2,282 results match your criteria lung pericardium


[Monstrous Solitary Fibrous Tumor of the Pleura - A Case Report and Review of the Literature].

Pneumologie 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Klinik für Thoraxchirurgie, Kliniken Maria Hilf, Mönchengladbach.

Localized solitary fibrous tumors are a rare entity and are mostly found in the thorax, but can also occur in the liver, skin, meninges, peritoneum, and pericardium. Making the diagnosis is often difficult because of the various micromorphologic outlooks. The histopathological assessment with differentiated immunohistochemistry is decisive. Read More

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When the Neighbor Is at Fault: Constrictive Pericarditis After Bilateral Lung Transplantation.

JACC Case Rep 2020 Jun 17;2(6):943-945. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Zena and Michael A. Wiener Cardiovascular Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.

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Surgical and Oncological Outcomes in Locally Advanced Thymoma.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2021 Jun 29;12(2):350-357. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Centre for Chest Surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, New Delhi, 110060 India.

This study aimed at reporting the surgical management of locally advanced thymoma (Masaoka stages III and IVA) and evaluating the factors predicting the survival. This is a retrospective analysis of patients operated for locally advanced thymoma from March 2012 to December 2019 in a thoracic surgery center in India. An analysis of all perioperative variables including complications was carried out. Read More

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Epicardial adipose tissue and severe Coronavirus Disease 19.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2021 07 20;20(1):147. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Endocrinology-Diabetology-Nutrition, CRNH-IdF, CINFO, AP-HP, Avicenne Hospital, Paris 13 University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Hôpital Avicenne, 125 route de Stalingrad, 93009, Bobigny, France.

Background: Both visceral adipose tissue and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) have pro-inflammatory properties. The former is associated with Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) severity. We aimed to investigate whether an association also exists for EAT. Read More

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Frequency of sternal variations and anomalies in living individuals evaluated by MDCT.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Jun 24;142:109828. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Biopolis, 41110 Larissa, Greece.

Purpose: The aim of this retrospective study was to present the frequency and MDCT appearances of sternal variations and anomalies, as well as to highlight their clinical significance.

Methods: This retrospective study was carried out on 1150 patients, who underwent chest MDCT. Axial planes, multiplanar and curved-planar reconstructed images were studied. Read More

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A rare case of cardiac metastasis from uterine cervical adenocarcinoma.

J Cardiol Cases 2021 Jul 13;24(1):30-33. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Resident of Cardiology, Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Hazrat-e Rasool General Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Metastatic cardiac tumors are rare and are usually from lung, breast, and esophageal cancers. Although uterine cervical cancer is relatively common, its metastasis to the heart is extremely rare. Herein, we report an unusual case of metastatic cervical adenocarcinoma to the heart presenting with a huge right atrial mass and tamponade. Read More

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Finding the bubble: atypical and unusual extrapulmonary air in the chest.

Radiologia (Engl Ed) 2021 Jul-Aug;63(4):358-369

Servicio de Radiodiagnóstico, Hospital Vall de Hebron, Barcelona, Spain.

Objective: To describe the radiologic findings of extrapulmonary air in the chest and to review atypical and unusual causes of extrapulmonary air, emphasizing the importance of the diagnosis in managing these patients.

Conclusion: In this article, we review a series of cases collected at our center that manifest with extrapulmonary air in the thorax, paying special attention to atypical and uncommon causes. We discuss the causes of extrapulmonary according to its location: mediastinum (spontaneous pneumomediastinum with pneumorrhachis, tracheal rupture, dehiscence of the bronchial anastomosis after lung transplantation, intramucosal esophageal dissection, Boerhaave syndrome, tracheoesophageal fistula in patients with esophageal tumors, bronchial perforation and esophagorespiratory fistula due to lymph-node rupture, and acute mediastinitis), pericardium (pneumopericardium in patients with lung tumors), cardiovascular (venous air embolism), pleura (bronchopleural fistulas, spontaneous pneumothorax in patients with malignant pleural mesotheliomas and primary lung tumors, and bilateral pneumothorax after unilateral lung biopsy), and thoracic wall (infections, transdiaphragmatic intercostal hernia, and subcutaneous emphysema after lung biopsy). Read More

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Concurrent intrapericardial-pulmonary hydatidosis: an unusual multisystem echinococcosis.

Indian J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Jul 4;37(4):438-441. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Max Smart Super-Specialty Hospital, Saket, New Delhi, India.

A 46-year-old male presented with breathlessness for a few months. He had been operated twice for liver hydatid cysts and once for right pulmonary hydatid cysts at other hospitals. Now he was found to have one hydatid cyst in the upper lobe of the left lung and multiple hydatid cysts adjoining left heart border. Read More

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Leaflet stress quantification of porcine vs bovine surgical bioprostheses: an study.

Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2021 Jul 5:1-12. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Laboratoire de Biomécanique Appliquée, UMR T24 Université Gustave Eiffel / Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, France.

Calcified aortic stenoses are among the most prevalent form of cardiovascular diseases in the industrialized countries. This progressive disease, with no effective medical therapy, ultimately requires aortic valve replacement - either a surgical or very recently transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Increase leaflet mechanical stress is one of the main determinants of the structural deterioration of bioprosthetic aortic valves. Read More

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Advanced lung cancer presenting with malignant pericardial effusion.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;9(6):e04179. Epub 2021 May 4.

Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College Moshi Tanzania.

Irregular pericardial wall thickening, mediastinal lymph nodes, and pericardial fluid analysis are helpful to identify metastasis to the pericardium though it is a marker of advanced disease and poor prognosis. Read More

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Thoracoscopic diagnosis of traumatic pericardial rupture with cardiac hernia: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Jun;9(16):4001-4006

Department of General Surgery, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310000, Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: Pericardial rupture caused by blunt chest trauma is rare in clinical practice. Because of its atypical clinical symptoms, and because surgeons are often unfamiliar with the clinical and radiological manifestations of the injury, preoperative diagnosis is difficult; it is easily misdiagnosed and causes serious consequences.

Case Summary: A 60-year-old man, previously healthy, was transported to the emergency room after falling from a great height. Read More

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[Clinical features of primary isolated chylopericardium: a retrospective review study].

Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jun;59(6):507-512

Department of Lymphatic Surgery, Affiliated Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100038, China.

To examine the clinical characteristics and abnormal reflux branches of primary isolated chylopericardium. Totally 43 patients with primary isolated chylopericardium at Department of Lymphatic Surgery, Affiliated Beijing Shijitan Hospital,Capital Medical University from June 2007 to January 2018 were recruited in this study. There were 21 males and 22 females, aging (23. Read More

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Asbestos Exposure and Ovarian Cancer - a Gynaecological Occupational Disease. Background, Mandatory Notification, Practical Approach.

Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd 2021 May 20;81(5):555-561. Epub 2021 May 20.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe, LMU Klinikum, München, Germany.

In 2017, ovarian cancer due to asbestos exposure was designated a new, and thereby the first, gynaecological occupational disease in Germany. Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral fibre with an annual usage in Germany of 160 000 - 180 000 metric tonnes in the 1960s and 1970s. The carcinogenicity of asbestos for the target organs lungs, larynx, pleura including pericardium, and peritoneum including tunica vaginalis testis has been clearly established for many years. Read More

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Genetic fate-mapping reveals surface accumulation but not deep organ invasion of pleural and peritoneal cavity macrophages following injury.

Nat Commun 2021 05 17;12(1):2863. Epub 2021 May 17.

State Key Laboratory of Cell Biology, Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Center for Excellence in Molecular Cell Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China.

During injury, monocytes are recruited from the circulation to inflamed tissues and differentiate locally into mature macrophages, with prior reports showing that cavity macrophages of the peritoneum and pericardium invade deeply into the respective organs to promote repair. Here we report a dual recombinase-mediated genetic system designed to trace cavity macrophages in vivo by intersectional detection of two characteristic markers. Lineage tracing with this method shows accumulation of cavity macrophages during lung and liver injury on the surface of visceral organs without penetration into the parenchyma. Read More

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Recent developments in the diagnosis and treatment of extrapulmonary non-tuberculous mycobacterial diseases.

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2021 05;25(5):340-349

Department of Clinical Research, ICMR, NIRT, Chennai, India.

Diseases due to pathogenic mycobacteria cause significant health and economic impact on humans worldwide. Although mycobacterial diseases primarily affect the lungs, the involvement of extrapulmonary organs has also gained ground, particularly among individuals with co-existing medical conditions. Besides complex organisms, non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are also known to cause pulmonary and extrapulmonary diseases. Read More

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Calcification in thymomas can predict invasiveness to surrounding organs.

Thorac Cancer 2021 06 6;12(12):1857-1863. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Thoracic, Endocrine Surgery and Oncology, Institute of Health Bioscience, University of Tokushima Graduate School, Tokushima, Japan.

Background: Thymomas are the most common type of anterior mediastinal tumors. Calcification is sometimes observed in thymomas using computed tomography (CT), and it is more frequent in invasive thymomas than in noninvasive thymomas. However, the significance of calcification in thymomas remains unknown. Read More

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Trileaflet Aortic Valve Reconstruction Using Bovine Pericardium.

Heart Lung Circ 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Asia Heart Hospital, Wuhan, P.R. China; Affiliated Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, P.R. China. Electronic address:

Aim: For several years now, trileaflet aortic valve reconstruction has been performed in patients with various aortic valve diseases. This study aimed to explore the feasibility and durability of trileaflet aortic valve reconstruction with bovine pericardium.

Method: Trileaflet aortic valve reconstruction with bovine pericardium was performed in 519 patients with various aortic valve diseases from April 2008 to December 2019. Read More

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A rare histopathological fi nding after lung resection in a child.

Klin Onkol 2021 ;34(2):142-146

Background: The authors present a case of a patient with an extremely rare lung tumor in a child.

Case: A 9-year-old girl with a 3-day history of dyspnea and stabbing pain in the xiphoid region, irradiating to the area under the left costal margin, both in rest and in physical activities. She was primarily examined in a regional hospital with bounded homogenous focus of the superior right lung lobe on the X-ray. Read More

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January 2021

B-cell lymphoma invading and compressing the heart base and pericardium in a cat.

J Vet Cardiol 2021 Jun 24;35:84-89. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

The Animal Medical Center, 510 East 62nd Street, New York, NY 10065, USA. Electronic address:

A 3-year-old, 3.5-kg, neutered male, domestic shorthair cat presented with progressive lethargy, anorexia, coughing, and acute respiratory distress of two-week duration. Auscultation detected diffuse pulmonary crackles. Read More

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[One-stage surgery in patients with both cardiac and non-cardiac diseases].

Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban 2021 Mar;53(2):327-331

Department of Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital, Beijing 100034, China.

Objective: To investigate the possibility and feasibility of one-stage cardiac and non-cardiac surgery.

Methods: From July 1999 to August 2018, one hundred and eleven patients suffering from cardiac and non-cardiac diseases were treated by one-stage cardiac and non-cardiac operation in Department of Cardiac Surgery and Thoracic Surgery, General Surgery, Urinary Surgery, and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital. There were 83 males (74. Read More

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[Clinical and imaging characteristics of patients with primary cardiac angiosarcoma].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2021 Apr;49(4):374-379

Department of Cardiology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Science and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.

To investigate the clinical, cardiac imaging characteristics and prognosis of patients with primary cardiac angiosarcoma. The clinical data of 14 patients hospitalized with primary cardiac angiosarcoma from January 2001 to December 2017 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were collected and analyzed. Metastatic cardiac angiosarcoma was not included in this study. Read More

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Early single-stage surgical revascularization of pulmonary artery in unilateral absence of a pulmonary artery.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Apr 13;16(1):80. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Heart Center, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, 9# Jinsui Road, Guangzhou, 510623, China.

Background: This research aims to summarize the findings of the early single-stage revascularization of remnant pulmonary artery in unilateral absent intrapericardial pulmonary artery.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 10 patients with unilateral absent pulmonary artery, in which 7 were right and 3 were left, the median age and mean weight at surgery was 4 months and 5.6 kg, respectively. Read More

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Thymic adenocarcinoma accompanied by type A thymoma and pulmonary minimally invasive adenocarcinoma and harboring distinct gene alterations: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(15):e25254

Department of Pathology, the First Hospital and College of Basic Medical Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang.

Rationale: Thymic adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare thymic carcinoma. The exact genetic alteration associated with thymic adenocarcinoma is unclear. Here, we report a case of thymic adenocarcinoma accompanied by type A thymoma and pulmonary minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA). Read More

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Tongue: the unusual site in malignant pleural mesothelioma.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 12;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

The Cancer Centre, Oncology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, University Hospitals Birmingham, Birmingham, UK

Malignant mesotheliomas (MMs) are malignancies of the mesothelium, with primary deposits originating in the pleura, peritoneum, pericardium and the tunica vaginalis (ie, testicular). Metastatic spread is commonly reported to affect the liver, adrenal glands, kidney and contralateral lung (in cases of malignant pleural mesothelioma). Metastases to distant sites are uncommon. Read More

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Lung Adenocarcinoma Presenting as Malignant Pericardial Effusion/Tamponade.

Cureus 2021 Mar 8;13(3):e13762. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Internal Medicine, Chicago Medical School Internal Medicine Residency Program at Northwestern McHenry Hospital, McHenry, USA.

Lung cancers are the most common primary tumors that involve the pericardium with a prevalence of up to 50%. Usually, pericardial involvement goes undetected with almost 10%-12% found among all cancer related autopsies. Rarely pericardial effusions can be the initial site of metastasis and initial manifestation of a primary tumor. Read More

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[Congenital Defect of the Pericardium Incidentally Found during Surgery for Lung Cancer:Report of a Case].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Apr;74(4):308-312

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Yamagata Prefectural Central Hospital, Yamagata, Japan.

A 78-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for further examination of a mass shadow in the left lower lobe noted on chest computed tomography. Because lung cancer was suspected, a left lower lobectomy was performed. During surgery, the left lower lobe and heart were so tightly adherent that the pericardial defect was not initially perceivable. Read More

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Case Report: Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant Crizotinib Targeted Therapy in Stage IIIA-N2 ALK-Positive Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Front Oncol 2021 17;11:655856. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Health, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, Guangzhou, China.

The treatment of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is challenging because there is no randomized controlled trial has been reported. The value of neoadjuvant and adjuvant targeted therapy remains unclear. Herein, we show that systemic treatment with ALK inhibitor crizotinib before surgery can provide the potential to cure the initially inoperable tumor. Read More

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Epipericardial fat necrosis: chest pain in a young pregnant woman.

Med J Aust 2021 05 31;214(8):355-356.e1. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Alfred Health, Melbourne, VIC.

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Interdisciplinary Radical "En-Bloc" Resection of Ewing Sarcoma of the Chest Wall and Simultaneous Chest Wall Repair Achieves Excellent Long-Term Survival in Children and Adolescents.

Front Pediatr 2021 15;9:661025. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Ewing sarcomas of the chest wall, historically known as "Askin tumors" represent highly aggressive pediatric malignancies with a reported 5-year survival ranging only between 40 and 60% in most studies. Multimodal oncological treatment according to specific Ewing sarcoma protocols and radical "en-bloc" resection with simultaneous chest wall repair are key factors for long-term survival. However, the surgical complexity depends on tumor location and volume and potential infiltrations into lung, pericardium, diaphragm, esophagus, spine and major vessels. Read More

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Cardiac herniation presenting as superior vena cava obstruction syndrome after intrapericardial pnemonectomy for locally advanced lung cancer---case report.

J Cardiothorac Surg 2021 Mar 31;16(1):67. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University, Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province, People's Republic of China.

Introduction: Cardiac herniation is a rare complication after pulmonary surgery, and there are only a few reports about it. We now report a case of cardiac herniation presenting as superior vena cava obstruction after pneumonectomy.

Case Presentation: A-52-years old woman diagnosed right pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma was carried out right pneumonectomy, the pulmonary artery and right superior pulmonary vein were dissected and ligated intrapericardial. Read More

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