1,996,330 results match your criteria lower b1351


Effect of dietary pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) seed meal on layer performance and egg quality characteristics.

Anim Biosci 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Chemistry and Animal Nutrition Physiology, National Research and Development Institute for Animal Biology and Nutrition, Balotesti, Ilfov, 077015, Romania.

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the of dietary pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata) seed meal (PSM) on laying performance, quality, fatty acids, cholesterol, antioxidant compounds and shelf life of eggs.

Methods: Eighty Tetra SL laying hens, 50-week-old, were randomly divided into two equal groups, having 10 replicates with 4 birds in each. The control (CON) treatment was fed with basal diet, while experimental treatment was fed a diet with 9% pumpkin seed meal (PSM), for a 6 week period. Read More

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Blood biochemical parameters and organs development of brown layers fed reduced dietary protein levels in two rearing systems.

Anim Biosci 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Goiás, GO, 74690-900, Brazil.

Objective: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of different levels of crude protein (CP) and two rearing systems (cage and floor), on blood parameters and digestive and reproductive organ development of brown laying hens.

Methods: A total of 400 Hisex Brown laying hens between 30 and 45 weeks of age were distributed in a completely randomized design and a 2×4 factorial arrangement, with main effects including two rearing systems (cage and floor) and levels of CP (140, 150, 160, and 180 g/kg), in a total of eight treatments and five replicates of 10 birds each with initial body weight of 1,877 g (laying hen in cage) and 1,866 g (laying hens in floor). The parameters evaluated were plasma total protein, albumin, uric acid, total cholesterol, relative weights of oviduct, abdominal fat, liver, gizzard, crest and dewlap, length of small intestine and oviduct. Read More

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Comprehensive analysis of BTN3A1 in cancers: mining of omics data and validation in patient samples and cellular models.

FEBS Open Bio 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

State Key Laboratory of Molecular Oncology, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100021, China.

Butyrophilin 3A1 (BTN3A1), a major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-associated gene that encodes a membrane protein with 2 extracellular immunoglobulin domains and an intracellular B30.2 domain, is critical in T-cell activation and adaptive immune response. Here, the expression of BTN3A1 in cancers was analyzed in 8 databases comprising 86,733 patients of 33 cancers and the findings were validated in patient samples and cell models. Read More

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[Translation, Adaptation, Reliability and Validity of the German Version of the Prosthesis Mobility Questionnaire 2.0 (PMQ) on Patients with Major Lower Limb Amputation].

Rehabilitation (Stuttg) 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Klinik für Rehabilitationsmedizin, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover.

Purpose: The aim of this prospective validation study was to translate the Prosthesis Mobility Questionnaire 2.0 (PMQ) into German based on a guideline, following by psychometric testing for its validity and reliability using classical test theory.

Methods: The PMQ was translated into German according to ISPOR guidelines using double forward and double backward translations, finalized by pilot testing (N=10). Read More

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Improvement of exhausted cerebral autoregulation in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension benefit of venous sinus stenting.

Physiol Meas 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Neurology, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Beijing, CHINA.

Objective: Utilizing transfer function analysis to assess the cerebral autoregulation in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), and to explore its improvement after venous sinus stenting.

Approach: In total, 15 consecutive IIH patients with venous sinus stenosis and 15 controls were recruited. All the patients underwent digital subtraction angiography and venous manometry. Read More

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Disgust uniquely predicts coping and interpersonal processes beyond anxiety and dysphoria in the context of naturalistic stressors.

J Anxiety Disord 2021 Jul 9;82:102446. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Seattle Pacific University, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Disgust is theorized to serve a unique function of motivating avoidance of noxious stimuli and setting interpersonal boundaries to prevent contamination. Research has established the relevance of disgust to OCD, posttraumatic stress, and phobias, suggesting transdiagnostic features. However, research has not always accounted for overlap of disgust with other negative emotions, obscuring unique contributions. Read More

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Characteristics and predictors for silent hypoxemia in a cohort of hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

Auton Neurosci 2021 Jul 17;235:102855. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Mexico City, Mexico. Electronic address:

Background: An intriguing feature recently unveiled in some COVID-19 patients is the "silent hypoxemia" phenomenon, which refers to the discrepancy of subjective well-being sensation while suffering hypoxia, manifested as the absence of dyspnea.

Objective: To describe the clinical characteristics and predictors of silent hypoxemia in hospitalized COVID-19 patients.

Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study including consecutive hospitalized adult (≥ 18 years) patients with confirmed COVID-19 presenting to the emergency department with oxygen saturation (SpO2) ≤ 80% on room air from March 15 to June 30, 2020. Read More

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Topical cationic hairy particles targeting cell free DNA in dermis enhance treatment of psoriasis.

Biomaterials 2021 Jul 15;276:121027. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory for Polymeric Composite and Functional Materials of Ministry of Education, GD Research Center for Functional Biomaterials Engineering and Technology, Sun Yat-sen University, 510275, Guangzhou, China. Electronic address:

Abnormal high level of cell free DNA (cfDNA) triggers chronic inflammation to exacerbate psoriasis symptoms. Scavenging cfDNA by topical cationic polymeric nanoparticles has been certified as an effective therapeutic strategy for treating psoriasis. However, cationic cfDNA scavengers have a great potential risk to organs after entering systemic circulation through skin barrier. Read More

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Optimizing the microstructure of a new machinable bioactive glass-ceramic.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2021 Jul 13;122:104695. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Vitreous Materials Laboratory, Materials Engineering Department, Federal University of São Carlos, São Carlos, SP, Brazil.

Objectives: This study aimed to optimize the crystallization process and the microstructure of a new bioactive glass-ceramic (GC) previously developed by our research group to obtain machinable glass-ceramics.

Methods: Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analyses were conducted to explore the characteristic temperatures and construct a semi-quantitative nucleation curve. The GC specimens were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Rietveld refinement. Read More

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Effect of thermal gradient on structural relaxation and characterization of thermal stresses in dental porcelains - A finite element study.

J Mech Behav Biomed Mater 2021 Jul 14;122:104693. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address:

Zirconia-based materials veneered with glassy porcelain have become the material of choice for both dentists and their patients. This restoration material is now extensively used in clinical practice for the following reasons: material closely resembles tooth appearance, biofunctionality, biocompatibility and affordability. However, premature clinical failures due to the combination of subsurface flaws and tensile stresses within porcelains raise a concern about their reliability and integrity. Read More

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Remediation of contaminated dredged harbor sediments by combining hydrodynamic cavitation, hydrocyclone, and persulfate oxidation process.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jul 6;420:126594. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Marine Environmental Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. Electronic address:

A pilot-scale hybrid treatment system consisting of hydrodynamic cavitation (HC), hydrocyclone separator (HS), and sodium persulfate (PS), was employed for removing polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from dredged harbor sediments. The effectiveness of PAH degradation was studied by varying the inlet pressure (0-2.0 bar), PS dosage (or Σ[PAH] to [PS] mole ratio of 1:1-1:10) at HS inflow velocity of 2. Read More

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Systemic therapy and prognosis of older patients with stage II/III breast cancer: A large-scale analysis of the Japanese Breast Cancer Registry.

Eur J Cancer 2021 Jul 19;154:157-166. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Breast Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address:

Aim: This study aimed at investigating the real-world prognostic impact of systemic treatment in older patients with stage II/III breast cancer (BC).

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included patients with stage II/III primary BC, aged ≥55 years, and registered in the Japanese Breast Cancer Registry from 2004 to 2011. The clinicopathological characteristics, treatments, and prognosis of patients aged ≥75 years (older) were compared to those of younger patients. Read More

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Endovascular aortic repair for abdominal aortic injury complicated with bowel injury due to blunt abdominal trauma: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 18;85:106216. Epub 2021 Jul 18.

Department of General Surgery, Shonan Kamakura General Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan.

Introduction And Importance: Blunt abdominal aortic injury (BAAI) resulting from blunt abdominal trauma is rare; therefore, there are no standard guidelines for its treatment. Herein, we report the successful treatment of BAAI via endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) performed immediately after emergency laparotomy to repair a bowel injury.

Case Presentation: A 78-year-old man was injured after being caught between a shovel car and the bumper of his own car for approximately 15 s. Read More

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Diagnostic potential of trace metals concentration in expressed prostatic secretion and serum of patients with category IV prostatitis.

J Trace Elem Med Biol 2021 Jul 8;68:126819. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Scientific Research Center, Guilin Medical University, Guilin, Guangxi, China; Guangxi Health Commission Key Laboratory of Disease Proteomics Research, China. Electronic address:

Background: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) category IV prostatitis is a painless prostate gland inflammation, just as its name implies, this type of prostatitis is related with inflammation of the prostate, but most men are not conscious of it. However, category IV prostatitis is fairly common in general populations and reported having indirect relationships with prostate cancer.

Method: We analyzed the concentration of zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in expressed prostatic secretion (EPS) and serum of patients with category IV prostatitis and healthy controls, investigating the diagnostic potential of different metals in category IV prostatitis using a flame atomic absorption spectrometer (FAAS). Read More

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Patterns of Recording Epileptic Spasms in an Electronic Seizure Diary Compared With Video-EEG and Historical Cohorts.

Pediatr Neurol 2021 Apr 23;122:27-34. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

MD Program, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York; Department of Pediatrics, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York; Department of Population Health Sciences, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York. Electronic address:

Background: Use of electronic seizure diaries (e-diaries) by caregivers of children with epileptic spasms is not well understood. We describe the demographic and seizure-related information of children with epileptic spasms captured in a widely used e-diary and explore the potential biases in how caregivers report these data.

Methods: We analyzed children with epileptic spasms in an e-diary, Seizure Tracker, from 2007 to 2018. Read More

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Vaginal temperature before calving assessed with wireless vaginal temperature sensor in dairy and beef cattle.

Theriogenology 2021 Jul 14;172:230-238. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Kyushu Okinawa Agricultural Research Center, NARO, Kumamoto, Japan. Electronic address:

We evaluated the daily and hourly vaginal temperature changes and the relationships between the dams' breed and parity by using a commercially available vaginal temperature sensor in 72 Holstein (Hol) calvings and 101 Japanese Black (JB) calvings. Vaginal temperature sensors inserted 7-10 days before the expected calving day sounded two alerts: when the temperature fell below the threshold (Alert 1), and when the sensor reached the ambient temperature after falling out of the dam's vagina with the rupture of the allantoic sac (Alert 2). The durations from Alert 1 to Alert 2 (Time 1) and from Alert 2 to delivery (Time 2) were calculated. Read More

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Home-based early stimulation program targeting visual and motor functions for preterm infants with delayed tracking: Feasibility of a Randomized Clinical Trial.

Res Dev Disabil 2021 Jul 20;116:104037. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Health Science, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Araranguá, SC, Brazil. Electronic address:

Aims: To verify the feasibility of a home-based early stimulation program targeting visual and motor functions in preterm infants with delayed visual tracking.

Method: We applied a randomized controlled trial. We included thirty low-risk preterm infants, from both genders, with delayed visual tracking, gestational between 28-37 weeks, and age at entrance between 1-2 months of corrected age, and absence of visual impairments. Read More

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QABF - Polish adaptation and validation of the tool for assessing the functions of challenging behaviors.

Res Dev Disabil 2021 Jul 20;116:104032. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Pedagogical University of Krakow, Institute of Special Needs Education, R. Ingardena 4 St., 30-060, Cracow, Poland. Electronic address:

Background: Autism spectrum disorders are a diagnostic unit predisposing the occurrence of challenging behaviors. Depending on their frequency and severity, behavioral problems may significantly limit the developmental possibilities of people with ASD, and also significantly affect family life and the therapeutic process. Aggressive, self-injury, destructive or stereotypic behaviors require intervention based on individualized support, the basis of which should be a functional assessment. Read More

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The effect of harmonic training on speech perception in noise in hearing-impaired children.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Jul 17;149:110845. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

The Rotman Research Institute, Baycrest Centre for Geriatric Care, University of Toronto, Canada, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Canada.

Objective: Speech perception in noise is a highly challenging situation experienced by hearing-impaired children (HIC). Despite advances in hearing aid technologies, speech perception in noise still poses challenges. Pitch-based training improves pitch discrimination and speech perception and may facilitate concurrent sound segregation. Read More

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Effect of Guo Qing Yi Tang combined with Western medicine cluster therapy on acute pancreatitis.

Am J Emerg Med 2021 Jul 8;50:66-70. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Critical Care Medicine, Jinjiang Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinjiang 362200, Fujian province, People's Republic of China.

Background: This study evaluated the effect of Guo Qing Yi Tang (GQYT) combined with Western medicine cluster therapy on acute pancreatitis (AP).

Methods: A total of 138 AP patients were recruited and divided into the observation group (68 patients) and control group (70 patients). The control group was treated with cluster therapy alone, while the observation group was treated with trans-jejunum feeding of GQYT combined with cluster therapy. Read More

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The efficacy of acoustic therapy versus oral medication for chronic tinnitus: A meta-analysis.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Jun 18;42(6):103116. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, The first hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, Jilin 130021, PR China.

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of acoustic therapy (AT) and drug therapy (DT) for chronic tinnitus.

Methods: We searched Pubmed, ScienceDirect, Chinese Journal Full-text Database (CNKI), Wanfang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), Embase, and Cochrane Library from the establishment of the database to December 2019. Meta-analysis was performed on the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) score and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) with included literature using Revman 5. Read More

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Aging microplastics in wastewater pipeline networks and treatment processes: Physicochemical characteristics and Cd adsorption.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 8;797:148940. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Centre for Green Technology, University of Technology Sydney, 15 Broadway, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia.

Despite a wealth of information on removal of the microplastics (MPs) in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), little attention has been paid to how wastewater treatment process affect the MP physicochemical and adsorption characteristics. In this study, changes in physicochemical property of three MPs, i.e. Read More

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Poor success of seagrass Posidonia oceanica transplanting in a meadow disturbed by power line burial.

Mar Environ Res 2021 Jul 4;170:105406. Epub 2021 Jul 4.

Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies, IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB). C/Miquel Marqués, 21, 07190, Esporles, Balearic Islands, Spain. Electronic address:

Local disturbances drive the decrease of the area covered by Posidonia oceanica in the Mediterranean. Mechanical impacts during the development of coastal infrastructures alter sea floor and the recolonization of benthic community will depend on the recovery of pre-disturbance environmental conditions and on the intrinsic characteristics of the local community that was disturbed. We transplanted 468 rhizome fragments and 450 seedlings of P. Read More

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Evaluation of an inertial measurement unit-based approach for determining centre-of-mass movement during non-seated cycling.

J Biomech 2021 Apr 19;126:110441. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Centre for Sensorimotor Performance School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Queensland, Australia.

Instantaneous crank power does not equal total joint power if a rider's centre of mass (CoM) gains and loses mechanical energy. Thus, estimating CoM motion and the associated energy changes can provide valuable information about the mechanics of cycling. To date, an accurate and precise method for tracking CoM motion during outdoor cycling has not been validated. Read More

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Serum levels of TGF-β1, cytokines, angiogenic, and anti-angiogenic factors in pregnant women who smoke.

J Reprod Immunol 2021 Jul 7;147:103351. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada. Electronic address:

Introduction: Women who smoke during pregnancy have a reduced risk of preeclampsia. The mechanism of this association is poorly understood. Preeclampsia is an anti-angiogenic and inflammatory state. Read More

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The effect of black carbon on the chemical degradability of PCB1 via TENAX desorption technology from the perspective of adsorption states.

Chemosphere 2021 Jul 17;286(Pt 1):131583. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Department of Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310029, People's Republic of China; Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Environmental Safety of Zhejiang Province, 310020, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Chemical degradation is one of the crucial methods for the remediation of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) in soil/sediment. The sequestration effect of black carbon (BC) can affect the adsorption state of HOCs, thereby affecting their chemical degradability. Our study focused on the chemical degradability of 2-Chlorobiphenyl (PCB1) sequestrated on the typical BC (fly ash (FC), soot (SC), low-temperature biochar (BC400) and high-temperature biochar (BC900)) by iron-nickel bimetallic nanomaterials (nZVI/Ni) based on TENAX desorption technology. Read More

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Health effects of air pollutant mixtures on overall mortality among the elderly population using Bayesian kernel machine regression (BKMR).

Chemosphere 2021 Jul 17;286(Pt 1):131566. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Gangarosa Department of Environmental Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address:

It is well documented that fine particles matter (PM), ozone (O), and nitrogen dioxide (NO) are associated with a range of adverse health outcomes. However, most epidemiologic studies have focused on understanding their additive effects, despite that individuals are exposed to multiple air pollutants simultaneously that are likely correlated with each other. Therefore, we applied a novel method - Bayesian Kernel machine regression (BKMR) and conducted a population-based cohort study to assess the individual and joint effect of air pollutant mixtures (PM, O, and NO) on all-cause mortality among the Medicare population in 15 cities with 656 different ZIP codes in the southeastern US. Read More

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The inhibition effects of Cu and Ni alloying elements on corrosion of HSLA steel influenced by Halomonas titanicae.

Bioelectrochemistry 2021 Jul 6;141:107884. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Corrosion and Biofouling, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China; Open Studio for Marine Corrosion and Protection, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266237, China; Center for Ocean Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China.

Halomonas titanicae accelerated steel corrosion by dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction under anaerobic environments, and their adhesion was the key to achieving extracellular electron transfer between cells and Fe(III). This work investigated the inhibition effects of Cu and Ni alloying elements on corrosion of high strength low alloy (HSLA) steel affected by H. titanicae. Read More

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Aggregation induced by the synergy of sodium chloride and high-pressure improves chlorophyll stability.

Food Chem 2021 Jul 12;366:130577. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of China; National Engineering Research Center for Fruit and Vegetable Processing, Ministry of Science and Technology, Beijing 100083, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

The development of green vegetable processing is still limited by the imperfect green protection now. Chlorophyll (Chl), the main pigment presented in green vegetables, was studied that the effects of NaCl on the stability of it, and the synergy of NaCl and high-pressure on Chl protection. Compared to the control, the retention of Chl was increased by 80. Read More

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Clinical benefits of a Bayesian model for plasma-derived factor VIII/VWF after one year of pharmacokinetic-guided prophylaxis in severe/moderate hemophilia A patients.

Thromb Res 2021 Jul 15;205:99-105. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe, Pharmacy Department, Valencia, Spain.

Introduction: Individual pharmacokinetic (PK) profiling in hemophilia A (HA) helps to individualize prophylaxis using population PK models (popPK). A specific popPK model for plasma-derived factor VIII containing von-Willebrand Factor (pdFVIII/VWF) was developed.

Aim: To compare standard versus PK-driven prophylaxis, using a generic or a specific popPK model for pdFVIII/VWF. Read More

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