J Am Chem Soc 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.
National Engineering Lab for Textile Fiber Materials & Processing Technology, College of Textile Science and Engineering, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China.
Cellulose is the most abundant renewable natural polymer on earth, but it does not conduct electricity, which limits its application expansion. The existing methods of making cellulose conductive are combined with another conductive material or high-temperature/high-pressure carbonization of the cellulose itself, while in the traditional method of sulfuric acid hydrolysis to extract nanocellulose, it is usually believed that a too high temperature will destroy cellulose and lead to experimental failure. Now, based on a new research perspective, by controlling the continuous reaction process and isolating oxygen, we directly extracted intrinsically conductive cellulose nanofiber (CNF) from biomass, where the confined range molecular chains of CNF were converted to highly graphitized carbon at only 90 °C and atmospheric pressure, while large-scale twisted graphene films can be synthesized bottom-up from CNFene suspensions, called CNFene (cellulose nanofiber-graphene). Read More