29 results match your criteria lubricate skin

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Stem and progenitor cells in sebaceous gland development, homeostasis and pathologies.

Exp Dermatol 2021 Apr 10;30(4):588-597. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Center for Molecular Medicine Cologne, CMMC Research Institute, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Sebaceous glands (SGs), typically associated with hair follicles, are critical for the homeostasis and function of mammalian skin. The main physiological function of SGs is the production and holocrine secretion of sebum to lubricate and protect the skin. Defective SGs have been linked to a variety of skin disorders, including acne, seborrheic dermatitis and formation of sebaceous tumors. Read More

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Pressure Injury Prevention in COVID-19 Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2020 22;7:558696. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Monash Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was identified in China in December 2019 and became a pandemic in a short period of time. While most infected people might have mild symptoms, older people and people with chronic illnesses may develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Patients with ARDS with worsening hypoxemia require prone positioning to improve the respiratory mechanics and oxygenation. Read More

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January 2021

Evolution of the TcPO values following hyperoxygenated fatty acids emulsion application in patients with diabetic foot disease: results of a clinical trial.

J Wound Care 2021 Jan;30(1):74-79

Diabetic Foot Unit, Universidad Complutense de Madrid Facultad de Medicina, Madrid, Comunidad de Madrid, Spain.

Objective: The use of emollients to lubricate dry skin to prevent diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs), especially in neuroischaemic feet, has been recommended. This study analyses the effect of daily topical application of hyperoxygenated fatty acids emulsion on transcutaneous oxygen pressure (TcPO) in the feet of neuropathic and neuroischaemic patients with diabetes.

Method: Patients with diabetes and no active foot ulcer were included in this longitudinal, prospective, non-comparative clinical trial. Read More

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January 2021

An updated review of the sebaceous gland and its role in health and diseases Part 1: Embryology, evolution, structure, and function of sebaceous glands.

Dermatol Ther 2021 01 1;34(1):e14695. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Veterans Affairs Hospital and SUNY Downstate Dermatology Service, Brooklyn, New York, USA.

Sebaceous glands are sebum-secreting components of pilosebaceous units. The embryological development of the sebaceous gland follows that of the hair follicle and epidermal tissue, beginning between weeks 13 and 16 of fetal development. New sebaceous glands do not normally develop following birth, but their size increases with age. Read More

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January 2021

Diabetic Foot Self-Care Practices Among Adult Diabetic Patients: A Descriptive Cross-Sectional Study.

Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2020 4;13:4779-4786. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Institute of Health, School of Pharmacy, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Jimma University, Jimma, Oromia, Ethiopia.

Background: Adequate foot care and regular foot examinations along with optimal glycemic control are effective strategies to prevent foot ulceration.

Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the patterns of foot self-care practice among diabetic patients attending an ambulatory clinic.

Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the ambulatory clinic of Jimma Medical Center. Read More

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December 2020

Modifications in the gills of hill stream Moth catfish, Hara hara (Erethistidae, Siluriformes): A light and scanning electron microscope investigation.

Tissue Cell 2020 Feb 13;62:101317. Epub 2019 Nov 13.

Skin Physiology Laboratory, Department of Zoology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221 005, India. Electronic address:

Present study reports significant modifications in surface ultrastructure, histological organization, and histochemical localization of glycoproteins (GPs) in the gills of a hill stream catfish, Hara hara. Punctate microridges on free surface of epithelial cells covering gill arches, gill rakers, gill filaments and secondary lamellae are considered to provide adaptive plasticity to gills in relation to the environment inhabited by fish. Short and stout gill rakers are considered to prevent food particles to pass in opercular chamber along with respiratory current that could damage delicate gill filaments. Read More

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February 2020

Viscous Heating Assists Jet Formation During Needle-Free Jet Injection of Viscous Drugs.

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2019 12 27;66(12):3472-3479. Epub 2019 Mar 27.

Objective: Jet injectors use a high-pressure liquid jet to pierce the skin and deliver drug into underlying tissues. This jet is formed through a short, narrow orifice; the geometry of the orifice and the properties of the fluid affect the nature of the flow. We aimed to discover information about the turbulent and viscous processes that contribute to pressure loss and flow patterns during jet injection. Read More

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December 2019

Emulsion Microgel Particles as High-Performance Bio-Lubricants.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018 Aug 1;10(32):26893-26905. Epub 2018 Aug 1.

Food Colloids and Processing Group, School of Food Science and Nutrition , University of Leeds , Leeds , LS2 9JT , U.K.

Starch-based emulsion microgel particles with different starch (15 and 20 wt %) and oil contents (0-15 wt %) were synthesized, and their lubrication performance under physiological conditions was investigated. Emulsion microgels were subjected to skin mimicking or oral cavity mimicking conditions, i.e. Read More

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Persistence of Polydimethylsiloxane Condom Lubricants.

J Forensic Sci 2019 Jan 14;64(1):207-217. Epub 2018 May 14.

Institute of Environmental and Science Research (ESR), 120 Mount Albert Road, Mount Albert, Auckland, 1025, New Zealand.

Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is commonly used to lubricate condoms. The detection of PDMS on swabs from complainants can be used to support an allegation of sexual assault. Previous research has focused on establishing analytical techniques for detecting PDMS. Read More

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January 2019

Skin gland concentrations adapted to different evolutionary pressures in the head and posterior regions of the caecilian Siphonops annulatus.

Sci Rep 2018 02 23;8(1):3576. Epub 2018 Feb 23.

Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.

Amphibian skin is rich in mucous glands and poison glands, secreting substances important for gas exchange and playing a fundamental role in chemical defense against predators and microorganisms. In the caecilian Siphonops annulatus (Mikan, 1920) we observed a concentration of enlarged mucous glands in the head region. In the posterior region of the body a similar concentration is made up of enlarged poison glands. Read More

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February 2018

Hydrophilic Polymer-associated Ischemic Enterocolitis.

Am J Surg Pathol 2017 Feb;41(2):271-276

Department of Pathology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, OH.

Hydrophilic polymer coating of medical devices serves to lubricate the device and prevent device-related complications. The coating can be mechanically disrupted and result in downstream injury via presumed thromboembolism. This process has been reported in the brain, heart, lung, and skin, and has been replicated through animal studies and in vitro histologic processing of the polymer coating. Read More

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February 2017

Surface ultrastructure of gills in relation to the feeding ecology of an angler catfish Chaca chaca (Siluriformes, Chacidae).

Microsc Res Tech 2016 Oct 28;79(10):973-981. Epub 2016 Jul 28.

Skin Physiology Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Zoology, Institute of Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, 221 005, India.

Surface ultrastructure of the gills of the angler catfish Chaca chaca was investigated to unravel the adaptive modifications associated with the feeding ecology of the fish. The fish is often found in mud or in soft substrates where they remain buried both for protection and to feed. Gill rakers present on the gill arch in most fish species are absent in this fish. Read More

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October 2016

[Anaesthetic management in a paediatric patient with a difficult airway due to epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica].

Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 2015 May 11;62(5):280-4. Epub 2014 Dec 11.

UGC Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor, Hospital Universitario Virgen Macarena, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, España.

Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is a rare inherited disorder characterized by blistering after minimal trauma. These blisters tend to form dystrophic scars, leading to limiting and life-threatening sequelae. The anaesthetic management of patients with DEB is a challenge, even for the most experienced anaesthesiologists, but basic principles can help us prepare the plan of care. Read More

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Cidea control of lipid storage and secretion in mouse and human sebaceous glands.

Mol Cell Biol 2014 May 17;34(10):1827-38. Epub 2014 Mar 17.

MOE Key Laboratory of Bioinformatics and Tsinghua-Peking Center for Life Sciences, School of Life Sciences, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Sebaceous glands are skin appendages that secrete sebum onto hair follicles to lubricate the hair and maintain skin homeostasis. In this study, we demonstrated that Cidea is expressed at high levels in lipid-laden mature sebocytes and that Cidea deficiency led to dry hair and hair loss in aged mice. In addition, Cidea-deficient mice had markedly reduced levels of skin surface lipids, including triacylglycerides (TAGs) and wax diesters (WDEs), and these mice were defective in water repulsion and thermoregulation. Read More

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Malignancies of the eyelid: a review of primary and metastatic cancers.

Int J Dermatol 2013 Aug;52(8):903-26; quiz 922-3, 926

Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

The eyelid can be the site of various malignant tumors, including epithelial, mesenchymal, lymphoproliferative, and endocrine neoplasms, all of which can present in unusual ways or mimic benign processes, often requiring biopsy for a definitive diagnosis. This review article presents a broad overview of some of the malignancies that have been reported to occur in eyelids, addressing clinical presentation and natural history, histologic and immunostaining characteristics, and genetic associations where relevant. The unique combination of functional importance, to protect and lubricate the eye, and cosmetic importance make management of eyelid lesions difficult. Read More

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Investigation of friction and perceived skin feel after application of suspensions of various cosmetic powders.

Int J Cosmet Sci 2012 Oct 24;34(5):458-65. Epub 2012 Jul 24.

Beiersdorf AG, Research & Development, Unnastraße 48, 20245, Hamburg, Germany.

The perceived skin feel during and after application of skin care products is highly important to the consumer and therefore to cosmetic formulators. Powder particles are commonly incorporated in cosmetic formulations to improve their sensory properties. Although a large variety of cosmetic powders is available, it is presently uncertain how the particles' properties affect the perceived skin feel. Read More

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October 2012

Emollients on the genital area.

Curr Probl Dermatol 2011 10;40:101-106. Epub 2011 Feb 10.

Emollients are known to lubricate, moisturize and soothe the skin. Prior to their incorporation into feminine hygiene pads, thorough premarket toxicological testing is conducted to evaluate their safety and effectiveness via in-use clinical settings. Product testing has been conducted on various body sites proven previously to be valid and reliable, such as the arm and popliteal fossa and, more recently, the genital area. Read More

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Essence of keratin in lips and associated structures of a freshwater fish Puntius sophore in relation to its feeding ecology: histochemistry and scanning electron microscope investigation.

Tissue Cell 2010 Aug 1;42(4):223-33. Epub 2010 Jun 1.

Skin Physiology Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Morphological specializations in the lips and associated structures of Puntius sophore were examined by scanning electron microscopy and histochemically. The upper lip (UL), in P. sophore, is associated with the horny upper jaw sheath (HUJS) on its ventral side and with the rostral cap (RC) on its dorsal side through a thin and extensive fold of skin (FSUR). Read More

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Surface ultrastructure of gill arches and gill rakers in relation to feeding of an Indian major carp, Cirrhinus mrigala.

Tissue Cell 2009 Oct 3;41(5):318-25. Epub 2009 Mar 3.

Skin Physiology Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Study, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221 005, India.

The surface ultrastructure of the gill arches and the gill rakers of an herbivorous fish, Cirrhinus mrigala was investigated by scanning electron microscopy. These structures show significant adaptive modifications associated with the food and feeding ecology of the fish. Closely lying short gill rakers and narrow inter-raker channels on the gill arches are associated to filter and retain food particles. Read More

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October 2009

Dermatotoxicity of cutting fluid mixtures:in vitro and in vivo studies.

Cutan Ocul Toxicol 2006 ;25(4):235-47

Center for Chemical Toxicology Research & Pharmacokinetics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27606, USA.

Cutting fluids are widely used in the metal-machining industry to lubricate and reduce heat generation when metals are cut by a metal-cutting tool. These cutting fluids have caused occupational irritant contact dermatitis (OICD), and many of the additives used in these cutting fluid mixtures are thought to be responsible for OICD in workers. The purpose of this study was to assess single or various combinations of these additives in initiating the OICD response following an acute 8-hour exposure in porcine skin in vivo and in vitro using the isolated perfused porcine skin flap (IPPSF) and human epidermal keratinocytes (HEK). Read More

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January 2007

Scanning electron microscopic study of the structures associated with lips of an Indian hill stream fish Garra lamta (Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes).

Eur J Morphol 2002 Jul;40(3):161-9

Skin Physiology Laboratory, Centre of Advance Study, Department of Zoology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India.

The surface architecture of the structures associated with the lips of a hill stream fish Garra lamta was examined by scanning electron microscopy. In this teleost, the lips are inconspicuous and associated with prominent horny jaw sheaths. Furthermore, the upper and lower lips are associated with a greatly enlarged rostral cap and an adhesive pad, respectively. Read More

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The size of sebaceous glands in relation to the size of hair follicles on the heads of some small mammals (Insectivora, Chiroptera, Rodentia).

M Haffner

Ann Anat 1998 Apr;180(2):165-71

Zoologisches Museum der Universität Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse.

Many large sebaceous glands have been described, and functions such as scent production suggested, but gland size has seldom been studied in relation to the surface area of their hair follicles. However, investigating this relationship is essential for establishing whether glands produce more sebum than would be required for lubricating associated hair alone. Here, the relationship between sebaceous gland size and the surface area of the associated hair follicles has been studied. Read More

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Physiology, pathophysiology, and anthropology/epidemiology of human earcanal secretions.

J Am Acad Audiol 1997 Dec;8(6):391-400

Callier Center for Communication Disorders/University of Texas at Dallas 75235, USA.

Two types of glands are found in the outer third of the human earcanal: sebaceous glands that produce sebum and modified apocrine glands that produce apocrine sweat. Together, these substances make up cerumen, which serves to clean, lubricate, and, to some extent, protect the earcanal from bacteria and fungus. Excessive/impacted cerumen can cause tinnitus, vertigo, itching, pain, external otitis, and hearing loss. Read More

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December 1997

Influence of menopause on sexuality.

G A Bachmann

Int J Fertil Menopausal Stud 1995 ;40 Suppl 1:16-22

Division of General Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, USA.

Menopause is associated with anatomical, physiological and psychological changes that often influence sexuality in the aging female. The decreased estrogen levels have a multitude of effects on sexual function, including decreased support of female pelvis, loss of ability to adequately lubricate the urogenital tissue, and changes in body configuration. This situation is aggravated by the alterations in the skin, breasts, muscles and skeleton caused by estrogen loss. Read More

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December 1995

Mortality studies of machining fluid exposure in the automobile industry I: A standardized mortality ratio analysis.

Am J Ind Med 1992 ;22(6):809-24

Department of Work Environment, University of Massachusetts-Lowell, College of Engineering 10854-2881.

Machining fluids are widely used in a variety of common industrial metalworking operations to lubricate and cool both the tool and the working surfaces. Previous studies have suggested elevated respiratory, digestive, and skin cancers in exposed populations. This cohort study was initiated to assess whether long-term exposure to machining fluids in the course of machining, grinding, and other cutting operations is associated with excess cancer mortality. Read More

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January 1993

Effects of skin contactants on evolution of atopic dermatitis in children: a case control study.

Trop Doct 1991 Jul;21(3):104-6

Department of Paediatrics, University of Nairobi, Kenya.

There is little published literature on the effects of skin contactants during early infancy on eventual development of atopic dermatitis (AD). The purpose of this study was to determine whether or not a relationship exists between the use of skin care products in early infancy and the subsequent development of AD. We studied a group of 54 Kenyan children with AD and 63 age and sex matched controls. Read More

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Epidermolysis bullosa--dental management and anesthetic considerations: case report.

Pediatr Dent 1990 Jul-Aug;12(4):246-9

Epidermolysis bullosa represents a group of hereditary skin disorders manifested by an exceptional tendency of the skin and mucosa to form bullae and vesicles as a result of trauma or friction. Comprehensive dental care for precooperative-age children with this disorder frequently is managed in the operating room under a general anesthetic. This case report describes an anesthetic protocol for dental management which was effective and resulted in minimal postoperative trauma. Read More

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[Skin diseases and sensitization to metals in construction workers engaged in the production of pre-cast cellular concrete slabs].

Med Pr 1989 ;40(3):192-8

Z Instytutu Medycyny Pracy w Lodzi.

The study involved 461 building workers exposed to ashes, cement and ash-cement mixtures in direct production and at auxiliary posts (fitters, welders, mechanics, electricians etc.). In addition, all those workers were exposed to lubricants ans machine oils, as well as anti-adhesive oils used to lubricate moulds. Read More

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January 1990
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