read More

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[A Case of Rapidly Growing Sarcomatoid Urothelial Carcinoma of the Renal Pelvis and Ureter].

Hinyokika Kiyo 2021 May;67(5):191-195

The Department of Diagnostic Pathology, Tenri Hospital.

75 year-old man followed up regularly for the treatment of lung cancer came to our hospital with a chief complaint of general malaise. Blood test results showed deterioration in the renal function, and computed tomography (CT) confirmed left hydronephrosis. He was admitted to the hospital with the diagnosis of obstructive pyelonephritis. Read More

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Evaluation of Computer-Aided Nodule Assessment and Risk Yield (CANARY) in Korean patients for prediction of invasiveness of ground-glass opacity nodule.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(6):e0253204. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Differentiating the invasiveness of ground-glass nodules (GGN) is clinically important, and several institutions have attempted to develop their own solutions by using computed tomography images. The purpose of this study is to evaluate Computer-Aided Analysis of Risk Yield (CANARY), a validated virtual biopsy and risk-stratification machine-learning tool for lung adenocarcinomas, in a Korean patient population. To this end, a total of 380 GGNs from 360 patients who underwent pulmonary resection in a single institution were reviewed. Read More

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Surgery or Non-surgical Treatment of ≤8 mm Non-small Cell Lung Cancer: A Population-Based Study.

Front Surg 2021 26;8:632561. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, China.

Timing for intervention of small indeterminate pulmonary nodules has long been a topic of debate given the low incidence of malignancy and difficulty in obtaining a definite preoperative diagnosis. We sought to determine survival outcomes of surgical and non-surgical managements in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) ≤8 mm, which may provide a reference for prospective decision-making for patients with suspected NSCLC. A total of 1,652 patients with Stage IA NSCLC ≤8 mm were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database and categorized into surgery and non-surgery groups. Read More

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An Acute Jejunojejunal Intussusception Revealing a Metastatic Combined Lung Cancer.

Case Rep Surg 2021 25;2021:9999605. Epub 2021 May 25.

Medical Oncology Department, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Salah Azaiez Institute, El Manar University, Tunis, Tunisia.

Intussusception is a relatively common disease in pediatric age but it is uncommon in adults. We report a case of a 49-year-old male who presented with an acute jejunojejunal intussusception revealed by abdominal pain and vomiting. He underwent an en bloc resection, and pathological findings concluded to a metastasis of a pulmonary combined small cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Read More

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Cetuximab Can Be an Effective and Low-Toxicity Maintenance Treatment Drug in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: A Real-World Study of Zhejiang Cancer Hospital.

Front Pharmacol 2021 28;12:632076. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Colorectal Medicine, The Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Institute of Basic Medicine and Cancer (IBMC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hangzhou, China.

After initial treatment, maintenance therapy is now commonly used in mCRC patients, which can help patients live longer, have lower side effects, and higher quality of life. The maintenance treatment may include chemotherapy, targeted therapy, or combined with chemotherapy and targeted therapy. But the evidence of cetuximab maintenance is still scant. Read More

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Papillary thyroid microcarcinoma with lung metastases: a case report and review of the literature.

Thyroid Res 2021 Jun 11;14(1):15. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Division of Breast and Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano, 390-8621, Japan.

Background: Distant metastasis from papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) is rare. Here we report a case of PTMC with multiple lung metastases.

Case Presentation: A 64-year-old man presented to our hospital with abdominal pain. Read More

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Role of Imaging in Obstetric Interventions: Criteria, Considerations, and Complications.

Radiographics 2021 Jun 11:200163. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

From the Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, 505 Parnassus Ave, Box 0628, San Francisco, CA 94143-0628 (P.J., V.A.F.); Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn (M.V.R.); Department of Radiology, Winthrop University Hospital, Mineola, NY (D.S.K.); and Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash (M.M.).

US has an established role in the prenatal detection of congenital and developmental disorders. Many pregnant women undergo US at 18-20 weeks of gestation for assessment of fetal anatomy and detection of structural anomalies. With advances in fetoscopy and minimally invasive procedures, in utero fetal interventions can be offered to address some of the detected structural and physiologic fetal abnormalities. Read More

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Does functional evaluation before lung cancer surgery need reappraisal?

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Hôpitaux Universitaire de Strasbourg, Service de physiologie et explorations fonctionnelles-Nouvel Hôpital Civil, Strasbourg, France.

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