683 results match your criteria lps-challenge model


Olive oil cake extract stabilizes the physiological condition of lipopolysaccharide-challenged piglets by reducing oxidative stress and inflammatory responses and modulating the ileal microbiome.

Food Funct 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

College of Animal Science, Zhejiang University, The Key Laboratory of Molecular Animal Nutrition, Ministry of Education, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Olives are a rich source of compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. This study was designed to investigate whether a standardized olive cake extract was able to alleviate oxidative stress, inflammation and intestinal villus damage in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenged piglets. Thirty weaned piglets (6. Read More

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September 2021

Utility of intestinal intravital microscopy for the study of CNS injury-induced immunodepression syndrome (CIDS).

Clin Hemorheol Microcirc 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Department of Pharmacology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Background: Stroke, traumatic brain injury, or other forms of central nervous system (CNS) injury initiate a local inflammatory response. Compensatory anti-inflammatory pathways are activated to limit secondary damage due to inflammation. The associated release of immunosuppressing neuromodulators can result in system-wide immune dysregulation (CNS injury-induced immune-depression syndrome -CIDS). Read More

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September 2021

Auricular Vagus Nerve Stimulation Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide Induced Acute Lung Injury by Inhibiting Neutrophil Infiltration and Neutrophil Extracellular Traps Formation.

Shock 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine & Holistic Integrative Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, 210023, Nanjing, China Department of Intensive Care Unit, Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Jiangsu Province Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China Department of Critical Care Medicine, Qilu Hospital (Qingdao), Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, 758 Hefei Road, Qingdao, Shandong, 266035, China.

Abstract: Vagus nerve stimulation has been shown to exert anti-inflammation activities in sepsis. However, surgical implantation of stimulation devices is performed under general anaesthesia, which limits its clinical application. Auricular vagus nerve stimulation (AVNS) is a minimal invasive technique which delivers electrical currents to the auricular branch of the vagus nerve. Read More

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September 2021

Chalcone derivatives ameliorate lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury and inflammation by targeting MD2.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Chemical Biology Research Center, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, 325035, China.

Acute lung injury (ALI) and its severe form acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are known as the common causes of respiratory failure in critically ill patients. Myeloid differentiation 2 (MD2), a co-receptor of toll like receptor 4 (TLR4), plays an important role in LPS-induced ALI in mice. Since MD2 inhibition by pharmacological inhibitors or gene knockout significantly attenuates ALI in animal models, MD2 has become an attractive target for the treatment of ALI. Read More

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September 2021

Lipocalin-2 Alleviates LPS-Induced Inflammation Through Alteration of Macrophage Properties.

J Inflamm Res 2021 26;14:4189-4203. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of General Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Zhejiang, 310016, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) is an acute-phase protein and elevated in several inflammatory diseases. This study aimed to determine whether Lcn2 alleviates inflammation and explore the underlying cellular mechanisms.

Methods: C57BL/6 Lcn2-deficient (Lcn2) male mice were intraperitoneally injected with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to build systemic inflammation model. Read More

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Hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1α inhibition by topotecan protects against lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation and apoptosis of cardiomyocytes.

Biomed Eng Online 2021 Aug 31;20(1):88. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Chongqing University Center Hospital (Chongqing Emergence Medical Center), No. 1, Jiankang Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, 400014, China.

Background: Myocarditis, an inflammatory disease of the myocardium, is a serious hazard to human life due to the expansion of inflammatory lesions in the myocardium. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF)-1α and its inhibitor topotecan in the pathogenesis of myocarditis.

Methods: H9c2 cardiomyoblasts was stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to simulate myocarditis model in vitro. Read More

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Localized and Systemic Inflammatory Mediators in a Murine Acute Mastitis Model.

J Inflamm Res 2021 21;14:4053-4067. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, 05405, USA.

Introduction: Milk depression is the major driver of economic loss due to mastitis in dairy animals. The aim of this study was to identify potential mediators of milk depression by investigating the local and systemic changes in gene expression or cytokine production during endotoxin challenge of the mammary gland in a mouse model.

Methods: The left and right sides of the 4th pair of mouse mammary glands were alternatively injected with either lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 055: B5, 50 μL of 0. Read More

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Prevention of endotoxin-induced cardiomyopathy using sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate: Involvement of augmented autophagy and NLRP3 inflammasome suppression.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 Oct 23;909:174438. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Second Clinical College, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510405, China; Department of Critical Care Medicine, Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510120, China; Guangdong Provincial Branch of National Clinical Research Centre for Chinese Medicine Cardiology, Guangzhou, 510120, China. Electronic address:

Increasing evidence indicates that patients or experimental animals exposure to endotoxin (lipopolysaccharides, LPS) exert deleterious cardiac functions that greatly contribute to morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiologic processes, including NLRP3 inflammasome overactivation and cardiac inflammatory injury, are complicated. Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS), a water-soluble derivative of tanshinone IIA, is a naturally occurring compound extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza and has anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective properties. Read More

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October 2021

Personalised Profiling of Innate Immune Memory Induced by Nano-Imaging Particles in Human Monocytes.

Front Immunol 2021 6;12:692165. Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology (IBBC), National Research Council (CNR), Napoli, Italy.

Engineered nanoparticles used for medical purposes must meet stringent safety criteria, which include immunosafety, , the inability to activate possibly detrimental immune/inflammatory effects. Even medical nanomaterials devoid of direct immunotoxic or inflammatory effects may have an impact on human health if able to modify innate memory, which is the ability to "prime" future immune responses towards a different, possibly more detrimental reactivity. Although innate memory is usually protective, anomalous innate memory responses may be at the basis of immune pathologies. Read More

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LncRNA XIST knockdown alleviates LPS-induced acute lung injury by inactivation of XIST/miR-132-3p/MAPK14 pathway : XIST promotes ALI via miR-132-3p/MAPK14 axis.

Mol Cell Biochem 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, No. 154, Anshan Road, Heping District, Tianjin, 300052, People's Republic of China.

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a fatal inflammatory response syndrome. LncRNA XIST (XIST) is a lung cancer-related gene and participates in pneumonia. However, whether XIST participates in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced ALI remains unclear. Read More

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Second-generation TNFα turnover model for improved analysis of test compound interventions in LPS challenge studies.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2021 Oct 11;165:105937. Epub 2021 Jul 11.

Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre, Chalmers Science Park, 412 88 Gothenburg, Sweden.

This study presents a non-linear mixed effects model describing tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) release after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) provocations in absence or presence of anti-inflammatory test compounds. Inter-occasion variability and the pharmacokinetics of two test compounds have been added to this second-generation model, and the goal is to produce a framework of how to model TNFα response in LPS challenge studies in vivo and demonstrate its general applicability regardless of occasion or type of test compound. Model improvements based on experimental data were successfully implemented and provided a robust model for TNFα response after LPS provocation, as well as reliable estimates of the median pharmacodynamic parameters. Read More

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October 2021

Dietary EPA-Enriched Phospholipids Alleviate Chronic Stress and LPS-Induced Depression- and Anxiety-Like Behavior by Regulating Immunity and Neuroinflammation.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 Sep 22;65(17):e2100009. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

College of Food Science and Engineering, Ocean University of China, No. 5 Yushan Road, Qingdao, 266003, P. R. China.

Scope: A growing number of studies have reported the effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and terrestrial phospholipids on ameliorating mood disorders. Marine-derived EPA-enriched phospholipids (EPA-PL) exhibit the structural characteristics of EPA and phospholipids. However, the effect of dietary EPA-PL, and the differences between amphiphilic EPA-PL and lyophobic EPA on mood disorders had not been studied. Read More

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September 2021

Innate Immune Response to Fasting and Refeeding in the Zebrafish Kidney.

Biomolecules 2021 06 1;11(6). Epub 2021 Jun 1.

State Key Laboratory of Biocontrol, Guangdong Province Key Laboratory for Aquatic Economic Animals, Guangdong Provincial Engineering Technology Research Center for Healthy Breeding of Important Economic Fish, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.

Animals acquire nutrients and energy through feeding to achieve a balance between growth and organismal health. When there is a change in nutrient acquisition, the state of growth changes and may also cause changes in the intrinsic immune system. Compensatory growth (CG), a specific growth phenomenon, involves the question of whether changes in growth can be accompanied by changes in innate immunity. Read More

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Racial differences across pregnancy in maternal pro-inflammatory immune responsivity and its regulation by glucocorticoids.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021 Sep 18;131:105333. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Development, Health and Disease Research Program, University of California, School of Medicine, Irvine, CA, United States; Department of Pediatrics, University of California, School of Medicine, Irvine, CA, United States; Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, University of California, School of Medicine, Irvine, CA, United States; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, School of Medicine, Irvine, CA, United States; Department of Epidemiology, University of California, School of Medicine, Irvine, CA, United States. Electronic address:

Background: The distribution of adverse pregnancy, birth and subsequent child developmental and health outcomes in the U.S. is characterized by pronounced racial (particularly Black-white) disparities. Read More

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September 2021

Atractylenolide III reduces depressive- and anxiogenic-like behaviors in rat depression models.

Neurosci Lett 2021 08 12;759:136050. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Key Laboratory of Molecular Epidemiology of Hunan Province, School of Medicine, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China. Electronic address:

Atractylenolide III, a major component of the atractylodes macrocephala Koidz, derived from the rhizoma atractylodes, has been reported to produce various pharmacological effects including anti-aging, anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, and other effects. Growing evidence suggests that proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, are increased in depressed patients. The present study was aimed at investigating the antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like effects of atractylenolide III in lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) rat model. Read More

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NPT520-34 improves neuropathology and motor deficits in a transgenic mouse model of Parkinson's disease.

Brain 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Neuropore Therapies, Inc., 10835 Road to the Cure, Suite 230, San Diego, CA 92121 USA.

NPT520-34 is a clinical-stage, small molecule being developed for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders. The therapeutic potential of NPT520-34 was first suggested by findings from cell-based assays of alpha-synuclein (ASYN) clearance. As reported here, NPT520-34 was subsequently evaluated for therapeutically relevant actions in a transgenic animal model of Parkinson's disease that overexpresses human ASYN and in an acute lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-challenge model using wild-type mice. Read More

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Subclinical necrotizing enterocolitis-induced systemic immune suppression in neonatal preterm pigs.

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2021 07 19;321(1):G18-G28. Epub 2021 May 19.

Section for Comparative Pediatrics and Nutrition, Department of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Preterm infants are at high risks of sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Some develop sepsis shortly after suspected or confirmed NEC, implying that NEC may predispose to sepsis but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. Using NEC-sensitive preterm pigs as models, we investigated the immune status in animals following development of subclinical NEC-like lesions with variable severities. Read More

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Ethanolic extract of C. Koch improves pulmonary function and inflammation in LPS-induced acute lung injury mice.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Department of Anatomical Sciences, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Objectives: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening pulmonary dysfunction associated with severe inflammation. There are still no effective pharmacological therapies for the treatment of ALI. In this concern, several anti-inflammatory agents could be used as add-on therapy to inhibit inflammation. Read More

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Central Activation of Alpha7 Nicotinic Signaling Attenuates LPS-Induced Neuroinflammation and Sickness Behavior in Adult but Not in Aged Animals.

Molecules 2021 Apr 7;26(8). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Pharmacology, Institute Teofilo Hernando for Drug Discovery, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28029 Madrid, Spain.

We previously reported that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge caused microglial-mediated neuroinflammation and sickness behavior that was amplified in aged mice. As α7 nAChRs are implicated in the "Cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway", we aimed to determine how α7 nAChR stimulation modulates microglial phenotype in an LPS-induced neuroinflammation model in adult and aged mice. For this, BALB/c mice were injected intraperitoneally with LPS (0. Read More

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Rosuvastatin Enhances Alveolar Fluid Clearance in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury by Activating the Expression of Sodium Channel and Na,K-ATPase via the PI3K/AKT/Nedd4-2 Pathway.

J Inflamm Res 2021 16;14:1537-1549. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, The Second Affiliated Hospital and Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, 325027, People's Republic of China.

Background: Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are devastating clinical conditions characterized by pulmonary epithelial damage and protein-rich fluid accumulation in the alveolar spaces. Statins are a class of HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, which exert cholesterol-lowering and anti-inflammatory effects.

Methods: Rosuvastatin (1 mg/kg) was injected intravenously in rats 12 h before lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 mg/kg) administration. Read More

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Dietary Beta-Hydroxy Beta-Methyl Butyrate Supplementation Alleviates Liver Injury in Lipopolysaccharide-Challenged Piglets.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 1;2021:5546843. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

CAS Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Nutritional Physiology and Metabolic Process, National Engineering Laboratory for Pollution Control and Waste Utilization in Livestock and Poultry Production, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha 410125, China.

The current study was performed to investigate whether dietary -hydroxy--methylbutyrate (HMB) could regulate liver injury in a lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) challenged piglet model and to determine the mechanisms involved. Thirty piglets (21 ± 2 days old, 5.86 ± 0. Read More

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Quantitative analysis of endotoxin-induced inflammation in human lung cells by Chipcytometry.

Cytometry A 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Clinical Airway Research, Fraunhofer Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine, Hannover, Germany.

Chipcytometry is a tool that uses iterative staining cycles with multiple antibodies for a detailed characterization of cells. Cell recognition is based on morphological features. Cells fixed on microfluidic chips can be stored and shipped enabling a centralized analysis, which is important for assessments in multi-center clinical trials. Read More

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Mice Heterozygous for the Sodium Channel Scn8a (Nav1.6) Have Reduced Inflammatory Responses During EAE and Following LPS Challenge.

Front Immunol 2021 19;12:533423. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Pathology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.

Voltage gated sodium (Nav) channels contribute to axonal damage following demyelination in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a rodent model of multiple sclerosis (MS). The Nav1.6 isoform has been implicated as a primary contributor in this process. Read More

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Necroptosis Underlies Hepatic Damage in a Piglet Model of Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Sepsis.

Front Immunol 2021 12;12:633830. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Hubei Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan, China.

Background: Necroptosis is a newly recognized form of programmed cell death with characteristics of both necrosis and apoptosis. The role of necroptosis in hepatic damage during sepsis is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the occurrence of necroptosis in hepatic damage, and its contribution to hepatic damage in a piglet model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis. Read More

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September 2021

The effect of early life immune challenge on adult forced swim test performance and hippocampal neurogenesis.

J Neuroimmunol 2021 05 27;354:577530. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Psychiatry and Behavioural Neuroscience, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Many psychiatric diseases can be considered neurodevelopmental in nature and accumulating evidence links immune system dysfunction to disease etiology. Yet, it is currently unknown how the immune system alters brain function through development to increase susceptibility to psychiatric illness. Neonatal immune challenge in rodents is a neurodevelopmental model that has been associated with long-term molecular and behavioural changes in stress-reactivity. Read More

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MSK1 downregulation is involved in inflammatory responses following subarachnoid hemorrhage in rats.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Apr 18;21(4):364. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200127, P.R. China.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a life-threatening neurological disease. Recently, inflammatory factors have been confirmed to be responsible for the brain damage associated with SAH. Therefore, studying the post-SAH inflammatory reaction may clarify the mechanism of SAH. Read More

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GMP-compliant fully automated radiosynthesis of [F]FEPPA for PET/MRI imaging of regional brain TSPO expression.

EJNMMI Res 2021 Mar 16;11(1):26. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Brain Research Center, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Linong Street, Taipei, 112, Taiwan.

Background: Expression of translocator protein (TSPO) on the outer mitochondrial membrane of activated microglia is strongly associated with neuroinflammation. The second-generation PET ligand [F]FEPPA specifically binds TSPO to enable in vivo visualization and quantification of neuroinflammation. We optimized a fully automated radiosynthesis method and evaluated the utility of [F]FEPPA, the second-generation PET ligand specifically binds TSPO, in a mouse model of systemic LPS challenge to detect TSPO-associated signals of central and peripheral inflammation. Read More

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Bistable Mathematical Model of Neutrophil Migratory Patterns After LPS-Induced Epigenetic Reprogramming.

Front Genet 2021 23;12:633963. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Texas, Dallas, TX, United States.

The highly controlled migration of neutrophils toward the site of an infection can be altered when they are trained with lipopolysaccharides (LPS), with high dose LPS enhancing neutrophil migratory pattern toward the bacterial derived source signal and super-low dose LPS inducing either migration toward an intermediary signal or dysregulation and oscillatory movement. Empirical studies that use microfluidic chemotaxis-chip devices with two opposing chemoattractants showed differential neutrophil migration after challenge with different LPS doses. The epigenetic alterations responsible for changes in neutrophil migratory behavior are unknown. Read More

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February 2021

Altered Expression of Peroxiredoxins in Mouse Model of Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy upon LPS-Induced Neuroinflammation.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Feb 27;10(3). Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Biochemistry, Molecular and Structural Biology, Jožef Stefan Institute, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Stefin B (cystatin B) is an inhibitor of endo-lysosomal cysteine cathepsin, and the loss-of-function mutations in the stefin B gene were reported in patients with Unverricht-Lundborg disease (EPM1), a form of progressive myoclonus epilepsy. Stefin B-deficient mice, a mouse model of the disease, display key features of EPM1, including myoclonic seizures. Although the underlying mechanism is not yet completely clear, it was reported that the impaired redox homeostasis and inflammation in the brain contribute to the progression of the disease. Read More

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February 2021

Effect of an intramammary lipopolysaccharide challenge on the hindgut microbial composition and fermentation of dairy cattle experiencing intermittent subacute ruminal acidosis.

J Dairy Sci 2021 May 2;104(5):5417-5431. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Institute of Animal Nutrition and Functional Plant Compounds, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Feeding grain-rich diets often results in subacute ruminal acidosis (SARA), a condition associated with ruminal dysbiosis and systemic inflammation. Yet, the effect of SARA on hindgut microbiota, and whether this condition is aggravated by exogenous immune stimuli, is less understood. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the effects of an intermittent high-grain SARA model on the hindgut microbial community, and to evaluate whether the effects of SARA on the fecal microbiome and fermentation were further affected by an intramammary lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. Read More

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